Building automation: the view from


5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Bernd Hanke

Manager Airport Facility Management Fraport AG

Building automation: the view from
Frankfurt am Main airport

Murten/Switzerland, 26.06.2010

Airport facility management

Figures, data, and facts about i

1625 ha overall area

6.7 km² apron areas

428 buildings

Over 2.4 million m² gross floor area

150 km roads

9.4 million m² green space

16 000 vehicles and special plant

7000 major building technology systems

1427 sanitary facilities (WC)

450 000 lights in T1

67 km luggage conveyor system

approx. 1400 km cablenetwork

Passenger transport systems

Extract from inventory

Building automation: the view from Frankfurt am Main Airport


Starting position for building automation


Starting position for building automation

Operating and construction costs are high for building automation systems
due to monopolies and lack of competition

Dependency and restrictions from proprietary BA systems

Lack of efficient operability and no uniform alarm or fault management due
to different proprietary building management technology systems

Fully integrated, uniform operational management not possible through

No possibility of resource sharing due to existence of different, company
specific communications protocols that are not open

No cross
system load or energy optimization possible


Starting position for building automation


Requirements of building automation

Implementation of a competitive building automation system through the
introduction of open, standardized communications protocols

Cost reduction through competition and product neutrality

Implementation of a higher ranking management level with existing systems
integrated and with interfaces to all systems for particular applications

Use of modern building management strategies

Guaranteeing operational reliability to a high level, as requested by building

Enabling cost
optimized change of use or expansion in the area of room


Development of framework conditions

Envisaged solutions and obstacles

Define communications protocol to be used:

BACnet per DIN EN ISO16484 (international building automation standard)

BACnet is the most comprehensive and powerful data communications
protocol in building automation (without licence rights)

Develop and define terms of reference and Fraport requirements for a

heterogeneous BA system in the form of detailed specification documents

Define in detail the services and objects to implement the required
interoperability between different BA


Define specifications for planning and a vendor
neutral call for tenders
making rigorous use of standards and guidelines

Monitor adherence to specifications through quality assurance in all
planning and implementation phases


Development of framework conditions

Envisaged solutions and obstacles

Set up and make intensive use of own test laboratory to guarantee
adherence to Fraport specifications

Develop automated test software to verify conformity and interoperability of
BACnet systems (BTF), which in the meantime is also in use at the
WSPLab for certification of BACnet devices

Use the test software to verify that brands used adhere to the specific
BACnet requirements for the property, both in the test laboratory and the
productive network

Carry out BA
specific tests to verify implementation of documented
specifications for building automation in association with the BACnet
communications protocol


Development of framework conditions


Renovation of building automation with minimum interruption to
business operations

Operational security must be absolutely assured

Requirements of temporary interim measures

High safety requirements

High degree of process

Initially higher planning expenditure than with homogeneous systems

Equivalent integration of existing installations

Higher quality assurance expenditure


Results of the use of BACnet


Energy efficiency

Use of modern, interoperable building automation based

on BACnet allows for high energy efficiency

By exchanging system technology in association with the

use of highly efficient building automation over 60 %

savings are achievable on energy costs.



Considerable reduction of costs of supply in building

building automation plant

Securing genuine competition

Contracts can be awarded to different BA manufacturers

while guaranteeing interoperability and identical functionality

Uniform control and monitoring functionality for all systems

of building technology, regardless of the manufacturer


Conclusion and appeal


Through genuine competition, proprietary solutions are no longer
required in building automation


Monopolies are broken down or never even arise


neutral communications will stay with a property throughout its
lifecycle, simplifying the relevant planning, operating and reorganizing
phases for building owners and operators


Support the acceptance and introduction of vendor
communications in building technology by using BACnet!


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