Nothing but Nouns

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29 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Nothing but Nouns

By: Ms. Walsh

Nouns

A
noun

is a person, place, thing or idea.


A noun is often “clued” by the words “an” “a” and “the”

An

ape
on
the

bike

hit
a

bird
with
a

rock

at
the

end

of
the

long
road
.


We will learn about:


concrete nouns and abstract nouns.


common nouns and proper nouns


singular nouns and plural nouns.


collective nouns


possessive nouns

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Rockin’ Out with NOUNS!


Let’s see a mini introduction to NOUNS!


Remember some of the nouns you see…



Feel free to sing along!

A
noun

is a person, place, thing or idea…



Person

Place

Thing

Idea/Feeling

girl

Nashua

toy

love

Mr. Robbins

city

tree

happiness

nurse

back yard

arm

freedom

Sam

San Francisco

couch

honesty

boy

mountain

monster

commitment

man

Mount
Monadnock

Big Foot

kindness

president

Pennichuck

School

Apple

Computer

democracy

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

YOUR TURN….

Click
HERE
to play the Balloon Noun Game!

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Concrete and Abstract
Nouns

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Concrete vs. Abstract Nouns


A
concrete noun
is a noun that can be experienced
with your five senses. You can touch, smell, see,
hear or taste a concrete noun.






An
abstract noun
can not be experienced with
your five senses. An abstract noun exists, but you
cannot see it, taste it, smell it, touch it or hear it.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Concrete Nouns


A
concrete noun
can be experienced with
one or more of your five senses.


An orange is a concrete noun. You can see
an orange, taste one, smell one, touch one.


A whistle is a concrete noun. You can hear
it and see hit and touch it.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Abstract Nouns

Other abstract nouns
:
anger, peace, hate, pride,

sympathy, bravery, success, courage, beauty, fun, loyalty

pain, knowledge, trust, education, friendship, intelligence


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Abstract nouns
aren’t detected by your five senses.


Honesty

is an example of an abstract noun.


What
color

is honesty? You don't know because you cannot
see

it.


What
texture

is honesty? Who knows? You cannot
touch

it.


What
flavor

is honesty? No clue! You cannot
taste

it!


Does it make a
sound
? Of course not!


Does it
smell
? Not a bit! Honesty is an abstract noun!

YOUR TURN…Find the concrete and abstract
nouns…

The mother felt love for her baby and she had much happiness
when the child laughed while playing with the toy.


The soldier held his gun tightly as he walked into the city. He
felt hatred for his enemy but dreaded the thought of causing
pain. He hated war and wished he could go home.


Angie was sad that her friend Lily was moving to Florida. She
was filled with sorrow at the thought of losing her friendship.


She looked at her watch. Where had the time gone? She had
spent all night on the computer doing her homework!

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Common and Proper
Nouns

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Common Nouns vs. Proper Nouns


A
common noun

is an ordinary person,
place or thing. A common noun is
not

capitalized. (boy, city, house)



A
proper noun
is a specific person, place or
thing. A proper noun is capitalized. (Sam,
Nashua, The White House)




Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Common Noun and Proper Noun


holiday = common noun


Valentine’s Day = proper noun

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tower = common noun


Eiffel Tower = proper noun

Common Noun and Proper Noun

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009



doctor = a common noun


Dr. Ed Jones = a proper noun

Common Noun and Proper Noun

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Common and Proper Nouns


doctor



lady


building


city


shoe


college


girl


boy



Dr. Paine


Mrs. Jones


The Capital Building


Nashua, NH


Adidas


Rivier College


Mary


James


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Your Turn…

Click
HERE

to Play the Common and
Proper Noun Game…

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Singular and Plural Nouns

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Singular and Plural Nouns


Singular means ONE


ONE crazy
guy




Plural means MORE THAN ONE


TWO crazy
guys




There are rules to making

Singular nouns into plural nouns.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Singular or Plural?

1.
cats

2.
baby

3.
church

4.
tables

5.
books

6.
Bus

7.
man

8.
oranges

9.
dog

10.
bananas


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

If a noun ends with “s” “x” “
ch
” or “
sh
”,
add “ES” to make it plural:


s


buses


x


taxes


ch


benches


sh


dishes

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Add
ies

to make nouns plural that
end

with a
consonant and a y
:


lady


Ladies



fry


fries

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Some nouns that end in
f

or
fe

change to
ves

when made plural:


calf


calves




knife


knives

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Some nouns that end in
o

change to
es

when made plural. Some change to
s
:


kangaroo


kangaroos




potato


potatoes

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Some nouns do not change at all when
made plural:


sheep


sheep




deer


deer

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Some nouns change completely when
made plural:


man


men



goose


geese

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Some nouns don’t fit the rules…


Monkey changes to monkeys not monkies.

That’s just
the English
Language
for you!

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Noun type

Forming the plural

Example

Ends with
-
fe


Change f to v

then

Add
-
s

knife
-

knives

life
-

lives

wife

-

wives

Ends with
-
f

Change f to v

then

Add
-
es


half

-

halves

wolf

-

wolves

loaf

-

loaves

Ends with
-
o

Add
-
es


potato

-

potatoes

tomato

-

tomatoes

volcano

-

volcanoes

ends with
-
us

Change
-
us to
-
i


cactus
-

-
cacti

nucleus

-

nuclei


ALL KINDS

Change the vowel

or

Change the word

or

Add a different
ending

man
-

men

foot
-

feet

child

-

children

person

-

people

tooth
-

teeth

mouse
-

mice

Unchanging

Singular and plural

are the same

sheep

deer

fish

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Can you make these nouns plural?

1.
half

2.
foot

3.
piano

4.
spy

5.
brush


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Can you make these nouns plural?

1.
halves

2.
feet

3.
pianos

4.
spies

5.
brushes


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Can you make these nouns plural?

1.
mouse

2.
memo

3.
shelf

4.
leaf

5.
child


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Can you make these nouns plural?

1.
mice

2.
memos

3.
shelves

4.
leaves

5.
children


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Can you make these nouns plural?

1.
thief

2.
woman

3.
fish

4.
photo

5.
die


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Can you make these nouns plural?

1.
thieves

2.
women

3.
fish

4.
photos

5.
dice


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

You Try It!

Click
HERE
to fish for plural nouns!

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Collective Nouns…

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Collective Nouns…

When you collect something, you put
together a group of more than one.


Collective means a group.
Collective nouns
are “groups of something.”


Here are some collective nouns
:


herd

fleet

colony

tribe

pack

family

team

flock

group

army

mob

class


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Possessive Nouns…

I believe
that
belongs to
me…

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Possessive Nouns…

A
possessive noun

is a noun that shows
ownership. To “possess” means to own
or to have
.


I am Bob
and this is
my

towel.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Possessive Nouns…

To show ownership, an
apostrophe

is used.


Most people have a hard time putting the
apostrophe in the correct place!


The rule for the apostrophe depends on
whether the noun is singular or plural.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Possessive Singular Nouns

Use an apostrophe with
-
s for possessives of singular nouns.
SINGULAR MEANS ONE.

Use an apostrophe plus
-
s

to show the possessive form of a
singular noun, even if that singular noun already ends in
-
s
:


Frank’s crayon

my friend’s dad

Robert Frost’s poetry

today's weather report

the boss's problem

Star Jones's talk show

That boy’s shirt


I am
one

boy and
this is my
shirt.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Possessive Plural Nouns

Use an apostrophe without an
-
s for most possessives plural nouns.
PLURAL MEANS MORE THAN ONE.

To form the possessive of a plural noun that already ends in
-
s
, add an
apostrophe:


the girls' swing set
(the swing set belonging to the girls)

the students' projects
(the projects belonging to the students)

the Johnsons' house
(the house belonging to the Johnsons)


If the plural noun does not end in
-
s
, add an apostrophe plus
-
s
:


women's conference
(the conference belonging to the women)

the children's toys
(the toys belonging to the children)

the men's training camp
(the training camp belonging to the men)


Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Singular Possessive vs. Plural Possessive

Basically….

The project belonging to
one

student: (singular)


The student’s project


The apostrophe comes
before

the s.

The project belonging to
more than
one
student: (plural)


The students’ project


The apostrophe comes
after

the s.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Singular Possessive vs. Plural Possessive

Finally….







The shoes belonging to
one

woman:


WOMAN’S SHOES




The shoes belonging to
many

women:


WOMEN’S SHOES


The apostrophe comes
before

the s because the noun is a
collective group and has no s on the end. It would be
“ladies’ shoes if the base word was lady.:


Lady’s shoes (the shoes belonging to one lady)

Ladies’ shoes (the shoes belonging to more than one lady.

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Can you make this sentence
possessive?


Adam owns that
car.

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Answer
:


That is Adam
's

car.

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Which answer best fits in the
blank?

____________ bicycle is
broken.


A.

Seths'


B.

Sethes


C.

Seths


D.

Seth's

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Which answer best fits in the
blank?

____________ bicycle is
broken.


A.

Seths'


B.

Sethes


C.

Seths


D.

Seth's

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009

Which answer best fits in the blank?

The trash can will attract a lot of
____________ if you leave the lid
off.


A.

flys


B.

flies


C.

flie's


D.

fly's

Which answer best fits in the blank?

The trash can will attract a lot of
____________ if you leave the lid off.


A.

flys


B.

flies


C.

flie's


D.

fly's

Which answer best fits in the blank?

The ____________________ skin is
red.


A.

tomatoes


B.

tomato's


C.

tomatos'


D.

tomatos's

Which answer best fits in the blank?

The ____________________ skin is
red.


A.

tomatoes


B.

tomato's


C.

tomatos
'


D.

tomatos's

Which answer best fits in the blank?

Emily has two hamsters named Barry and
Steve. The ____________________ cage
looks like a tiny house.


A.

hamsters'


B.

hamsters


C.

hamster's


D.

hamsterers

Which answer best fits in the blank?

Emily has two hamsters named Barry and
Steve. The ____________________ cage
looks like a tiny house.


A.

hamsters'


B.

hamsters


C.

hamster's


D.

hamsterers

Which answer best fits in the blank?

Billy will carry his ____________
suitcase.


A.

sister's


B.

sisters


C.

sisteres


D.

sister'

Which answer best fits in the blank?

Billy will carry his ____________
suitcase.


A.

sister's


B.

sisters


C.

sisteres


D.

sister'

Which answer best fits in the blank?

I borrowed ___________


sweater.


A.

Jane's


B.

Janes


C.

Jane


D.

Janes'

Which answer best fits in the blank?

I borrowed _________


sweater.


A.

Jane's


B.

Janes


C.

Jane


D.

Janes'

I am Jane and

this is my
sweater.

You Try It!

Click
HERE

to take a possessive noun quiz!

Walsh Publishing Co. 2009