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16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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Cebolla

Wetlands
Restoration

Cebolla

Spring


Project Area Divided into Reaches



Each Reach Unique Hydrological and


Ecological Dynamics

Restoration Efforts

Reach

8

Rock and Picket Structures

Vegetation Management

Bulrush Planting (during)

Bulrush Planting Site (after)

Tamarisk Removal

Berm

Breech
2011

Before

After

During

Downstream
Berm

Breech
2011

Before

After

Headcut

Control 2011

Before

After

During

Headcut

Control 2011

Before

After

Old Road
Drainage 2011

Before

After

After
-
View from side

Road Drainage

After

After

Before

Before

Exclosure

Fencing

Before

After

Rock Moving 2011 and
into the future

Rock delivered to immediate area of some
proposed restoration structures, but will have to
be hand constructed due to Wilderness concerns

Hand
-
Built Restoration Treatments

Acoma Southwest Conservation Corps in May 2012.


Albuquerque Wildlife Federation in
April 2012.


Plug N’ Pond

Planning


Abandoned ditch diverted
water away from valley bottom
spilling water out into sand
without any wetland potential



Restore water flow to the
natural valley bottom with
hydric

soils and wetland
potential



Water would once again access
the stock tank benefiting the
permittee

Plug N’ Pond

Implementation

Before

After

Wide angle

Zoom

Pond

After
-
Downstream Effects

Water returned to Valley Bottom

Stocktank

Stocktank

Stocktank

Vegetation Monitoring

Western Wheatgrass
6 weeks
grama
Foxtail
Barley
Smartweed
Western Wheat
Bush
Muhly
Kentucky bluegrass
Western Wheat (20%)
Foxtail Barley (75%)
Smartweed (5%)
Blue
Grama
Bush
Muhly
Bare soil
Foxtail Barley (50%)
Western Wheat (50%)
Permanent
inundation
Delineated
Wetland
W
e
t
t
e
r
1
2
2
Foxtail Barley
Buttercup
Foxtail Barley
Smartweed
Broad
-
leaf
Cattail
Elpa
Juncus
torreyi
Eleocharis
Palustris
Buttercup
Schoenoplectus
tabernaemontani
Soft
-
stemmed bulrush
Juncus
balticus
Carex
praegracilis
5
3
3
3
3
3
4
6

Line
-
Point Intercept Transects


Rabbit Brush Circle Plots


Wetland Delineation


Species List


State and Transition Model

Steve Vrooman, Keystone Restoration Ecology

Geomorphology Monitoring


Cross Sections


Longitudinal Profiles


Pebble Counts

Steve Vrooman, Keystone Restoration Ecology

Longitudinal Profile, Reach 0-2 through dam
0
5
10
15
20
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
Channel Distance (ft)
Rod (ft)
bed
0.3 % slope
Groundwater Monitoring

Piezometers

Monitoring Wells

Crest Stage Gage (Recording)

Rain Gage (Recording)

Pendant experimentation

Ellen Soles,

Northern Arizona University/National Park Service

Monitoring Well and Pendants

Piezometer

installation

Thanks!

Cooperators

Bureau of Land Management

El
Malpais

National Conservation Area

Rio Puerco Alliance

Zeedyk

Ecological Consulting

Albuquerque Wildlife Federation

New Mexico Environment Department

New Mexico Game and Fish Department

Rangeland Hands

Dryland

Solutions

Southwest Conservation Corps

Keystone Restoration Ecology

Ellen Soles