Promise of RFID

guineanscarletΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

27 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

86 εμφανίσεις

interrelativity.com

The Practicalities, Perils and
Promise of RFID

Joe McCarthy

Connector in Chief

Interrelativity, Inc

1 March 2006

interrelativity.com

2

Outline

What is RFID?


What is it good for?



What are the risks?



What is on/over the horizon?



“It may be simple, but it’s not easy”


“Identify any object anywhere automatically”



“The innocent have nothing to fear”


“The future is here, it’s just unevenly distributed.”

interrelativity.com

3

What is RFID?

Si

Coil

Encapsulation

RFID Transponder

Radio frequency identification (RFID)


is a generic term that is used to describe

a
system

that transmits the
identity


(in the form of a unique serial number)

of an
object

or person wirelessly,

using
radio waves
.
[RFID Journal]

[Roy Want, Intel]

Computer

RFID

Interrogator

RFID

Transponder

Energy

Clock

Data

interrelativity.com

4

“It’s simple,

but it isn’t easy”

interrelativity.com

5

interrelativity.com

6

EPCglobal

Tag

Local Host

ONS

PML

Savant

Reader

Product

Remote Host

Network

Network

Network

EPC



TAGS

RFID



EPC

Electronic Product Code



ONS

Object Name Service



PML

Physical Markup Language



Savant
TM

Distributed Operating System



ALE

Application Level Events (devices, data, apps)


interrelativity.com

7

Complications


Tag size, shape, frequency


Passive, semi
-
passive, active


Distance, orientation


RF interference (EMI)


Other tags, readers


Other sources of RF


Metal, liquids, …


Standards


ISO, EPC (Gen X, Class Y)


Patents


Data Format


Writeable tags


Interoperability


Tags, readers,

backend systems,

industries, countries

Frequency

Category

Range

128 kHz

LF

Inches

13.56 MHz

HF

Feet

915 MHz

UHF

Meters

2.45 GHz

Microwave

Many Meters

interrelativity.com

8

Costs


Tags


Passive: $0.25
-

$1.00


Active: $10
-

$50


Readers, Antennas


Passive (UHF): $500
-

$3,000


Active: readers + signposts, $10K+


Computers, networking, databases, …


Training (mandatory, $10K, 1
-
2 weeks)


Forrester Research estimate

(for a $12B consumer products company):


$128,000 for consulting and integration


$315,000 for the time of the internal project team


$80,000 for tag and reader testing

interrelativity.com

9

RFID Market


Today: $2.7B, 1.8B tags

(500M passive, 1.3B active)


2010: $12B;

2016: $27B, 1
trillion

tags


RFID vs. barcodes


5
-
10B barcodes / year


To reach 10B tags / year,

need < $0.01 / tag (2020)


Requires new technology

Source: IDTechEx

Hitachi mu
-
Chip

(0.15x0.15x0.0075)

Philips

(plastic)

Etc.

interrelativity.com

10

“Identify any object

anywhere automatically”

interrelativity.com

11

Supply Chain

Item

Case

Pallet

Container

Transport Vessel / Vehicle

interrelativity.com

12

Access Control

Buildings

Ski resorts

Countries

Containers

interrelativity.com

13

Asset Tracking

Livestock

Salmon

Pets

At school

On the bus

At the park

Airline luggage

Documents

& Folders

Beer & Wine

interrelativity.com

14

RFID in Healthcare

Equipment

Medications

Patients

Blood

Surgical sites

interrelativity.com

15

interrelativity.com

16

Transactions

ExxonMobil SpeedPass

Illinois Tollway

I
-
Pass

SST PowerPay

ASK @

Olympics

AmEx

ExpressPay

MasterCard

PayPass

interrelativity.com

17

“The innocent have

nothing to fear”

interrelativity.com

18


Internet: aggregate electronic data


RFID + Internet: aggregate physical world data (!)


Tracking & tracing: people, places & things


Item
-
level vs. supply chain

Risks

BoycottBenetton.com

BoycottGillette.com

BoycottTesco.com

interrelativity.com

19

Hacks

RFID Chips in Car Keys and Gas Pump Pay Tags Carry Security Risks

Avi Rubin, et al., Johns Hopkins University, 29 January 2005

http://RFIDanalysis.org/

How to Kill RFID Tags with a Cell Phone

Scientific American Blog, 14 February 2006

Adi Shamir

Weizmann Institute

interrelativity.com

20

Real ID Act


Passed May 10, 2005


Effective 2008


National ID Card


name, address, DOB, sex,
digital photo, ID number


"common machine
-
readable
technology“


not
necessarily

RFID


WA House Bill 2521


More info:


www.epic.org


www.aclu.org


www.schneier.com


www.unrealid.com

interrelativity.com

21

RFID + children


Sutter, CA, school district


InCom Corporation


Name badges + RFID


Notification vs. consent

interrelativity.com

22

“The future is here,

it’s just unevenly distributed

interrelativity.com

23

RFID + Mobile Phones


KDDI


RFID
readers


Active & Passive



NTT DoCoMo n901iC FOMA®


Sony FeliCa chip (+ surround sound, card scanner…)

interrelativity.com

24

RFID + Sensors


TempSens


Up to 64 temp. readings


Three modes


Interval (2 sec


18 hrs)


Out
-
of
-
range events


Out
-
of
-
range + max/min


Shelf life: up to 18 months


Applications: perishable food, drugs


www.ksw
-
microtec.de

interrelativity.com

25

RFID + Robots

Kobe, Japan

Mobility Support Project

Utah State University

Center for People


with Disabilities

Fukuoka, Japan

NTT + Tmsuk

interrelativity.com

26

RFID + People


VeriChip (Applied Digital Solutions)


Mexico

Attorney General

Spain

Beach Club

Cincinnati, OH

Tommy Thompson

Gov WI, Sec HHS,

Applied Digital

John Halamka, M.D.,

CIO Harvard Medical School

?

interrelativity.com

27

Amal Graafstra

… coming up in a bit …

interrelativity.com

28

Shameless Self
-
promotion

interrelativity.com

29

RFID + Displays


Proactive Displays
: Large displays with sensors
that can detect and respond to people nearby


Promote awareness & interactions in shared spaces


Online community


physical community

+

Online

Profiles

Physical

Tokens

(e.g., RFID)

+

Large

Displays

Better

Real
-
world

Interactions

=

interrelativity.com

30

Registration

interrelativity.com

31

Profile


Photo


Name


Organization


Title


“ticket to talk” image


“ticket to talk” caption

Queue
(people detected nearby)

Sponsor

(banner)

Anatomy of a

Proactive Display

interrelativity.com

32

Social Impact of

Proactive Displays


Learning about / meeting
new people




Learning new things about
old acquaintances




Saving face by displaying
names (+ faces)

vs.

interrelativity.com

33

A Range of Connections

Coming soon

to an[other] event

near you …

interrelativity.com

34

Thanks! / Questions?


For more information


http://interrelativity.com/rfid