Social Darwinism Yesterday and Today

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15 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Social Darwinism Yesterday and Today

Thesis: Social Darwinism is the belief that all personal and social problems were inherited.
The proponents of social Darwinism believed poverty and many other social ills were the result
of bad genes.


Social Darwinism was popular among many intellectuals in the nineteenth
century, but has since been rejected. Subsequent research has undermined rather than supported
the theories of social Darwinism

I.

History of Social Darwinism

A.

Charles Darwin was an Engl
ish naturalist who was responsible for
the term “social Darwinism” in the 19
th

century.

B.

The term “Social Darwinism” was invented in the 19
th

century

with the main idea that humans, like animals, compete
with

each other
in natural selection
.

II.

Philosophy of S
ocial Darwinism
: Innovation /
Government/Environment

A.

Innovation

for example
by the Rockefeller and Carnegie tycoons
left workers bitter and envious.

1.

For statements
: Created a class system
.

2.

Against:

a)


Nothing to do with traits and social Darwinism. Rock
efeller (oil)
and Carnegie (steel) were in the right place at the right time.

b)

Science cannot bring about a new world through scientific
socialism. Consider the cryogenics issue regarding freezing body till a
scientific discover is found. Unfreeze and cur
e.

B.

Governments run as a “laissez

faire” type of government

1.

For statements:
Governments able to concentrate on more important
issues

2.

Against: Today governments are involved with every aspect of social
life via taxes, health and welfare. In the early 1900
s, governments did not
worry about their social issues, the different states were able to govern in
whatever way they wanted.

C.

Environment also plays an important part in Social Darwinism.

1.

For: Social Darwinism says that were you are is were

you will stay.
Your destiny has been decided in regards to your environment.

2.

Against: Is it fair if we placed one person in the metropolitan city and
another in a
desolate

wasteland and gave them each $500? Who will be
successful? Is it because that i
s his natural selection or is it because of
environment.

III.

The differences between races, nations, and individuals means that
some are more fit to survive that others.

A.

Darwin is the father of racism.

1.

The Nazi’s set out wit
h the dream of taking over the wor
ld with the
German race. The German race was believed to be the superior race over all
other races, and particularly the Jews.

2.

Adolf Hitler’s racial theories were based on social Darwinism. “The
stronger has to rule and must not mate with the weaker,” Hit
ler wrote in
Mein
Kampf.

“Only the born weakling can consider this cruel.”

3.

The Christian belief that “God created all people equal” is replaced by
“Darwinism”. By suggesting that man evolved from primitive creatures and
that some races had evolved furt
her than others provided racism with a
scientific mask.

B.

Mental powers of the two sexes brought about the Inferiority of Women.

1.

Because woman were more tender and less selfish they were viewed as
the weaker sex.

2.

Social Darwinism viewed intuition, rapid perc
eption and imitation as
some of the characteristics of lower races.

3.

Men were stronger than woman and therefore assumed that mans
mental power is above woman’s.

C.

Intellectual faculties brought about the inferiority of lower orders: superior
versus inferior.