Building automation: the view from

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5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Bernd Hanke

Manager Airport Facility Management Fraport AG

Building automation: the view from
Frankfurt am Main airport

Murten/Switzerland, 26.06.2010

Airport facility management



Figures, data, and facts about i
nfrastructure


1625 ha overall area


6.7 km² apron areas


428 buildings


Over 2.4 million m² gross floor area


150 km roads


9.4 million m² green space


16 000 vehicles and special plant


7000 major building technology systems


1427 sanitary facilities (WC)


450 000 lights in T1


67 km luggage conveyor system


approx. 1400 km cablenetwork


Passenger transport systems


Extract from inventory

Building automation: the view from Frankfurt am Main Airport

Page
1

Starting position for building automation

Approach


Starting position for building automation

Operating and construction costs are high for building automation systems
due to monopolies and lack of competition


Dependency and restrictions from proprietary BA systems


Lack of efficient operability and no uniform alarm or fault management due
to different proprietary building management technology systems


Fully integrated, uniform operational management not possible through
systems


No possibility of resource sharing due to existence of different, company
-
specific communications protocols that are not open


No cross
-
system load or energy optimization possible


Page
2

Starting position for building automation

Approach


Requirements of building automation


Implementation of a competitive building automation system through the
introduction of open, standardized communications protocols


Cost reduction through competition and product neutrality


Implementation of a higher ranking management level with existing systems
integrated and with interfaces to all systems for particular applications


Use of modern building management strategies


Guaranteeing operational reliability to a high level, as requested by building
users


Enabling cost
-
optimized change of use or expansion in the area of room
automation


Page
3

Development of framework conditions

Envisaged solutions and obstacles


Define communications protocol to be used:

BACnet per DIN EN ISO16484 (international building automation standard)


BACnet is the most comprehensive and powerful data communications
protocol in building automation (without licence rights)


Develop and define terms of reference and Fraport requirements for a

heterogeneous BA system in the form of detailed specification documents


Define in detail the services and objects to implement the required
interoperability between different BA
-

systems


Define specifications for planning and a vendor
-
neutral call for tenders
making rigorous use of standards and guidelines


Monitor adherence to specifications through quality assurance in all
planning and implementation phases

Page
4

Development of framework conditions

Envisaged solutions and obstacles


Set up and make intensive use of own test laboratory to guarantee
adherence to Fraport specifications


Develop automated test software to verify conformity and interoperability of
BACnet systems (BTF), which in the meantime is also in use at the
WSPLab for certification of BACnet devices


Use the test software to verify that brands used adhere to the specific
BACnet requirements for the property, both in the test laboratory and the
productive network


Carry out BA
-
specific tests to verify implementation of documented
specifications for building automation in association with the BACnet
communications protocol


Page
5

Development of framework conditions

Obstacles


Renovation of building automation with minimum interruption to
business operations


Operational security must be absolutely assured


Requirements of temporary interim measures


High safety requirements


High degree of process


Initially higher planning expenditure than with homogeneous systems


Equivalent integration of existing installations


Higher quality assurance expenditure

Page
6

Results of the use of BACnet

Summary

Energy efficiency



Use of modern, interoperable building automation based


on BACnet allows for high energy efficiency



By exchanging system technology in association with the


use of highly efficient building automation over 60 %


savings are achievable on energy costs.

Economic
efficiency

Benefit




Considerable reduction of costs of supply in building


building automation plant



Securing genuine competition




Contracts can be awarded to different BA manufacturers


while guaranteeing interoperability and identical functionality



Uniform control and monitoring functionality for all systems


of building technology, regardless of the manufacturer

Page
7

Conclusion and appeal

1

Through genuine competition, proprietary solutions are no longer
required in building automation

2

Monopolies are broken down or never even arise

3

Vendor
-
neutral communications will stay with a property throughout its
lifecycle, simplifying the relevant planning, operating and reorganizing
phases for building owners and operators

4

Support the acceptance and introduction of vendor
-
neutral
communications in building technology by using BACnet!

Page
8

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Thank you for your attention
!