Case_SS

heartlustΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

2 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

93 εμφανίσεις

Trisha Bouchard, Orlando Bustos, Priscilla Correa, Jeremy Mah,


Yves Prosperine
-
Laflamme


Summary of the Case


Discussing the Problem


Immediate Issues


Underlying Issues


Conclusion


Case dates back to 1975



We are on the board of directors of a
company that makes transistors.



Back then, several deaths occurred due
pacemaker implantation in humans



Several factors could be to blame, 3 in
particular



We need to make a decision


Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


A pacemaker is a medical device that sends
electrical impulses to regulate a heartbeat


However, it disables the patient’s normal
heartbeat


If the pacemaker fails, the patient dies


Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives

Patients

Pacemaker
Company

Transistor
Company

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Creates pacemakers that give the ability to
sustain life, and live a normal life


Require transistors for their pacemakers


Creating faulty pacemakers that are killing
patients


Due to this, many suppliers have terminated
contracts with them due to liability


Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Patients require a pacemaker to live, as it is
the only option


A basic right to live




Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Due to this issue, the company may be legally
responsible for deaths related to faulty pacemakers


Many members on the board no longer recommend
selling transistors to the pacemaker company


However, they are the sole supplier available in the
market, and could lose market share


Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives

Protect your
shareholders interest
and stop selling the
transistor, therefore,
eliminating legal liability

Continue to sell the
transistor, risking legal
liability, and the
dissatisfaction of
shareholders

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives

The right to live, the
most basic human
need

Risks of lawsuits

Risking Human lives

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives

Moral Duty to
continue supplying
transistors?

Obligation to their
shareholders

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Does the right to life affect our obligation to
look after our own needs first?


Deontologist position


Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Advancements in technology allow for an
improved implantable pacemaker

Failures during
implantation and
reliability causing
injury and death

Technological
advancements
improve reliability
and quality

Pacemaker risk is
virtually non
-
existent and safe
for patients

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Sole remaining supplier

Supplying
Transistors

Patients

Pacemaker
company

Society

Stakeholders

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


New technologies do not have proper laws or
regulation


No quality of assurance for products


Vulnerable to lawsuits and liability

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives

What would you do?


An action is right if it produces the greatest
amount of good for the greatest amount of
people


Actions are evaluated by looking at their
consequences

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Avoid potential lawsuits


Focus on other markets


Reduce risks for stakeholders

+


The pacemaker can potentially save many lives


Casualties


Further development of the pacemaker is stalled


Lose market share

-

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Fulfill obligation to protect human life


Save many lives


Keep 100% market share

+


Many Potential lawsuits


Casualties of pacemaker deaths


Reputation damage


Currently not in stakeholder’s interest

-

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Keep market share


Potentially save many lives


fulfill obligation to protect human life.


Allow for further advancement of the pacemaker


No liability

+


Potentially have a faulty product


Expensive and time consuming

-

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Alternative 3: Create legal contracts and
regulations to reduce liability

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives

Utilitarian
Analysis

Duty
-
Based
Analysis

Special
obligations

Degeorge


“produce the
greatest amount of
good for the
number of people
affected by the
action”

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives


Continued to sell BUT:


Increased standards


Assured against liability


"showing compassion without sacrificing
business...in this way they felt that they were
serving the common good, protecting people's
rights to a promising new medical technology, the
pacemaker.”

Summary

Immediate
Issues

Underlying
Issues

Change

Alternatives