Project Overview - cereo

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W
ELCOME

TO

THE

B
IO
E
ARTH

K
ICK
-
O
FF

M
EETING
!

O
UTLINE


Background on NSF/USDA/DOE RFP


BioEarth

Project Overview


Related Projects and Programs


BioEarth

Project Organization


Kick
-
Off Meeting Objectives and Agenda


Some Examples of Initial Decisions to Make


F
UNDING

A
GENCIES

AND

R
EQUEST

F
OR

P
ROPOSALS

(RFP)


Joint RFP: NSF, USDA, DOE (submission to and review by NSF;
ours was selected for funding by USDA)


“Decadal and Regional Climate Predictions using Earth System
Models (
EaSM
)”


Two types: (ours is Type II)


Type I: Capacity Building: 15
-
20 awards (up to 3 yr, $300k/yr)


Type II: Full Research Projects: 6
-
10 awards (3
-
5 yr, $300k
-
$1M/yr):
“large, ambitious, collaborative, inter/multidisciplinary efforts that
advance the state of Earth System Modeling on regional and
decadal scales”

RFP URL: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2010/nsf10554/nsf10554.htm

RFP S
PECIFIC

O
BJECTIVES


Overall Goal: to improve upon and expand on current modeling capabilities
to substantively contribute to the advancement of reliable regional and
decadal climate

predictions.


Specific Goals:


Achieve comprehensive, reliable global and
regional

predictions of
decadal
climate variability and change
through advanced understanding of the coupled
interactive
physical, chemical, biological and human
processes that drive the
climate system.


Quantify the
impacts

of climate variability and change on
ecological,
agricultural and other human system
s, and identify and quantify
feedback
loops
through which human systems help determine environmental outcomes.


Maximize the
utility

of available observational and model data for impact and
vulnerability/resilience assessments through up/downscaling activities.


Effectively
translate

model results and associated uncertainties into the
scientific basis for well
-
informed human
adaptation

to and
management

decisions for climate change.

S
TATUS

ON

A
WARD


National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)
Official Award Notification on April 1, 2011
(project start date was April 1)


Subaward

contracts currently being initiated


Separate budgets will be created for each unit
within WSU


Official 3
-
agency public announcement not yet
made

B
IO
E
ARTH

P
ROJECT

O
VERVIEW

G
OAL

AND

O
BJECTIVES

Overarching Goal:
To improve the understanding of regional and decadal
-
scale
C:N:H
2
O interactions in context of global change to better inform decision
makers involved in natural and agricultural resource management.

Specific Objectives:

1.
Air to Land Linkage
: To investigate the role that atmospheric processes play in
land surface C:N:H
2
O cycles.

2.
Coupled Air/Land
: To explore how ecosystem changes in the PNW affect
land/atmosphere interactions.

3.
Coupled Air/Land/Human
: To examine how potential policy changes might
affect the interactions between C:N:H
2
O cycles and regional
-
scale climate.

4.
Communication:
To explore how to best communicate the model results to
resource managers and policy makers.

E
ARTH

S
YSTEM

M
ODELS


Represents multiple components of the earth
system


Example: Community Earth System Model (CESM)


Developed at National Center for Atmospheric
Research (NCAR) and greater community


Global scale

Coupler

Atmosphere

Ocean

Land

Land &
Sea Ice

B
IO
E
ARTH

VERSUS

CESM

BioEarth

CESM

Regional scale: Pacific Northwest

(uses a GCM for boundary conditions)

Global Scale

(no

boundary problems)


Finer Spatial Resolution

Coarser Spatial Resolution

No ocean, sea ice, or glaciers

Has ocean, sea ice, glaciers

Some components more sophisticated

Some components necessarily
less sophisticated

*More explicit handling of human activities:

cropping systems (irrigation, tillage, fertilization),
forest management, reservoir operations

*Integrated economic modeling; can be used for
policy scenario investigation

*Model outputs more directly relevant for local
scale planning/decision making/informing policy

Less explicit

handling of
human activities

B
IO
E
ARTH

A F
EW

D
EFINITIONS

FOR

C
OMMUNICATION

B
ETWEEN

M
ODELS



offline



this term usually suggests the
models are run independently or there is
only 1
-
way communication between
models



soft coupled



this term suggests a
loose communication between models
(iterative approach)



online
” = “
hard coupled
” = “
integrated



these terms suggest a tighter
communication between models (they
communicate at every time step or every
several time steps)


We need to have group consensus on our terminology:

B
IO
E
ARTH

A
PPROACH

AND

R
ATIONALE


Integrate or link existing sophisticated “stand alone”
models that are in continuous development


Atmosphere: meteorology, atmospheric chemistry


Terrestrial: hydrology, soil/plant biogeochemistry in
cropped and natural systems, biogenic emissions


Aquatic: river routing, reservoir modeling, nutrient export


Economics


As the “stand alone” components continue to improve by
their developers,
BioEarth

will also continue to develop

M
ODELING

D
OMAIN
: T
HE

P
ACIFIC

N
ORTHWEST

R
ELATED

P
ROJECTS

AND

P
ROGRAMS

C
ENTER

FOR

E
NVI RONMENTAL

R
ESEARCH

E
DUCATI ON

&
O
UTREACH


CEREO

an

umbrella

organization

with

>
150

members

across

all

WSU

colleges

designed

to

enhance

WSU

environmental

activities



to

facilitate

high

quality

environmental

research,

teaching

and

collaboration

across

the

WSU

system,

including

all

campuses,

and

all

research

and

extension

centers

and

learning

centers

throughout

the

state


to

promote

development

of

broad

multi
-
investigator

interdisciplinary

grant

proposals

for

environmental

research

and

outreach


to

stimulate

productive

relationships

and

coordination

of

both

research

and

education

with

diverse

stakeholder

communities

to

share

information,

provide

service,

and

promote

collaboration

to

benefit

the

State

of

Washington


to

provide

a

roadmap

of

environmental

programs

at

WSU

for

prospective

students

and

researchers


to

provide

coordination

of

environmental

programs

across

the

WSU

system

NSPIRE IGERT

Nitrogen Systems: Policy
-
oriented Integrated Research &
Education NSPIRE


Interdisciplinary focus on N in the environment for
PhDs in Engineering, Sciences and Agriculture


Enhanced policy training for science and engineering
PhD students


Initiated in 2009, 3
rd

cohort begins Aug, 2011


Currently several students working on
measurement/modeling topics closely related to
BioEarth


NSF
-
IGERT

Integrated

Graduate

Education &

Research

Training

Research


Geospatial

Trans
-
disciplinary

Framework


AEZ 1990

Cropping systems

AEZ 2050

Economics

Biology

Sociology

Cropping systems

Modeling

Experimental studies

Monitoring networks

Cyber
-
infrastructure

REGIONAL APPROACH TO
CLIMATE CHANGE

REACCH

SOCIO
-
ECONOMIC
AND BIOTIC
DRIVERS

INFORMATION

SOCIO
-
ECONOMIC
AND BIOTIC
DRIVERS

INFORMATION

Cropping systems

Participatory
Processes
:

Stakeholders, scientists,
policymakers, students,
citizens





GOALS


SOC

䝈G


Sustainability


偲潤畣瑩癩瑹


5 yr $20M

UI/WSU/OSU






Point measurements of CO
2
, H
2
O, and N
2
O fluxes will
be performed with Li
-
8100 automated chambers
coupled with an optical N
2
O continuous analyzer




Field
-
scale measurements will be performed using
micrometeorological eddy covariance (EC) flux
methods.



Regional scale estimates will be developed using the
CROPSYST dynamic modeling system




Objective 2: Monitoring/modeling of GHG
Fluxes


C
OLUMBIA

F
ORECASTING

P
ROJECT


Funded by Washington State Department of
Ecology


For 2011 Report to State Legislature


Water Supply/Demand Forecasting for year
2030:


Agricultural demand, municipal demand,
hydropower demand


Providing initial framework for integration
between land surface hydrology and
cropping systems at regional scale


Explicit inclusion of reservoir modeling and
water rights information for curtailment
decisions


Initial linkages between biophysical and
economic models

B
IO
E
ARTH

P
ROJECT

O
RGANIZATION

T
HE

T
EAM


6 Institutions with WSU as Lead


18 Faculty


3 Postdoctoral Scholars


10+ PhD Students


CEREO Staff



T
EAMS

Modeling

Team

Earth System Component

Jennifer Adam, WSU

Terrestrial/Aquatic

Serena Chung, WSU

Atmospheric

Alex Guenther, NCAR

Atmospheric/Terrestrial

John Harrison
, WSU

Terrestrial/Aquatic

Brian Lamb, WSU

Atmospheric

Ruby Leung, PNNL

Atmospheric/Terrestrial

Claudio Stockle, WSU

Terrestrial

Christina Tague, UCSB

Terrestrial/Aquatic

Joe Vaughan, WSU

Atmospheric

T
EAMS

Economics

Team

Michael Brady, WSU

Yong Chen, OSU

Jon Yoder, WSU

Cyberinfrastructure

Team

Ananth Kalyanaraman, WSU

Joe Vaughan, WSU

Outreach/Education

Team

Chad Kruger, WSU

Fok

Leung, WSU

Andy Perleberg, WSU

Jennie Stephens, Clark U.

Ecology
Team

Dave Evans, WSU

John Harrison, WSU

Christina

Tague, UCSB

S
TEERING

C
OMMITTEE


Overall Project:
Jenny Adam & Brian Lamb


Terrestrial modeling:
Jenny Adam


Atmospheric modeling:
Serena Chung


Economics:
Mike Brady


Agriculture:
Claudio Stockle


Ecological Significance:
Dave Evans


Cyberinfrastructure
:
Joe Vaughan


Extension/Outreach:
Chad Kruger


M
EETING

O
BJECTIVES

AND

A
GENDA

O
BJECTIVES

FOR

K
ICK
-
O
FF

M
ETING


Get to know each other


Understand project “big picture”


Become familiar with stand alone models


Discuss approaches to project integration


Discuss milestones for first year of project

M
EETING

A
GENDA

MONDAY

1pm

Welcome and Introductions

2pm

Project

Overview

3:30pm

Presentations on Stand
-
Alone Models


5pm

Outreach Plan and Communications Research


6:30pm

Dinner

at
Dupus

Boomers (CUB)


TUESDAY

8:30am

Discussion of Objectives

for Break
-
Out Discussions

9am

Break
-
Out Discussions

10am

Presentations from Break
-
Out Groups

10:45am

Group Discussion on Timeline and Project Integration


11:45am

Concludin
g Remarks


S
OME

I
NITIAL

D
ECISIONS

TO

M
AKE

P
EER

R
EVIEW

G
ROUP


Land Surface Modeling: Laura Bowling

& Keith
Cherkauer, Purdue University, other?


Atmospheric Modeling:
?


Earth System Modeling: ?


Economics:

?


Agriculture:

?


Ecology:

?


Communications:

?


Other:

?


T
IMELINE


Major milestones for entire 5
-
year project duration


Specific milestones for first year


Design milestones to match specific objectives


1
-
way land/atmosphere impacts


2
-
way land/atmosphere impacts/feedback


Feedbacks with human decision making (economics)


Communications and outreach

W
ORKING

G
ROUPS


Need to discuss what working groups will look
like


Working groups will change throughout project
duration


Initial working groups will be formed to
accomplish first year milestones

M
EETING

F
REQUENCY


Steering committee meetings


Bi
-
monthly in early stages, eventually monthly?


All faculty participants invited


Working group meetings: weekly to bi
-
monthly


All
-
faculty meetings: quarterly?


All
-
participant meetings (
faculty&students
): bi
-
annually?


E.g., Kick
-
off meeting, poster presentations, etc..


Peer review meetings: annually?


Outreach Meetings: bi
-
annually to annually?

I
NTEGRATION

OF

S
TAND
-
A
LONE

M
ODELS


Degree of integration/coupling


1
-
way



Iterative coupling



Tight coupling



States/fluxes to pass between various models


Model rebuilding, simplification, or code translation?


C
YBERINFRASTRUCTURE

N
EEDS

1.
Code Versioning Software


subversion,
cvs
,
git


2.
Data Storage


DateOne
, HDF

3.
Cluster Software Support


Virtualization,
MapReduce
,
Hadoop

4.
Document Sharing


DropBox
, SharePoint, Google Group, code.google.com

5.
Videoconferencing


Evo
,
MeetingPlace
, LiveMeeting (MS),
BigBlueButton
, SharePoint,
Elluminate
, Adobe Connect, Skype


Refer to details in memo by Joe Vaughan

P
ROJECT

D
ISSEMINATION

E
.
G
. W
EBPAGE
:
HTTP
://
WWW
.
CEREO
.
WSU
.
EDU
/
BI OEARTH
/

Q
UESTIONS

AND

D
ISCUSSION
?

Set

Purpose

Time
period

Model Configuration

Compute
Facility

Who

When

model

input

1

Establish baseline
results of models
as they are; model
evaluation &
calibration

2000

to

2009

WRF
-
Noah

reanalysis

bluefire

WSU

first year

offline

CMAQ &
MEGAN

modeled
meteorology

WSU

WSU

first
15
months

offline CropSyst

observed meteorology

WSU

WSU





modeled meteorology

offline
RHESSys

observed meteorology
(and
deposition
?)






modeled meteorology,
deposition, and ozone



modeled meteorology;
no
deposition,

no
ozone



offline VIC

observed meteorology

WSU

WSU





modeled meteorology

2

Impacted of
integrated WRF
-
VIC (without
biogeochemistry
modeling)

2000

to

2009

WRF
-

VIC
w/o
RHESSys/CropSyst

reanalysis

bluefire

PNNL

first year

offline

CMAQ &
MEGAN

modeled meteorology

WSU

WSU

first
18
months

offline CropSyst

modeled meteorology,
deposition, & ozone

WSU

WSU



offline
RHESSys



offline VIC
-
RHESSys
-
CropSyst

WSU

WSU



3

Integrate all model
components

2000

to

2009

WRF
-
VIC

with
RHESSys
/CropSyst

coupled to CMAQ &
MEGAN

NCEP reanalysis

NCAR
Wyoming

WSU

3rd or 4th
year?

4

Future scenario

2010

to

2050

WRF
-
VIC

with
RHESSys
/CropSyst

coupled to CMAQ and
MEGAN + CREM

CCSM4

climate

NCAR
Wyoming

WSU

4th and
5th year

Aquatic

Atmosphere

Terrestrial

Aquatic

Atmosphere

Terrestrial

Aquatic

Atmosphere

Terrestrial