Diaz_LCEDN+2013++World+Cafe+1_24jun13 - Workspace

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Sustainability considerations:

Industry and developing countries


Dr Rocio A Diaz Chavez

Centre for Environmental Policy

Imperial College London

(
r.diaz
-
chavez@imperial.ac.uk
)

SCOPE 2010 Award Young
Scientist

Low Carbon Energy for Development

LCEDN Workshop

World Café 1

Sustainable development


Sustainable development
-

effective implementation
needs participation


Environmental management tools such as ESIA and
SEA include public participation (stakeholders)


“Social sustainable development” has social elements
considered. Also included in some international
conventions e.g. ILO


Included in some voluntary standards

Methodologies for sustainability
assessment


Indicators

(criteria,

principles)


LCA


SEA


ESIA


Mapping

stakeholders


Corporate

Social

Responsibility


Sustainability

Reporting


Regional
and local
levels

Objectives

Demonstration

Data &
indicators

Environmental

Policy &
Institutions


Land use change


Environmental
impacts


LCA and supply
chain


GHG and other
emissions (e.g. NOx,
particulates)


Waste



policies plans
& projects


Directives


Incentives


Barriers


Institutional
capacity

Economic



national,
regional and
local
economy


livelihoods


Incentives


Barriers

Social


LCA Social
impacts



GHG and other
emissions (health)



social
organisation


Land property


Gender

Research

FRAMEWORK

(Diaz
-
Chavez, 2003, 2006)

Cumulative and
indirect impacts

Enforcement

Traditional

focus

Whose
sustainability?

(Dalal
-
Clayton, & Daler, 2005)

EU
-
recognised schemes for biofuels (2012)

1.
ISCC

(German (government financed) scheme covering all types of
biofuels
)

2.
Bonsucro

EU (Roundtable initiative for sugarcane based
biofuels
, focus on
Brazil)

3.
RTRS

EU RED (Roundtable initiative for soy based
biofuels
, focus on
Argentina and Brazil)

4.
RSB

EU RED (Roundtable initiative covering all types of
biofuels
)

5.
2BSvs

(French industry scheme covering all types of
biofuels
)

6.
RSBA

(Industry scheme for
Abengoa

covering their supply chain)

7.
Greenergy

(Industry scheme for
Greenergy

covering sugar cane ethanol
from Brazil)


8.
Ensus

(production of ethanol)

9.
Red Tractor

(Verification system for farms with mixed crops and
sugarbeet
)

10.
SQC

(Scottish Quality Farm Assured Combinable Crops (SQC) scheme)

11.
Red Cert

(For EU MS and Ukraine and
Belarussia

for
biofuels
)

12.
NTA 8080

National Dutch system




Global Bioenergy Partnership GBEP

EU Monitoring for RED

Biodiversity

Ecosystem
services

Red list

Invasive species

Threats: N

Ecosystems coverage

Habitats of interest

Conservation areas

Protected areas

Ecosystems goods
and services

Fragmentation of
habitats

Ecosystem assessment

Watersheds

Agriculture

Forestry

GHG

Land use and
ILUC

Policies, regulations and programmes
related to Biobased Economy

BIOTECHNOLOGY
Europe 2020 Strategy
Life Sciences and
Biotechnology
: a
Strategy for Europe
(2002)

Rev in 2007
Knowledge

Based
Bio
-
Economy
(KBBE 2005)
ETAP
(2004)
Lead Market Initiative
(2007)
Eval
in 2011
Climate and
Environment
Package
(2007
)
Strategic Energy
Technology Plan
(2007)
Renewable Energy
Directive
(2009)
Common
Agricultural
Policy
Rural Development
Policy 2007
-
2013
REACH
Directives:
Soil, Water, Biodiversity
National Plans
Market development

Region/year

2010

2011

2012

European Union (27 countries)

100.14

102.80

101.25

Germany

107.84

113.85

112.95

France

89.74

91.79

89.75

Hungary

110.95

115.16

114.55

Manufacturing sector jobs index (2005=100)

Land deals

Source: (Land Matrix, 2013)

Other considerations


Other Low carbon technologies


Difference of scale (industrial?)


Solar and wind other sustainability issues


Additional resources such as Equator
Principles (IFC) for larger projects


SME should also be supporting
sustainability issues (?)

What to consider

Pathway

Transport

Products

End use

Feedstock

Fuel

Fodder

Chemicals ( sub
-
classification)

Certification
final
products

skills

World Café information


Tables 8
-
10 participants


1 Secretary per table


4 questions, 10 minutes each


First, quick poll


Second, discussion


Secretaries quick feedback end of session


Questions

1.
Does low
-
carbon energy mean “sustainable”?

2.
Should sustainability criteria be applied to all low
carbon technologies / products and across all
scales?

3.
Should sustainability criteria influence global
markets to promote low carbon technologies and
products?

4.
Should the private sector support sustainability
criteria and standards or should it be public policy
driven?