Rocks and Mineral Exam (most questions student generated)

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Name_______
NELSON
_____________________

80 POINTS


May
18, 2012

Rocks and Mineral Exam (most questions student generated)

Part 1: Multiple Choice.

1. Igneous

rock comes from the Greek word
?

a.

Fire

b
. Mr. Nelson

c.

Ice


d.

Sky

2. Igneous rocks are the
_________
type of rocks?



a.

Coolest

b
. ugliest

c.

oldest

d.

prettiest

3. When_
_________
pushes a toward the surface
, it cools and

igneous rocks form

a.

magma


b
.
rock


c.


air


d.

water

4. Igneous Rocks are ________ solids which

cool from magm
a.


a.
soft


b. black


c. cookie

d. c
rystalline

5. The main factor that determines the texture

and crystal size

of an igneous rock is?

a.

its shape

b
. If it came from Natick

c.

cooling rate

d.

all of the above!

6.
Granite is a common igneous rock which has many uses
.

a.

True

b
. false

7. Where do igneous rocks usually form

at Earth’s surface
?

a.

near
Prairies

b
.
in
Natick


c.

near
Volcanoes


d.


on
Mountains

8. What is an NOT an example of an igneous rock?

a.

Obsidia
n

b
. Pumice

c.

Granite

d.

Diamond

9. What
can be a characteristic
of

some

igneous rocks?



a.

glassy


b
. air p
ockets


c.


big crystals

d. all of the above

10. Gabbro is widely used as crushed stone for?

a.

Concrete


b
. Crystalline


c.

Turkey burgers

d.

Magma

11. Pumice is used as an abrasive material in?

a.

Dish detergent

b
. Hand soaps

c.

Glue

d.

Hand sanitizer

12. Extrusive igneous rocks are
solidified

from?

a.

Water

b
. Mud

c.

Lava

d.

sand

13. The word ‘igneous’ means

a.

Of, relating to, or resembling
water



b
. Of, relating to, or resembling fire

c.

Of, relating to, or resembling Sarah Lila Nelson

d.

Of, relating to, or resembling rocks

14. Igneous rocks are formed by the cooling of...

a.

Kozmo

b
. Magma or Lava

c.

Water

d.

Air

15.
After sedimentary rock is formed, particles within the rock
can be

carried by…




a.

Rivers and streams
b. Cars and boats c. People and dogs d. Paper air planes

16.
As layers of sediment build up, _____ organisms
that have sa
nk to the
bottom
get covered
.

a.
Dead


b. Living

17.
Weight from the layers of sediment and chemical activity help
organisms buried in


sedimentary rock, turn into ____________?

a.

Fossils

b. Water

c. Wood


d. Sharks

18.
Sedimentary rocks make up about
__% of the rocks on Earths surface.

a.

25%


b. 50%


c. .03%


d. 75%

19
.
Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition of material at the


Earth's surface and within bodies of water.

a.

True


b. False

20.
Deposition br
eaks down material or changes the chemical components of the material.

a.

True


b. False

21.
Oil Shale and coal are examples of Sedimentary rock?

a.

True


b. False


22.
Chalk is an example of sedimentary rock use in every day life.

a.

True


b.
False

23.
A sedimentary rock used for energy is _____

a.

Coal

b. Mudstone


c. Marble


d. Salt

24.
Sedimentary rocks are able to hold fossils because they are not formed at high temperatures

a.

True



b. False

25.
Sedimentary rocks are clasified

in 3 different categories. They are:



a.

Dormant/Active/Extinct b. Hard/Soft/Smooth

c. Clastic/Chemical/
b
iochemical

26.
Metamorphic rocks are formed by being exposed to very low temperatures.


a.

true

b. false

27.
All of the following are exam
ples of metamorphic rocks EXCEPT.

a.

Slate


b
. Quartzite


c.
Marble


d
. Gold

28.
In what plate tectonic setting does regional metamorphism usually take place?

a.

Convergent plate boundaries

b
.
away from any

plate boundaries

c. Divergent plate
boundaries

d
. none of the above

29.
Where does most metamorphic rock form?

a.

Deep below earth’s surface


b
. in volcanoes

c.
On the surface




d
. in the ocean

30.
Which of the following describes the processes by which sedimentary rock becomes




metamorphic rock?

a.

Erosion

b
. cooling

c. Intense heat and pressure

d.
weathering

31.
The meaning of the word “metamorphic” is

a.

fire
-
formed

b
. sedimentation

c. To change


d.
permanent

32.
Metamorphic rocks are often found in association
with what geologic event?




a.

Volcanic eruptions


b
. Mountain
b
uilding

c. Earthquakes




d.
Weathering and Erosion

33.
What happens to rock when it gets buried deep underground for a long period of t
ime?

a.

Disintegrate


b
. Get
s

heated up and compressed into a new rock

c. Turn into dirt


d
. none of the above

34.
Metamorphic rocks are used to build what?

a.

Floors

b. Walls

c. Roofs

d
.
b
athroom surfaces

e
. All of the above

35.
Marble is a metamorphic rock that forms
from
what
abundant
type of
sedimentary
rock?

a.

Granite


b
. Sandston
e


c. Limestone


d
. Shale


36.
Which of the following processes will ca
u
se metamorphism?


a.

a change in
Earth’s atmosphere


b.

an
increase in temperature

c.

an increase in pressure




d.


both b and c are correct

37
. Hydrothermal metamorphism is very common in which of the following settings?

a.

continental collision zone

b. shallow faults


c.

mid ocean ridges






d.

mid

continental regions

38
.
Metamorphic rock can be melted into magma, then harden into an igneous rock.

a.

true


b.
false


39
. Metamorphic rocks can have fossils.




a. true

b. false


40
. The cooling and hardening of magma deep underground results in
rocks classified as



a. intrusive (plutonic)
b. extrusive (volcanic) c. sedimentary d. metamorphic

41
. All rocks contain


a. fossils.

b. magma



c. minerals.



d. microscopic cleavage.


42
. Intrusive igneous rocks and extrusive igneous rocks are both similar in



a. color.


b. origin.



c. texture.


d. fracture.

43
. Fossils a
re most likely to be found in rocks that are



a. igneous


b. sedimentary.


c. intrusive.

d. metamorphic.


44
. According to the James Sadd video, which of the following is
not

a cause of the original heat


in the Ear
th’s crust.



a. compression




b
. radioactive isotopes





c. tidal effect of sun and moon


d. mineral content

45
. Magma trapped deep within the crust


a. cools more slowly.

b. cools quickly. c. has a glassy texture d.

has finer/no crystals

46
. Ripple marks in sedimentary rocks are formed by



a. chemical deposits
b. the to and fro motion of waves

c. fossil decay d. mud cracks

47
. Rocks are classified as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic by
determining

a. how old they are

b. where they are found.


c. their mineral content.






d. how they are formed.

48
. When a geologist sees an igneous rock containing large crystals, she knows that the rock


was formed when magma



a. cool
ed slowly.



b. cooled rapidly.



c. surfaced quickly.







d. contained little dissolved gas.

49
. According to the James Sadd video, “clastic” in Greek means



a. broken



b. plastic


c. hard


d. yo mama

50
. Which sedimentary rock
is formed by compaction of moss, leaves, roots, and tree trunks?



a. granite

b. limestone


c. coal


d. obsidian


51
. A major difference between intrusive and extrusive rock is where they are formed.



a. true

b. false


52
. Igneous rocks are formed

by heat and pressure on an existing rock.


a. true

b. false


53
. Most of Earth's surface is covered with igneous rock.


a. true

b. false


54
. Coal is one of the most common chemical sedimentary rocks.


a
. true

b. false


55
. It is best to build
dams, roads, and houses on metamorphic rock.


a. true

b. false


56
. You would expect to see metamorphic rock at the Earth’s surface.



a. true

b. false


57
. When rocks are metamorphosed, the mineral components of the rock are


a. ugly

first, then beautiful

S

b. melted first, then crystallized again to form a new rock


c.
shattered by mechanical processes.


d.
none of these














Rock Cycle Question
:


SEDIMENTARY


ROCK





1





2







3



4



METAMORPHIC





7



IGNEOUS


ROCK










ROCK






5







6









MAGMA/LAVA




58
. Which term
would best fit arrow #1?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b. erosion, weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


59
. Which term would best fit arrow #2?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b. erosion,
weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


60
. Which term would best fit arrow #3?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b. erosion, weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


61
.
Which term would best fit arrow #4?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b. erosion, weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


62
. Which term would best fit arrow #5?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b.

erosion, weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


63
. Which term would best fit arrow #6?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b. erosion, weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


64
. Which term would best fit arrow #7?


a. cooling, hardening, & crystallization


b. erosion, weathering, & cementation


c. heating & melting




d. heat and pressure


65. Which line shows igneous rock being changed into metamorphic rock?


a. 1


b
. 3


c. 5


d. 7





Part 3: Practical Questions:
Use the 'Rock board' to answer the following questions.



REMINDER
--

Rock specimens are numbered as follows:




UL




1

2

3

4

5




6

7

8

9

10




11

12

13

14

15


66
. Rock #1

is an example of which type of rock?



a.
Igneous


b.
Metamorphic


c.
Sedimentary

67
. Rock #10

is an example of which type of rock?



a. Igneous


b.
Metamorphic

c.
Sedimentary

68
. Rock #14

is an example of which type of rock?



a. Igneous



b.
Metamorphic

c.
Sedimentary

69
. Rock #9

is an example of which type of rock?



a.
Igneous


b.
Metamorphic

c. Sedimentary

70
. Rock #11

is an example of which type of rock?



a. Igneous



b.
Metamorphic

c.
Sedimentary

71
. If any of the

rock
s has a fossil, it must be?





a.
Igneous


b.
Metamorphic

c. Sedimentary



STOP USING SCANTRON



I
.
Write the numbers of TWO igneous rocks:


2, 10, 11, 14, 15.



I
I.
Write the numbers of TWO sedimentary rocks:

3, 6, 8, 9, 12


II
I.
Write the
numbers of TWO metamorphic rocks:

1, 4, 5, 7, 13









Extra Credit: What was the funny question Mr. Nelson asked on the Minerals Video Work