Alternative Operating Systems

gatecircleΚινητά – Ασύρματες Τεχνολογίες

10 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

58 εμφανίσεις

Alternative Operating Systems

Available Today

April 6
th
, 2011

1 Start with Statistics and a little History

2. Go through Top 10 from
techradar.com

3. Finish with information from Wikipedia and a Google
Search on Top 10

What is the trend in operating systems usage?


Web Statistics and Trends

2009


Win7

Vista

Win2003 WinXP

W2000

Linux

Mac

December

9.0%

16.0%

1.4%


61.6%

0.6%

4.5%

6.5%

November

6.7%

17.5%

1.4%


62.2%

0.7%

4.3%

6.7%

October

4.4%

18.6%

1.5%


63.3%

0.7%

4.2%

6.8%

September

3.2%

18.3%

1.5%


65.2%

0.8%

4.1%

6.5%

August


2.5%

18.1%

1.6%


66.2%

0.9%

4.2%

6.1%

July

1.9%

17.7%

1.7%


67.1% 1.0%

4.3%

6.0%

June

1.6%

18.3%

1.7%


66.9% 1.0%

4.2%

5.9%

May


1.1%

18.4%

1.7%


67.2%

1.1%

4.1%

6.1%

April


0.7%

17.9%

1.7%


68.0%

1.2%

4.0%

6.1%

March


0.5%

17.3%

1.7%


68.9%

1.3%

4.0%

5.9%

February

0.4%

17.2%

1.6% 69.0%

1.4%

4.0%

6.0%

January


0.2%

16.5%

1.6% 69.8%

1.6%

3.9%

5.8%


Note the increase in Win 7 and slight drop in WinXP and steady numbers on
Vista as the 2
nd

Choice.








2010


Win7 Vista Win2003 WinXP W2000 Linux Mac

December 29.1% 8.9% 1.1%


47.2% 0.2% 5.0% 7.3%

November 28.5% 9.5% 1.1% 47.0% 0.2% 5.0% 7.7%

October 26.8% 9.9% 1.1% 48.9% 0.3% 4.7% 7.6%

September 24.3% 10.0% 1.1% 51.7% 0.3% 4.6% 7.2%

August 22.3% 10.5% 1.3% 53.1% 0.4% 4.9% 6.7%

July


20.6% 10.9% 1.3% 54.6% 0.4% 4.8% 6.5%

June 19.8% 11.7% 1.3% 54.6% 0.4% 4.8% 6.8%

May


18.9% 12.4% 1.3% 55.3% 0.4% 4.5% 6.7%

April


16.7% 13.2% 1.3% 56.1% 0.5% 4.5% 7.1%

March 14.7% 13.7% 1.4% 57.8% 0.5% 4.5% 6.9%

February 13.0% 14.4% 1.4% 58.4% 0.6% 4.6% 7.1%

January 11.3% 15.4% 1.4% 59.4% 0.6% 4.6% 6.8%


Note the faster increase in Win 7 with a real drop in WinXP

with the attendant drop in Vista.




Windows XP is the most popular operating system. The Windows family
counts for almost 90%:


2011 Win7 Vista Win2003 WinXP W2000 Linux Mac


February 32.2% 8.3% 1.0%


44.2% 0.2% 5.1% 8.1%


January 31.1% 8.6% 1.0% 45.3% 0.2% 5.0% 7.8%



Note the continuation of the trends.

History point in 2003


2003

WinXP

W2000

Win98

WinNT

Win95

Linux

Mac


November

42.6%

36.3%

10.9%

3.5%

0.4%

2.6%

2.2%


September

38.0%

37.9%

12.1%

4.1%

0.5%

2.4%

2.0%


July


33.9%

40.6%

12.6%

5.3%

0.6%

2.3%

1.9%


May


31.4%

41.0%

13.9%

5.8%

0.7%

2.2%

1.8%


March

29.1%

41.9%

14.8%

6.6%

0.8%

2.2%

1.8%



Note Start up and rise in WinXP first 8 months.



Platforms that count for less than 0.5% are not listed.

10 best alternative operating systems

The desktops with the potential to change computing

By PC Plus






Right now, someone, somewhere is developing the killer operating
system feature of the future
-

a feature that will change computing and
make us wonder how we lived without it.




Read more:
http://www.techradar.com/news/software/operating
-
systems/10
-
best
-
alternative
-
operating
-
systems
-
934484#ixzz1I74t0TTH



This Presentation will be from the slides below. The PowerPoint file is
posted on the UCHUG WebSite for use.



However, the person responsible probably isn't grafting away in the
labs of Microsoft, Apple or Red Hat
-

he or she is more likely to be
working in a bedroom or loft.




It might seem audacious to claim that the next Windows is
cooking in some part
-
time coder's house, but it's nothing new.
Microsoft's OS empire started with the purchase of QDOS,
which stood for 'Quick and Dirty Operating System'. Apple
didn't create Mac OS X out of thin air, but took an
open source

kernel and some BSD code (grounded in academia) to get the
foundations of its operating system working.



Into the future



We'll look at the best alternative operating systems, with the potential
to change the computing landscape over the next decade. There's only
one rule
-

no Microsoft, Apple or Linux.



While some of these operating systems are still relatively early in
development, the technology that they're introducing could make its
way into the next round of updates for the mainstream OSes we use.
Helpfully, you can try these projects without having to repartition your
hard drive thanks to the excellent (and free) PC virtualisation and
emulation tool available from
www.virtualbox.org
.



These OSes are all supplied as disk images
-

usually CD ISOs
-

so you
can install VirtualBox, grab the ISO and tell VirtualBox to boot from it
to try it out. You can burn the ISO files to CD
-
Rs and boot them on
your real PC if you want to see how they handle the bare metal.



Remember that mid
-
development releases could contain bugs.



We will start with the lowest rated OS and end up with the best from
the evaluation.



Each OS will have a title page with the link to its source, comments
and a page sample with final thoughts after that.

10. GNU/HURD

Fighting for microkernels

www.gnu.org/software/hurd



The GNU project started in 1984 to create a completely free
software

Unix OS. By the early '90s it had many tools finished,
but still no kernel. Linux arrived and was paired with GNU to
form what we now call Linux (also known as GNU/Linux).




However, the GNU project has been developing a kernel called
HURD. This is based on the Mach microkernel, as used in Mac
OS X, and consists of servers running in their own address
spaces.




There are services for hardware drivers, filesystems, authentication
and more. These are more isolated than in a typical OS, so HURD
should
-

in theory
-

be more reliable. It will also be easier to update
and replace OS components without reboots.


9. JNode

Desktop Java to the extreme

www.jnode.org




Java's heyday on the
desktop

is long gone, with web
-
based games
and apps mostly delivered by Flash and HTML5. But there's one
project that aims to prove that Java can still hack it when it comes to
desktop computing
-

JNode.


Apart from a very small assembly language core, the vast majority of
the JNode operating system is written in Java. JNode's goal is to run
any Java application, although it's currently only at version 0.2.8.


The interface is simple, there's some decent documentation online,
and progress is being made towards 0.3. Planned future features
include lower memory consumption, wireless networking and more
hardware acceleration for video.


8. FreeVMS

Industrial strength OS

www.freevms.net



Back in the '70s and '80s, the main competitor to Unix on big
-
iron hardware was VMS(See next Slide). Famed for its stability,
running on chunky fridge
-
like boxes called VAXes, it included
advanced clustering and security features for its time, along
with an automatic versioning file system.



Dave Cutler, one of the designers of the VMS operating system,
went on to lead development of Windows NT, but OpenVMS
stuck around and now runs on Itanium systems.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenVMS


OpenVMS

(
Open Virtual Memory System
), previously known as
VAX
-
11/VMS
,
VAX/VMS

or (informally)
VMS
, is a
high
-
end

computer server

operating system

that
runs on
VAX
,
Alpha

and
Itanium
-
based families of computers. Contrary to what its
name suggests, OpenVMS is not
open source software
; however, the source listings
are available for purchase. Unlike some other mainframe
-
oriented operating systems,
OpenVMS has a
graphical user interface

(GUI) with complete graphics support.
Digital Equipment Corporation
's VAX was one of the three top
-
selling workstations
lines in the 1980s and 1990s. VMS had support for professional DTP and CAE
software running.
AXP VMS

supported
OpenGL

and
Accelerated Graphics Port

(AGP) graphics adapters. It has also been used in education and for home hobbyist
use.


OpenVMS is a
multi
-
user
,
multiprocessing

virtual memory
-
based operating system
(OS) designed for use in
time sharing
,
batch processing
,
real
-
time

(where process
priorities can be set higher than OS kernel jobs), and
transaction processing
. It offers
high system
availability

through
clustering
, or the ability to distribute the system over
multiple physical machines. This allows the system to be "disaster
-
tolerant" against
natural disasters that may disable individual data
-
processing facilities. VMS also
includes a process priority system that allows for real
-
time processes to run
unhindered, while user processes get temporary priority "boosts" if necessary.


OpenVMS commercialized many features that are now considered standard
requirements for any high
-
end server operating system.


FreeVMS is striving to build on VMS's feature set, although unlike
many clone projects where developers can get easy access to the
original OS, VMS gurus are hard to find. FreeVMS is currently only at
version 0.4, but is still making solid progress.

7. DexOS

Mini OS with console
-
like GUI

www.dex4u.com


For a desktop operating system, we expect the usual assortment of
window furniture, panels and launchers. DexOS is a small project that
provides a more console
-
like approach.




This works in two ways: the graphical front
-
end is more like a
video
game

launcher than a traditional OS, and programmers can easily
access the bare metal for maximum performance. It's an intriguing
concept, and the take up of Android and iOS in the last couple of years
has shown that traditional desktop computing metaphors are starting
to look long in the tooth.


DexOS demonstrates what a bunch of part time hobbyist coders can
achieve, without lots of funding or commercial backing.

6. Inferno

Sharing, everywhere

www.vitanuova.com/inferno/



Inferno has been doing the rounds for almost a decade, and in some
respects it's still way ahead of other OSes. Inferno is built to be a
distributed OS
-

it's designed to share resources across machines.




Using a protocol called Styx, systems running Inferno can share
hardware and networking devices with one another seamlessly. For
instance, an application on Inferno box A is able to access the hard
drive of Inferno box B without knowing it's actually on a remote
machine.


Inferno applications are written in a language called Limbo, which is
compiled down to code for a virtual machine called Dis, so they're
portable across the various architectures Inferno supports.

5. KolibriOS

The fastest GUI OS in existence?


www.kolibrios.org


Operating systems used to be written in assembly language, but you'd
be hard pressed to find much in the source tree of a modern OS. It's
true that programming in assembly is hard work, but it can often lead
to results that a typical compiler can't compete with.


KolibriOS, a fork of MenuetOS, is written entirely in assembly,
and it shows
-

it's tiny (4.9MB for the ISO) and ridiculously fast
(booting in a couple of seconds). Despite this, it includes a web
browser, mail client, games, desktop utilities, impressive
demos and more, all running at light speed.



They're nowhere near as feature
-
packed as their Windows
counterparts, but they underline how much bloat and
wastefulness we're now used to.


4. OpenBSD

Security before style

www.openbsd.org



Security is OpenBSD's mantra. Unlike other operating systems, which
consider security a feature like performance or prettiness, the
OpenBSD team won't add any code unless it's sure that it's completely
free of security holes.






It audits parts of the codebase for vulnerabilities, and have made
modifications to the standard C libraries to prevent buffer overruns
and other problems.


OpenBSD was the first non
-
research OS to integrate many features we
now take for granted, including address space layout randomisation,
which puts libraries and memory sections in random locations in
RAM, so crackers can't assume their location.

3. AROS

Something for Amiga lovers

http://aros.sourceforge.net



You may have fond memories of the Amiga. The dazzling graphics and
crisp sound (when PCs were faffing around with text mode and
beeps), the super
-
fast multi
-
tasking, and the, er, lack of protected
memory…



Well, forget that last one. It was one of the best
-
loved computers of all
time, and it still has many fans today.


AROS
-

the Amiga Research Operating System
-

is intensely fast.
Blisteringly so. It apes the Amiga design, both superficially and with
its inner workings, and is designed to be source compatible with
AmigaOS 3.1 (software written for the old Amiga OS should only need
a recompile to work).



AROS has great potential as a light and fast OS for low
-
end netbooks
and tablets.

2. ReactOS

Open source Windows clone that could save businesses a fortune

www.reactos.org


If you've dabbled in Linux, you may have heard of WINE, a
compatibility layer that lets certain Windows programs run on Linux.
Effectively, it intercepts calls to the Windows API, replacing them with
Linux equivalents. It includes its own batch of DLLs, but it can use
native Windows DLLs too for improved software compatibility.


WINE's compatibility ranges from superb to terrible, with the focus on
triple
-
A applications such as Microsoft Office and Photoshop.
Generally, older applications work better, and anything that doesn't
poke around in the undocumented internals of Windows has a chance
of running.




However, WINE mixes up the Windows and Unix approaches to
operating systems, with the end result being a pretty ugly mess. It also
can't use Windows drivers.


ReactOS aims to fix all this. Instead of being a layer on top of another
OS, ReactOS is a completely standalone project, bootable from an
install or live CD. It does use WINE DLLs, but it has its own
bootloader, kernel and other low
-
level facilities that should
-

in theory
-

make it compatible with Windows drivers.





ReactOS aims to be an open source, drop
-
in replacement for
Windows. This gives it potential to radically shake up the market.
ReactOS, a Windows clone, could one day be the next Windows
-

at
least, for a good chunk of people. That sounds outrageous, but the
vast majority of Windows boxes run a very small range of programs:
IE or Firefox, MS Office and a couple of games, with a bit of Photoshop
or Dreamweaver.


ReactOS doesn't have to run 50,000 Windows applications adequately;
it just needs to run the top 10 well. Imagine you're a netbook
manufacturer in a crowded market, and you want to get your prices
down as low as possible. Instead of paying licenses to Microsoft for
Windows, you could install ReactOS on your machines for free, put a
list of ticks on the box saying 'Runs Microsoft Office, Internet
Explorer, Photoshop and
World of Warcraft
' and save a lot of money.



Or imagine that you're a business with 5,000 Windows PCs that need
upgrading because XP is end of life. Instead of buying 5,000 Windows
7 licenses, you could drop ReactOS any PCs that just run Office and
Outlook.



These scenarios are still a while off: ReactOS is only at version 0.3.12,
having been developed since the late '90s, and there's still a lot of
work to be done. But compatibility is improving and you can see the
status of your favourite programs at www.reactos.org/compat.

1.
Haiku

The lightning
-
fast BeOS lives on in the speedy, simple Haiku



www.haiku
-
os.org


And so we come to the number one project
-

the OS most likely

to be the next big desktop hit. Why have we chosen Haiku for this
slot?


Firstly, it intends to simply recreate an existing operating system,
BeOS, but as open source. There's no room for changes of direction,
random new features or endless arguments on mailing lists about
trivial design decisions.



Secondly, the developers are passionate about their work
-

they love
BeOS.



Thirdly, a great deal of attention has been paid to presentation,
documentation and the other bits developers often ignore because
they'd rather be hacking code.



If you were active in the PC world in the late 1990s, you may remember
BeOS. Designed for the PowerPC, it was ported to the x86 PC
architecture, offering a unique experience that was designed from the
ground
-
up for desktop computing.


BeOS demos typically showed several spinning OpenGL teapots
running flawlessly on screen as multiple MP3s played in the
background. In the days of Windows 9x and Mac OS 8/9, BeOS's
stellar performance, simplicity and lack of historical baggage won it an
army of hardcore fans.





Its file system supported attributes for storing metadata, with features
making it rather like a database.





However, from a commercial perspective, BeOS suffered greatly. Be
Inc, the OS's makers, found it very hard to break into the Windows
-
dominated PC market. Ultimately, Be Inc sued Microsoft for allegedly
preventing PC makers from selling BeOS machines; Microsoft never
admitted guilt, but settled out of court for $23 million. However, by this
point it was too late for BeOS to gain a serious foothold in the market.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BeOS

Extensive Wikipedia Links below


BeOS

is an
operating system

for
personal computers

which began development by
Be Inc.

in 1991. It was first written to run on
BeBox

hardware. BeOS was optimized
for digital media work and was written to take advantage of modern hardware
facilities such as
symmetric multiprocessing

by utilizing modular I/O bandwidth,
pervasive multithreading
,
preemptive multitasking

and a custom
64
-
bit

journaling file
system

known as
BFS
. The BeOS GUI was developed on the principles of clarity and
a clean, uncluttered design. It used
Unicode

as the default encoding in the GUI, yet
support for input methods, such as bidirectional input was never realized. The
API

was written in
C++

for ease of programming. It has partial
POSIX

compatibility and
access to a
command
-
line interface

through
Bash
, although internally it is not a Unix
-
derived operating system.


BeOS was positioned as a multimedia platform which could be used by a substantial
population of desktop users and a competitor to
Mac OS

and
Microsoft Windows
.
However, it was ultimately unable to achieve a significant market share and proved
commercially unviable for Be Inc. The company was acquired by
Palm Inc.

and today
BeOS is mainly used and developed by a small population of enthusiasts.


The open
-
source OS
Haiku

is designed to start up where BeOS left off. Alpha 2 of
Haiku was released in May 2010.


Haiku, formerly known as OpenBeOS, began life in 2001 and is now
capable of running many older BeOS programs (along with newer
ports like Firefox). It retains the clean, modern architecture and
desktop design of BeOS, but with added support for more recent
hardware devices.





The developers are huge BeOS fans
-

they stuck by the OS in hard
times and still champion its strengths today. They've also put a lot of
effort into making the website look smart and ensuring the
documentation is thorough.





Haiku offers a chance to bring speed, simplicity and enjoyment back
to computing. It's a system designed purely as a modern, graphical
desktop operating system without carrying sacks of historical
baggage.


Comments on the article.



linuxsandbox


March 14th


1. I happened upon Beos in '98 and was stunned at it's performance on my
celeron 400 with 64mb ram. Till date i still feel it's the best OS i've ever
used. I'm still mad at microsoft for denying the world the opportunity to use
an excellent product.



losethos


March 14th


2. How could you not list LoseThos? Google search "64
-
bit operating system" and what's
the first altewrnative OS you see?




tzimisce


March 14th


3. I


I do agree with linuxsandbox about Beos, so far as i tested it haiku does feel
very nice.


reactos is quite a piece of joke, don't missinterpret me it can be something
usefull one day but right now it's too way bugy and alpha.


Aros, my favorite one, i came from Amiga world so can't help it, Aros isn't only
lightweight but very portable, runing on x86 (32 & 64bits), ppc, arm, m68k (can
run Amiga binary on m68k)


well to conclude i must say, for once it's nice to read an article about
alternatives OS that don't just speak about Linux Distros :)



Solidwood


March 15th


4. I am surprised that QNX is not on the list. It's been around since the late
70's, and is a real
-
time microkernel OS. It is the best combination of fast and
complete that you can buy, but it's not free.



johnkurtz


March 17th


5. Can any of these operating systems properly make use of multi
-
core
processors?


Thanks!



losethos


March 17th


6. LoseThos supports multicore.



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_operating_systems


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operating_Systems


List of operating systems is expanded below.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Operating systems

can be categorized by technology, ownership, licensing,
working state, usage, and by many other characteristics. In practice, many
of these groupings may overlap.

Extract from listing on Wikipedia Site



1 Proprietary



1.1 Acorn Computers



1.2 Amiga Inc.



1.3 Apollo Computer



1.4 Apple Inc.



1.5 Atari



1.6 BAE Systems



1.7 Be Inc.



1.8 Bull SAS



1.9 Burroughs Corporation



1.10 Control Data Corporation



1.11 Convergent Technologies



1.12 Data General



1.13 DataPoint



1.14 DDC
-
I, Inc.



1.15 Digital Research Inc




Plus about 60 more with links


Be Inc.


BeOS



BeIA



BeOS r5.1d0



magnussoft ZETA

(based on
BeOS r5.1d0

source code, developed
by
yellowTAB
)


Blue Eyed OS


Cosmoe




NOTE: The items on the Wikipedia pages all have
links to the details of each system. Below is the Link
for BeOS above.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BeOS


BeOS is an operating system for personal computers which began
development by Be Inc. in 1991. It was first written to run on BeBox
hardware. BeOS was optimized for digital media work and was written
to take advantage of modern hardware facilities such as symmetric
multiprocessing by utilizing modular I/O bandwidth, pervasive
multithreading, preemptive multitasking and a custom 64
-
bit
journaling file system known as BFS. The BeOS GUI was developed on
the principles of clarity and a clean, uncluttered design. It used
Unicode as the default encoding in the GUI, yet support for input
methods, such as bidirectional input was never realized. The API was
written in C++ for ease of programming. It has partial POSIX
compatibility and access to a command
-
line interface through Bash,
although internally it is not a Unix
-
derived operating system.



BeOS was positioned as a multimedia platform which could be used
by a substantial population of desktop users and a competitor to Mac
OS and Microsoft Windows. However, it was ultimately unable to
achieve a significant market share and proved commercially unviable
for Be Inc. The company was acquired by Palm Inc. and today BeOS is
mainly used and developed by a small population of enthusiasts.



The open
-
source OS Haiku is designed to start up where BeOS left off.
Alpha 2 of Haiku was released in May 2010.[1]


The below listing shows the depth of information on this page for just
the BeOS.




History



1.1 Continuation



1.2 Version history



2 Projects to recreate BeOS



3 Projects to continue BeOS



4 Products using BeOS



5 See also



6 References



7 External links


Google Search for “top 10 operating systems list”


About 9,940,000 results (0.07 seconds)



Search Results


List

of
operating systems

-

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



TX990/TXDS,
DX10

and DNOS; proprietary
operating systems

for TI
-
990 minicomputers; MAI
Basic Four;
...

See also:
List

of Linux distributions
...



Proprietary

-

Non
-
proprietary

-

Disk Operating Systems

-

Network Operating Systems


en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
List
_of_
operating
_
systems

-

Cached

-

Similar





Usage share of
operating systems

-

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



W3Counter shows only the
top

ten
operating systems

and is based on the last
...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Usage_share_of_
operating
_
systems

-

Cached

-

Similar


Show more results from wikipedia.org


Top

Ten Best
Operating Systems

-

Top

Ten
List



ie. Linux
-

fedora, ubuntu etc..., Mac, Windows
-

XP, Vista etc...

www.the
-
top
-
tens.com › ... ›
Computers and the Internet Lists

-

Cached

-

Similar


Top 10

Most Secure
Operating Systems



Learn More about the
Top 10

Most Secure
Operating Systems
.
...

this Unix
-
based Hewlett
-
Packard OS has been included in this
list

because of its superior
...

www.secpoint.com/
Top
-
10
-
Most
-
Secure
-
Operating
-
Systems
.html

-

Netherlands

-

Cached

-

Similar



Your
List

Of
Top

5
Operating Systems

-

PCWorld Forums



8 posts

-

8 authors

-

Last post:

Feb 25, 2010


What are your
top

five
operating systems

in your preferences?
...

i think vista was pretty
good.unlike that
10

year old XP i rarely use now.
...

forums.pcworld.com/index.php?/
top
ic/...
list
...
top
...
operating
-
systems
/

-

Cached


PC World's Techlog The
10

Greatest
Operating

System Upgrades Ever



Nov 28, 2006
...

Herewith, my idiosyncratic, extremely subjective
list

of
...

blogs.pcworld.com/techlog/archives/003206.html

-

Cached

-

Similar


Show more results from pcworld.com


Operating System
List

-

Operating Systems



Apr 3, 2004
...

Operating System
List

-

Details about
operating systems

with screenshots, version
information
...

TOPS
-
10
. TOPS
-
20. Topsy Tornado Torsion
...

www.
operating
-
system.org/betriebssystem/_.../os
-
list
e.htm

-

Cached

-

Similar


List

of Free
Operating Systems
: Download Now! | ixibo



Jan 12, 2009
...

Both
operating systems

are have lots of similarities (in most cases), but there are
also
....

Sponsored by Free Nokia Stuff and
Top 10

Apps.

www.ixibo.com/.../
list
-
of
-
free
-
operating
-
systems
-
download
-
now/

-

Cached

-

Similar


Top 10

or favorite 10 Linux
Operating Systems
?



5 posts

-

5 authors

-

Last post:

Jan 11, 2006


If some network admin/Linux expert posts his
Top 10 list
,
...

Linux
Operating Systems
:
list
,
Retriever, Linux
-

Newbie, 8, 01
-
10
-
2006 05:32
...

www.linuxquestions.org › ... ›
Linux Forums


Linux
-

Newbie

-

Cached

-

Similar