Study Guide For The

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29 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Study Guide For The

By: Elise Candies

Writing Process Definitions


Writing: brainstorming

Attention Getter: the first sentence in the introduction

Thesis Statement: the last sentence in the intro. Paragraph

Intro: the first paragraph introducing the 3 main topics

Body: paragraphs describing and identifying your 3 main points

Conclusion: last paragraph restate thesis, summarizes, and

Essay Structure: the formation of the essay

Clincher: last sentence in the final paragraph proving your main point

Transition: links main body paragraphs to the next one

Preview: gives the reader an idea showing what the essay will be about

Revising: checking for grammar mistakes

Publishing: submitting your final work or turning your final work in

6+1 Definitions

Ideas: the heart of the message, the content of the piece of writing,
the main theme, together with details that enrich and develop that

Organization: the internal structure of the piece, the thread of
central meaning, the logical pattern of ideas in the piece.

Voice: feelings and convictions of the individual writer coming
out through the words.

Word Choice: the use of rich, colorful, precise, language that moves
and enlightens the reader.

Sentence Fluency: the rhythm and flow of the language how the
writing sounds

Convections: the mechanical correctness of a piece of writing

Presentation: focuses on the form and layout of your writing;
this includes MLA format, neatness, and any graphics.

6+1 Questions

What involves essay structure? Organization

writing falls under? Ideas

What do you check spelling and punctuation for?

What involves precise nouns? Word Choice

To check for this, you should read your writing
aloud? Sentence Fluency

Shows the writer’s personality and writing style? Voice

For this you must have correct MLA format?

True and False

sing a graphic organizer is a pre
writing strategy. True

You should really worry about spelling and grammar in the
drafting phase. False

Publishing involves sharing your writing with others. True

The sentences in a paragraph that tells the main idea is the
supporting sentence. False

Your thesis statement should include three main points.

Each body paragraph in your essay should explain one of
your main points. True

Your conclusion should restate your thesis. True

You should always have at least two peer
editors. True

Formal or Informal Writing

B.B.Q. informal

Emails informal

Text messages informal

Wedding invitation formal

Business letter formal

Essays formal

Linking Verbs









Verb Agreement

On the sidewalk
many little lizards sunning
themselves on the hot concrete.

Not only the Smiths but also Tonya

to try one of the world
famous chocolate
broccoli muffins.

The Smiths, along with Tonya,

indigestion after eating these weird muffins.

Grandpa claims that Martian measles
green and purple spots to erupt all over a
person’s body.

Steps of an Essay

Sentences, Fragment, or Run

Discovering what the wilderness is all about.

Mary loves reaching out to other people,
which is why she volunteers. Sentence

Readers love the new book by this famous
author the author writes books that they
love to read. Run

To find a resolution to the problem that
satisfies everyone. Fragment

Passive and Active Sentences

The banana is bright. Passive

The bright yellow banana shined in the sun.

The boy was crying. Passive

The boy burst into tears when he dropped his
ice cream. Active

The breeze is cold. Passive

The cold winter breeze blew by. Active

Expository Writing




This is what Expository Writing is used

It also helps readers figure out the main

Persuasive Writing

It tends to involve the types of appeal.

Logical Appeal

appeal to reason, clear thinking, why
something is the right thing to do

Emotional Appeal

appeals to people’s hearts, their emotions,
and feelings about an issue

Ethical Appeal

shows your credibility and character, shows
the reader can trust you

Expert Testimony

statements by people who are recognized
authorities on the issue

Call to Action

challenge your reader to take action to help
your cause

It provides evidence behind your appeals

Also provides opposing arguments

Narrative Writing

o recount a personal experience or original story


Novels, short stories, journals, plays

Also includes:


where and when the story takes place


participants in the story


events that happen in the story, including:


struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces in
a story

Rising Action

where most of the action takes place; conflict begins
to develop; events that lead up to the climax


the moment in a story when a conflict reaches its highest
point of tension


wraps up the story, resolves conflict

Other Literary Elements (flashbacks, foreshadowing, irony,
symbolism, themes)

Narrative Writing Continued

Do Not Forget:

Create authentic characters with real feelings and
interesting things to say

Identify where and how the story begins

Center the story around an unusual conflict,
problem, or question

Order the events of the plot to keep the reader wanting
to know what will happen next

Include a resolution to the conflict, problem, or

Include a story ending that’s satisfying to the reader