In a general sense the term
In this presentation our goal is to distinguish
between three concepts related to the term
“industry”: industrial automation, industrial
control and industrial IT.
Systematic Economic Activity that could be related to
The word “Automation” is derived from the two Greek
Therefore it is the mechanism for systems that “move by
itself”. However, apart from this original sense of the
word, automated systems also achieve significantly
superior performance than what is possible with manual
systems, in terms of power, precision and speed of
Automation is the set of technologies that results in
operation of machines and systems without
significant human intervention and achieves
performance superior to manual operation .
Making products under the control of computers
and programmable controllers.
So we can say:
In general we can define the industrial automation by:
Currently, for manufacturing companies, the purpose of
automation has shifted from
Manufacturing assembly lines ,machine tools (CNC
machines) and robotic devices fall into this category.
In general the word
a set of technologies that achieves desired patterns of
variations of operational parameters and sequences for
machines and systems by providing the input signals
Industrial control system (ICS)
is a general term that
encompasses several types of control systems, including
supervisory control and data acquisition (
distributed control systems
(DCS), and other smaller control system
configurations such as skid
(PLC) often found in the industrial sectors and critical
Industrial control (cont.)
industries such as electrical, water, oil and gas,
data Based on information received from remote
stations, automated or operator
supervisory commands can be pushed to remote
station control devices, which are often referred
to as field devices. Field devices control local
operations such as opening and closing valves
and breakers, collecting data from sensor
systems, and monitoring the local environment
for alarm conditions.
It is the integration of automation and information
systems across the business enterprise.
it has multiple areas that include:
Industrial IT (cont.)
there are some other distinguishing features of IT
for the factory that differentiate it with its more
ubiquitous counterparts that are used in offices
and other business.
A. Industrial information systems are generally reactive, real
and the computation not only has to be correct, but also must be
produced in time.
B. are considered mission
critical, in the sense that the
malfunctioning can bring about catastrophic consequences in
terms of loss of human life or property.
We can finally
is the whole
is to achieve
but the reverse is true. Control Systems
may be parts of Automation Systems.
The main function of
is to ensure
that outputs follow the set points. However,
may have much more
functionality, such as computing set points for
control systems, monitoring system performance,
plant startup or shutdown, job and equipment
makes extensive use of
Industrial Automation is distinct from IT in the
following senses :
also involves significant
amount of hardware technologies, related to
Instrumentation and Sensing, Actuation and
Drives, Electronics for Signal Conditioning,
Communication and Display, Embedded as well
alone Computing Systems… etc.
systems grow more
sophisticated in terms of the knowledge and
algorithms their usage of
dramatically. However, the lower level
Automation Systems that only deal with
individual or , at best, a group of machines, make
less use of IT and more of hardware, electronics
and embedded computing.