CRAFT - Contour Crafting

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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

CRAFT

Center for Rapid Automated Fabrication Technologies

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Grand Challenge

Fundamental Research

Technology Thrusts

Extrudable Materials

and Fabrication

Integrated Software

Systems

Modular Components

and Assembly

A House in a Day

Architectural Impact

Technology Demonstrations



Mega
-
Scale Layered Fabrication


Industrial Parts

& Molds

Freestanding Objects

Architectural

Scale Models

Extraterrestrial

Construction

Public Art

Environmental Impact

Regulatory Impact

Employment Impact

Economic Impact

Mathematical Models

of Fabrication Processes

4D Modeling

and Visualization

Feasible Geometry

Reasoning

Freeform/Geometry

Composite Materials

Fluid Dynamics

Novel Structure Testing

Materials/Structures

Workflow & Logistics

Planning

System Performance

Testing and Evaluation

Multi
-
Robot

Coordination

Collaborative Design

Systems/Processes

Dynamic Modeling

and Control

Embedding Capabilities

during Fabrication

Real
-
Time Inspection

Sensing/Acting

Social Impact

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

CRAFT
-

Vision and Goals

To develop the science and engineering needed for rapid
automated fabrication of structures of various scales, up to
very large objects such as buildings.


The goal is a major breakthrough in
Mega
-
Scale

fabrication.



USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Grand Challenge

Building a custom
-
designed house in a day

while radically reducing the costs,
injuries, waste and environmental impact associated with traditional construction
techniques.



affordable housing

for the 30 million U.S. households facing cost burdens or
overcrowding;


emergency housing

for the 37 million/year victims of natural (and/or man
-
made) disasters;


new styles of housing

based on curved rather than straight surfaces;


extraterrestrial buildings

constructed from in situ materials;


With national construction
-
related expenditures currently totaling close to $1
trillion annually, the potential impact is enormous.


The goal:
a revolution in housing construction

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Grand Challenge


a house in a day

Architectural Impact

Environmental Impact

Regulatory Impact

Economic Impact

Social Impact

Employment Impact

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .


Development Phases

Grand Challenge

Extrudable

Materials

& Fabrication

Single

Residence

Single

Residence

Multi

-

story

Multi

-

unit

Multi

-

story

Multi

-

unit

Community

&

Infrastructure

Community

&

Infrastructure

Simple

Room

Simple

Room

Single

-

Material

nozzle/feed

Flat roof

construction

Building

simple walls

Door/window with

lintel/sacrificial support

Multi

-

material

nozzle assembly

Modular reinforcement/

electrical/plumbing

Sensor

embedding/testing

Supportless

roofs

Multi

-

cross

Beam gantry

Community

-

scale

logistics planning

Structure testing & modeling:

Whole structure testing

Process modeling

Control system: Basic Geometry

Multi

-

robot

Complex geometry

Visual alignment

Surface quality inspection Video logging

Structural health monitoring

Intelligent CAD/CAM

Structure feasibility Fabrication plan generation

Collaborative Assembly

Reinforcement/Plumbing/Electrical

Logistic planning

Multi

-

material

simple structures

Walls w/complex

geometry

Material engineering Composites & reinforcement

Digital construction material

Single material delivery

Multi

-

material

delivery

Modular

Components

and Assembly

Integrated

Software

Systems

2005

2006

2008

2009

2010

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Grand Challenge

Fundamental Research

Technology Thrusts

Extrudable Materials

and Fabrication

Integrated Software

Systems

Modular Components

and Assembly

A House in a Day

Architectural Impact

Technology Demonstrations



Mega
-
Scale Layered Fabrication


Industrial Parts

& Molds

Freestanding Objects

Architectural

Scale Models

Extraterrestrial

Construction

Public Art

Environmental Impact

Regulatory Impact

Employment Impact

Economic Impact

Mathematical Models

of Fabrication Processes

4D Modeling

and Visualization

Feasible Geometry

Reasoning

Freeform/Geometry

Composite Materials

Fluid Dynamics

Novel Structure Testing

Materials/Structures

Workflow & Logistics

Planning

System Performance

Testing and Evaluation

Multi
-
Robot

Coordination

Collaborative Design

Systems/Processes

Dynamic Modeling

and Control

Embedding Capabilities

during Fabrication

Real
-
Time Inspection

Sensing/Acting

Social Impact

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Interrelationships among the three research thrusts

Integrated

Software

Systems

Modular

Components


& Assembly

Extrudable

Materials

&

Fabrication

Architectural

Design

Logistics plan

Predictive

performance

Inspection plan

Sensory Data

Supply Dispatch

Indexed Video Log

Structure design &

Performance

Requirements

Performance

Restrictions

Visual Data

CC

Hardware

Robot

Commands

Hardware

Feedback

Assembly plans

Nozzle path plan

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Extrudable materials & fabrication


Perform underlying basic research
necessary to develop the materials and
structures for automated mega
-
scale
fabrication


Integrate materials into ultra
-
efficient
structures


Integrate materials with delivery systems
and robots from other thrusts

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Robotics fab, modular components & assembly


Perform research and develop various mono and distributed robots,
tools, software and their integration into systems for assembling
modules in situ to form functional attributes of structures



Robots’ locations, movements and working areas are dynamically
changing along with environment. Develop a mathematical /
geometric model of environment and a robot coordination protocol.



Perform the fundamental research in the modules to be placed
internal to the extruded material that transform an extrusion into a
functional wall or roof of a mega
-
scale structure. The modules that
make a post
-
modern interactive structure include:


normal reinforcing, plumbing, and electricity conduits


Integrated communication, interactive sensing and displays



Integrate the Modules and Assembly Thrust with Extruded Materials
and Software


USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Embedding IT components


USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Automated Painting

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Dynamic Control

Material Flow

Computation

Flow Control

Law

Position Sensors

Nozzle Actuator

Nozzle Control

Law

Robot Wheel

Motors

Flow

Sensor

Position Sensor

Gantry

Dynamic

Model

Material Flow

Dynamics

System

Dynamics

Desired

Material

Flow

Nozzle

Position &

Orientation

Gantry

Position

Wheel

Torques

Nozzle

Forces

Commanded

Position

Material

Flow

+

-

+

-

Gantry Motion

Controller

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Goals


Perform the fundamental research
and develop the software
components for automating mega
-
scale fabrication


Integrate components with each
other and with robots from other
thrusts

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Industrial Sectors


Materials


Construction


Equipment


Software


Architects


Real Estate


Other application sectors


USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Industrial Membership

Industrial membership


3 tiers


Senior Member
-

$100,000


Regular Member
-

$20,000 to $50,000


Technology Associate


small business


Benefits to Industry


Seat on CRAFT ERC industrial advisory board


Senior Member


Licensing (Senior Member


exclusive)


Focused research projects


Access to cutting edge research


Access to center facilities and expertise for R&D projects


Contact with graduate students


Industry
-
University exchange program


SBIR and STTR partnerships


Industry
-
University Company Day


Senior Member

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Expressions of Support


Materials


Degussa Corporation (committed)


Maxit Group (committed)


CEMEX


Elotex


ECRA (European Cement Research Academy)


VDZ (German Concrete Research Academy)


Equipment


Siemens


John Deere


Parker
-
Hannifan

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Expressions of Support


Construction


Shea Homes


Parsons


Shimizu


Bechtel


Boeing (space)



Government


NASA (committed)


U.S. Army

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Expressions of Support


Architects


GL Forms (Greg Lynn)


Gehry Technologies


Cal
-
Earth


Real Estate


ConAm
(builds low income housing in
Mexico)



Regency Outdoor Advertising


USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Management Plan

Executive Board:


Provost (USC)

Vice Provost, Research (USC)

Dean of VSoE (USC)

Director of ISI (USC)

Scientific Advisory board


Industrial Advisory Board


Student Leadership Council



Education Director


Industrial Liaison Director

Pre
-
College (K
-
12)

Undergraduate & Graduate

Outreach

CREST/LSAMP

EPICS/LINC/Fablabs

Industry Participation

Faculty Mini
-
Sabbatical

Technology Transfer

Intellectual Property


Grand Challenge

Technology Thrusts:

Extrudable Materials & Fabrication

Modular Components & Assembly

Integrated Software Systems (Neches/Rosenbloom)





Provost

Khoshnevis

Director


Rosenbloom
Deputy Director


Joe Sullivan

Associate Director


Dean of Engineering

USC

Viterbi School of Engineering .

Thank you




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