Please complete these vocabulary words as you complete the chapter. They will be checked:

groupmoujeanteaΒιοτεχνολογία

23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

88 εμφανίσεις

Genetic Community Notes (Topic 3)

Name_____________________________________ Date________

Vocabulary:
Please complete these vocabulary words as you complete the
chapter. They will be checked:

1.

Asexual reproduction


2.

Biotechnology


3.

Body cell


4.

Bond


5.

Chromosome


6.

Clone


7.

DNA


8.

Egg


9.

Expressed


10.

Genes


11.

Genetic engineering


12.

Genetic recombination


13.

Heredity


14.

Mutation


15.

Replicate


16.

Selective breeding


17.

Sexual reproduction


18.

Sperm


19.

Subunit


20.

Template


21.

Traits







1.

Heredity and Genes (genetic ___________________)

a.

Where did you

get your genes from?


b.

_____________________
-
passing genetic information through reproduction

c.

DNA

( hereditary info) is organized into
______________________________

_______________________________________________________

of each cell

d.


Specifically, wh
ere are the genes located? ________________________


2.

Methods of reproduction

a.

What are the two types of reproduction?_________________ & ___________

b.

Compare and contrast Asexual vs. Sexual reproduction

Aexual

Sexual













c.

Why does the ladybu
g AB look the
way it does?

Genes and Reproduction Questions: Answer below:

1.

Where do we get our genes from?


2.

Where is DNA located?


3.

What are the two type of reproduction?




3.

The genetic code:


a. Which molecules contain the genetic code?


4.

DNA Mol
ecule:

a.
Made of thousands of smaller
sections called subunits

SUBUNIT (made of 3 parts)



______________



______________



______________


b.
Which subunits pair up with each other?


_____________
-
___________

_____________
-
___________




c
. How many base

pairs are there in the human body?________________ pairs.


5.

DNA Replication:

a.
DNA
-
Copied or
_____________________

b.
Bond between bases is
_____________________________________________

c.
Each Single strand acts as template for a new molecule



6.
Proteins and cell functioning

a.
PROTEINS

b.
Long Chains

c.
Formed by combinations of
____________________________

in specific sequences

d.
Sequence determines
_____________________

e.
Some proteins act as
_____________________

f.
Some proteins
__________
__________________________________________


7. DNA protein connection

a.
Proteins are made at the
______________________________

based on directions


from the Cell’s
______________________________________
!

b.
The
_________________________________________
__________________

_________________________________________________________________

to have
traits like parents (like hair)

8. Protein Synthesis (List the five steps for protein synthesis)


1.


2.


3.


4.

5.

9. Mutations


a. What is a mutation?



b. Are mutations random and can they be passed to offspring?


10. Types of Mutations: Identify and define the 4 types of DNA mutations


a. Substitution




b. Addition



c. Deletion



d. Inversion


11. DNA and Individuality:


a. Explain why the rabbi
t is white when it’s hot and black when it is cold?


12. Genetic Engineering


a. What is genetic engineering?




b. What is biotechnology?




c. What is selective breeding and how have puppy breeds been affected?



d. How does biotechnology influence y
our day to day life?