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29 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Motivational Messages
Additional Resources
To find additional ideas and health information resources, visit or It only takes
a few seconds to start learning more about your heart health.
This program has been made possible by Pfizer
in conjunction with the Living Heart
Foundation (LHF).
LM256288 © 2005 Pfizer Inc. All rights reserved. Printed in USA/May 2005
1.American Heart Association 2005, Resources for
Professionals, Third Report of The National Cholesterol
Education Program (NCEP), pg. 3,
Accessed April 22, 2005.
2.American Heart Journal, July 2004, Vol. 148, No. 1,
William B. Kannel, MD, MPH, Farmingham Mass. Community
Based Study, Concept and Usefulness of Cardiovascular Risk
Profiles, Preventative Implications. Accessed April 25, 2005.
3.American Heart Association 2005, Cardiovascular Disease and
Accessed April 22, 2005.
4.American Heart Association 2005, Celebrate Black Heritage for the
Accessed May 25, 2005.
5.National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: Diseases and
Conditions Index, Coronary Artery Disease, What Is Coronary
Artery Disease?,
Accessed April 29, 2005.
6.American Heart Association 2005, Risk Factors and Coronary
Heart Disease,
Accessed May 25, 2005.
7.National Stroke Association 2005, What Is a Stroke? Accessed April 22, 2005.
8.American Heart Association 2005, African Americans
Disproportionately Faced with Stroke,
Accessed May 25, 2005.
9.American Heart Association 2005, High Blood Pressure
Accessed May 25, 2005.
10.National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: Heart & Vascular
Disease, High Blood Pressure, What Is High Blood Pressure?
Accessed April 29, 2005.
11.American Heart Association 2004, African-Americans and
Cardiovascular Diseases-Statistics, CDC/NCHS,
Accessed April 19, 2005.
12.American Heart Association: Body Composition Tests,
What is body Mass(BMI)?
Accessed April 29, 2005.
13.American Heart Association: Diabetes and Cardiovascular
Disease, diabetes/cardo.
Accessed April 29, 2005.
14.Living Heart Foundation, Arthur J. Roberts, MD,
Western Massachusetts High School Screening Results,
reprinted for NATA News,
Accessed April 19, 2005.
A Fact Sheet For Cardiovascular Disease Message Development
to provide additional support
mat er i al
f or s peaki ng t o
your communities about risks for heart
disease. As a leader within the community,
you can use your personal cardiovascular
screening experience with the Living Heart
Foundation (LHF) to illustrate the important
role prevention can play in maintaining heart
health. You may also find it helpful to speak
with physicians in your community to gain
their insights on cardiovascular disease.
The LHF, a non-profit organization, was established to combat
sudden cardiac death and illustrate risk factors with early
intervention for cardiac, pulmonary, and metabolic conditions
through on-site screening and integrated health programs.
LHF has been dedicated to providing these services to specific
groups that traditionally have been overlooked, especially high
school, college, and professional athletes.Most recently, the
LHF has begun a national health screening program involving
current and retired professional football players, as well
as community religious leaders. The purpose of this alliance
is to promote public awareness of the significance of
cardiovascular disease.
Sharing the Objectives of This Program
to Build Awareness of the Risks of
Cardiovascular Disease
The LHF program has recently involved more than 300 NFL
players in screenings. Within this athletic population, there
has been a dramatic increase over the past 30 years in the
proportion of African-American players. The fact that NFL
players are willing to face the problem head on is an inspiration
for the public to appreciate. All of us can learn from
this proactive health position that early cardiovascular
(CV) health screenings and regular physician visits
are essential to good health. The American Heart
Association currently recommends cholesterol
screening for adults over the age of 20 years.
Medical research has shown that by altering lifestyle,
going for regular physician check-ups, and following
simple guidelines for nutrition and regular exercise,
individuals can decrease their heart disease risk by
as much as 50%.
However, this benefit does
require the motivation and the persistence to make
it happen.
What is Cardiovascular Disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) affects the heart and
blood vessels. Some of the most common types of
cardiovascular disease are coronary heart disease
(coronary artery disease), stroke, and hypertension
(high blood pressure).
Heart disease and stroke are the
number 1 and number 3 killers of African-Americans,
claiming the lives of more than 100,000 annually.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries
that supply blood to the heart muscle harden and
narrow, decreasing the oxygen supply to the heart.
When blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart are
reduced or cut off, angina or a heart attack may result.
CAD is common and the leading cause of death in the
United States in both men and women.
Americans have more severe high blood pressure than
whites and a higher risk of heart disease.
A stroke, or brain attack, occurs when a blood clot
blocks a blood vessel or artery, or when a blood vessel
breaks, interrupting blood flow to an area of the brain.
When this happens it kills brain cells in that immediate
area and can cause the abilities once controlled by
that area to be lost. This includes functions such as
speech, movement, and memory.
Blacks have almost
twice the risk of first-ever stroke compared with whites.
Hypertension (high blood pressure) is a blood pressure
reading of 140/90 mm Hg or higher. Nearly 1 in 3
American adults has high blood pressure, and once
it develops it lasts a lifetime. More than 40 percent of
African-Americans have high blood pressure.
blood pressure is called “the silent killer” because it
usually has no symptoms, and many do not realize they
have it until it affects their heart, brain, or kidneys.
Why Is the Cardiovascular
Disease Message Important for

In 2002, 48,993 black males and 56,721 black females
died from heart disease, supporting the continuing trend
of cardiovascular disease being the leading cause of
death among African-Americans in the United States.

African-Americans have almost twice the risk of
first-ever stroke compared with whites. The overall
death rate for stroke across all populations is 56.2
per 1,000 people, whereas in the African-American
population it is 81.7 per 1,000 for males and 71.8 per
1,000 for females.

The prevalence of high blood pressure in African-
Americans in the United States is among the highest
in the world. Compared with whites, blacks develop
high blood pressure earlier in life, and their average
blood pressure is much higher. As a result they are
1.8 times more likely to have a fatal stroke than the
general population.
What Has the LHF Learned About
African-American Athletes That
Relates to the Population at Large?
African-American athletes surveyed/studied by the
LHF at the high school, college, and professional
levels have common health abnormalities, which
reflect general trends in the population at large, even
though such athletes are thought to represent the
epitome of good health. The common denominators
that put individuals at risk for CVD include obesity as
measured by high body mass index (BMI),
(high blood sugar), hypertension (high blood pressure),
poor nutrition, cigarette smoking, and dyslipidemia
(high blood cholesterol).
In fact, at such early ages,
approximately one third of high school and college
student athletes had 1 or more measurable
abnormalities on LHF CV screening tests.
From Dr Archie Roberts, retired
cardiac surgeon and ex-NFL player
As a community leader, you inspire and
support the spiritual lives of those in your
community.It only makes sense to extend
that mission to the physical health of those
you comfort on a daily basis. For those
reasons, and as a retired cardiovascular
surgeon and heart disease survivor, I want
to extend my heart health message to you.
Similar to how I would speak with a diverse
group of patients, you too can communicate
to your communities about the importance
of heart health and encourage them to
approach their healthcare providers about
heart disease risk factors.
I ask that you help me to reinforce this need
for individuals to communicate with their
healthcare practitioner about the serious issue
of heart disease. The special relationship you
share with people is a lot like the relationship
between patient and physician. Both sides
need to be supportive and understanding so
that in the end, the goal is to provide the
information, treatment, and inspiration that
permit the individual to feel empowered to take
the necessary steps to improve his or her health.
In terms of urgency to address the importance
of personal health issues, an analogy might
include the dedication and fervor of the typical
NFL team battling toward the goal line, down
4 points with less than a minute left on the
clock. In order to win the game, they have to
find a way to cross the goal line. It is the same
with your personal health, the first important
step is an understanding of your health goals
and then the will to achieve these goals.
*Living Heart Foundation Chairman and President, Arthur
J. Roberts, MD. Dr Roberts is a Columbia College graduate and
a noted cardiac surgeon, former Chairman of the Department
of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Boston University Medical Center,
and a published author of more than 110 scientific journal and
book articles. As an ex-NFL quarterback and cardiovascular
disease survivor, Dr Roberts brings a unique perspective to this
cardiovascular awareness initiative. For more information, visit