My Glossary of Engineering Materials and Mechanical

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15 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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My Glossary of Engineering Materials

and Mechanical


1
-
Materials

science

or
materials engineering

is an interdisciplinary field involving the
properties
of
matter

and its applications to various areas of
science

and
engineering
.




Materials (Plural Noun)

-

Material

English Definition:

equipment that you need for a
particular activity.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Properties (Noun)

-

Propiedades

English Definition:

a quality in a substance or material, especially one which
means that it can be used in a particular way.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambri
dge Dictionaries online.




Matter (Noun)
-

Materia

English Definition:

physical substance in the universe.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Science (Noun)
-

Ciencia

English Definition:
the

systematic study of the structure and behaviour

of the
physical world, especially by observing, measuring and experimenting, and the
development of theories to describe the results of these
activities.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.






Engineering (Noun)


Ingenieria

English Defini
tion:

is the
discipline

and
profession

of
applying
technical

and
scientific

knowledge

and utilizing
n
atural laws and physical resources in order to design and
implement
materials
,
structures
,
machines
,
devices
,
systems
,
and
processes

that safely realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries

online

and Wikipedia.




2
-

This science investigates the relationship between the
structure

of materials at
atomic

or
molecular

scales and their macroscopic properties.




Structure (Noun)


Estructura

English Definition:
something which has been made or built from parts, especially
a large building.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries

online
.




Atomic (Noun)


Átomo

English Definition:

the smallest unit of any chemical element, consisting of a
positive nucleus surrounded by negative electrons. Atoms can combine to form a
molecule.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries

online
.






Molecular (Noun)


Molécula


English Definition:

the simplest unit of a chemical substance, usually a group of
two or more atoms.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries

online
.







3
-

It includes elements of
applied
physics

and
chemistry
, as well as
chemical
,
mechanical
,

civil

and
electrical

engineering
.




Physics (Noun)
-

Fisica

English Definition:

the scientific study of matter and energy and the effect that
they have on each other.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Chemistry (Noun)
-

Quimica

English Definition:

the basic characteristics of substances and the different ways in
which they react or combine with other substances.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Civil(No
un)
-

Civil

English Definition:

the planning and building of things not used for worship or
war, such as roads, bridges and public buildings.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.






Electrical (Noun)
-

Electrica

English Definition:

a trained specialist in electrical systems, especially those which
power and control machines or are involved in communication.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.







Mechanical (Noun)
-

Mecanica

English Definition:

the study of the design
and production of machines.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.






3
-

In addition to the core mechanical engineering curriculum, many mechanical
engineering programs offer more specialized programs and classes, such as
robotics
,
transport

and
logistics
,
cryogenics
,
fuel

technology
,
automotive

engineering
,
biomechanics
,
vibration
,
opti
cs

and others, if a separate department does not exist for
these subjects
.



Robotics (Noun)
-

Robótica

English Definition:

the science of making and using robots

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Transport (Noun)
-

Transporte

English
Definition:

If something transports you to a different time or place, it
makes you feel as if you are in it.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Logistics (Noun)
-

Logistica

English Definition:
the careful organization of a complicated activit
y so that it
happens in a successful and effective way.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Cryogenics(Noun)
-

Criogenica

English Definition:

is the study of the production of very low
temperature

(below

150 °C,

238 °F or 123 K) and the behavior of materials at those temperatures.
Rather than the familiar temperature scales of
Fahrenheit

and
Celsius
, cryogenicists
use the
Kelvin

(and formerly
Rankine
) scales.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online

and Wikipedia
.




Fuel (Noun)


Combustible

English Definition:

a substance which is used to provide heat or power,
usually by
being burned.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Technology (Noun)


Tecnó
logia

English Definition:

(the study and knowledge of) the practical, especially
industrial, use of scientific discoveries.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.




Automotive (
Adjective
)
-

De Auto motor

English Definition:

relating to road vehicles
.

Dictionaries Used:

Cambridge Dictionaries online.