Role of ICT

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5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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1

Role of ICT

R.T. Gunjate

Reliance Agro
-
Initiatives

Jamnagar

IN

2

Vision

To establish a pilot project aimed at fulfilling the
Founder Chairman’s vision of bringing Waste lands
into productive usage …in the process transforming
the arid desert refinery site into an ever green
environmental show piece.



3

Objectives

1.
Improve visual relief, biomass, aesthetics, & ecology and abet

pollution.

2.
Transform arid lands of Jamnagar Farms to an


evergreen environment

3.
Maximize Financial returns by optimal utilization


of resources.

4.
Catalyze faster agricultural growth and higher wealth


generation through agriculture.



4

Location of RAI , Jamnagar

Lat. :22.36.56 deg. N

Long. :69.83.81 deg. E

Jamnagar

5

Agroclimate

1.
Annual Rainfall: 490mm in 21 rainy days from June to Oct.

2.
Mean minimum temp: 6 to 22
0

C

3.
Mean maximum temp:25 to 34
0

C (Maximum 43o C.

4.
Relative Humidity: 57
-

75 %

5. Average foggy days in a year: 9

6 Wind Velocity: 11
-

32 KMPH. (Maximum 70 KMPH)


.


6

Water availability

Limitations :


Scarcity


Quality


Sources :

1.
Effluent treated water

2.
Sewage treated water

3.
Storm water ponds

4.
Desal

7

Soils

1. Sandy to medium black

2. pH : 7.5 to 9.2

3. EC: 1.5 to 5.3

4. Very low in Organic Carbon.

5. Medium to low in fertility



8

RAI Plantation areas



9

Plantation Plan

Category

Area in acres

No.of plants

Greenbelt

122

172,000

Greenbelt
commercial

730

501,800

Med & Arom.
plants

127

1222,800

Landscaping

563

1,065,300

Coastal eco
-

development

126

793,000

Total

1750

37,54,900



10

Crop Mix

Crop

Area in acres

No of plants




Mango

375

102,000




Other fruits

150

27,000




Teak & Sawan

287

205,000




Bamboo

50

20,500


11

Mango Production Technology

1. Varieties: Kesar
-

90% + Alphonso
-
5% +Exotics&

others 100 var. 5%

2. High Density Planting: 5m X 3m, i.e. 666 plants/ha





6m X 2m, i.e.. 833 plants/ha

3. INM
-

based on soil and leaf analysis

4. Fertigation

5. Pruning to hedge row

6. Application of Paclobutrazol (Cultar)

7. IPM

8. High productivity of 25MT/ha at steady state

12

Mango Production Technology

13

Specialties of Jamnagar Mango

1. Growth comparatively slow.

2. No incidence of diseases and

pest during flowering/

fruiting

3.Millions of honey bees on blossom

4. Heavy fruit set and low fruit drop

5. Spotless fruits


14

Crop :Cultivars

Fruit


Varieties


Chiku
Kalipatti, Cricket Ball,
Dharwad Selection
Pomegranate
Ganesh,Arakta,Mridula
Ber
Umran,
Gola
Amla
NA7, Krishna, Anand-1 & 2.
Tamarind
PKM-1
Grapes
Thompson
Seedless,Flame
15

Crop :Cultivars

Fruit


Varieties


Guava
L-49,
Allahabad
Safeda
Litchi
China,
Shahi
Cashew
Vengurla-4, Vengurla-7
Sweet Orange
Mosambi,
Kinnow
Mandarin
Nagpuri
Grape Fruit
Marsh
Avocado
Seedlings
16

Timber Crops


Teak (
Tectona grandis)

and Sawan (
Gmelina arborea).



HDP with 2200 to 2778 plants/ha.


Fertigation.


Irrigated with ETP water.


Thinning.


Teak :



50% in 6th year.



50% of remaining in 12th year.



Harvesting in 17th to 20
th
year. 18 cft/tree.

Sawan :



50% in 6th year.


17

Achievements


Perhaps the most organized Corporate initiative
witnessed in India in the farm sector


------
Cornell Faculty visit, Jan 2002

18

Automated weather station

Parameters of interest:

1.
Temperatures:

2.
Humidity

3.
Rainfall

4.
Wind velocity

5.
Sunlight

6.
CO
2

conc.

7.
Pan evaporation



19

Automated agro
-
portal

20

Automated agro
-
portal


21

Automated agro
-
portal



22

Automated MIS portal


23

Automated MIS portal


24

Irrigation Automation


Entire plantation on micro
-
irrigation



DIS pilot project on 20 acre compact block



Currently manually activated for fixed hours /day



Proposed to use feedback system based on sensors like


Soil moisture sensing


SAP flow (Six spp.: chiku, citrus, guava, grapefruit, litchi, grape)


Leaf temp. sensor



Possibility of solar cells to provide power for this




25

Green House Automation

Present Automation :


Partial control of temperature and humidity by fogging
in Natural ventilated Green House.


Control of temperature and Humidity using fogging and
ID Fan operation in Forced Ventilated Green House


Automation proposed:


Temp, humidity, sunlight, photoperiod .


pH, EC etc of nutrient solution


Water


Backwash of DIS filters


Closing/opening of curtains




26

Green House Automation



Temperature & RH control


Water Quantity based on water flow meter


pH & TDS control of Fertilizer Solution


Radiation control


Controls photoperiod


Close curtains during storm


Stop pump if leakage in pipeline


Backwash filters, when differential pressure exceeds the
set pressure.


27

Automation of Biometric data


All plants are numbered


Growth / fruiting parameters being monitored regularly


Plant identification and data entry done manually at site


Possibility of using RFID & portable computing device


Use of RFID for keeping track of products from harvesting
to delivery at customer sites

28

Maturity indices


Right stage of maturity at harvest is key to quality and
shelf life of fruits


Visual shape ,colour, size, chem, parameters, sp. grav. etc
destructive methods being used


Not precise leading to 25
-
30 % variability


Non
-
destructive reliable sensor based method required


29

Use of

GIS


Soil mapping


Plant health


Nutritional status


Disease

pest incidence


Yield estimates


Bio
-
mass estimates


30

Central Control Room


RAI Farm activities of 2000acres scattered on 7500 acre
area with 21 Km circumference


Five zones and 20 sub
-
zones ,more than 10 imp crops


Necessary to set up Central Control Room to monitor the
activity


CDMA technology along with sensor network to collect
/display data at central place


Data available to authorized persons through network PCs.


Possibility of using cheap CMOS image sensors to get
photograph of some plants on line in control room as and
when required


31