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2 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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4-H ROBOTICS
"Robotic Thoughts & Demonstration"
Mike Bellino
mike_bellino@yahoo.com
603.938.5129
www.mikebellino.com

Where to Start
4-H Robotics
Who signs up?

How old?

5-6? 8-10? 12-15?
How Many?

2-5 Optimal range per leader

Example Curriculum
Event #1) FIRST Robotics competition - March 1, 2, 3
Website: http://www.baesystemsfirst.org/regional/when.htm
When: February 28 – March 1, 2013 Doors open to the public at 8AM Friday and Saturday
Where: Verizon Wireless Arena, 555 Elm Street, Manchester, NH
Event #2) Class - Intro to Robotics... a general overview of what robotics, robots and the sub-systems
that make them work.
Event #3) Class - Mechanical sub-system... learn about mechanical considerations of robots (gears,
balance, strength, etc) Goal will be to build a gravity car (using Mindstorm legos) that can take an egg
safely down a ramp.
Event #4) Class - Electrical sub-system... understand basic electronics and be introduced to computer
control of robots
Event #5) Class - Programming.... build a robot with the Mindstorm electronics and program to follow a
track, and turn around when it hits a barrier. (This class will held a two or three groups from 9AM to
Noon for smaller teams and greater individual participation.)

Meeting Topics
1) Safety

Hazards and how to avoid them

First aid for injuries in activities, competitions (eye injuries, cuts, burns (chemical & heat)
2) Robotics Industry

Kinds of robots and how they are used

Similarities and differences between remote-control, telerobots, autonomous

Methods of moving (wheels, tracks, fins, etc)
3) General Knowledge

Discuss 3-of-5 major fields (sub-systems) of robotics (human interface, mobility, manipulation,
programming, sensors). Find pictures or videos to aid discussion.
4) Design, build, test

Chose and task, include sensor and programming

Design robot (2-degrees of freedom), record in notebook

Build robot to complete task

Program -or- create program flowchart
5) Test robot, evaluate and suggest improvements

Demonstrate Robot & share notebook w/ Instructor
6 ) Attend robotics competition -or - learn about 3 youth robotics competitions (type of competition, time, #
teams, ages)
7) Career: name 3 careers in robotics.

Pick one and describe education, training, experience and explain why this one interests you.

Robotics.... Why?
Dangerous, Dirty, Dull, Difficult!!!
How did they get their name?

Named by Czech Playwright Karel Capek,
‘Robota’ which means ‘forced labor’.

Issac Asimov made them ‘smart’ in “I, Robot”

Mechanical & Motion (Body)
Wheels
Tracks
Feet

Software (Mind)
Artificial Intelligence

LISP, Deep Blue (1997)

Turing Test (Eliza)

www.20q.net (self-learning)
Common Sense (logic), knowledge, learning,
motion, manipulation, perception, etc..

Major Robot Classes
Industrial
Exploration
Personal

Major Sub-systems

Interface (for operator)

Mobility/locomotion (motors, servos, linear
actuators, rotary actuators, balancing)

manipulation (eg. hands)

Programming / Control

sensing/perception (GPS, environment,
radar, IR, touch)

Mechanical Sub-System

Size

Weight

Height

Strength of material

Attachment of material

Stability: Center of mass

Ramp Test
Gedankenexperiment:
Ramp Test:

Lego parts

ramp

egg (boiled)
Create a robot on
paper.
Show:

purpose

power

propulsion

sensors

manipulation