using RFID technology:Kfupm experience

guineanscarletΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

27 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

105 εμφανίσεις


Realizing the benefit of e
-
tagging & e
-
tracking
using RFID technology:Kfupm experience
and the Access control project





M.W.Raad

Head of RFID research


Department of Computer Engineering, King
Fahad University of Petroleum & Minerals
raad@kfupm.edu.sa



2

What is RFID?


RFID is a technology that uses
radio
-
frequency waves to transfer
data between a reader and a
movable item to identify,
categorize, track...


RFID is fast, reliable, and does
not require physical sight or
contact between reader/scanner
and the tagged item



Introduction

RFID = Radio Frequency IDentification

RFID tag = device that is designed for wireless data transmission

RFID tag

antenna

Applications

toll payment transponder

libraries

passports

human implantation

for medical purposes

A surface wave transponder used pressure sensor
in valve shaft of car tire valve


RFID in Fedex access control


Business issue:

Drivers spend
precious time
searching for keys to
lock unlock doors


An automatic keyless
entry and ignition
system LF134.2 Khz


Benefits: security &
time savings

Security

Transfusion: E
-
tagging
Patients’wristbands and blood tags


Current status in managing new born
babies at hospitals in Saudi Arabia


New born babies security issues


New born babies management highly dependent on non
-
automated processes.


Human based tracking & validation processes.


Barcode systems used today still require manual
intervention (i.e. scanning).



Manual & Non
-
real time notifications of new born special care
requirements when & where they are needed.



Verification confirmation for handing over the right baby to the
right parents in real time are not available with current
systems.







Healthcare solution description


RFID case study to protect newly born
babies At Faqeeh hospital Jeddah



Improving operational efficiency through asset tracking


Faqeeh hospital



HOW it works?



Real time location


Geofencing


Tags


Asset tracking in Najran University


Asset tracking in Najran
university

RTLS at room level


Real time location Systems
(RTLS)

Muhammad Wasim Raad

27


A real time location system defined a
system for determining location of
objects


Utilizes a network of devices to collect
information from battery powered tags
on their location


As seen by several readers to
accurately triangulate the location


RTLS are more complex than RFID
systems


RTLS provide coordinated based
information on where the RTLS tag is
located


Precisely mapped and compared to other
tags in surroundings


WLAN based RTLS getting widely adopted

RTLS…


RTLS…


RTLS…


Real Time location system benefits


Improve patient
throughput


Locate required
people and
equipment easily


Decrease inventory
costs


Enhance equipment
upgrades

RTLS case study: Long range
tracking of vehicles


Introduction to smart cards& RFID Technology:
The First undergraduate University course in
RFID in the region


Presenting the most important recent advances in
smart cards technology and research.




Focusing on the most fruitful research and hot
areas in these technologies.




Underlying fundamental limitations of these
technologies.




Enabling Computer Engineering students to become
pioneers in designing smart card systems.



Exposing students to the cutting edge technology in
the proposed area.

KFUPM experience in RFID &
the Access control project


KFUPM established 1963


One of first Universities in region to
establish a Smart Campus based on
MIFARE contactless smart cards


Smart campus Established in 2002


15,000 Smart cards issued for students,
faculty and staff




Identification cards for Students, Faculty,
and Staff


Inventory tracking


Library card


Access control of: gates, parking, dorms,



Photocopying and printing


Student concessions and meal services


Health services


Others?



Access control

Muhammad Wasim Raad

39

RFID research in KFUPM

Objectives


To train students to develop MULTOS
applications for banks & National ID



To aid local industry



To support National ID card program as well
as projects in electronic payments & health
sector



To support new Smart Card Course:
Introduction to Smart Card & RFID
Technology offered as an elective course

Collaboration with MULTOS
consortium


Partnership with KFUPM in providing complete
support to new Smart Card Lab



Full technical support for students developing
MULTOS based projects using SMARTDECK
utilizing WEBCAST



Providing attractive Job positions to students
graduating from Smart card course



International Certification In MULTOS for students
completing the course

Potential of RFID Lab


Conducting short courses on MULTOs for industry



Collaboration with major companies in region




Developing Innovative solutions


Conducting research on performance
evaluation of RFID


Interoperability of various RFID tags


Obtaining advanced RFID development
tools

Integrating E
-
permitting data in location
awareness:A prototype for the eco friendly
Automotive using Active RFID tag+sensor

Using RFID to monitor Activity of
daily living (ADL)

Web monitoring of ADL

An RFID based telemedicine Guidance
system prototype for Hospital


A proof of concept for using RFID for
monitoring healthy eating for children
suffering from diabetes

RFID every where
(Pervasiveness)


RFID Adoption Challenges


Is
the timing right??


Cost:


Tags
-

currently 50 cents


need to be 5 cents or less


Readers


currently thousands of dollars


need to be hundreds of
dollars


Implementation


distribution centers relatively low tech


need
networking, power, etc.


Cost benefit
-

must be significant enough to justify RFID cost:


Retailers operate with small margins ( < 5%). If RFID can
increase operational efficiency by 1% = major competitive
advantage

Read accuracy:


accuracy not established


needs to approach 100%:


Metal containers, liquids, Etc. impact tag readability


Taq/reader orientation: polarization effects


Reader configuration: cooperative networks of readers


Interference from other readers and other radiators



Privacy:


See next slide


Privacy Concerns

Privacy protection

Blocker tag research


Questions??