INTS 101Gateway to Global Affairs

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INTS 101

Gateway to Global Affairs

Fall 2010

Prof. Jim Levinsohn


Tuesday, Thursday 1:00


2:15 pm.

Teaching Fellows:

Kyle Poorman, Mai Truong, Rheanne Wirkkala
, Annikki Herranen


Course Description:


This course is designed to introduce you to four topics in global affairs. The goal is to teach you how
to think systematically about some key topical
issues. The organization of this course is different.
The course is divided into four modules and eac
h module focuses on a particular topic. While I will
be at every class session, each of the modules will be led by an expert on that topic. The course will
be a mix of lecture and class discussion.


The first module is an introduction to globalization

with a particular focus on U.S. immigration policy.
Thi
s module will be taught by

Gordon Hanson from the University of California

San Diego and me.
One class
will be taught by Richard Levin.


The second module is on U.S. energy policy and national sec
urity. This module will be taught by
James Woolsey, the former director of the CIA under President Clinton.


The third module will be taught by Nicoli Natrass. Prof. Nattrass is from the University of Cape Town
and is a leading authority on policy ad
dressing HIV/AIDS in sub
-
Saharan Africa. Her module will
focus on the Global AIDS epidemic and how to best respond to it.


The last module will be taught by Richard Goldstone. Mr. Goldstone was the UN’s chief prosecutor in
the Bosnian and Rwandan war c
rimes trial

and

was appointed by Nelson Mandela to serve on
the
Constitutional Court of South Africa

South Africa’s “Supreme Court.” He also led the UN’s
investigation of humanitarian issues in Gaza. His module will focus on the role of international la
w
with respect to international criminal justice.


Text and Other Resources:


There is not a textbook for this course. Rather, there will be assigned readings for every class. Please
see the syllabus below.

Students should regularly read a source for
international news. Examples
include The Economist, the New York Times, and the Financial Times. I highly recommend a
subscription to The Economist for the semester. Student subscriptions are available at:


https://www.economistsubscriptions.com/ecom92
6/global/index.php#anchOffer


How to contact me:


I can be reached by email at
James.Levinsohn@yale.edu
. I will make every effort to respond to every
email, but please be aware that it will often take a day

or two before you get a response. My phone
number is 203
-
432
-
6671 and my office is Room
141

in Rosenkrantz Hall. I will hold open office
hours every
Tuesday

morning
from
10:00 to 11:30
.




Grading:


Your grade will be determined by
four short papers
and a final exam
. Each
paper

is worth
15 percent
o
f your grade and the final exam

is worth 40 percent.


Syllabus:


Module 1: “Responses to Globalization” (Hanson, Levinsohn, and Levin)



September 2
: Introduction to the course
. (Levinsohn)

No read
ings.




September

7: Trade and American Workers

(Levinsohn)


Krugman, Paul.
“What Do Undergrads need to Know about Trade?”

American Economic

Review
, May 1993, 83(2): 23
-
26.


Burtless
, Gary, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E. Litan, Robert J. Shapiro.
“The Virtues of
Openness.”

Ch. 2,
Globalphobia: Confronting Fears about Open Trad
e
, Brookings
Institution,
1998, pp. 13
-
43.


Bhagwati, Jagdish
. “Wages and Labor Standards at Stake?”

Ch.10,
In Defense of Globalization
,
Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 122
-
134.


Faux, Jeff. “Globalization that Works for Working America
ns.” Economic Policy Institute

Briefing Paper No. 179, January 2007.
http://www.sharedprosperity.org/bp179/bp179.pdf



Backg
round on global trade, investment and migration flows: Feenstra, Robert, and Alan

Taylor.
“Trade in the Global Economy.”

Ch. 1,
International Econ
omics
, Worth, 2008, pp. 1

24.



September 9
: Offshoring and US Jobs

(Levinsohn)


Mankiw, N. Gregory, and Phillip Swagel.
“The Politics and Economics of Offshore

Outsourcing.”

Journal of Monetary Economics
, July 2006, 53(5): 1027
-
1056.


Hira, Ron.
“The Offshoring of US Innovation.”

Economic

Policy Institute Br
iefing Paper No.

226, December 2008.



Blinder, Alan.
“How Many US Jobs Might be Offshorable?”

World Economics
, April/June 2009,

10(2): 41
-
78.


Jensen, J. Bradford, and Lori Kletzer.

"Fear" and Offshoring: The Scope and Po
tential

Impact of Imports and Exports of Services.”

Peterson Instit
ute for International Economics

Policy Briefing 08
-
1, January 2008.






September 14: Immigration and the
Well
-
being of Americans

(Hanson)


Borjas, George J. “
Reframing the Immigration Debate.”

Ch. 1,
Heaven’s Door
, Princeton

University Press, 2004, p
p. 3
-
18.


Huntington, Samuel
. “The Hispanic Challenge.”

Foreign Policy
, March
-
April 2004, 141: 30
-
45.


Freeman, Richard B.
"People Flows in Globaliz
ation,"

Journal of Economic Perspectives
,
Spring 2006, 20(2): 145
-
170.


Hanson, Gordon H.
“International Migration and Human Rights.”

In Mark Ungar and
Katherine Hite, Eds.,
Human Rights: Challenges of the Past/Challenges for the Future
,
Woodrow Wilson
Center, forthcoming.

(WILL BE POSTED ON RESOURCES TAB ON
CLASSES
V2

AS SOON AS IT IS AVAILABLE).


September 16: Causes and Consequences of Illegal Immigration

(Hanson)


Hanson, Gordon.
"The Economic

Logic of Illegal Immigration,"

Council Special Report No. 26,
Council on Foreign Relations, April 2007.



Camarota, Steven.
“The High Cost of Cheap Labor: Illegal Immigration and the Federal
Budget.”

Center
for Immigration Studies, August 2004.


Cornelius, Wayne.
“Death at the Border: Efficacy and Unintended Consequences of US
Immigration Control Policy.”

Population and Development Review
, December 2001,
27(4):
661
-
685.



September 21: Globalization, Income Distribution, and Politics

(Hanson)



Bhagwati, Jagdish.
“Anti
-
Globalization: Why?”

Ch.1,
In Defense of Globalization
, Oxford
University Press, 2004, pp. 3
-
27.


Hatton, Timothy, and Jeffrey Williamson.
“A Dual Policy Paradox: Why Have Trade and
Immigration Policies Always Differed in Labor
-
Scarce
Economies?”

In Timothy H
atton,



Keven O’Rourke and Alan Taylor, eds.,
The New Comparative Economic History
, MIT Press,
2007, pp. 217
-
240.


Hanson
, Gordon.
Why Does Immigration Divide America?

Institute for International
Economics, 2005.



September 23: Globalization and the University

(Levin)


Levin, Richard.
“Top of the Class.”

Foreign Affairs,
May/June 2010.



Brody, William.
"College Goes Global.”

Foreign Affairs,
March/April 2007.




“The Globa
l University”

The Work of the University


(
2003
)
pages 99


105
.


This reading available on Classesv2 under the Resources tab.




“The West Need Not Panic.......”

Newsweek
.

(August 18
-
25, 2008)

page 80


Module 2: “Energy in the
21st Century: Could Muir, Patton, and Gandhi

Agree?"

(Woolsey)

All readings for this module are on the classesv2 resources tab.


September 28:
Oil and Transportation: Background and Issues

(Woolsey)

Paper #1 is due.


McElroy, Energy
--

Ch 6 "Oil: Properties, Origin, History, Problems,

and Prospects" (pp

123
-
46) and Ch 12


"Automobiles, Trucks, and the Internal Combustion Engine"

(pp 277
-
97)




National Petroleum Council, Hard Truths (Exec Summary) July 2007, pp 5
-
11




Loft/Koran, Turning Oil into Salt, Chapter 1 "Understandin
g Strategic Commodities" and Ch

2, "What is Energy Independence Anyway?" (pp 11
-
34)




Gray/Varco
-

Octan
e, Clean Air, and Renewable Fuels, Te
xas Review of Law and Politics,

selections




Woolsey, Scientific American Oct


2010




Sept. 30:


Oil and Transportation (continued):


What Would the Three Ghosts Do?

(Woolsey)



Loft/Koran, Turning Oil Into Salt, Ch
3, pp 35
-
52 "Plans Apl
enty, Mostly Empty"; Ch 4 pp 53

68, "From the Car Ahmadinejad Loves to the One Bin Laden
Hates"; Ch 5, pp 69
-
87

"Fueling

48 Floors"; Ch 6 pp 89
-
97 " Melting Ice

Meets Melting West: Powering Our


Cars With CO2"



Sandalow, David, Freed
om From Oil, Presidential Announcement and Speech, pp 201
-
15




Farrell, Alexander E. et al, "Ethanol Can Contribute to
Energy and Environmental Goals"

Science, January 27, 2006, pp 506
-
08




Woolsey, The Fatty Files, National Review On
-
line.



October 5 (
Woolsey)


Burton Richter, Beyond Smoke and Mirrors (2010, Cambridg
e U. Press), chapters 2
-
7 (pp 9

64)

(On Classes)






National Research Council, Making the Nation Safer:


The Role

of Science and Technology in

Countering Terrorism (National Academies Press 2002),

selections from Ch. 6, "Energy

Systems" pp. 180
-
83, 185, 187
-
92.





Commission to Assess the Threat
to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse

(EMP)

Attack
, Volume 1: Executive Report, 2004, pp 1
-
3, 17
-
20.







Jonah Goldberg, "
Global Warming and t
he Sun
", LATimes.com, Sept 1, 2009.






Editorial, Wall Street Journal,
"Climate of Uncertainty",

Sept 2, 2010,



Bjorn
Lomborg,
"U
-
Turn on Global Warming? Hardly."

oped, Washington Post, September
15, 2010



October 7 (Woolsey)


Burton Richter,
pp 65
-
74,


79
-
81, 108
-
20, 135
-
40, 1
50
-
72

(On Classes)



Paul L. Joskow and John E. Parsons, "The Economic Future of Nuclear Power, Daedalus,
138:4

(On Classes)






Amory Lovins,
"M
ighty Mice"

, Nuclear Engineering International, Dec 2005, pp 119
-
23



Amory Lovins, "Energy End
-
Use Efficiency" in InterAcademy Council, Amsterdam
(
www.interacademycouncil.net
) 2005
-
06 study "Transitions
to Sustainable Energy Systems"
pp 21
-
23


Burke Garance and Dearen, Jason, “
After pipeline blast, widespread concern
,” The
Washington Post, September 26,
2010.



October 12 (Woolsey Guest: Andrew Winston)


Winston, Andrew.
E
xcerpt from Green Recovery (on Classes)


Blog selections:

http://blogs.hbr.org/winston/2010/08/going
-
green
-
for
-
the
-
economy.html

http://www.andrewwinston.com/blog/2009/12/8_reasons_to_cut_carbon_that_h.php

http://www.andrewwinston.com/blog/2009/12/five_ways_to_use_green_data_to.php



October 14:
(Woolsey)



Elias, Rebecca and Victor, David. “Energy Transitions in Developing Countr
ies: a Review of =

Concepts and Literature.” Working Paper #40, Program on Energy and Sustainable

Development, 2005. (on Classes)



Karl, Terry. “Oil
-
Led Development: Social, Political, and Economic Consequences.” Working

paper #80, Center on Democracy,

Development, and The Rule of Law, 2007. (On Classes)



Sweet, David M. “The Decentralized Energy Paradigm.” Chapter 21 in Energy Security

Challenges for the 21
st

Century. Gal Luft and Anne Korin, 2009. (On Classes)



Crovitz, Gordon. “From
Wikinomics to the Tea Party: Government is the institution most

obviously frozen in the pre
-
Web era.
The Wall Street Journal,
October 4, 2010. (On Classes)


Module 3: “Responses to the Global AIDS Epidemic” (Nattrass)


October 19: Introduction to the A
IDS Pandemic and the science of HIV pathogenesis.


UNAIDS. 2010. Outlook Report. Available on:
http://data.unaids.org/pub/Outlook/2010/20100713_outlook_report_w
eb_en.pdf
: 8
-
19


http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=hiv
-
life
-
cycle
-
basics


UNAIDS. 2009. AIDS Epidemic Update.
http://data.unaids.org/pub/Report/2009/JC1700_Epi_Update_2009_en.pdf


Potts, M., Halperin, D., Kirby, D., Swidler, A., Marseille, E., Klausner, J., Hearst, N., Wamai, R.,
Kahn, J. and J. Walsh. 2008. “Reassessing H
IV Prevention.”
Science
, vol. 320, 9 May: 749
-
50.
Available on
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/320/5877/749.pdf


October 21: The African Heterosexual AIDS Epidemic and Sex


Caldwell, J., Caldwell, P. and P. Quiggan. 1989. The Social Context of AIDS in Sub
-
Saharan
Africa, in Population and Development Review, 15 (2): 185: 234.
http://www.jstor.org/stable/1973703


Stillwaggon,

E. 2008.
Race, Sex and the Neglected Risks for Women and Girls in Sub
-
Saha
ran
Africa
, in
Feminist Economics
, 14: 4, 67
-
86.


Epstein, H. (2008). AIDS and the Irrational,
British Medical Journal
, 337: a2638.

http://www.bmj.com/content/337/bmj.a2638.full


Mah, T. and D.

Halperin. 2010. ‘Concurrent Sexual Partnerships and the HIV Epidemic in
Africa: Evidence to Move Forward’, in
AIDS and Behaviour
, 14 (1): 11
-
16. Available on:

http://www.s
pringerlink.com/content/aq8244262614q762/fulltext.pdf


Lurie, M and S. Rosenthal. 2010. Concurrent partnerships as a driver of the HIV epidemic in
Sub
-
Saharan Africa? The Evidence is limited’, in AIDS and Behaviour, vol.14 (1): 17
-
24.
Available on:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/w21330981283021w/


Mah, T. and D. Halperin. 2010. The evidence for the role of concurrent partnerships in
Africa’s HIV epidemics: A response to Lurie and Ros
enthal. AIDS and Behavior, 14 (1): 25
-
28.
Available on:

http://www.springerlink.com/content/972569121k6v7141/


Epstein, H. 2010.
The Mathematics of concurrent partnerships and HIV: A Commentary on
Lurie and Rosenthal
, in AIDS and Behavior, vol.14 (1): 28
-
30.


Morris, M. 2010.
Barking up the wrong ev
idence Tree. Comment on Lurie and Rosenthal,
‘Concurrent partnerships as a driver of the HIV epidemic in Sub
-
Saharan Africa? The
evidence is limited’
. In AIDS and Behaviour, vol.14(1): 31
-
3.


Lurie, M. and S. Rosenthal. 2010.
The concurrency hypothesis in Sub
-
Saharan Africa:
convincing empirical evidence is still lacking: Response to Mah and Halperin, Epstein and
Morris
, in AIDS and Behaviour, vol.1
4 (1): 34
-
7


October 26: A Key Issues in the Concentrated Epidemic: injecting drug use


UNAIDS. 2010. Outlook Report. Available on:
http://data.unaids.org/pub/Out
look/2010/20100713_outlook_report_web_en.pdf
: 20
-
1, 88
-
95.


Degenhardt, L., Mathers, B., Vickerman, P., Rhodes, T., Latkin, C. And M. Hickman. 2010.
Prevention of HIV infection for people who inject drugs: why individual, structural and
combination approaches are needed. In
Lancet
, vol., 376: 285
-
301.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T1B
-
50K9R88
-
5
-
2&_cdi=4886&_user=483692&_pii=S0140673610607428&_origin=browse&_zone=rslt_list_i
tem&_coverDate=07%2F30%2F2010&_sk=996230262&wchp=dGLzVzz
-
zSkzk&md5=1e6cab09264d17198dab
93fcd4a63840&ie=/sdarticle.pdf


Jarlais, D. 2010.
“Learning from HIV Epidemics among injecting drug users.”

In International
Journal of Drug Policy, vol.21, issue 2: 97
-
99.


Pisani, E. 2010. Tilting at windmills and the evidence base on injecting drug use, i
n
Lancet
,
vol. 376, issue 9737: 268
-
84.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=MImg&_imagekey=B6T1B
-
50KS486
-
F
-
1&_cdi=4886&_user=483692&_pii=S0140673610611324&_origin=browse&_zone=rslt_list_i
tem&_coverDate=07%2F30%2F2010&_sk=
996230262&wchp=dGLbVlb
-
zSkWA&md5=4776dccda5e08ebcd698c10af80ec72e&ie=/sdarticle.pdf





October 28: National Leadership on AIDS: South Africa in Comparative Perspective


Nattrass, N.
2008.
‘AIDS and the Scientific Governance of Medicine in Post
-
Apartheid South
Africa’
, in
African Affairs,
107 (427); 157
-
176.


Nattrass. N. 2009
. “The (political) economics of antiretroviral treatment in developing
countries”,

in
Tre
nds in Microbiology
, vol.16, no.2: 574
-
79.


UNAIDS. 2010.
Outlook Report
. Pp. 64
-
81


Guest speaker: Short presentation by Thembi Xulu (Yale World Fellow from South
Africa) on
the new AIDS policy environment in South Africa and the challenges facing physicians in
rolling out antiretrovirals today.


November 2: Antiretroviral Treatment and the International AIDS Response


UNAIDS. 2010.
“Making Sense of the Money: Where Does the Money for AIDS go?”



http://www.pepfar.gov/

Cost of ART in PEPFAR:
http://www.pepfar.gov/documents/organization/144993.pdf


Bongaarts, J. and M. Over. 2010. “
Global HIV/AIDS Policy in Transition,


Science
. 328 (5984),
1359
-
1360.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/328/5984/1359


See also the replies and their replies in Science, 8 October 2010.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/sci;330/6001/176
-
b.pdf


The Debt2Health program:
http
://www.theglobalfund.org/en/innovativefinancing/debt2health/overview/


UNITAID:
http://www.unitaid.eu/images/Chair/unitaid%20
-
%20version%20finale.pdf


Funding the Global
Fund:

http://www.theglobalfund.org/documents/replenishment/newyork/Replenishment_NewY
orkMeeting_Pledges_en.pdf


November 4: International AIDS Funding: How should the US Respond?


Laurie Garrett: Council on Foreign Relations Global Health Update, 2 August. Available on:
http://www.cfr.org/content/thinktank/GlobalHealth/GHU_GHProgramandVienna_Aug210.
pdf


Walensky, R., and D. Kuritzkes. 2010.
“The Impact of the President’s Emergency Plan for
AIDS Relief

(PEPFAR) beyond HIV and why it remains so essential.”

Clinical Infectious
Diseases, 15 January, 272
-
5.


Denny, C. and Emanuel, E. 2008.
“US Health Aid Beyond PEPFAR: The Mother and

Child
Campaign,”

in Journal of the American Medical Association, vol.300, no.17: 2048
-
2051.


Lyman, P. and S. Wittels. 2010. “
No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: The Unintended
Consequences of Washington’s HIV/AIDS Programs.
” In
Foreign Affairs
, July/August: 74
-
84.


US Global Health Policy: 2010 Survey of Americans on the US Role i
n Global Health,
September 2010.
http://www.kff.org/kaiserpolls/upload/8101.pdf


Module 4: “The
Role of International Law” (Goldstone)


November 9:
The Elements of the Rule of Law and its
Application in the Global
Community
. Paper #3 is due



Required Reading


Bingham, Tom.
“The rule of law in the international legal order”,

Chapter 10 of
The Rule of
Law

(London: Penguin Group, 2010) [
The Rule of Law
]. pp. 110
-
129.


Broomhall, Bruce. “
From national to international responsibility”, “The rule of law and
international accountability”, and “Practice.”

Chapter

2

and
Chapter
3

of
International Justice
and the International Criminal Court

(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). pp. 25
-
66.


Optional Reading


Kleinfeld, Rachel.
“Competing definitions of the rule of law orthodoxy”,

Chapter 3 of
Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad

(Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for Internat
ional
Peace, 2006). pp 31
-
73.



November 11: The Sources and Application of International Law



Required Reading


Goldstone, Richard and Smith, Adam.
“International humanitarian law: a short review”,

Chapter 1 of
International Judicial Institutions

(Abingdon: Routledge, 2009) [
International
Judicial

Institutions
]. pp. 10
-
28.


Luban, David; O’Sullivan, Julie; and Stewart, David.
“International law preliminaries”,

Chapter 2 of
International and

Transnational Criminal Law

(New York: Aspen, 2010)
[
International and Transnational Criminal Law
]. pp. 27
-
70



Optional Reading


Henckaerts, Jean
-
Marie.
“Stud
y on customary international humanitarian law: A
contribution to the understanding and respect for the rule of law in armed conflict”
,
Volume
87 Number 857 March 2005, International Review of the Red Cross
. pp 175
-
212.




Bellinger, John and Haynes,
William
.
“Letter from John Bellinger III, Legal Adviser, U.S. Dept.
of State, and William J. Haynes, General Counsel, U.S. Dept. of Defense, to D
r. Jakob
Kellenberger, President, International Committee of the Red Cross, regarding Customary
International Law Study”

46 I.L.M. 514 (2007)
.


Henckaerts, Jean
-
Marie.
“Customary International Humanitarian Law: a response to US
comments”
, Volume 89 Number 866 June 2007, International Review of the Red Cross
. pp.
473
-
488.



November 16: The Establishment of International Courts


Required Reading


Goldstone, Richard and Smith, Adam.
“The Cold War and the rise of domestic international
justice” and “Post
-
Cold War justice: the UN ad hoc
tribunals, mixed courts and the ICC”

Chapters 4 and 5 of
International Judicial Institutions
. pp. 65
-
94 and pp. 95
-
114.


Optional Reading


El Zeidy, Mohamed.
“The primacy of the ad hoc tribunals”, “From primacy to
complementarity”, “The legal foundation of the arising complementarity models”,
“Concluding observations”, “The Rome Statute complementarity model”, “The determination
of complementarity
under article 17”, “The criterion of unwillingness”, “The criterion of
inability”
, Chapter 2 (sections 7, 7.1, 7.2), and Chapter 3 (sections 1, 1.1, 1.2, 4) of
The
Principle of Complementarity in International Criminal Law

(Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2008).

pp. 137
-
154, pp. 157
-
170, and pp. 222
-
228.


November 18: The Legacy of Nuremburg and the Successes and Failures of Modern
International Criminal Courts


Required Reading


Goldstone, Richard and Smith, Adam.
“Post
-
ICC prosecutions: new domestic proceedings
and international proceedings beyond ICC justice”

Chapter 6 of
International Judicial
Institutions.
pp. 115
-
134.


Luban, David; O’Sullivan,
Julie; and Stewart, David
. “Alternatives to prosecution after
atrocity: a survey of other transitional justice mechanisms.”

Chapter 24 of
Interna
tional and
Transnational Criminal Law.
pp. 1191
-
1226.


Optional Reading


Robinson, Darryl.
“Serving the Interests of Justice: Amnesties, Truth Commissions and the
International Criminal”
,

14 Eur. J. Int’l L. 481 (June 2003).



Jain, Neha.
“Between the Scylla and Charybdis of Prosecution and Reconciliation: The Khmer
Rouge Trials and the Promise of International Criminal

Justice”,

20 Duke J. Comp. & Int'l L.
247 (Winter 2010)



November 30: The Politics of International Criminal Justice




Required Reading


Goldstone, Richard
. “Historical Evolution


From Nuremburg to the International Criminal
Court”,

25 Penn St. Int’l L. Rev.

763 (Sprin
g 2007).


Okun, Herbert.
“Role of International Criminal Justice in Peace Negotiations”,

25 Penn St.
Int’l L. Rev
. 779 (Spring 2007).



Ginsburg, Tom.
“The politics of courts in democratization”,

Chapter 8 of
Global Perspectives
on The Rule of Law
, eds. Jame
s Heckman, Robert Nelson, and Lee Cabatingan (Abingdon:
Routledge, 2010). pp. 175
-
191.



Optional Reading


Schabas, William.
“Prosecutorial discretion v. judicial activism at the
International Criminal
Court”
, 6 J. Int’l Crim. Just. 731 (September 2008).


Iontcheva Turner, Jenia.
“Defense
Perspectives on Law and Politics in International Criminal
Trials”,

48 Va. J. Int’l L. 529 (Spring 2008)



December 2: The Future of International Criminal Justice in an Age of Ter
rorism

Paper #
4

is due.


Required Reading


Goldstone, Richard and Smith,
Adam
. “Conclusion: the future of “international”

justice


active at home and abroad”, Chapter 7 of
International Judicial Institutions.
pp. 135
-
143.


Bingham, Tom
. “Terrorism and the rule of law”,

Chapter 11 of
The Rule of Law. pp. 133
-
159


Optional Reading


Hudson, Barbara.
“Justice in a Time of Terror”,

49 Brit. J. Criminology 702 (September 2009)