Plant Biology 1401

gooseliverΒιοτεχνολογία

22 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

90 εμφανίσεις

Plant Biology 1401

Introduction

Welcome!


Biology 1401


Section 002


Dr. Ravi Dani




208 Biological Sciences



ravidani1401@yahoo.com



806
-
742
-
2707



How to Succeed in Biol. 1401



1. Read text of each lesson. Read it before class.

2. Attend class. Pay attention. Take notes on lectures. Use

opportunity to learn material, ask questions if unclear.

3. Use slides on class web page to review. For

many lectures there will be some explanatory text with

some or all of the slides


this is meant to supplement the

text and lectures, not replace them.

4. Make a list, and study, unfamiliar terms. There will

probably be many


in the process of learning them, you

will learn much of the course material..


Attendance Policy
: Attendance is
required to perform well in this course. If
you have a university function or illness that
will cause you to miss an exam, contact Dr.
Dani
before the exam

or no later than one
day following the exam date.

Missed Exam Policy:



Only medical emergencies (with
Doctor’s note) allowed.


No late appearances, excuses (such as
flat tires, hospitalized grandfathers, etc.)
considered.


1 week to make up exam


arrange a time


Policy of
Exams



Grading Policy
:



3 Hour Exams in Lecture (3 hourly exams
-

50
questions, 2 points each and one final comprehensive
exam
-

100 questions, 1 pt. each)


= 45%




Laboratory




= 30%




Final Exam




= 25%


Extra
-
credit quizzes
will count towards hour exams and
the final. There will be FIVE unannounced extra Credit
Quizzes, each carrying 5 points.

Civility in the Classroom:



You are expected to conduct yourselves in such
a way as to provide a good learning environment
for all students. Therefore, disruptions that affect
other students or the lecturer will not be tolerated.
Such disruptions include, but are not limited to:
leaving lecture before the class is dismissed
without permission, reading newspapers or books
from another class, talking to neighbors, ringing
of cellular phones, and eating and drinking.

Class Web Site



http://www.biology.ttu.edu


People


Faculty


Ravi G. Dani


Background information: help to prepare
you for the exams


Lecture slides


Exam results & course grade


Your course materials


Linda Berg


Introductory Botany,
2nd

Edition




Organization of Text Units


1. The Plant Cell (Chapters 2
-
4)



2. Plant Structure & Life Processes (Ch. 5
-
11)



3. The Continuity of Life (Ch. 12
-
17)



4. Diversity (Ch. 18
-
25)



5. Plant Ecology (Ch. 26
-
27).

Useful hints about textbook


Glossary


Questions


Activities


Animations!


Other links

WORLD IN 21
st

CENTURY


100% increase in World’s population
(12 billion by the year 2035).


50% reduction in forests cover.


Life expectancy close to 100 years in
most parts of the world.


World resources of fossil fuel will be
totally consumed.

PLANT AND PEOPLE


Plant have determined the very course of human
civilization. The material culture of nearly every
society is based more on plants than on animals.


Search for lands of spices led to the discovery of
Americas and colonial invasion of Asia and Africa.


Patterns of international trade in rubber, opium
and quinine have altered the fates of entire
nations.


Medicinal herbs, possessing aphrodisiac properties
and longevity have resulted in immense
biodiversity loss and continued global smuggling.

Humans use plant by
-
products


Turpentine


Dyes


Resin


Mulch


Decorative Bark

Careers in Biosciences


The large, multidisciplinary Human Genome Project (HGP)

the
completed effort of finding all human genes and characterizing a
reference genome

has promised to revolutionize the future so
profoundly that the 21st has been dubbed the "biology century."


Almost everyone will be affected by applications of information and
technologies derived from the HGP era of the late 20th century.


Entirely new approaches will be implemented in biological research
and the practice of medicine and agriculture.


Genetic data will provide the foundation for research in many
biological subdisciplines, leading to an unprecedented understanding
of the inner workings of whole biological systems.


The biotechnology industry has more than tripled in size between
1992 and 2001, with revenue increasing from $8 billion to $27.6
billion.


In 2001, there were 191,000 U.S. employees, and more opportunities
are expected in healthcare, food production, and environmental
cleanup (
www.bio.org
).


In regard to the burgeoning drug industry based on genomics, the
Consulting Resources Corporation’s newsletter for biotechnology
professionals said, "We expect the growing family of new genomics,
proteomics, and bioinformatics technologies to dominate . . .
developments in therapeutics by greatly improving the efficiency and
speed of the entire drug discovery, testing, and approval process."


Medicine



Medical genetics, genetic counseling, genetic nursing


Gene testing, gene therapy


Organ transplantation, fertility, and reproduction


Public health


Pharmaceutical industry and suppliers


Pharmacogenomics


Chemical, vaccine, medicine development and production


Database development, operation, use


Communication, work with regulatory agencies



Agriculture and Wildlife


Genetic modification of foods and seeds


Biopesticide and neutriceutical development


Wildlife management: Identification, protection
of endangered species


Authentication of consumables such as wine,
caviar.



Computational Biology (including
Bioinformatics)


Database creation, data analysis, modeling,
data transfer


Supercomputing


Mathematics, statistics, actuarial field



Engineering Disciplines


Bioprocessing chamber, vat design and
production


Toxic
-
waste cleanup


Instrumentation development


Creation of new energy sources via
engineering, life science research


Biomedical engineering.



Business


Biosciences industry investing


Marketing and sales


Banking



Law and Justice


Education


Patent specialties


Specialties in ethical, legal, and social issues


Gene and paternity testing


DNA forensics
--
in the laboratory, in the field, in
the courtroom



History and Anthropology


Use of genetics to study population, migration
patterns


Study of inheritance over evolutionary time



Military


Soldier identification


Pathogen identification


Biological and chemical warfare protection


Radiation
-
exposure assessment



Space Exploration


Research into space effects


Search for other life forms, evidence of life



Bench Science


Sequencing of many organisms, including human


Data analysis, computation


Functional genomics


Proteomics


Human variation in health and disease


Microbial genetics


Environmental studies


Education



Bioscience Communication


Reporting, writing, editing


Website development, maintenance


Public relations


Marketing


Special events