ISI Contribution in the DIFIS Project (WP2,WP3,WP4)

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Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

ISI Contribution in the DIFIS Project

(WP2,WP3,WP4)

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

WP2 Definition of operational

conditions


1.
Accidents Causes & Condition

2.
Spill Properties

3.
Location

4.
Environmental Conditions

5.
Consequences
-
Potential Impact



Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Accident Causes and Conditions

1.
Leaks

2.
Cargo Shift &
Capsizing

3.
Grounding

4.
Fire

5.
Steering

1.
Condition of Oil Tanks

2.
Hull Condition

3.
Amount of Oil to be
Extracted

4.
Age of Vessel and
Shipwreck


M/V Accidents Classification

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Spill Properties


Oil type

(crude, diesel, kerosene, heating oil)


Oil properties at wreck temperature

(rheological properties, density)


Leaking rate


Amount of oil spilt

Crude Oil
0.88
Diesel
0.84
Kerosene
0.79
Heating
Oil 0.81
0.74
0.76
0.78
0.8
0.82
0.84
0.86
0.88
0.9
1
Density (Kg/l)
Oil Density at 285 K

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Location


Risk Analysis of
European Waters


Mediterranean

Baltic

Atlantic Coast

1.
Identification of
main searoutes

in the aforementioned sites

2.
Identification of
accident locations

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

M/V Accidents of Interest

Disasters with major environmental impact happen almost
every 2
-
3 years


AMOCO
-
GADIZ 1978


TANIO 1980


AEGEAN SEA 1992


ERICA 1999


PRESTIGE 2002

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Location II: The Baltic Sea Example

Ship Accidents Causing Oil Pollution (71)

Ship Accidents Population (251)

Tanker Ship Accidents (30)

Classification Dates : 1989
-
1999

Location :The Baltic Sea

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Environmental Conditions

1.
Depth

2.
Sea
-
Bottom Profile

Shipwreck Related Parameters

Seawater & Climate Related Parameters

1.
Water Currents

2.
Water Temperature

3.
Water Salinity

4.
Surface waves

5.
Wind


Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Consequences
-
Potential Impact


Economical Consequences


Environmental Consequences

Low recuperation cost

Profit from recuperated oil sale

Lower ecosystem cleaning cost

Prevention of damage in the tourism,
fishing and other industries.

Pollutants Reduction

Higher Survivability Probability of
Ecosystems after an accident

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Performance Requirements


Maximum Functioning Depth


Maximum life of the equipment


Maximum Allowable cost


……


MAXIMUMS

MINIMUMS


Minimum rate of oil recuperation


……….



Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Organizational Interactions With Other WPs

VALIDATION
OPERATIONAL
REQUIREMENTS
TECHNOLOGY
STATE OF THE ART
FUNCTIONAL
SPECIFICATION
EARLY
DESIGN
DEPLOYMENT
&
OPERATIONAL
PROCEDURE
DETAILED
DESIGN
PLANNING
&
COST
SCALED MODEL
TEST
STRUCTURAL
VERIFICATION
DEPLOYMENT
SIMULATION
PROJECT
MANAGEMENT
WP
2
WP
3
WP
4
WP
5
WP
6
WP
7
WP
8
WP
9
WP
1
EXPLOITATION
&
DISSEMINATION
WP
10

No input for other work packages


Data Provided for WP4 (Functional
Specifications)

Partners Involved:


MARIN


IFR


CYX


ISI

Deliverables
-
Milestones
-
Deadlines

D.2.1.
Report on the operational requirements

M.0. Requirements and State of the Art


WP Termination:
T
0
+3 months

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

WP3 Technology state of the art

1.
Fluid Pollutant removal operations

2.
Deep Sea Interventions

3.
Deep Sea exploration/monitoring

STATE OF THE ART TARGET AREAS

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DIFIS PROJECT


Submerged Structure


Fluid Flow from seabed to surface


Double

Inverted

Funnel

for

the

Intervention

on

Ship

wrecks

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Fluid Pollutant removal operations

Analysis of Past
Intervention Methods

Method Effectiveness and ranking Parameters


Fiscal Cost


Amount of oil recuperated


Time required


Environment Consequences due to intervention


Contact with the marine
accidents intervention industry


Bibliographic Search


Contact with Authorities
Responsible for intervention

Accident Identification

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Fluid Pollutant removal operations II

PRESTIGE


77000 tn of heavy fuel oil


60000
tn remained on the wreck


125 tn/day are leaked


Shipwreck depth 3.5 Km


Cost Offer from
Smit International
for
pumping:50M



Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

PRESTIGE CASE STUDY

ACTION PLAN PROPOSED BY REPSOL
-
YPF

Oil Flow Rates

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005




Deep Sea Interventions &
Exploration


Similar operations analysis





Offshore drilling


Seabed fresh water tapping

Identification of Technologies
Used for Such Operations

Challenges:


Mechanical and hydrodynamic
Loads


Floating & Submerged Structures


Monitoring Systems




Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Deep Sea Interventions

& Exploration II


Existing Standards Identification (for submerged structures)


Structural Integrity Requirements


Anchoring Requirements


Weather Survivability Requirements


Personnel Safety Requirements


Standards for Good Environmental Practice

SOURCES

IMO

Port Authorities

Bibliographic
Databases

Maritime Organisations

Research Institutes

Industry


Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

State of the Art

Common Practices to be Identified&
Exploited


Deep sea bottom monitoring and imaging


Identification of shipwreck points of interest


Shipwreck condition assessment


Use of ROVs


Pumping practices from the depth of
30~50m


Monitoring of Environmental and
climatological conditions


Sea Bottom Imaging
(PRESTIGE Wreck
Site)

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

WP Organisation

Fluid Pollutant
Removal Ranking

Common Practices
for Deep Sea
Intervention

Existing Standards

Current Technology Level

Performance Requirements lower
limits levels for the DIFIS project

Available Knowledge

Knowledge to be developed

Safety and Operational
Minimums

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Organizational Interactions

With Other WPs

VALIDATION
OPERATIONAL
REQUIREMENTS
TECHNOLOGY
STATE OF THE ART
FUNCTIONAL
SPECIFICATION
EARLY
DESIGN
DEPLOYMENT
&
OPERATIONAL
PROCEDURE
DETAILED
DESIGN
PLANNING
&
COST
SCALED MODEL
TEST
STRUCTURAL
VERIFICATION
DEPLOYMENT
SIMULATION
PROJECT
MANAGEMENT
WP
2
WP
3
WP
4
WP
5
WP
6
WP
7
WP
8
WP
9
WP
1
EXPLOITATION
&
DISSEMINATION
WP
10

No input for other work packages


Data Provided for WP4 (Functional
Specifications)

Partners Involved:


MARIN


IFR


ISI

Deliverables
-
Milestones
-
Deadlines

D.3.1. Report on technology state of the art.


M.0.
Requirements

and State of the Art


WP Termination:
T
0
+3 months

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

WP4 :Functional

Specification

OBJECTIVES


Derive and codify the requirements specification



Translate the requirements specification in functional
specifications of DIFIS



Define the acceptance criteria and testing procedures


Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Performance Requirements

Accident Data

Environmental Conditions

Sea Bed Conditions

Economical and Social
Consequences/Impact

Maximum and minimum
limits identified

Current Technology Level

Performance Requirements lower
limit levels for the DIFIS project

Available Knowledge

Knowledge to be developed

Requirements Specifications

Requirements
Specifications

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Rate and full amount of fluid
pollutant to be recuperated

Sea bed Conditions and
environmental Challenges

Safety Standards Applying

Lifetime of the equipment

Allowable Costs for
Construction and Operation

Maximum Operation Death

Equipment Life Time

Equipment Materials

Equipment Features and
Components

Available Technology

Weather, Sea bed
Conditions, Sea current
conditions, Temperature

Specifications

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Additional Specifications


Deployment


Manufacturability

Subcontractor: JRC

Final Set of
Specifications

DATA OBTAINED BY EARLY DESIGN
CONCEPTS AND TESTING

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Testing


Condition combinations of current, swell
and local waves for dynamic and static
testing,



Orientation of Deployment Vessel


Pretension Levels of mooring wires

Testing Procedures Outline Details

Operational Testing
during Deployment

Operational Testing


Operational and Survival Conditions Definition


Buffer Bell Loading Levels

Testing of Buffer
Bell Unloading

Conditions are well defined in the
proposal


Operational Conditions


Unloading Ship at ballast buffer bell full


Unloading Ship full buffer bell

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

WP4 Overview Of Information Exchange

WP2

WP3

WP4

EXTERNAL
CONSULTANCY

The overlap with WP5 will
permit iterations with the
partners


Specification &
functionality
definitions


Testing
Procedure
Outline

WP5

WP6

Wageningen, Netherlands

29/11/2005

Organizational Interactions

With Other WPs


Input from WP2, WP3, WP5, WP6


Data Provided for WP5 & WP6

Partners Involved:


MARIN


IFR


CYX


ISI

Deliverables
-
Milestones
-
Deadlines

D.4.1. Report on the functional specifications

D.4.2. Report on acceptance criteria and the testing
procedures


M.1. Finalized set of functionalities, acceptance criteria

and testing procedures


WP Commencement: T
0
+4

WP Termination : T
0
+8

VALIDATION
OPERATIONAL
REQUIREMENTS
TECHNOLOGY
STATE OF THE ART
FUNCTIONAL
SPECIFICATION
EARLY
DESIGN
DEPLOYMENT
&
OPERATIONAL
PROCEDURE
DETAILED
DESIGN
PLANNING
&
COST
SCALED MODEL
TEST
STRUCTURAL
VERIFICATION
DEPLOYMENT
SIMULATION
PROJECT
MANAGEMENT
WP
2
WP
3
WP
4
WP
5
WP
6
WP
7
WP
8
WP
9
WP
1
EXPLOITATION
&
DISSEMINATION
WP
10