Monera PowerPoint Notes

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11 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Monera PowerPoint Notes


1.

How do monerans compare
in number
to other organisms? _______________________________


2
.

Bacteria are prokaryotic meaning having no _______________________.


3
.

Are prokaryotic bacteria smaller or larger than eukaryotic organi
sms? _______________________


4.

Bacteria are typically unicellular or multicellular? _________________________


5
.

Monera are now broken up into two kingdoms: ___________________ and __________________


6
.

T
he prefix archae mean
s

______________________


7
.

“____________________” considers a
rchaebacteria the first organisms
.


8
.

Types of archaebacteria


types of archaebacteria

two defining characteristics for each type

methanogens

1.


2.

thermoacidophiles

1.


2.

halophiles

1.


2.


9
.

The eubacteri
a are classified according to ____________________ and ____________________.


10.

Shapes of eubacteria


type of eubacteria

describe the shape of the bacteria

diplococcus


staphylococcus


streptococcus


diplobacillus


streptobacillus


spirillum



11.

What part of e
ubacteria tak
es
on stain?

_____________________________


12.

How are eubacteria affected by stain?


gram
-
positive eubacteria

1. Absorb Gram stain or not? ________
__


2. Appear purple or pink? _____________


3. Antibiotics are effectiv
e or not? __________

gram
-
negative eubacteria

1. Absorb Gram stain or not? __________


2. Appear purple or pink? _____________


3. Antibiotics are effective or not? __________

13.

Antibiotics



a.

Who discovered the first antibiotic?

___________
_________



b.

What was the
first
antibio
tic?

_________________________



c.

Antibiotics work by interfering with the formation of _______________________.


14
.

Name s
ix

defenses

your body has against bacteria.



a
.

______________________________

b
.

_____
__________________________



c
.

______________________________

d
.

_______________________________



e
.

______________________________


f
.

_______________________________


15.

How do bacteria release energy?


type of respiration

definition

obligate aerobe
s


facultative aerobes


obligate anaerobes



16.

Bacteria in nature


role of bacteria

clarification

photosynthesis

What type of bacteria conduct photosynthesis?

nitrogen fixation

What type of bacteria are able to convert N
2
?

decomposition

How do bact
eria enrich the soil?

mutualism

What is mutualism?

eutrophication

How does eutrophication affect O
2

levels?


17.

Bacteria in industry


role of bacteria

product

fermentation of lactose in milk


digestion of protein in milk


fermentation of plants


ge
netic engineering in medicine


genetic engineering in agriculture