OUTLINE - Discuss the situation and update - What ... - Pacific Curls

forestsaintregisΠετρελαϊκά και Εξόρυξη

8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

107 εμφανίσεις

Oil and

Gas
Exploration

on the

East Coast



OUTLINE

-

IN OUR BACKYARD

-

HOW DID THIS HAPPEN?

-

WHO IS PETROBRAS?

-

WHAT ELSE IS HAPPENING IN THE WORLD

-

WHAT COULD HAPPEN

-

WHANGAPARAOA HUI

-

WHAT CAN WE DO

-

SUMMING UP





IN OUR TERRITORY




Brazillian company Petrobras
have been granted 12,330 sq
km and awarded a five
-
year
petroleum and gas exploration
permit by NZ government



The permit area starts at 4 km
off the east coast up to 110 km



There are 3 stages to this
permit



Stage One


Gathering 2D
seismic data



Stage Two


Gathering 3D
seismic data



Stage Three


If proven viable
Petrobras will drill an
exploratory well

HOW DID THIS HAPPEN?




Crown stole rights to petroleum, gold, silver,

uranium under the Crown Mineral Act 1991



These are now called ‘nationalised minerals’

Which mean the Crown can do with them what it wants



The Crown then provides permits to people


to explore or extract these minerals



2004 Foreshore and Seabed Act

gave the govt ownership of foreshore/seabed.

Over 40,000 protest in Wellington



Govt.
pro
-
development of petroleum resources

and
seeks to open more offshore mining in NZ



Canterbury, Wellington, Northland,
Taranaki
, East Coast.

‘Pacific Norway’



On 1 June 2010, NZ Govt awards the permit to Petrobras



14 June Foreshore and Seabed Act repealed



The repeal of the
FaSA

has no retrospective powers. It doesn’t affect the
Petrobras permit

WHO IS PETROBRAS





Petrobras is the fourth largest oil and gas company in the world



Financially backed by the
Brazillian

Govt., US Administration and other key financial

supporters (Billionaire George Soros)

over 3 billion $$$



Between 1975


2001
, over 76 million litres of oil has

been spilled by Petrobras



141 people
have been
killed



P
-
36
oil platform
, the world’s largest floating production

platform owned by Petrobras,
sank

in March 2001. Two

explosions on the platform
killed 11
employees, and

after several days it sank, leaking more than a million

gallon of oil.



According to the company’s own data, it was involved in 95

separate incidents between January 2000 and March 2001


This is the company that is drilling for oil and gas in our waters!



WHAT’S HAPPENING IN THE WORLD




Massive oil and gas spill from BP in Mexico. The spill is still continuing
-

the
capping has not completely stopped the oil and gas flow.
BP says 15,000 barrels a
day are now going up the riser cap. But reports say, that still leaves up to 25,000 to
100,000 barrels a day is spilling into the Gulf of Mexico.



Obama suspends offshore drilling in the USA until further notice as its too
dangerous
YET

the Obama administration and other financial supporters invests
over 3 billion
in Petrobras to do offshore drilling elsewhere in the world. They
financially backed Petrobras to tender for the Raukumara Basin license



It risks our clean green reputation
and,
if something does go wrong, the cost to
fisheries, coastline, birdlife and other ecology and economy could easily run into
tens and tens of billions of dollars and ruin
OUR
coast



Oil and gas drilling is highly dangerous and a high risk to our environment



Reports of BP experts say they are excited
(!)

by all that they are learning and
that
WHEN

(not if)
the next spill happens they will be able to respond and contain
it better



Oil and gas drilling is environmentally unsustainable
-

in the era of climate change
New Zealand should be investing in clean technologies.



Norway bans all offshore drilling within its territorial waters for environmental
reasons


WHAT COULD HAPPEN?




If petroleum and/or gas is found, Petrobras will drill an
exploratory well

(Stage three)


this
will be done in the term of five years. If the field proves commercially viable then they could
sink several wells.



At any of these three stages if it is not viable, Petrobras has the option to pull out of the
license.


Oil or gas will be pumped ashore through pipes built along the seafloor to an onshore
refinery
or

into a tanker on the sea that partially refines oil, tankers sail directly to their
market.



Petrobras is also targeting natural gas (methane hydrate) and is looking for ‘finds’ in the
Pacific region
.
Methane is one of the three most potent gases that some scientists say are
causing the Earth to warm up at an accelerated and unnatural rate.



The Drilling Process
: The drill goes through the ocean floor


all that sediment, dust and
‘waste’ is pumped out through another pipeline and back into the sea.
If you can imagine
cement dust mixed with water that is what this waste would look like. This would choke
and eventually kill a lot of our
kaimoana
.



In the last 30 years
there have been

108 earthquakes above the 5 magnitude scale
in the
Raukumara Basin



Since 1989
there have been

six earthquakes above the 6 magnitude scale
in the
Raukumara

Basin



A magnitude 5 earthquake releases as much energy as the Hiroshima atomic bomb


the
equivalent of 15 kilotons of TNT. A magnitude 6 is equivalent to 30 Hiroshima bombs.



WHAT ELSE COULD HAPPEN

WHAT ELSE COULD HAPPEN

WHAT CAN WE DO?





Information

is



Empowerment

What we can do




Facebook group page:
stop the drilling on our east coast
http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=130406690316831&v=i
nfo




or
Goto:

www.facebook.com/stopthedrilling

then facebook
search ‘stop the drilling on our east coast’



currently after being online for 10 days and have 1900 members




Kaupapa:

-

Join up and tell as many people as we can what is


happening here with factual information



-

Research factual information

-

Get as much support and numbers as possible

-

this is an issue for all of Aotearoa and a global issue

-

GET READY! We want tens of thousands of
people (millions!)




KIA KAHA



-

Long campaign

-

billions of dollars are involved

-

fourth largest oil and gas company

-

opposing a govt that wants to open mining in NZ

-

Advocate for alternative cleaner fuels






Other things we can do




Further setting up Information networks



-

website



-

researching information , connecting with


‘experts’, other organisations and



-

letters to ministers, petition, letters to


press, notices in school panui, clinic panui


etc



-

creating watchdog group


info online,


press, news, councils and resource consents


Creative ideas


-


music


-

Other environmental protection actions??


-

Other events


see facebook



To sum up…




Tell whanau, hapu, iwi, friends etc
about what’s happening, write letters,
sign petitions.. etc



Ask people to join the facebook group
so that we can keep everyone up to
date



Read and research what’s going on



Get as much support as possible



Get ready

Environmental
Protection




We are about wanting to protect our
environment, protecting our taonga,
our precious resources


We are wanting to do


what is right


We want to leave a healthy
environment and a home
to come back to



a legacy for generations to
come












Mana Atua

Mana Moana

Mana Whenua

Mana Tangata