Progress in Aviation

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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Progress in Aviation
Through Aircraft
Engineering and
Modification



Presented by Louis J. Bottino


Federal Aviation Administration


William J. Hughes Technical Center


November 2, 2005

Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


The Aircraft Engineering and Modification Concept



Aircraft Engineering and Flight Test



Aircraft Engineering Methodologies and Project


Installations


The Economic Feasibility and Economic Necessity



Conclusions



Acknowledgements







Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


The Aircraft Engineering and Modification
Concept


-

Commercial Aircraft Engineering and


Modification Services



-

Partnerships With Academic Institutions



-

Aerospace
-
Related Government Agencies










Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification

The Aircraft Engineering and Modification Concept




Improvements in Civil Aviation Have Evolved From The Combined


Efforts Of The Aerospace Industry, Research and Development Institutions


and the Military



(1) Changes In Aerodynamic Thinking Have Inspired New Design Techniques,


Tools, And Fabrication Methods



(2) Research and Development Institutions Have Received Grants To Explore


and Study New Technologies



(3) The Airline Industry Has Invested Capital and Human Resources Over Time


to Promote The Success of New Technologies



(4) Aeronautical Technology Usually Advances After The Success of Each


Space Program.






Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


The Aircraft Engineering and Modification Concept







To Advance Aviation Using Aircraft Modification These Companies Have


Gone Into Collaborations, Agreements and Long
-
Term Research Programs



(1) Modification Efforts Are Sometimes Long Range And Part Of A Larger


Effort.



(2) The Modification Process Is Similar In Each Case Since A Set Of Rules


Prescribed By The FAA Code Of Federal Regulations Are Followed.



(3) Government Agencies Involved In Aviation And Aerospace
-
Related


Activities Have Expanded Their Roles Beyond The Regulatory Mission


Associated With Them.



(4) The National Aeronautics And Space Administration ( NASA ), The National


Oceanic And Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), The FAA And Certain


Parts Of The DOD Have Initiated Agreements And Beneficial


Arrangements With Aerospace Companies And The Airline Industry.






Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification




Commercial Aircraft Engineering And Modification Services



A Modification To An Aircraft Can Be Complex Or Basic. This Usually


Depends On The Purpose And Goals Of The Modification




(1)

Demands For These Desired Changes Have Increased The Number Of


Companies That Provide Specialized Services In Aircraft Engineering And


Modification.



(2) Aircraft Engineering & Installation (AEI)

Services Is A Florida
-
Based


Corporation Serving The Air Transport, Regional Airline, And Heavy


Corporate Jet Markets.



(3)

Orion Technologies Is An Aerospace Design And Engineering Firm Located


In Snohomish, WA. Services Include :


1 ) Changes To Experimental Aircraft And Development


2 ) Important Parameters
-

a ) Market
-
Oriented Aesthetics


b ) Optimized Performance



c ) Structural Integrity







Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification




Commercial Aircraft Engineering And Modification Services



Aircraft Technical Service (ATS) In Van Nuys, California Is A Professional
Modification Service That Handles Complex Modification Programs




(1) The

ATS Application Pro /
Engineer

Gives The Designer More Flexibility



In Routing Systems Such As : a ) Ducting b ) Piping c ) Wiring


Harnesses.



(2) Their Engineering Capabilities Are Structural And Electrical



(3) The Company Has Successfully Engineered Programs For The :


(a) DC
-
10 Flying Test Bed


(b) Boeing 720 Flying Test Bed


(c) DC
-
9 And Boeing 7


(4) The ATS Modification Of The DC
-
10 Was A Complex Task. Interior


Reconfigured To Install : (a) Over Eighteen 6 Ft Tall Equipment Racks


(b) Twelve Operator Workstations


(c) Customer Presentation Area

In The Rear Cabin




Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


Commercial Aircraft Engineering And Modification Services




Dependent On The Type Of Modification And Desired Functionalities In
-

Depth Studies Are Performed Using A Staff Of Scientists And Consulting
Engineers




(
1) Aerocon ( Aerospace Consulting ) Engineering Delivers Full Range Of


Engineering Support And FAA Interface Services For Small And Large
Transport Aircraft.



(2) Aerocon Has Scientists Specializing in : (a) Structural Analysis


(b) Aerodynamics


(c) Thermodynamics


(d) Physics



(e) Materials Research




(3) Design, Analysis And Installation Interface For Propulsion And Fuel


System Analysis Is Another Service Provided By Aerocon.











Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


Commercial Aircraft Engineering And Modification Services






Demands For Large And Small Aircraft Repairs Have Created A
Specialized And New Marketplace




(1) Instead Of Test Bed Configurations, There Are Market
-
Oriented Aesthetics
Or Avionic Enhancements That Require Repair Services.




(
2) Associated Air Center Is Located In Dallas, Texas Repairs And Modifies


Aircraft Structures, Electrical And Avionic Systems.



(3) General Dynamic Advanced Information Systems (AIS) Sensor Flight Test


Center Is Dedicated To The Installation And Integration Of Remote
Sensing Equipment.



(4) Northwest Aerospace Technologies (NAT) Is An Aerospace Services


Company Specializing In Commercial Aircraft Modification Programs.



(a) Interior Reconfigurations Are The Specialty Of NAT


(b) Experienced With Airbus, Boeing, Regional Jets And Cert Processes.















Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


Commercial Partnerships With Academic Institutions





Universities And Research Learning Centers Receive Grants Each Year From


Aerospace Companies And Government Agencies Involved In Aviation
-
Related

Activities




(1) The Avionics Engineering Center (AEC) At Ohio University Demonstrates


The Partnership Between Academic Institutions And The Government.



(2) The University Of Washington School Of Aeronautics And Astronautics Is An


other Premier Facility Known For Research.


(a) The Aerospace And Engineering Building Was Funded By NASA


(b) The Redmond Plasma Physics Laboratory Was Built With Support


From The Department Of Energy




(3) Faculties Of The Georgia Institute Of Technology Have Professors


Involved In Aeronautical And Aerodynamic Research.


(a) Investments With The Air Force Of Scientific Research


(b) The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)


(c) NASA And The National Science Foundation (NSF).











Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


Aerospace
-
Related Government Agencies





Aerospace Companies Have Started New Business Relationships And


Continued Old Ones With Many Aerospace
-
Related Government Agencies




(1) To Provide Maintenance And Mod Services For Part Of NASA’s Fleet, A


Contract Was To DynCorp Technical Services LLC In Fort Worth.




(2) One Of NASA’s Modification Projects Was The Creation Of The


Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA).


(a) Largest Observatory In The World


(b) L
-
3 Communications Integrated Systems Provided :


i. Design Engineering


ii. Airframe Structural Modification


iii. Telescope Design Integration and


iv. Flight Test Activities To Deliver An FAA
-
Certified SOFIA


Observatory.










Progress in Aviation Through
Aircraft Engineering and Modification


Aerospace
-
Related Government Agencies





There Are International Aviation Authorities That U.S. Government
Agencies Have Recognized As Leaders In The Aviation Community.




(1) These Authorities Have Contributed To Establishing International


Standards In Aviation.




(2) One Representative International Body Is The Joint Aviation Authorities


(JAA), Which Is Part Of The European Civil Aviation Conference


(ECAC).




(3) Since 1987 The JAA Has Extended Their Interest To Operations,


Maintenance, Licensing And Certification / Design Standards For All


Standards Of Aircraft.



(4) The JAA Has Placed Much Emphasis On Equating Their Regulations


With Those Of The FAA.