How to fix energy in the

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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How to fix energy in the
US:

A sensible approach

Steve Kirsch


Executive Summary


Wind has everything going for it


Enough wind in 4 states to power the country


All new power should be renewable/clean: wind, solar,
geothermal


Need national electrical grid and H pipelines to optimize (can
use existing grid and pipelines today)


Today’s ICE’s can run on H or gas or mixture. Car
manufacturers can start building H capable cars now (dual
power)


Putting in H infrastructure now makes transition to fuel cells
even easier


Need to fund intriguing new wind technologies: sea/sky


We will have to do this sooner or later. What are we waiting
for?

Agenda


Why existing approaches don’t work


A responsible process


A vision and strategy

Existing approaches


Carter: Couldn’t get a good plan because no
crisis


Clinton: No plan


Bush: Has crisis, but plan is totally tactical,
ignores all progress made in the past 30
years. Lousy process, secretive committee
membership, political decision making within
the committee.

How bad is the Bush
plan?


Ignores all progress since 1969 in alternative
fuels


It’s dumb. A good plan is to do the opposite.


Whitman: “NRDC plan is virtually same as the
Bush plan. We agree on almost every count.”
[interview on CNN Late Edition w/Wolf Blitzer]


NRDC: “Bullshit. We differ on every single
point. And you completely ignored our efforts
to provide any input.”

Bush v. NRDC

Policy

Bush plan

NRDC
plan

Subsidize coal industry



supports


opposes


Drill in Arctic National
Wildlife Refuge




supports


opposes


Drill in other sensitive
areas


study/supports


opposes


Reduce royalties for
offshore drilling


study/supports


opposes


Interfere with Clean Air
Act enforcement


study/supports


opposes


Bush v. NRDC

Policy

Bush plan

NRDC
plan

Improve energy
efficiency of buildings


missing


supports


Improve appliance
efficiency standards


oppose/study


supports


Improve vehicle fuel
efficiency


study

supports


Subsidize nuclear power
industry


supports


opposes


Reprocess nuclear fuel


study/supports


opposes


Cap CO
2

emissions

opposes


supports


Bush v. NRDC

Policy

Bush plan

NRDC
plan

Funding for energy
efficiency R&D


cuts


increases


Funding for renewable
energy R&D


cuts


increases


Ties renewables funding
to Arctic drilling


supports


opposes


Public benefits fund for
efficiency


missing


supports


Standards for distributed
generation


missing


supports


Renewable energy
portfolio standard


missing


supports


A responsible approach


Democratic plan isn’t much better: we can’t
continue to think short term.


We must have a VISION. Without this, it is
impossible to develop consistent strategies
and tactics.


Next, we must adopt a strategy which we
believe will achieve the vision.


It must be a bi
-
partisan plan, endorsed by
energy experts (without ties to any special
interests) adopted for the good of the
American people.

A responsible process


Appoint a non
-
partisan, small committee of experts
in energy


Task them with:

-

Defining the long
-
term vision of energy in the US

-

A strategy to achieve that vision

-

Recommendations for steps we should adopt now


Make their conclusions publicly available for
challenge


The committee will weigh credible input and either
modify their recommendations or explain why the
input was rejected


Adopt their recommendations into law


How I can help


Ask 5 university presidents to name 3 of the best people in
energy


Take the list of 15 people and ask 30 non
-
political respected
organizations of all types to vote for the 5 they feel are most
qualified or write
-
in their own suggestion(s)


Appoint a panel of the 5 experts with the largest number of
votes


The 30 organizations, and the public, can provide input to be
considered by the panel


Ask each the 30 organizations to support the final result and
to ask 2 organizations each to endorse the results


Result: An energy policy that is created for the best interests
of the American public endorsed by 90 of the most prominent
groups in America

A possible outcome

Vision


Our country is 100% powered from energy
sources that are:

-
Clean/safe for people and environment

-
Renewable/available

-
Inexpensive

-
Reliable

-
Eliminate dependence on foreign energy
sources


Export the technology to other countries to
reduce the threat of global warming

Strategy


Efficiency: this is the most cost
-
effective way to
“create” new power


Wind: Most new power is wind energy, esp in ND,
SD, Texas corridor. Options: land, sea, sky
-
based.


Hydrogen: Excess wind power beyond that that can
be immediately used by the grid (e.g., at night) is
converted to Hydrogen (H).


This hydrogen can be used to fuel cars and trucks,
and stored to generate electricity from fuel cells in
times of insufficient wind capacity.


Build a cross
-
country network for:

-
electrical transmission

-
Hydrogen transmission

Tactics


Phase in H over 5 years.


Auto manufacturers required to produce 100%
hydrogen vehicles within 5 years, at first with
standard internal combustion engines, and later with
fuel cells.


Align phase in with availability of H from wind power
and H transmission lines.


Fund development of new wind technologies (sea,
sky)


Subsidize solar shingles on new homes so slightly
less than the cost of standard shingles

Result


We accelerate the switch to the most abundant,
inexpensive, renewable, reliable, and clean energy
source on the planet


We eliminate dependence on foreign oil


We virtually eliminate the threat of global warming


We stop polluting the environment; California for the
first time in 30 years, finally has a path to
compliance with federal and state clean air
guidelines


We sacrifice virtually nothing to get there now since
the long
-
term investment will have to be made
sooner or later. It’s cheaper for everyone if we make
it sooner.