Energy and Power Management

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24 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

62 εμφανίσεις

The Project

By


Adithya

Sridhar

(
TU Chemnitz
)

Energy and Power Management

Theme


1) Increased applications and usage
of

high
technology gadgets


2) Drastic intake of energy resources from
nature in the form of petroleum , fuels, mine
for minerals etc.


3) Deforestation, resource exploitations
leading to resource crisis and Global Warming.


The
main

focus


Need to balance the global energy crisis


Focus towards Renewable energy


Reducing the usage of Non Renewable
energy reserves.


Law of
conservation

and energy
transformation principles
.

The topics for analysation


Solar energy


Wind energy


Hydroelectricity


Energy Harvesting



Nuclear energy


Oil reserves and its usage


Thermal energy.


Preview
about

solar energy usage

THE FACTORS TO BE NOTED



regional programs led by national or state governments and the
extent of subsidies within these




the enthusiasm of customers for green energy especially solar


local electricity tariffs (high electricity rates encourage alternative
sources of energy)


solar (sunlight) conditions (solar electricity prices fall as sunlight
levels increase)


marketing strategies by solar companies


the extent of the "delivery infrastructure" (the number of local
suppliers and qualified installers)





Solar Energy consumer


One kilowatt
-
hour (kWh) equals the amount of electricity needed to
burn a 100 watt light bulb for 10 hours. Prices up to $15,000 are also
possible as are lower prices depending upon


a) the kind of PV System,


b) country of purchase


c) how the system is purchased and



d) the surface to which the system is attached.


A 1
-
2 kilowatt (1000
-
2000 watts) one and two days to install. costing $9 per
wat
t peak about 25
-
30 US cents per kilowatt hour in a sunny climate.


silicon cell Solar Module will have a life in excess of 20 years ,electric
generating capacity may degradate between 0
-
20%. Although
warrantied for 20 years or more, the warranty on the, inclusive of the
other components, is usually 5 years or less.

Installation and Budget



Wind Energy


succesful and efficient method of
Generating power


used in 2000 BC by Egyptions to sail along
Nile


16th century,used in Europe as Windmills
and to pump water from wells.


where the success ratio and gestation period
for reaching profit is very less which is
beneficial..

Reasons for fast improvisation


High Strength Fiber composites for constructing
large,low cost blades


Falling prices of the power electronics associated
with power system


Variable Plant operation ,pushing the availability
upto 95% work


Accumalated field experience improving the
capacity
factor upto 40 %


Offshore plantation

Introduction of Offshore plant increased the potential
with ist high effeciency level.

An offshore installation density of 8 MW capacity per
square kilometre of area.


3,000 equivalent full load hours per year on average,
this would result in an electricity production of about
61,660 TWh a year.


Belgium,Netherland,Finland,Germany,England lead
the way for offshore installation.


Hydro Electricity


Major source for power generation in the mode
of renewable resource.


Has a high efficiency and long yield time .


Clean power generation and solves multipurpose


Application is limited, the net potential is high.


Longer time to reach the comercial profit but a
stable long run plant

Energy Harvesting


Principles of conservation


Principles

of energy Transformation but Installation of Piezo
,pyro electric crystals


Modern day advancement in Nano Fabrication and smart film
enables the process


The bright future expected as the days progress


Sensors and transducers plays a major role


Nuclear Energy


Energy with big processing
needed


Used in a higher ratio when
compared to last 2 decades


Involves high risk in Fuel
Disposal


Requires skilled operators
in executing plant


Nuclear accident and
radiations are fatal


World Nuclear status



Thermal power plant


It

is

one

of

the

oldest

power
generating

methods


Used

high

value

of

coal

and

petroleum

resources


Takes
upto

40%
efficiency

and

gestation

period

is

low

and

profit

is

reached

faster


Remains

as

one

of

the

major

world

power
source


Established

in 19th
century

1st
for

running

engines


High CO2
emition

rate
and

resulting

in
pollution

and

more

fly

ash

Global Future ??????


We live in the world of Gadgets


Machines and technology rules everyone.


Consumption level increases by 8% every year


Power generated from renewable sources
increasing by 2 % every year when compared to
efficiency and cost.


Developed country consume 5 % more


Developing countries consume 10 % more


Generalised plan for power management with
renewable sources


Problems and Flaws in plans


The cost of power development was 4 % more than the power
investment during the year 2003


The cost for power development and resource management
during 2007 was 4.2 % more


During the year the sudden hike in Oil Price resulted in costing 8
% more


This rise in prices will vary as the resources like oil , petroleum
and coal still remains unsure.


Market trends for solar energy

Market
trend

in Solar energy still
remains

a puzzle
with

respect

to

the

consumers


The types of consumers are classified


1)
The
technicial

crue

2)
The
economically

strong
section

3)
The real
thriving

consumers


High Project costings


The field of Thin films, Nano fibrated waffers has resulted in
developing PV with 16 % efficiency


The success ratio of the projects are very less and resulting in
the high price burdened on the users


High capital investments required and the resourced used at
the places where efficiency is low


Global Economy crisis Hit the primary research centres in
their funds


Wind energy potential


Large agencies work with improvising the Wind energy
systems.


Private Firms establishing the wind plants were hit by the
lack of funding agencies


There were 16 major bank funding sources for energy
management out of which 12 were closed and only4 of them
persits


This affected the whole set up and plans by the global nations
in their power outlook

Blessings


Field of High Voltage has played major role


Steady and slow progress helped in improving the
effiency in power gain as the Transmissional losses
were over come


The improvement in the field of Nano technology
gave the scientist bright hopes and success in
transmission

through underwater lines.


Researches

in HVDC
is

reaching

success

and

is

predicted

to

assist

in
the

power
transmission

needs


Need for a global governing organisation

To solve all the power and energy crisis ,to maintain global
awareness and peace, we have a need to come up with a
global body governing power and management for the
whole world

Like UNESCO ,UNICEF or WHO

To balance the energy consumption and production level

To provide the scientic technology to the parts of the world
lacking them and to explore the un explored part.

Factors of concern


What to start ?


How to start ?


For Whom to start ?


Impact ?


Duration to achieve results ?


Benefits ?

1 $ per person


If the each and every individual in this world can
give 1 $ , this would be good enough to have a
strong support for scientific and research
exchange.


This

results

in Global
Peace
.

We

are

united
by

science

and

Energy
crisis

is

problem

for

every

individual
consumer

of

this

world
.


Problems to be expected


The
Gloabal

climatic

changes

that

may

hit

the

plans

and

energy
consumtion

and

energy
generation
#


Cost

involved

in
the

Research
and

Developments

in
Technology


The global Market Trend
and

economy

and

per
captia

income

which

may

change

in
the

negative
side
.


Reduction

or

extinction

of

species

of

Bird
becuase

of

High Wind
plants

.


Conclusion


With

millions

of

scientist

working
,


Billions

of

consumers

,
Trillions

of

gadgets


In an
never

ending

field

of

science
,
For

the

sake

of

humanity

lets

unite

ourselves

and

explore

the

best

methods

of

power
generation

and

make

the

efficient

resesource

management
..




Its

NOW
or

NEVER




Lets honour the Men who worked in developing science

Let Honour the science what brought us here

Lets honour the science what shows us the future



For the science

for the future all the Human in this known world.







Adithya

Sridhar

Technical University Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany

Student from the chair of Electrical energy and high Voltage



References


High
voltage

technology
-

HM Ryan


Wind
and

Solar Energy


M.Patel


PV
technology



Hymen Roth


Regenerative
technique



TMH
publications


Electriche

Energietechnick



Prof
W.Schufft


Oslo International
group

for

energy
statistics


NationMaster.com
for

statistical

references


UNO
research

papers



Power
outlook

Germany 2030


Thermal
plants



Steven Kingston


Google
and

some

internet

sources

Special Thanks


Special thanks for Prof.Wolfgang Schufft and the Chair of
Electrical Energy and High voltage (TU Chemnitz) for
providing me a chance to do this small project


Thanks for all the listeners for their patience and support in
listening to the presentation.