Discussion on families and povertyx - NWSParentEngagement ...

gayheadtibburInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

5 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

144 εμφανίσεις

FAMILY PROGRAM SPECIALISTS PRESENTING

Discussion on Families and
Poverty

Created by Gale Cannon
-

CFLE

The Family


What is poverty
-

types, family indicators,

and hidden rules

Agenda

“Education & relationships are the keys to ending poverty in the developing world”


The Child


Who are our students
-

education can
change the poverty status and reduce the gap

The Community
-

How do we best engage with
families/ students/ community?

The Partnership?


How do we strengthen our

partnership for our students?


Part D

Part A

Part B

Part C

The Family & Poverty


Poverty can be defined as a lack of resources
-


-
Financial


money to purchase goods &
services

-
Emotional


being able to choose and control
emotional responses

-
Mental


having skills ( reading, writing etc) to
deal with daily life

-
Spiritual
-

belief in a divine purpose of guidance



What is poverty
?

The Family & Poverty


Poverty can be defined as a lack of resources
-


-
Physical
-

health and mobility

-
Support Systems


family and back up
resources

-
Relationships/Role Models
-

other adults to
mentor

-
Knowledge of hidden rules
-

unspoken rules
or cues



What is poverty?

GENERATIONAL




People living in poverty for at
least 2 generations


Characteristics surface sooner
if the family lives with others
who are from generational
poverty.


Often the attitude in
generational poverty is that
society owes one a living.


Lack of resources due to a
particular event i.e., death,
chronic illness, divorce, job
loss.


Often the attitude in situational
poverty is one of pride and a
refusal to accept charity.


Individuals in situational
poverty often bring more
resources than those of
generational poverty.

SITUATIONAL

Types of Poverty


Generational VS Situational Poverty

Family indicators

Facts


Maternal education is biggest indicator of child’s
school success.


Maternal depression has major impact on preschool
learning.


Children in poverty may not know hidden rules of
middle class.


Language issues can cause students from
generational poverty not to fully develop cognitive
structures needed to learn at levels required by
state tests.


Article on One of the best stories I’ve ever read.

Family indicators

Facts



Relationships are the key motivators for learning
-

for students of generational poverty.


Poor children are more likely to suffer from
developmental delays and higher drop
-
out of high
school.


Poor children are more likely to have Early
childhood delays, low birth weight, lead poisoning.


Poor children may often watch more television, read
less and exercise less.


Article on One of the best stories I’ve ever read.

MIDDLE CLASS NORMS


Be respectful of others.


Always be on time.


Raise your hands before you
speak.


Keep your hands, feet and
objects to yourself.


Don’t talk when someone else
is talking.


No food or drink in the
classroom.


A student will have all their
materials in class.


Students will obey district and
school rules.





The strong survive.


I will raise my voice to be
heard.


You may have to fight to
protect your family and
friends.


I need to know where to get
what I want when I need it.


I have to protect my stuff.



Quiz on Hidden Rules..




LOWER CLASS NORMS

What are hidden rules? Exercises
-
-

Public schools operate from middle class norms and values

What does
class have
to do with
it?

Family
-
Discussion Points


What was reinforcing to you?

(content that you already knew)


What was fresh, novel and new to you?


Given what you now know, what does
this suggest you might do differently in
your work?

How do your students differ?

The students in the classroom
.


Socio
-
economic
status


Race


Ethnicity


Physical abilities


Gender


Learning abilities


Family traditions


Family structure


Nutrition


Support System


Family History


Religion


Family
Dynamics


Breaking out of poverty

What teachers need to
know.

What students need to
know.


For students to be
successful, we must
understand their hidden
rules and teach them the
rules that will make them
successful at school and
work.


We can neither excuse our
students nor scold them for
not knowing; we must
teach them and provide
support, and high
expectations.


To move from poverty to
middle class or middle
class to wealth, an
individual must give up
relationships for
achievement (at least for
a period of time).


Education is a ticket to
breaking free from
poverty

Language influences Cognition

The link between language

development and
socioeconomic status is
strong. Higher SES toddlers
actually used more words in
talking to their parents than
low SES mothers used in
talking to their own children.

Data from article on print environments between high & low socioeconomic
status

Beverly Hills


Compton LA


S. Central LA


Average number of
printed materials



Home
-
414

School
-
11,360

Library
-
73,000


Number of local
bookstores within
walking distance of
most homes
-
5


Average number of
printed materials


Home
-

6.08

School
-

1,714

Library
-

50,750


Number of local
bookstores in
walking distance of
most homes
-
0



Average number of
printed materials


Home
-
6.08

School
-

1,714

Library
-

50,750


Number of local
bookstores in
walking distance of
most homes
-
0







Average median
income
$121,000




Average median
income
$33,000




Average median
income
$22,000


Casual register
-

Conversation is
dependent upon non verbal
assists and sentence syntax often
incomplete.



Formal register
-

The standard
sentence syntax and word choice
of work and school has complete
sentences and specific word
choice.


Language and families in poverty

The link between achievement and language


More information can be
added here by changing
this text.


Make changes to this
text.


What determines ones ability to learn?

Learning
-

Eric Jensen


30
-
40% Genes


30% Gene /Environment
Connection


30
-
40% Environment

Study by Devin et. Al. 1997 “ There’s nearly a 2
-
1 advantage of environmental influences over genetic
ones. This suggest both strategy and hope for all students!

The Academic Brain


Kids are not born “A” Students


Specific skill sets have to be
developed through life
experiences


Attitudes/mindsets must be
strengthened for success


This is NOT random

Handout by E. Jensen on Action Steps for teachers

Child
-
Discussion points.


Homework at school.


Flashcards for parents.


Increase language and verbal skills.


Culturally relevant text.


Use of absent narrative philosophy.


Multicultural aids and tools.


Share data with students and families.




School/Family/ Community


Develop a framework for serving
disadvantaged families that involves
school/district staff/ parents/ community
partners.


Ensure that the resources you are proposing
for students and families are workable for a
SES view.


Know that you are tremendous influencers of
change in the lives of your students.


Create a needs assessment to help you
determine what resources are available for the
families.


School/Family/ Community


Utilize community stakeholders in
meeting families needs.


Know that poverty is a reality for some
families.


Bring new solutions when creating
activities for parent engagement.


Adjust meeting schedules, conferences
times, be willing to make phone calls,
home or work visits.


Suggestions for family engagement

“Locate a resilient kid and you will also find a caring adult


or several


who has guided him”


Invincible kids US News & World Report



䍲敡瑩湧e牥污瑩潮獨楰i 楳i礠瑯t
achievement and engagement
for both students and parents.


䙩湤⁷慹猠瑯t敳瑡扬楳栠湡瑵牡氠
捯湮散瑩潮猠瑨慴 睩汬w敭灯e敲
扯瑨b獴畤s湴猠慮搠晡浩f楥iK


Utilize the museum format for
events and activities.


佦晥爠瑯潬猠景爠汥慲湩湧n慴a晵渠
敶敮瑳e慮搠慣瑩t楴i敳K


䍡汬l灡p敮瑳e批b䵲⸠☠䵲M⸠慳 愠
sign of respect.


Suggestions for family engagement

“Locate a resilient kid and you will also find a caring adult


or several


who has guided him”


Invincible kids US News & World Report



䑥汩l敲⁢慤 湥n猠瑨牯畧栠愠
story.


Allow preK children to attend
events and activities.


啳攠桵浯h 扵琠湯琠獡牣慳洮


佦晥爠睡瑥tⰠ瑥愠潲 捯f晥攠慴a
meetings.


Use an adult voice, don’t be
condescending.


䕸灬慩渠桩摤h渠牵汥lK


Don’t accept behavior from
adults that you won’t from your
students.
-

expect respect



Thinking outside the box

School/Family/Community Discussion Points



Discuss the realities that your families
face that you can bring solutions.



Share strategies that will be beneficial to
educating parents on how to support
their children.

Our partners in
educating

families in poverty


Partnerships



Know your community
-

ECFE, Head start


Businesses
willing

to invest in Education


Retired teachers and other seniors


Churches for mentors, reading buddies


Concerned citizens


Rotary and other clubs






Our
partners

in educating families in poverty


Partnerships



NWSISD


Humanities Center


MDE resources


Parks & Rec.


District and school staff


The above are many of the people that are usually willing
and able to partner with schools.







http://www.pepartnership.org/school,
-
family,
--
community
-
partnerships.aspx




Purpose of Partnerships






Keep in mind the target


Focus on student
achievement not parent involvement


Consider the disparities and family realities when
brainstorming solutions


Be realistic but imaginative




The greatest asset is yourself and the
relationships you foster and create that will propel
a child to limitless pursuits.”

Gale Cannon 2011





Build and sustain successful partnerships

Discussion on families in poverty

Credits


Epstein, Joyce, presentation “School/Home/
Community Partnerships” 2011


Jensen, Eric, “ Teaching with Poverty in Mind”.


Kaff
, M & Devin, M
Phd
., “Understanding the
educational implications related to poverty
-

presentation.


Payne, Ruby, “ A Framework for Understanding
Poverty”, aha! Process, Inc., Highlands, TX, 1996.


Pellettieri
, Judith, Ed. D, “ Know Their Class
Lower, Middle, Upper , Alternative. Presentation.


Policy Information Report, “ Parsing the
Achievement Gap. Baseline for tracking progress”.