P-2 THE SCHOLARSHIP OF INTER-FAITH ENGAGEMENT IN THE WRITINGS OF SELECTED CONTEMPORARY MUSLIM SCHOLARS

goldbashedΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

15 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

2.295 εμφανίσεις

Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


P
-
2

THE SCHOLARSHIP OF INTER
-
FAITH ENGAGEMENT IN
THE WRITINGS OF SELECTED CONTEMPORARY MUSLIM
SCHOLARS

FATMIR SHEHU
,

GENERAL STUDIES
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The acts of pride,

arrogance, superiority, selfishness, enmity and disrespect for others, have created
since the very beginning of human history a very hostile environment, which has been an immense
obstacle for the construction of a friendly and mutual engagement among peo
ple. Such engagement can
take place in different aspects of peoples’ daily activities, like religious, civilizational, political,
sociological, cultural, economic, and so on. The most important engagement, which is related with
peoples’ spiritual and m
aterial aspects of life, is, however, the inter
-
faith engagement. Although
Allah (s.w.t.) has revealed to humanity only one Transcendental Way of Life called DÊn; yet people
follow different ways by creating different religious communities living in a soc
iety characterized by
diversity. Indeed, the scholarship of inter
-
faith engagement has been introduced in our contemporary
time. However, guidelines for this scholarship have been addressed in the Qur’Én and applied by
the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) fourteen ce
nturies ago. This paper has attempted to discuss the scholarship of
inter
-
faith engagement as promoted by the Qur’Én and its application in the lifetime of the
Prophet (p.b.u.h.), as well as the approach of selected contemporary Muslim scholars towards
this
scholarship.

P
-
30

Case 4
-

Bank Muamalat: Case Study of Islamic Management

Khaliq Ahmad
,
Kaliq Ahmad, Azhar Kazmi

Kaliq Ahmad, Azhar Kazmi


Business Administration
,
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The development in Islamic capital market with heavy focus on Islamic finance and banking was one
of the better known initiatives of Malaysia, and one that has elevated the country to an enviable position
in the world’s financial landscape. Th
us managing the banking activity based on Islamic law or
Shariah principles became a focus of academic scrutiny. Islamic banking has the same purpose as
conventional banking except that it operates in accordance with the rules of Shariah, known as Fiqh al
-
Muamalat (Islamic rules of transactions). The basic principle of Islamic banking is the sharing of profit
and loss and the prohibition of riba' (interest). Amongst the common Islamic concepts used in Islamic
banking are profit sharing (Mudharabah), safekee
ping (Wadiah), joint venture (Musharakah), cost
-
plus
(Murabahah) and leasing (Ijarah).

In Malaysia we have intensified the promotion of this sector overseas and in other Islamic markets in
particular through the sharing of shariah knowledge in Islamic Ban
king since the industry took off
globally with the introduction of the Islamic Development Bank in Jeddah in 1970. In 1974, the Islamic
Bank of Dubai became the first ever to be launched. The earliest form of Islamic banking in Malaysia
can be traced to th
e setting up of the Perbadanan Wang Simpana Bakal
-
Bakal Haji, the precursor to the
present
-
day Tabung Haji (TH). The National Steering Committee on Islamic Bank was established in
July 1980 culminating in the establishment of Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad in

1983. In 1993,
commercial banks, merchant banks and finance companies were allowed to offer Islamic banking
products and services under the Islamic Banking Scheme (IBS). Bank Muamalat Malaysia Bhd. took
this opportunity to move into this industry and joi
ned the existing Islamic banks in the country.

Bank Muamalat is now one the leading banks in Malaysia. It had 46 branches, 5 service centres and
Labuan Offshore branch. The Bank had existing staff strength of about 1,400 employees. The
proficiency and int
egrity was on high a high alert vis
-
Ã
-
vis an increased level of competition in the
Malaysian industry of Islamic banking and finance since the country has braced cautious move of
globalization with an opening of equal number of international Islamic banks
.

Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage



P
-
31

BANK RAKYAT CASE: Vision Remains and Mission Revisited

Khaliq Ahmad
,
Khaliq Ahmad, Azhar KazmiKhaliq Ahmad, Azhar Kazmi

Business Administration
,
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The slogan, “of the people, for the people, by the peopleâ€
• comes home. The Bank Rakyat
Malaysia offers a different kind of retail banking. Bank Rakyat evolved drastically from a cooperative
system of management to a newly found destiny of an adventurou
s entity ready to face very hostile
competitive market forces of Islamic banking and finance industry.

This was a cooperative bank that joined Islamic banking and finance industry. The Bank needed to
create a culture of change in order to be flexible to a
dapt to changing external environments and be
consistent in its vision but revisit its mission and objectives underneath which should also be in line
with its founding fathers idea of serving its members in a new structure in order to aid effective decisio
n
making and communication with stakeholders.

The above change facilitated subsequently to achieve its future growth strategies and planning
activities, which was imperative for its future survival. Finally the Bank so far had portrayed its image
as being
responsive, transparent and honest corporate citizen despite host of issues and challenges
ahead.


P
-
47

CONCEPT OF IMPERMANENCE IN THE CONTEXT OF
INTERFAITH DAILOGUE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Mohammad Ismath Ramzy Ramzy
,
Mohammad Ismath RamzyMohammad Ismath
Ramzy

Usuluddin & Comparative Religion
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The concept of impermanence is one of the important doctrines in Islam and Buddhism, which
determines the human act
ions and intentions. The life, according to this doctrine, is a process of
evaporating. Both Buddhism and Islam agree that temptation in the life is the test to qualify a person
into the status of permanent. However, Islam determines the Muslims to overco
me the temptations by
prescribing the doings and not doings while Buddhism does not. This study has undertaken to evaluate
the human expectations and determines in the context of impermanence while discovering the
similarities and differences between Islam

and Buddhism.

P
-
64

GMF
-

Food for All? Islamic legal perspectives on Genetically
Modified Food

Dr. Anke Iman Bouzenita
,
Dr Anke Iman BouzenitaDr Anke Iman Bouzenita

Department of Fiqh and Usul al
-
Fiqh
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human
Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Genetically Modified Food (GMF) has become a reality worldwide. Concerns as to its health
innocuousness, ecological and economic implications have been raised around the globe as well. The
particular
Islamic exigencies on nutrition (the halal status) require Islamic legal deliberations on the
permissibility of GMF, not only for the Muslim consumer, but also with regard to research and
production. The project investigates the transferability of Islamic
legal tools and concepts, such as
istihalah (chemical transformation), istihlak (extreme dissolution), jallalah (animal feeding on impure
food), the change of creation, the benefit/harm paradigm and others to the case of GMF incorporating
DNA from halal or

mixed halal
-

non
-
halal sources. It underlines that research on the permissibility of
GMF needs to go beyond the mere isolated issuing of fatwas on the end product, but rather has to take
the overall rational of its existence into consideration.

Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage



P
-
120

Th
e Similarities and Contrasts among the Abrahamic Faiths: An
Evaluation of the Analysis from the Holy Texts

Dr. Osman Chuah Abdullah Chuah Hock Leng
,
Dr. Osman Chuah Bin Abdullah and Dr. Mohd.
Shuhaimi Bin Haji IshakDr. Osman Chuah Bin Abdullah and Dr.
Mohd. Shuhaimi Bin Haji Ishak

Department of Usuluddin and Comparative Religion
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and
Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia


P
-
237

Islamic Conceptualisation of Knowledge Management

Muhamadul Bakir
Hj. Yaakub
,
Khatijah Binti OthmanKhatijah Binti Othman

Arabic Language and Literature
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

This project is a proposition to address “The Fundamental Theory
of Knowledge
Managementâ€
 (KM) from Islamic point of views, to draw the notion of “Islamic Worldview”
of knowledge, especially in terms of understanding its nature in the reality of knowledge society, as a
step toward formulating the essence of promis
ing performance in an Islamic organizational setting.
Thus, with the assumption that once knowledge is managed, then it is possible to look at its behaviours,
functions, and process of development in the form of scientific realm. Hypothetically, if there w
ere no
single theory formulated to identify the nature of knowledge, then how can it be managed and achieve
its goals? In other words, “Islamic Knowledge Managementâ€
• (IKM) is the answer to the
uncertainty situation of contemporary knowledge development
, management and utilization especially
for Muslim users conceptualization and application. They have to explore new techniques and
processing tools that helps them harness knowledge in according to their conceptual believe system,
especially in term of k
nowledge investigation and sharing in which help them to improve their
vicegerent (VG) status and humanistic relationship. { حبل من الله وحبل من
الناس }. IKM as an Islamic system is intended for particular areas of application and
obj
ectives based on “knowledge intensive processing actionâ€
• (KIPA) known (in Islamic Studies)
as {اجتهاد}, in which it is depending on some human expert intervention in order to
establish a comprehensive and integrated organizational culture, commit
ments and management, or to
better perform the process in producing a production, marketing campaigns, systems analysis and
design, and strategy in reducing operational cost and business risk, in improving decision making for
strategic future development a
nd identifying new technical approaches in problem solving, or even for
the purpose to harmonize inter
-
cultural and personalities gaps within an organizational community.

P
-
249

Islamization of Arabic Language Curriculum (IALC) for an Inter
-
cultural Adjust
ment

Muhamadul Bakir Hj. Yaakub
,
Muhammed Lawal musa AlongbicaMuhammed Lawal musa Alongbica

Arabic Language and Literature
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

This research is a proposition to address the issue of “Islamizationâ€
• as a Fundamental Theory
of Educational Development and Application within Muslim World as the lattes notion of “Islamic
Worldviewâ€
• introduced and applied by Muslim educational in
stitution, especially in terms of
understanding its nature in the reality of contemporary educational development and societal needs, as a
step toward formulating the essence of Muslim promising performance in the global arena. Thus, with
the assumption th
at once Islamic educational system is well structured, then it is possible to look at its
behavioural impacts, functions and nobility. Hypothetically, if there were no single description
Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


concerning this issue, than how can it development, performance and a
chievement been evaluated and
respected. Furthermore, Islamization of Educational Curriculum (IEC) is considered as the answer for
the call to resolve the uncertainty situation faced by the Muslim world since its early encounters with
Western civilization
and remain until today caught up in a vicious circle such as Islam phobia and
fundamentalism.

P
-
285

THE SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE IN THE QUR`AN

IBRAHIM SHOGAR
,
Dr. Ibrahim ShogarDr. Ibrahim Shogar

COMPUTATIONAL AND THEORETICAL SCIENCES
,
Kulliyyah of Science

International Islamic University

Malaysia

THE SCIENTIFIC DISCOURSE IN THE QUR`AN

The main objective of the research is to address the epistemic dimensions of the Qur`anic discourse.
The Holy Qur`an, as a comprehensive discourse to mankind, provides both:
moral and epistemological
aspects of guidance. The dawn of human history had begun by searching on nature. Observation and
contemplation are the major tools to unfold the truth about the physical world. Driven by curiously and
aided by new inventions, mank
ind has been searching to find unity and regularity in the diversity of the
natural process. The birth of scientific knowledge in early Islamic civilization was inspired by the
Qur`an, which eliminated the Darkness of pre
-
Islamic community (Jahiliyyah). Mu
slim scientists,
philosophers, and theologians such as Ibn Sina, Ibin al
-
Hyitham and al
-
Ghazali, were spokesmen of that
era. Envisioned by Islamic world view, they understood the Qur`anic guidance properly and accepted all
principles of scientific research
. Therefore they carried out their investigation for the benefit of
humanity and for spiritual ends. For them, observation of nature and increasing knowledge are not an
end in itself. Recourse to rationality and sense perceptions would lead to understandin
g the wonders of
creation and appreciation of the Creator.


To regain their glory in science, technology and innovation, the modern Muslim scientists may
need to consider the following points:

1.

The major source of research motivation can be found only

in basic beliefs of every nation
and its cultural settings. Creation of the curiosity and creative mind, through reconstruction of the
scientific world view was one of the main objectives of the Holy Qur`an when it revealed, for first time,
to pre
-
Islamic

community.

2.

The Qur`anic approach on science must utilized to create research spirit on Muslim scholars
and scientists. Indeed, it is a inspiring method for scientist to seek answers to their problems and
challenges of the age in the depth of the Qur`an
ic revelation. They should not deal with the Holy Qur`an
as a mere Book of recitation for blessings, but also as a source of knowledge, as a deriving force of
ideas and inspiration for search in nature and human phenomena.

3.

While they searching for the b
est method to reactivate the creative aspect of Muslim mind,
they have to update their religious thinking. To be a religious, according to Qur`anic verses, is to
“Readâ€
 in both, the book of nature and the Revealed Book, which started by “Iqra”.

4.

“Creation of research spiritâ€
• should be the main objective in the modern history and
philosophy of Islamic science. To achieve this goal, the Muslim scholars need to make deep reflection
on their history and their sources of research motivation which
created such epistemological awareness
on early Muslim scientists.

5.

Instilling the Islamic view of man, nature and ultimate realty; is essential to develop new
epistemology and new attitudes toward science, technology and innovation.


P
-
292

Statistical

Study of the Holy Quran

Akram Zeki
,
Akram M. Zeki , Mohammed Z. Khedher , Hassen Alsafi , Ahmed FaridiAkram M. Zeki ,
Mohammed Z. Khedher , Hassen Alsafi , Ahmed Faridi

Department of Information System
,
Kulliyyah of Information & Communication Technology

Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


International Islamic University

Malaysia

Use of computer provided a great potential to deal with the Arabic texts more easily. Furthermore,
the use of database presented more possibilities to deal with texts and process it in an orderly manner.
There
have been several attempts to take care of the Quranic text in a way offers the possibility to deal
with it in a fast and accurate way. Despite the availability of some search engines for the Quranic text.

The aim of this research is to set up databases at

the level of word, root, and letters, to establish a
computerized database of the Holy Qur'an in an appropriate manner. It will be the basic of all disciplines
and legitimate branches of Hadith, jurisprudence, the principles of Quran sciences and its inte
rpretation,
and the Arabic language. This is done for the benefit of largest possible number of researchers and
scholars in the field of Arabic language and the Holy Quran. The project was started by setting the
foundations for dealing with the basics of t
he Quranic word. This research contains a general statistics
about the Holy Quran as stated in the Othmanic copies of Quran.

P
-
293

THE SCIENTIFIC THINKING IN ISLAM: FACTORS OF
FLOURISHING AND DECLINE

IBRAHIM SHOGAR
,
Dr. Ibrahim ShogarDr. Ibrahim Shogar

COMPUTATIONAL AND THEORETICAL SCIENCES
,
Kulliyyah of Science

International Islamic University

Malaysia

THE SCIENTIFIC THINKING IN ISLAM:

FACTORS OF FLOURISHING AND DECLINE

The significant role played by the science and technology for human development is
become more
important in the modern age. The contemporary Muslim societies have a little chance to progress
without scientific thinking. The quality of live, in this competitive world, is based on the intellectual
value of mind. Mankind acts according to t
he way he thinks, the proper way of thinking creates proper
actions. The Holy Qur`an launched its glorious mission to mankind by “Iqraâ€
• due to the fact the
quality of thought directly affects the quality of action, and both the quality of thought and q
uality of
action affect the quality of live. At the opening of its golden age about eighth century and for nearly a
thousand years the Islamic civilization remained creative in science, technology and innovation. The
achievements of Muslim scientists surpa
ssed all their contemporaries. The scientific world view of
Islam was the inspiring force of their inquiry and all research activities. At that time the Islamic world
was ranged from Spain and Morocco, through Damascus, Cairo and Baghdad, to Persia and Nor
th India.
Even by comparison with Medieval Europe, Islamic world was more prosperous, productive and
culturally rich civilization. However, starting around sixteenth century the Islamic civilization began to
wane, losing ground to other nations. Today, Mus
lim communities are facing global challenges,
especially scientific and technological challenges. There are many questions need to be addressed by
Muslim scholars of today: (1) what the main factors behind flourishing of science and technology in the
Musli
m communities of the past? (2) What were the main causes of decadence of the scientific thinking
in Islam? (3) How we could restore the Islamic creative thinking again?

The work has concluded that science in Islamic civilization was flourished due to many

factors,
including:

1.

The positive attitude of Islam towards science and knowledge inquiry

2.

The universal nature of Islam (unity in diversity and multicultural society was source of
creativity)

3.

The noble goals of knowledge inquiry in Islam

4.

The

common ground of Muslim scientists and Islamic scholarship

5.

The assimilation capacity of Islam

The research project has elaborated on all these points


Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


P
-
345

MUSLIM WOMEN ISSUES IN THE FAMILY: TOWARDS AN
ENLIGHTENED FIQH CONSTRUCTION

Dr.Mek Wok mahmud
,
Assoc.Sayed SikandarAssoc.Sayed Sikandar

Fiqh and Usul Fiqh
,
Kulliyyah
of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The position of women in Islam is one of the much debated issues in our time. Academics both from
within the Islamic culture and outside have their own theoretica
l constructs about the legal position of
women in Islam, particularly in the context of Islamic family law. One when surveying the available
literature can identify two divergent theories on this issue. One body of opinions theorizes some what
reduced lega
l status for women in the family, as a sister, daughter, mother and wife. Others conversely
disagree by maintaining that normative sources of Islam and its laws do not sustain such a relegated
view of women in the family. It is either on account of devia
tion from the ideal law or the
superimposition of customary practices, cultures and habits into it which position women as subordinate
to men in the family. To remedy the situation, the approaches and methodologies are more diverse. In
this paper, therefor
e, we attempt to critically examine some major issues with the idea of identifying
the legislative framework which is in congruence with Islamic methodology of reform to correct the
misconceptions about the elevated position of Muslim women in the family
.


P
-
349

Optimization of philanthropic Waqf: The Need for Maqasid
-
based
Legislative Strategies

Dr Mek Wok Mahmud
,
Assoc. Prof dr. Sayed SikandarAssoc. Prof dr. Sayed Sikandar

Fiqh and Usul Fiqh
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Waqaf institution was most central in financing socio
-
religious and public welfare systems during the
early days of Islam. More importantly, the contribution of philanthropic endowment(waqf khayri)
substantially
financed and sustained the social welfare institutions in Muslim societies. Gradually,
however, the creation of this type of waqf dwindled and degenerated. Today, by and large, the waqf
consists of religious kind particularly in Malaysia. To remedy this s
ituation, we believe that we do not
only need to rethink of the regulatory cum institutional structures of waqf but also have to seriously
earmark jurisprudential strategies for the revival of waq khayri in this direction.


P
-
352

Istiratijiyyat Bina’

al
-
Kifaayah al
-
Lughawiyyah at
-
Atta;limiyyah al
-
Arabiyyah fi al
-
Bi’aat Ghair al
-
Arabiyyah:Al
-
Usrah al
-
Madrasiyyah bi Malazia Namudzajan.

Dr. Saupi Man
,

Arabic Language and Literature
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Arabic language is the language of Holy Qur’an and Hadith as well as the language of knowledge
in the Islamic world. Some Islamic countries for example Malaysia have embarked in making the
Arabic language a cent
ral language in their education system. The year 2010 will mark a new beginning
for Arabic Teaching in Malaysia as the Arabic language will be made a compulsory subject in all
national primary schools. Therefore, these schools are required to collaborate i
n order to create a
suitable learning environment for this language. These schools are also striving hard to develop the
essential language teaching skill in non
-
Arabic environments.

The teaching of the Arabic language has been gaining grounds in Malaysia
n schools for the past ten
yers, as noted by the increase in the numbers of national schools which have made Arabic as an elective
subject. Ironically, there are still students who cannot speak Arabic because the environment
Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


surrounding them does not encou
rage the development of such skills.

The researcher finds it necessary to expand the language teaching skills in schools by using the
methodology which provides the opportunity to practice the language taught in and outside the class.
The question is, wh
at are the right strategies through collaboration with the schools to bring about
greater proficiency of learners of Arabic in Malaysian schools.


P
-
384

Title: Perception on Women in Judicial Leadership as a Judge in
Modern Context: A Critical Study of
the Responses of Muslim
Scholars

Md Yousuf Ali Ali
,
not applicablenot applicable

GENERAL STUDIES
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The issue of women’s judgeship in Islam is a challenge and much debatable subject. The
interpretation of the verses is seen by almost all Muslim scholars regarding the issue as the literal words
of Allah(swt). The satance of the majority classical as wel
l as contemporary Muslim scholars is not
identical, but confusible. In modern context, regarding women’s judgship, some Muslim scholars
and Muslim faminists have applied a contexual approach with regard to the historical, social, and
political context in

which the verses were revealed in order to disclose an underlying liberal intent,
which may liberate Muslim from literal reading of the Qur`an. They argued that the present socio
-
politico
-
economic milieu demands women to participate in nation
-
building in
general and in judicial
leadership as a judge in particular. However, regarding the issue of judgship, there are two opinions of
Muslims: a) women’s judgship is allowed b) woman’s judgship is proscribed. However, those
who are in fevor face a particula
r challenge and accusation from traditional Muslim scholars. The
accusation is that they are not loyal to the teaching of Islam and its heritage, but produces a liberal Islam
and liberal shari`ah, influenced by the Western values and imposed upon Islam.

T
his research aims to examine IslÉmic perception on women in judicial leadership on the
responses of both classical and modern Muslim scholars focusing on women can be appointed as judges
in both the general civil courts as well as the SharÊÑah courts on

the basis of the textual arguments of
the Qur’Én and Sunnah. The study intends to focus on: a) expecting to generate knowledge about
the nature and pattern of the perception on women in judicial leadership from both classical as well as
contemporary Mu
slim scholars .b) adding a critical analysis of a crucial issue such as can women be
allowed to be appointed as a judge in both the general civil courts as well the SharÊÑah courts for
better understanding of the need of their appointment in a social and

global context. c) investigating and
clarifying the contradictions between textual sources and differing interpretations about women’s
judicial leadership. d) recommending the SharÊÑah based guidelines and principles to overcome the
predicament that c
an allow women to participate to contribute in judicial institution and e) providing
some suggestions for the future research. The study presents the arguments through verification and
substantiation that can be translated into materializing the role of wo
men in the Muslim society.The
research is also highly expected to produce articles to be published in the journals of international
repute.


P
-
435

Family Institution from Islamic and Western Sociological
Perspectives: Analysis

Md Yousuf Ali Ali
,
nono

GENERAL STUDIES
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The family as a macrocosm of society requires critical consideration when we observe crisis of
family institution in the postmodern age. T
he family institution, along with its role and functions, is
drastically changing in the context of globalized family values and cultures. In modern western
sociology, the family institution is simply understood as a system of relationship in which people
live
Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


together with commitment, form an economic unit, and take care of their children. However, in Islam,
the family institution is taken as a different concept where the spouses not merely live together with
commitment, but rather they form a social unit
based on divinely prescribed principles and directives.
The economic unit that an Islamic family would form should be based on lawful (halal) means of
income. The socialization process in Islamic family is also different from the western sociological
persp
ective in the sense that Islamic family teaches children the values and culture of obeying their
parents (as opposed to total freedom), complying with the rules of Shari’ah, and abiding by other
responsibilities towards the family and society. In line wi
th the functionalist perspective, we view the
family as a crucial agent for maintaining stability in society. Hence, there is a serious need to critically
evaluate the family institution in the changing perspective of the twenty
-
first century.

This study
aims to evaluate the nature and pattern of family institution from both Islamic and
Western sociological perspectives towards a better understanding of the family institution that carries
out the role of ÑAbd and KhalÊfah of Allah on earth. In particular
, it intends to focus on: a)
analyzing the meanings, characteristics, similarities and differences between both modern Western
sociological and Islamic perspectives on family institution; b) identifying the shortcomings and negative
elements from western s
ociological perspective on family institution and evaluate critically their impact
from Islamic perspective; and most importantly, c) analyzing some fundamental issues of the family
institution comparatively from Islamic and western sociological perspectiv
es, (d) discussing
requirements that can strengthen Islamic family institution. The study is intended to outline a
chronological development of the family institution from Islamic and Western sociological tradition.
The three main key issues, i.e. marriage
, the role of parents, and the role of children of family institution
will be elaborated and evaluated with the concept, characteristics, principles and application from both
the perspectives. The study would include practical suggestions and recommendatio
ns for strengthening
the Islamic family institution in the globalized era. Discussion would include implications of the
research findings, shortcomings of the current study, and directions for future research.


P
-
438

Integration of Knowledge in Theory and

Practice: The Contribution
of Bediuzzaman Said Nuri

Md Yousuf Ali Ali
,
nono

GENERAL STUDIES
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Integration of knowledge represents the intellectual and epistemological aspect of Islam is a
challenge. In the history of Islam, in a sense spans the tradition that began with the patriarch Ibrahim
and reached its zenith in the last prophet Muhammad (pe
ace be upon him). Indeed the first revelation
of the Qur'an is “to read and writeâ€
• and the prophet of Islam continued its process until the
revelation of the whole Qur'an was completed during his lifetime. Muslim scholars and thinkers were
concern to d
evelop man’s intellectual efforts in the various ages. The integration process of
knowledge was revived in the twentieth century by several scholars and thinkers, one of whom was
Badiuzzaman Said Nursi (1877
-
1960). This approach argues that without integ
ration of knowledge
between religious sciences and modern sciences in accordance with the need of time, the progress and
development is not possible. Such an approach is particularly compelling because it can eschew the
accusation that Western values are b
eing imposed upon Islam. Muslim scholars who proposed the
process of integration have faced resistance from traditionalists. The accusation is that they are not loyal
to Islam and deny its heritage.

However, one of the highly influential intellectual and
reformer Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and his
writings were timely which greatly contributed to understand the reformation of the society and the
necessity of the integration of knowledge. Many Islamic thinkers and activists were influenced all over
the world by

his intellectual effort. His ideas took shape in Turkey in influencing contemporary
intellectuals. However, he is well known for his scholarship and reformation to expound the Islamic
teachings, but his efforts at Integration of knowledge have not receive
d the scholarly attention they
deserved.

This article focuses on how Bediuzzaman Said Nursi employed the process of Integration of
knowledge to combine the religious sciences and modern sciences in a way that does not condone the
contradiction and does no
t oppose by others. Particularly, it intends to focus on: a) analyzing the
Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


meanings and methodologies of integration of knowledge, b) examining the theoretical dimensions and
practical application of the process of Integration of knowledge, c) analyzing th
e process of integration
proposed by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi in integrating knowledge between religious sciences and modern
sciences, (d) discussing requirements that can strengthen the process of integration of knowledge. The
study is also intended to outl
ine a brief chronological development of the process of integration of
knowledge in Islam. This study also explores whether this approach can be implemented in reality or the
only option for scholars who proposed this project, is to discuss the theoretical

dimension of it.

The study would include practical suggestions and recommendations for developing the process of
integration of knowledge between religious and modern sciences in accordance with the need of today
in the globalized era. Discussion would i
nclude implications of the research findings, shortcomings of
the current study, and directions for future research.


P
-
595

Evolution of Chinese Islamic Architecture
--

A case of "Great
Mosque of Hohot (Qingzhen Dasi), Inner Mongolia, P. R. China

Dr.
Ali Raza Soomro Soomro
,
Prof. Dr. Mansor Ibrahim, Ar. Datin Norwina Mohd NawawiProf. Dr.
Mansor Ibrahim, Ar. Datin Norwina Mohd Nawawi

Architecture
,
Kulliyyah of Architecture & Environmental Design

International Islamic University

Malaysia

China is one of the older civilizations in the world with four thousand (4000) years history. It is an
ancient civilization which is extended over a large area in East Asia. The Chinese civilizations are
known for its years of prosperity and have since ge
nerated competitive minds and stimulated the growth
and development in other parts of the world. Country known for its prosperous civilizations, China is
blessed with beautiful landscapes and multi
-
cultural ethnicities.

At the same time, Islam in China ha
s a rich heritage. China has some of the oldest Muslim history,
dating back to as early as 650, Sa`ad Ibn Abi Waqqaas, was sent as an official envoy to Emperor
Gauzing during Caliph Othman’s era. Since the advent of Islam in China, the religion enjoys
de
velopment together with the ruling dynasties and finally stood through the test of time. Throughout
the history of Islam in China, Chinese Muslims have influenced the course of Chinese history. Relative
to this issue, the study aims at introducing the evol
ution of Islamic architecture of China. The records
have proven that Islamic religion contributed in spiritual development and most importantly the Islamic
architecture.

Also the Hohhot Mosque is taken as a case study to show the respective influences. The

Mosque
architecture amazed many and will continue to be one of the world’s architectural beauties. This
report also focuses on the history of the mosque, its function and its details.

It is hoped that the effort of producing this paper will benefit the

Muslim Ummah and also those who
are passionate about Chinese Muslim architecture worldwide.


P
-
624

Conservational Guidelines for the Restoration of Historical
Illustrated Manuscript: Case Study: A17th Century Illustrated
Manuscript of Shahnameh

Amir
H. Zekrgoo
,
Prof. Dr. Amir H. ZekrgooProf. Dr. Amir H. Zekrgoo

International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC)
,
International Institute of Islamic
Thought and Civilization

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Shahnameh, "The Book
of Kings," is the Iranian national epic that was composed in the late 10th
century CE by the Iranian poet Abu al
-
Qasim Ferdowsi. A monumental epic of some 60,000 couplets,
the Shahnameh surpasses by far in sheer length the Homeric Iliad and Odyssey combine
d. Shahnameh
combines ‘myth’ and ‘history’, ‘idealism’ and ‘realism’, ‘ethics’ and
‘politics’. Shahnameh represents the process of Islamization of a pre
-
Islamic epic and therefore is
a link between a nations pre
-
Islamic and post
-
Isl
amic heritage.

Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


The manuscript collection the International Institute of Islamic Thought & Civilization (ISTAC),
IIUM is custodian to a fine 17th century illustrated manuscript of Shahnameh

This volume of 340 folios is penned in excellent Nasta’liq style. It starts with a sarlawh in lapis
lazuli and gold, followed by three and half leaves of prose introduction. The manuscript is further
adorned with 29 magnificent miniature paintings in Isf
ahan school style.

An entire research project (IIUM Grant No. EDW B 0703
-
48) devoted some 24 months to the study
of the historical an artistic aspects of the said manuscript.

In the process of its close examination serious signs of deterioration were det
ected, which required a
systematic approach toward their restoration. This led to a second research project aiming at

1.

A detailed evaluation of deterioration factors

2.

Identifying problematic areas through preparation of a comprehensive report (visual a
s well as
descriptive)

3.

Developing guidelines on how to restore the work in accordance with scientific methods of
manuscript preservation

4.

Finding experts in the field of restoration of historical Islamic manuscripts, and eventually:

5.


The actual r
estoration act


The present study covers the first four steps.


P
-
650

Qualities of a Mediator in Family Disputes: An Overview of Shariah
and the Practice in Malaysia

Nora Abdul Hak
,
Nora Abdul HakNora Abdul Hak

Department of Islamic Law
,
Ahmad Ibrahim
Kulliyyah of Laws

International Islamic University

Malaysia

A mediator is one of the main elements of mediation, whose role is fundamental to the success of the
mediation process. His personal qualities are important, equal if not more than his specialist

knowledge
and skills. Shariah emphasises on the importance of good akhlaq (morality) of a mediator. The Muslim
jurists in their literature have deliberated in detail the qualities of a mediator such as being just,
trustworthy, responsible and capable of c
arrying out the task that is assigned to him. In Malaysia, the
Code of Ethics drafted by the Department of Shariah Judiciary Malaysia states, among others, that the
sulh (mediation) officer must not allow his personal interest be in conflict with his duty
as a mediator.
The research examines the deliberations of the Muslim jurists, based on the Qur’anic injunctions
and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W, on the necessary qualities of a mediator in family
dispute(s). The jurists view that the thi
rd party must have good intention for the settlement of dispute to
be successful. In addition, according to the Shafie school the mediator must be impartial, responsible
and someone who is capable of carrying out the task as a mediator. He or she is also e
xpected to be
knowledgeable in the disciplines of Islamic Law. It is suggested that all these good qualities of a
mediator deliberated by the jurists can be adopted and incorporated into the proposed Malaysian
Mediation Act.

P
-
661

Nature of capital at
inception in joint ventures financed by Islamic
banks: a shari’ah based appraisal

Muhammad Abdurrahman Sadique
,
Muhammad Abdurrahman SadiqueMuhammad Abdurrahman
Sadique

Islamic Law
,
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws

International Islamic University

Malaysi
a

A perusal of Islamic legal texts reveals that considerable emphasis has been placed on the nature of
capital contributed towards equity relationships. Shari’ah verdicts pertaining to capital in joint
ventures place stress on the existence and presence o
f capital in the initial stages of the venture. The
existence and presence of capital at the formation of equity partnerships has been regarded mandatory,
precluding the possibility of forming partnerships based on debts and non
-
existent capital. Formati
on of
a valid partnership is held to take place on the basis of a known amount of capital that is existent and is
Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


available in an acceptable manner, with the proportion of participation clearly determined. Leaving the
capital unspecified at the inception
and allowing it to fluctuate, or postponing the procurement of capital
until the need for disbursement arises, does not appear to be in keeping with the above requirement.
Debts have been categorically disallowed from forming the initial basis of a partner
ship. This is seen to
result in important consequences pertaining to the extent of involvement and liability of the partners. In
view of the unanimous prohibition upheld by all the schools of Islamic law, the practice of converting
overdue debts into ven
ture capital could hardly be defended. Some operational procedures adopted by
current
-
day Islamic financial institutions in the course of financing undertaken on joint
-
equity basis, i.e.
musharakah, generally appear to fall short in this respect. This re
searcher suggests that the emphasis
placed by the shari’ah on having real assets, instead of debts, as the capital base in partnerships,
could have important economic implications, such as acting as a curb on unrestrained monetary
expansion and inflation
.

P
-
663

Application of Maslahah (public interest) in Deciding the Right of
Hadanah (Custody) of a Child: The Practice in the Syariah Court of
Malaysia

Nora Abdul Hak
,
Nora Abdul Hak, Roslina Che SohNora Abdul Hak, Roslina Che Soh

Department of Islamic
Law
,
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws

International Islamic University

Malaysia

In the context of child’s custody, the term hadhanah (custody) refers to the upbringing of a minor
child by the mother or by someone who is legally entitled to it. It includes protection, love and care,
education, sheltering, management of a child and et
c. Generally, in determining who shall be entitled to
the custody of a child, the court will first determine who shall give a better care to the child based on the
child’s interest. Under the Malaysian law, it is a rebuttable presumption that the mother
shall be the
best person to look after a minor child. However, the practice in the shariah court seems to suggest that
the court applied the principle of maslahah (interest) of the child and this has become the overriding
principle in deciding the right o
f the custody. Thus, the research deliberates the concept of maslahah in
relation to the right of custody of a child in Islamic law. The relevant provisions of the Islamic Family
Law Act/Enactment and the practice of the Syariah Courts deliberating this pr
inciple of maslahah of a
child is the focus of the study. Cases decided at the Syariah Courts are analysed to study the practice of
the principle of child’s interest in Malaysia as well as its problems and restrictions. It is hoped that
by analysing the

current the legal provisions on child’s custody and its practice in Malaysia,
suggestions and recommendations can be made to further improve this area of law. Hence, the interest
of a child as a paramount consideration in awarding child’s custody will

always be upheld.


P
-
667

Financing Micro and Medium
-
sized enterprises: Efficient
Shari’ah formats for Purchase of Stock and Sale of Produced
Goods

Muhammad Abdurrahman Sadique
,
Muhammad Abdurrahman SadiqueMuhammad Abdurrahman
Sadique

Islamic Law
,
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Joint
-
equity based structures could be adopted with advantage for financing micro and medium sized
enterprises in a variety of situations. Being expressly designed for financing, these equity based
structures could replace in many instances debt based mod
es that have been tailored to fit in artificially.
Equity based structures for purchase of stock and sale of readymade goods, especially when used in an
micro and medium sized financing context, in addition to being distinctly beneficial through facilitat
ing
an equitable sharing of profit and loss, could significantly smoothen the process while avoiding negative
aspects related to debt financing mechanisms. However, their application should be done in a way
reflective of the reality of the equity partners
hip, which could lead to realising its full potential.
Implementation of the equity relationship requires wholehearted participation by the bank in the
operation of the venture in all possible means. In addition to financing ventures, the Islamic bank it
self
Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


may play an active role in initiating diverse projects, and accumulate expertise and skill necessary for
the purpose. Debt financing arrangements utilised in financing such projects involve shortcomings from
a shari’ah as well as a commercial persp
ective. Adopting the equity structure as a comprehensive
scheme embracing all stages from procurement of assets until their disposal, could help rectify some
shortcomings inherent to debt financing arrangements.

P
-
676

The Child’s Right to Maintenance:
the Extent of the
Family’s Responsibilities in Islamic Law and According to
Family Law Provisions of Muslim Countries

Badruddin Hj Ibrahim
,
Badruddin Hj Ibrahim, Azizah binti MohdBadruddin Hj Ibrahim, Azizah binti
Mohd

Islamic law
,
Ahmad Ibrahim
Kulliyyah of Laws

International Islamic University

Malaysia

This paper will examine the rights of children to maintenance, specifically. It will look at the law
applied in Malaysia and some Muslim countries: Morocco, Jordan, Syria, Kuwait and Qatar. It w
ill
identify the family relationships which have particular responsibility to provide maintenance to children,
and examine the extent of the obligation, and the entitlement of children to such rights. The paper also
aims to investigate the extent of the ro
le of family law institutions in safeguarding such rights and
interest of children. Where appropriate, it will make suggestions for the improvement of the relevant
Islamic statutory provisions in Malaysia.

P
-
683

Acceptance (Qabūl) and Taking Possession
(Qabd) of Hibah
Under Islamic Law and the Decision of the Syariah Courts in
Malaysia

Badruddin Hj Ibrahim
,
Badruddin Hj IbrahimBadruddin Hj Ibrahim

Islamic law
,
Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws

International Islamic University

Malaysia


One of the important components in the creation of contract in Islamic law, apart from contracting
parties (‘Ä
•qidÄ•n) and subject matter of contract (mahal al
-
‘aqd), is formation (sīghah). The
absence of formation will render the contract invalid and

imperfect. Nevertheless, in the case of hibah as
it is a kind of contract of charity (tabaru‘), the issue arises as to whether the element of acceptance is
required in order to constitute a valid hibah. Added to this is the issue of whether hibah is com
pleted and
ownership of property transferred to recipient as is the case with other types of contract when all of the
above three components of contract and their requirements are fulfilled. This study examines issues
relating to these two important matter
s of hibah, since the disputes among parties in the Syariah Courts
of Malaysia mostly involved these. The examination focuses on the positions of Muslim jurists of the
four well
-
known schools of law i.e. ShÄ
fi’ī, HanafÄ«, MĝlikÄ« and HanbalÄ« on the i
ssues.
In addition, as the law of hibah for Muslims in Malaysia is mostly un
-
codified, the study also examines
the law that has been applied by various Syariah Courts in Malaysia regarding these issues, especially
whether their decisions are solely based o
n the law according to the school of ShÄ
fi‘ī. This is in
order to find out an acceptable set of rules that could govern the creation of a valid and perfect hibah.


P
-
686

Information and Communication Technology to Serve Hajj

Dr Shihab A. Hameed
,

Electrical and Computer Engineering
,
Kulliyyah of Engineering

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Hajj (pilgrimage) is the fifth pillar of Islam that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by
Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


every able
-
bodied Muslim. It is the largest a
nnual convention of Faith in the world that requires
traveling to Mecca. Hajj is performed based on predetermined dates, times, and places. It is a
demonstration of the solidarity of the Muslim people, and their submission to Allah the Exalted (GOD).
Hajj
is an important event in Muslims’ life, which offers religious, educational, scientific, social,
economical, political and other benefits that are rewarded by Allah SWT to Muslims. Two to three
millions out of One and half billion of Muslims around the w
orld, performed Hajj annually. Time, date
and place limitations related to Hajj leads to several difficulties and problems that require suitable
solutions.

Literature review LR, survey, and analysis summarize Hajj difficulties as: Managerial and
organizati
onal problems; Lack of information and misunderstanding; and difficulties in dialogue
between people, pilgrims and organizational committees. This research paper proposes suitable
solutions to solve difficulties using the powerful capabilities of informati
on and communication
technologies ICT. It shows the main components of a Comprehensive Hajj Model that includes:
comprehensive Hajj database model for managing, organizing and tracking pilgrims and other
stakeholders; a Multi
-

lingual Hajj Educational mode
l on Web
-
based or CD; and a portable Hajj
emergency and guidance model. This comprehensive solution offers: religious, educational, scientific,
social, economical, political and other benefits for Muslims. It can be consider as a step toward Muslim
unity a
nd offering a unified understanding and cooperation between Muslims.


P
-
691

New Ethical Principles for Computer and Software Engineers based
on Islamic Values

Dr Shihab A. Hameed
,

Electrical and Computer Engineering
,
Kulliyyah of Engineering

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Software became an essential part for critical control systems, health and human life guard systems,
financial and banking systems, scientific and educational, entertainments and other systems. Software is
the cor
e for such applications. It requires qualified software engineers professionally and ethically.
Literature review (L.R) and survey results show that software engineering professionals are facing
several ethical
-
related problems which are costly, harmful an
d affect high ratio of people. Professional
organizations like ACM, IEEE, ABET and CSAC have established codes of ethics to help software
engineering professionals to understand and manage their ethical responsibilities. Islam considers ethics
an essential

factor to build individuals, communities and society. Islamic ethics are set of moral
principles and guidance that recognizes what is right behavior from wrong, which are comprehensive,
stable, fair, and historically prove success in building ethically gr
eat society. The estimated 1.5 billion
of Muslims with tens of thousands of software engineers should have an effective role in software
development and life, which requires them to understand and implement ethics, specially the Islamic
ethics in their wor
k. This project is a frame
-
work or roadmap for modeling Computer and software
engineering principle, which shows the main phases for solving such problem. It focuses mainly on
adopting a new version of Computer and software engineering principle based on I
slamic ethical values.

Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


PP
-
8

DESIGNING NEW ARABIC SYLLABUS FOR SCIENCE
PROGRAMMES STUDENTS PART
-

1

MOHD PUZHI BIN USOP Usop
,
Mohd Azrul Azlen Abd Hamid, Dr Hussien Mohd Gamiel, Wan
Najmuddin Wan Abdullah, Zairul Mat Zain, Mohd

Zulhisyam Mustapai, Wan Mohd Zahari Wan Abu
BakarMohd Azrul Azlen Abd Hamid, Dr Hussien Mohd Gamiel, Wan Najmuddin Wan Abdullah, Zairul
Mat Zain, Mohd Zulhisyam Mustapai, Wan Mohd Zahari Wan Abu Bakar

QURANIC LANGUAGE DEPT.
,
Center for Language and Pre
University Acad. Development

International Islamic University

Malaysia

One of the major problems in teaching Arabic language is to choose the most suitable syllabus or the
text book for students. In IIUM, Quranic Language Dept. (QLD) has been working ver
y hard in
producing text books for IIUM students who are of different backgrounds. IIUM students are divided
into two categories, the first is sciences
-
based program and the second is art
-
based program. Both
programmes have their own text books. This resea
rch project is carried out by the principal researcher,
the co
-
principal researcher and the writers to produce new text book for the science based students
replacing the current text book which has been using for more than five years. Designing curriculum
is
not an easy task. It requires comprehensive preparations, reliable foundations as well as continuous
determination. There are important elements that have to be specified before designing a module or a
syllabus. They are determination of objectives, sel
ection of contents, arrangement of contents,
presentation and evaluation. After series of workshops, meeting, editing processes, testing and
evaluation. A new Arabic book namely “Miftah Al
-
‘Arabiyyahâ€
• has emerged. The text book
consists of 12 chapter
s, each chapter has four lessons. Topics are chosen based on student’s daily
life, basic scientific elements, daily ibadah, and etc. The topics were not chosen at random, they are
related to student’s background and surroundings. The new syllabus is a
lso equipped with exercises,
language games, quranic verses, prophetic traditions and daily doa’s. This new approach is the result
of benchmarking and reviewing available syllabus and textbooks in Malaysia and abroad. This new
syllabus was then piloted,
however since this is the first time of implementing this new syllabus,
instructors have found difficulties in their teaching. Actions have been taken such as altering difficult
topics with the simple one, modifying the content and multiplying exercise sty
le.

PP
-
72

human behavoiur from islamic perspective: interaction between
nature, nurture and spiritual factor

fatimah Abdullah
,

usuluddin and comparative religion
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Abstract

Western Psychology tends to be divisive in dealing with human personality and has been responsible
for the nature versus nurture controversy. On the one hand they contend that certain corrupt behaviour is
predetermined by psychological
or biological factors from conception, while on the other they explain
behaviour as a simplistic series of reinforcement contingencies and conditioned responses to
environmental stimuli. This secular humanistic outlook has produced an ethical relativism t
hat is the
current trend in today’s world. This article attempts to highlight the importance of the Islamic belief
system which is an integrated and comprehensive way in dealing with human behaviour, especially
through the interaction of nature, nurture
and spiritual factor in the formation of human behaviour.

Key words:environmental stimuli,nature,nurture and psychological or biological factors

PP
-
162

BBQuranExplorer for Blackberry Devices

Teddy Mantoro
,
Dr. Teddy Mantoro, Merdin MacicDr. Teddy
Mantoro, Merdin Macic

Computer Science
,
Kulliyyah of Information & Communication Technology

Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


International Islamic University

Malaysia

Mobile application development grows in popularity in a very fast pace. This is due to the ubiquitous
or pervasive computi
ng and applications related to it, share small, inexpensive and robust networked
processing devices, which are distributed at all scales throughout everyday life. The availability and
easy way to use are other important reasons for the growth in popularity

of mobile application.

The BBQuranExplorer is a mobile application which was developed in Java Blackberry platform to
enable its users to easily, quickly and accurately explore and search the text of the holy Quran in five
different languages, i.e. Arabi
c, Indonesian, Malaysian, Bosnian and English.

The text of the Quran can be viewed by chapter (Surah) in any of these five languages. The
navigation through the verses (ayat) inside the chapters is also provided. The main feature of
BBQuranExplorer is the

possibility to search for any words or phrases in the entire text of the Quran in
any of those languages. Boyer
-
Moore algorithm, a very fast search algorithm, is used to retrieve the
queries of the text which can be viewed in all the five languages. The r
esults are sorted by chapter in
ascending order.

The application is useful for any user in different gender and ages, who wants to read the Quran
while travelling, or just being away from home. The search feature can also be used for collecting
statistics

of certain words in the Quran.


PP
-
164

Human resource management practices on organizational
commitment:The Islamic Perspective

Prof Dr Junaidah Hashim
,
Junaidah HashimJunaidah Hashim

Business Administration
,
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management
Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Islam urges all Muslims to perform their utmost best when they work. Giving the best requires full
commitment. Employees’ commitment is influenced by many factors, including the management
styles within

the organisation. This paper aims to examine the management of human resources from the
Islamic perspective and its effects on organisational commitment among selected employees in Islamic
organisations in Malaysia. The study employed a self
-
developed que
stionnaire that was personally
distributed to employees. In total, 121 Muslim employees who work in various positions in eight
Islamic organisations participated as respondents of this study. The findings revealed that the selected
organisations frequentl
y practise the Islamic approach in all its human resource management (HRM)
functions. The results of correlation and regression analysis show that the Islamic approach in HRM was
highly and significantly correlated to organisational commitment. About 45 pe
r cent of the
organisational commitment variance was explained by the Islamic approach in HRM. An introduction
to the Islamic approach in HRM practices is an initial attempt to provide managers with an effective
way of managing and understanding the peopl
e they work with. This knowledge would be useful to
even non
-
Muslim managers. For Muslim human resource managers, it is essential for them to not only
know but also to apply the Islamic approach in managing employees. Non
-
Muslim managers will have a
better

understanding of the expected behaviours of their Muslim employees. Muslim employees
regardless for who they work are expected to be honest, trustworthy, and determined to continuously
strive for the best. This study is unique from other previous studies.

Instead of discussing Islamic
management in general, this study explores in
-
depth every function of HRM based on authentic Islamic
sources, as well as providing empirical evidence.


Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


PP
-
246

Quranic Understanding Enrichment
Tool (QUET)

Muhamadul Bakir Hj. Yaakub
,
Ahmad Majdi Bin Mat SolehAhmad Majdi Bin Mat Soleh

Arabic Language and Literature
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

QUET is an acronym given to the

tool constructed specifically to enrich Quranic reader’s
understanding and realization. Quran as the final book of revelation is extremely source of truth,
guidance and factuality which is differ from any other book in the entire existence. The main iss
ue
highlighted and reactivated in this courseware is refer to the nature of language used in the Quran and its
structural patterns, which is regarded as the communication tools applied by the Quran in conveying its
messages. In other word, it is constructe
d as an attempt to formulate a practical approach in bringing a
specific issue, situation or concept (stated in the Quran) from unintelligibility to intelligibility state of
understanding. By taking this strategy, the reader will be able to analyse and ide
ntify the course of
success and failure in understanding of this book, beside to increase and to measure the confidence level
of application and implementation from the level of co
-
incident toward a true awareness and recognition
of a particular message. F
or that purposes, QUET as an attractive courseware constructed solely based
on Quranic interpretation and exaggeration such as Al
-
Tabari, and Fi Zilalil Quran where their
similarities and differences will be highlighted for comparison. Indeed, it is a vas
t and crucial, since it
is related not only to the semantic meaning of the text, but also its pragmatic application as a step
toward realizing Quranic reality.

PP
-
286

The Issue of Whether Arabic is Equipped to Meet the Challenges of
Modernity

Rahmah Bt
Ahmad Haji Osman
,
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. OsmanAssoc. Prof. Dr.
Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. Osman

Dept. of Arabic Language and Literature,
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human
Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

This study

exhibits the significant role and contribution of Arabic Language in the modern
civilization and in developing terms of creativity in carrying out the activities of modern technology.
Therefore, it generally treats the connection between language and cult
ure so as to establish a fact that
Arabic, in spite of its dire need to development and adaptation with modern technological age, still
demands from its speakers to adhere to its culture and shun the propaganda for abandonment of the
standard type of the l
anguage in option for another foreign language. In consideration of the importance
of the effective contribution of Arabic in the issues of modernization on the technological revolution
and its requirements, the researcher has felt that it is necessary on
the Arabic Language users to strive
and relentlessly devote their talents in the performance of the roles to highlight the steps and search for
the best method that can enhance their actions and creativity with accurate plans for the economic and
social de
velopment which will rely on applied and technological sciences. Furthermore, this study
establishes that Arabic Language is capable to perform all the roles, but with the condition that it must
be the means of thought, expression and teaching sciences and

technology in all the educational levels.
In conclusion, the study suggests that Arabization of knowledge will serve Arabic Language and other
languages better if it is accurately acquired, knowingly that no struggle for development can succeed
except thr
ough good interaction with the mother tongue.

Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Heritage


PP
-
287

The Effectiveness of Children’s Arabic Literature Websites in
Developing Islamic Values through Poetry

Rahmah Bt Ahmad Haji Osman
,
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H.
OsmanAssoc. Prof. Dr.
Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. Osman

Dept. of Arabic Language and Literature,
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human
Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Literature is the expression in words of human ideas, emotions an
d beliefs and reflects culture and
collective attitudes. Literature is an indispensable tool of art, which encompasses every aspect and issue
in life. Every nation maintains its own form and characteristics of literature. Literature is not a mere
source of

pleasure and lust. It should however, inculcate educative and moralistic objectives, which may
educate and enlighten the reader.

Islam came to unify all powers and abilities, to fuse together spiritual aspirations and bodily desires,
to harmonise their di
rections and thus create a comprehensive unity in the universe, life and man.
Therefore, literature in Islam should be in accordance with the Islamic concept and world view,
pertaining to the principle of harmony operating in all spheres of life, between t
he Creator and the
created, God and man. Realizing the above and the importance to ensure that the future generation of
Muslims are nurtured and developed in accordance to the Islamic worldview and are governed by
Islamic values, this study observes the ef
fectiveness of the Children’s Arabic Literature Websites in
developing Islamic values through Arabic poetry. Identify the relevant websites, which concerns
Children’s Arabic literature and identifies relevant and suitable poems for children through its

titles
and themes, in addition to observing its contents. This study also attempts to introduce the identified
websites to Muslim children in Malaysia who are learning Arabic to assist in their vocabulary and
simultaneously develop the Islamic values in t
hem.


PP
-
290

A Bird’s Eye View on Muslim Scholarship in Southeast Asia

Rahmah Bt Ahmad Haji Osman
,
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. OsmanAssoc. Prof. Dr.
Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. Osman

Dept. of Arabic Language and Literature,
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic
Revealed Knowledge and Human
Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

This study sheds light into the contributions, thoughts and works of the Malay Ulama ’and
literary scholars in the Malay Archipelago over a period of around seven centuries,

commencing with
the establishment of Islam in the region during the latter part of the 13th century, and continuing on
until the present day.

Focus is given to a number of ‘Ulama’ who constituted the core of scholarly networks
throughout history; part
icular attention is given to the nature of their relationships in the networks. Thee
careers and teachings of the leading precursors of the Malay ‘Ulama’ in the history of Malay
scholarly networks are therefore highlighted. Special attention is given t
o their connections with leading
scholars in the networks in the Middle East, and to how teachings spread in the Archipelago related to
Islamic renewalism and reformism in the centres.


PP
-
291

A Historical Survey on the Middle Eastern Literary Ideas with

A
Focus on Knowledge

Rahmah Bt Ahmad Haji Osman
,
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. OsmanAssoc. Prof. Dr.
Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. Osman

Islamic Revealed Knowledge
and Heritage


Dept. of Arabic Language and Literature,
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human
Sciences

International Islami
c University

Malaysia

Literature is a branch of art that is so remarkable. It is also believed that every nation has its own
unique literary arts like that of poetry, prose, novel, etc. These various themes and genres of literature
show that literary arts

cover all facets of human life including the world at large and the universe. In the
context of Islamic literature, literary art has its own significant role. There is one chapter in the Holy
Quran that relates about it in particular i.e.: al
-
Shu’ara wh
ich means “The Poetâ€
•. This chapter
of the Quran
--
especially the last four verses of the chapter (verse 224
-
227)
--
was revealed to deny the
allegation made by the Quraysh who claimed that Quran is a kind of poetry written by Prophet
Muhammad SAW. This al
legation surfaced due to the greatness of people during the time of Jahiliyyah
who were famous for their ability to produce beautiful poetry.

Referring to the mentioned verses of the Quran, surah al
-
Shu’ara; 224
-
227, the gist of these four
lines clearly

distinguish between poet/laureate who is truthful and pious and those who are strayed from
the truth. Both discerned by the true knowledge that is then being manifested into ‘amal soleh (good
deeds). It is very clear that, from the viewpoint of Islam, l
iterature must be objective, and the objective
or aim should be in the course of spreading true knowledge. In line with the importance of the spread of
knowledge as the basis of literature (from Islamic viewpoint), this paper will be discussing particularl
y
on knowledge and literature. This will include the definition and value of knowledge and its relation to
al
-
adab, and the correlation between literature and knowledge. The later will be discussed in the realm
of changing and developing Islamic world. In
that account, explanation and perspective by several
general scholars of Arabic literature will be brought forward into the discussion. Apart from that, this
paper will also look into the use of literary art as a medium to extend knowledge and wisdom.


PP
-
294

Features of the Malay Islamic Literary Tradition

Rahmah Bt Ahmad Haji Osman
,
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. OsmanAssoc. Prof. Dr.
Rahmah Bt. Ahmad H. Osman

Dept. of Arabic Language and Literature,
,
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and
Human
Sciences

International Islamic University

Malaysia

This study is an analytical, literary study on literary works by a number of Malay writers. It observes
the sociological underpinnings surrounding the emergence and development of the Islamic litera
ture
discourse in Malaysia. It attempts to present the conceptual thinking underlying this discourse, taking a
number of works by Malay literary writers as a case study. An appropriate understanding of the nature
and characteristics of both Islam and liter
ature within Islam is also discussed at length in the study. This
study discusses the Islamic concept of aesthetics, presenting both the Malay and the Arabic
understanding and preferences within a rhetorical perspective on the above works. It also attempts

to
promote these works as a source of spiritual enlightenment but also entertainment, paving the way for
other commendable efforts in the future.

Science, Engineering and Technology


P
-
11

IT Governance Practices Model in IT Project Approval and
Implementation in
Malaysian Public Sector

SITI SARAH MAIDIN
,
NOOR HABIBAH ARSHADNOOR HABIBAH ARSHAD

ICT
,
Center for Foundation Studies

International Islamic University

Malaysia

In this global era, IT investment is rapidly

increasing. IT governance practices must be
emphasized in

order to retrieve competitive advantage from IT investment.

The aim of this research is to develop IT governance practices

model for Malaysian public sector. Interview sessions with IT

personnel at management level at Putrajaya were conducted
.

Based on the interviews, a theoretical model of IT governance

which consists of senior management involvement in IT,

corporate performance measurement systems, corporate

communications systems, risk management, strategic

alignment, value delivery, ethics
/culture of compliance and

resource management was constructed. Thus the structure,

process and mechanism involved in each of the entities in the

model could assist Malaysian public sector to inculcate IT

governance practices in their operations in order t
o sustain

competitive advantage.

P
-
12

Limit Behavior of Dynamic Systems Corresponding to Lattice
Models with Competing Prolonged and One
-
Level Binary
Interactions

Nasir GANIKHODJAEV
,
Sr. Siti Fatimah ZakariaSr. Siti Fatimah Zakaria

Computational and
Theoretical Sciences
,
Kulliyyah of Science

International Islamic University

Malaysia

We study the phase diagram of the Ising model on a Cayley tree

with competing prolonged next
-
nearest neighbour and one
-
level

next
-
nearest neighbour interactions.
Vannimenus proved that the

phase diagram of Ising model with competing neareast
-
neighbour

interaction and prolonged next
-
nearest neighbour interactions

contains a modulated phase, as found for similar models on periodic

lattices. Later Mariz et al general
ized this result for Ising model with competing neareast
-
neighbour
interaction and prolonged next
-
nearest neighbour interactions in the presence of external magnetic field.

For Ising model on a Cayley tree with prolonged and one
-
level next
-
nearest
neighbour interactions
only we describe phase diagram and clarify the role of nearest
-
neighbour interaction and show that the
class of modulated phases consists of so
-
called antiphase with period 4 only.

P
-
13

On Some Nonlinear Dynamic Systems Arising in
Statistical
Mechanics

Nasir GANIKHODJAEV
,
Ashraf Mohamed Nawi,Mohd Hirzie Mohd RodzhanAshraf Mohamed
Nawi,Mohd Hirzie Mohd Rodzhan

Computational and Theoretical Sciences
,
Kulliyyah of Science

International Islamic University

Malaysia

We study the phase diagram for Potts model on a Cayley tree with competing nearest
-
neighbor
interactions J1, prolonged next
-
nearest
-
neighbor interactions JP and one
-
level next
-
nearest
-
neighbor
interactions J0. Vannimenus proved that the phase diagram of Is
ing model with J0 = 0 contains a
Science, Engineering and Technology


modulated phase, as found for similar models on periodic lattices, but the multicritical Lifshitz point is
at zero temperature. Later Mariz et al. generalized this result for Ising model with J0 ≠0 and recently
Ganikhodj
aev et al. proved similar result for the three
-
state Potts model with J0 = 0. We consider Potts
model with J0 ≠0 and show that for some values of J0 the multicritical Lifshitz point be at non
-
zero
temperature. We also prove that as soon as the same
-
leve
l interaction J0 is nonzero, the paramagnetic
phase found at high temperatures for J0 = 0 disappears, while Ising model does not obtain such
property.


Also we consider recursive relations obtained following along the lines of Inawashiro et al . Each

phase is characterized by a particular attractor and the phase diagram is obtained by following the
evolution and detecting the qualitative change of these attractors. These change can either be continuous
or abrupt, respectively, characterizing second or

first order transitions.


P
-
27

POWER CONTROL FOR INTERFERENCE AVOIDANCE IN
FEMTOCELL NETWORK

Rashid A. Saeed
,
Rashid A. Saeed, Aisha A. Hasan, Othman O. Khalifa, Saad Basheer, Shihab
Hameed, Mutieb I. Al
-
Hmoudi,Rashid A. Saeed, Aisha A. Hasan, Othman
O. Khalifa, Saad Basheer,
Shihab Hameed, Mutieb I. Al
-
Hmoudi,

Electrical and Computer Engineering
,
Kulliyyah of Engineering

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Femtocell network is a new technology that uses the advantage of Internet backbone to
enhance the
cellular coverage in residence or small business areas. However, due to the expected random
deployment of the femtocell access point (FAPs), there is strong probability of interference among
femtocell nodes and between femtocells and macrocells

nodes. In this paper an interference
enhancement is developed and designed for two tiers macro
-
femtocell networks. An adaptive power
control is calculated based on selecting minimum interference channel with optimized channel gain. In
the simulation numbe
r of FAPs, distance between macrocell and femtocell and path loss between
macrocell node and FAPs are used as design parameters. The results show performance enhancement in
interference degradation ratio (DR).

P
-
48

AN EMPIRICAL COMPARISON OF META ANALYSIS

MODELS FOR CONTINUOUS DATA WITH MISSING
STANDARD DEVIATIONS

Nik Ruzni Nik Idris
,
Noraida SaidinNoraida Saidin

Computational And Theoretical Science
,
Kulliyyah of Science

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The choice between the Fixed and Random
Effects Model for providing an overall meta analysis
estimates may affect the accuracy of the estimates. When the study
-
level standard deviations (SDs) are
not completely reported or “missingâ€
•, selection of meta analysis model should be done with more
caution. In this article, we examine through a simulation study, the effects of the choice of meta
analysis model and the techniques of imputation of the missing SDs on the overall meta analysis
estimates. The results suggest imputation should be adopted
to estimate the overall effect size,
irrespective of the model used. However, the accuracy of the estimates of the corresponding standard
error (SE) are influenced by the imputation techniques. For estimates based on the Fixed effect model,
Mean imputation

provides better estimates compared to the Multiple Imputation , while those based on
the Random effect model are more robust of the techniques imputation used.

P
-
53

Engineering Analysis of Child Bicycle – A Reverse Engineering
Approach

M Abdul Maleque
,
Ahmad SufiAhmad Sufi

Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
,
Kulliyyah of Engineering

Science, Engineering and Technology


International Islamic University

Malaysia

Reverse engineering is the process of discovering the technological principles of a device, product or
system through
analysis of its structure, function and operation. It often involves taking something apart
and analyzing its workings in detail to be used in maintenance or to try to make a new device or product
that does the same thing without copying anything from the
original. In this paper, a reverse engineering
approach is applied for a child bicycle and hence, a systematic study on the major parts of the bicycle
was performed. The bicycle components are destructed and investigated using the metallurgical
microscope
for microstructural study, hardness test and tensile test for mechanical properties study. The
arc spark emission spectrometer and electron dispersive spectrometer test were also performed in order
to know the background history of the components materials

used for the fabrication of a child bicycle.
The results showed that the major components of the bicycle such as frame, seat post, crank arm, rim
and handle bar are made of low carbon steel whereas crank arm is made of high strength
-
low alloy
(HSLA) steel
. Thus, the reverse engineering approach plays an important role in the development of
new child bicycle product that has an enormous impact in the society in terms of culture and advancing
in the design and fabrication of new modern child bicycle.

P
-
54

D
evelopment of Material Selection Method in Design of Automotive
Brake Rotor

M Abdul Maleque
,

Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
,
Kulliyyah of Engineering

International Islamic University

Malaysia

An automotive brake rotor is a device for slowing or
stopping the motion of a wheel while it runs at a
certain speed. The widely used brake rotor material is cast iron which consumes much fuel due to its
high specific gravity. The aim of this paper is to develop the material selection method and select the
o
ptimum material for the application of brake rotor system emphasizing on the substitution of this cast
iron by any other lightweight material. Digital logic method was employed for the optimum selection of
materials. Material performance requirements were
analyzed and alternative solutions were evaluated
among cast iron, aluminium alloy, titanium alloy, ceramics and composites. Mechanical properties
including compressive strength, friction coefficient, wear resistance, thermal conductivity and specific
grav
ity as well as cost, were used as the key parameters in the material selection stages. The analysis led
to aluminium metal matrix composite as the most appropriate material for brake rotor system.

P
-
55

Recycling of polyamide 12 based powders in the laser
sintering
process

Dr Wan Ahmad Yusmawiza Wan Yusoff
,
Krassimir Dotchev, D T PhamKrassimir Dotchev, D T Pham

Manufacturing and Materials Engineering Department
,
Kulliyyah of Engineering

International Islamic University

Malaysia

The purpose of this paper is

to investigate the polyamide 12 (PA12) powder properties deterioration
in the laser sintering (LS) process and propose a methodology for more efficient powder recycling. The
paper analyses the LS processing conditions and current recycling practices in re
lation to the
deterioration or ageing of the PA12
-
based powders. Samples of new and recycled grades of PA2200
powder were artificially aged in a temperature
-
controlled oven and

then tested using melt flow rate (MFR) indexer. Also, un
-
sintered powder sample
s collected from
different locations within various builds, and different LS machines (EOSINT P700 and Sinterstationw
2500 HiQ) were tested. The powder exposed at higher temperature and longer time experiences a much
higher deterioration rate. The temperat
ure and the time at which the un
-
sintered material was exposed
are the most influential parameters for the powder aging. It was confirmed that the MFR index is a very
sensitive indicator of the changes in the powder properties and provides a relatively fas
t and inexpensive
method of measuring the rate of the powder degradation because of the LS process. The powder located
in the periphery and the top of a build has a higher MFR and therefore is less deteriorated.In contrast,
powder located in the centre, or

in the bottom of a long build has much lower MFR and therefore is less
usable.Based on the findings, a methodology for powder recycling is proposed. It allows a better control
Science, Engineering and Technology


of the input material

properties, a consistent quality of the fabricated parts,

and more efficient use of the LS material. The
paper provides some useful information for the properties deterioration of PA12
-
based powders
(PA2200) in relation to the temperature and time at which the material is exposed in the LS.

P
-
57

Evaluation of I
slamic Websites from User Perspective: Design &
Content Features

Murni Mahmud
,
Murni Mahmud, Mansur Aliyu, Abu Osman Md TapMurni Mahmud, Mansur Aliyu,
Abu Osman Md Tap

Department of Information System
,
Kulliyyah of Information & Communication Technology

International Islamic University

Malaysia

Evaluation of Islamic websites post more challenges as the websites must reflect the meaning of
Islamic way of life. The content must be correct, credible and true with recognised references. As such,
the problem