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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Borderless Innovation…

Maintaining Competitiveness in the
21
st

Century



Introduction


Kenn Morris


Founder & Director of Crossborder
Business Associates


California
-
based crossborder market
research and strategic consulting firm
specializing in border business and policy


Former Director of UCSD San Diego
Dialogue’s
Crossborder Innovation &
Competitiveness Initiative


Lead researcher and lead author of
Dialogue’s
Borderless Innovation

report



Overview of Comments


Context of Challenge:
Why Worry?


Border & NAFTA:
Outdated Paradigm


Vision for
Borderless
Innovation

in San
Diego
-
Baja California
Region


Application of vision
to Arizona
-
Mexico,
border states, and
North America


21
st

Century Competitiveness: Why Worry?


“World is Flat”: More than just China & India


China: long term challenge


Regional tech clusters: Large number of existing


and emerging


regions of technology & innovation
across globe


Many regional economic development strategies not prepared


An issue for US, Mexico…and North America


Why Worry?


Despite existing economic &
social linkages, US
-
Mexico
relationship stuck at “border”


Few cases of open, public
dialogue about weakening North
American competitiveness


Fewer examples of policy leaders
working to foster new paradigm
for North America


New vision beyond NAFTA
needed


A Regional Approach to
Borderless Innovation


San Diego & Baja California: region of innovation, R&D,
technology manufacturing


Given economic & social linkages, felt that a latent
opportunity to catalyze regional synergies was possible…



But no comparable data existed


Crossborder Innovation & Competitiveness Initiative:

identify
“clusters of opportunity” in high value
-
added sectors in the
binational region


Focus on selected technology intensive clusters: biomedical
devices, aerospace & defense, software, and others


Cluster Findings


Biomedical Devices


Over 30,000 employed in Cluster
(2003)


San Diego: 6,800


Baja California: 23,700


BC: highest number of FDA
-
certified
BD companies in Mexico
(65+)


Many: Class 10,000 & 100,000
clean rooms


13 had HQ or operations in SD County


Range of products


heart pumps &
stents, lenses, pacemakers, more…


Cluster Findings


Aerospace & Defense


Over 23,000 employed in Cluster
(2003)


San Diego: 18,300


Baja California: 4,800


BC has highest concentration of
aerospace companies in Mexico


Mexico: 9
th

largest aerospace
supplier to US


US
-
MX BASA agreement pending


Binational S&T Workforce


…Larger than expected,
and growing


Surveyed large regional
universities


Issuance of engineering
and software of note:


More engineering degrees
issued by major BC
universities than in SD
(…industrial)


UABC graduated more
individuals with software
degrees than UCSD


A New Regional Model for SD
-
BC


Recommendations for San Diego
-
Baja
California


Crossborder Innovation & Competitiveness Centers

(leverage existing organizations and institutions)


Research and comparable S&T data
(foster
understanding)


Private investor networks
(foster investing)


Increased educational linkages
(physical & online)

and regional workforce training programs


Promote shared infrastructure investments
(energy,
water, digital
)


Increased security integration & enforcement


…Realized: Broader Implications


Implications for
all

of
California


Biomedical devices: Over
53,000 employed in CA


Aerospace (Southern California)


Automotive


Software


Semiconductors


…As well as the US
-
Mexico border states


Implications: Aerospace & Defense


AZ: Large concentation of
aerospace companies (Raytheon,
Honeywell, Boeing, etc.)


Aerospace education: Embry
-
Riddle, U of A, Maricopa
Community College…and the
ASU/ITESM crossborder Masters
degree in Aerospace Logistics


35% of US aerospace employment
in 4 US border states


Within 1100 miles of Phoenix,
most of aerospace employment in
the US and Mexico


Sept. 26
th
: Mexican Aerospace
Conference…in Scottsdale


…Implications: Silicon Border


Technology park in Mexicali, goal of 1
-
2 Fab facilities


If successful…potential synergy with CA and AZ
semiconductor clusters
(esp. Intel, Motorola, TI, Freescale, etc.)


… Not to mention concentration of semiconductor
related employment (160k+) in 4 US border states


A Model


for the 21
st

Century


North American Crossborder Innovation & Competitiveness
Initiative?


Take concept beyond San Diego
-
Baja California


Requires regional assessments in border states, and
analysis of city
-
city and region
-
region “clusters of innovation
& opportunity”


Some hope:


North American Council on Competitiveness


Emerging understanding of
regional

opportunities and
economic development agreements (AZ
-
Sonora, maquiladora
supplier promotion of TREO)


Opportunity for “Third Nation” to catalyze technology
manufacturing and competitiveness for 21
st

Century


if we
choose path of
Borderless Innovation

Borderless Innovation…


Maintaining Competitiveness in the 21
st

Century



Thank You


Gracias


Kenn Morris

kenn@crossborderbusiness.com


CrossborderBusiness.com


Copies of Borderless Innovation report:

www.sandiegodialogue.org