Zhejiang Pinghu municipal solid waste incineration Project,

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Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

1
-

Project Idea Note







Zhejiang
Pinghu

m
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

Project,
China














T
his PIN file was developed by

The institute for thermal power engineering of Zhejiang
University

H
angzhou/China

T
he project was sponsored by


DELIXI
G
r
oup
C
o.

L
td

Dec

2
6, 200
5

Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

2
-

PROJECT IDEA NOTE


Name of Project:

Zhejiang Pinghu m
unicipal solid waste incineration
project,
China


Date submitted:

Dec 25
,
200
5


A.

Project description, type, location and schedule


General description

Project objec
tive

The proposed project includes building a MSW direct incineration
plant with heat recovery facilities to generate electrical power.
About 600
toners

per day (TPD) of MSW will be incinerated to
generate 18MW (gross)
electricity
.


Project description an
d proposed
activities


I
t is a normally underdeveloped city with
approximant

500,000
residents.
A
bout 500 tons waste is generated each day in the city
and the figure is
increasing

about 8~10% year by year. Till now
there is only one simple landfill plant w
hich located in Dingyun
village. If the CDM project has not been adopted, in order to
dispose the waste generated and will generate, a scale more than
600t/d landfill plant should be build with the capacity about
4,000,000m3 of 20 years lifetime. Based on
current government
regular requirement and local economic conditions, no
sanitary

facilities would be installed such as gas and leakage collection and
recovery system, and it is also
difficulty

to keep the isolate from
surrounding

soil and
groundwater
. Fro
m a
techniques

view, this
kind of landfill belongs to dumping disposal which currently is BAU
in China.


The proposed CDM project includes setting up of a Municipal
Solid Waste
processing

plant by direct incineration techniques with
heat recovery facilitie
s to generate electrical power. About 600
toners

per day (TPD) of MSW will be incinerated to generate 18MW
(gross)
electricity
. All the waste
s are intending to

be simple dumped
under business as usual way. Greenhouse gas
reduction

results
from:

1.

Displacemen
t of simple
dumping

treatment avoiding
methane release during anaerobic organic waste
decomposition.

2.

Displacement of fossil fuel consumption from power
generation through heat recovery system.

T
he scheme of the project is describe in figure below:



Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

3
-

The M
SW would be collected by road sweepers and transport to
the plant by sanitation airtight vehicles. After simple assort
treatment (pick out non
-
organic
materials

such as metal, glass, and
bricks, etc,) , the simple
-
treated waste would be
directly

throw into

two incinerators (another one for failure stand
-
by ) by belt
conveyors
, and all carbon element would be converted into CO2,
and the heat energy would be recovery for
electrical generate

(18MW)

by stream turbulent

after self
-
consuming (
about 20%
electricit
y to operate the incineration machines
including

air fan and
pumps), redundant electrical would be send into local regional grid.
Combustion
residues

including fly ash and slag would be solidified
by
cement.

The plant shall be operating for 23 hours a day
for
about 300 days in a year and thus process total 219000 tones of
waste

and 124.2 Million Units of electricity annual.


Technology to be employed

In this project, the Circulating
-
Fluidized
-
Bed incineration technique
will be
employed
.


Project proponent

submitting the PIN

Name


The
institute

for thermal power engineering of Zhejiang
University

Organizational category

Non Governmental Organization


Other function(s) of the project
developer in the project

Technical advisor

Summary of relevant experien
ce


The institute is developing waste thermal treatment techniques to
reduce GHG over years, and has helped
government

to build more
than
10
MSW incineration power plants
around

China which do a
great
favor

to Chinese GHG reduction task.


Address

38 Zheda

Road
,
Hangzhou, 310027
,
P.R China


Contact person

Prof. Yan jian hua


Telephone / fax


(86)571
-
87952443
-
8211

E
-
mail and web address


yanjh@cmee.zju.edu.cn

www.ceee
.zju.edu.cn


Project sponsor(s) financing the project

(List and provide the following information for all project sponsors)

Name


Zhejiang
DELIXI Group Co., Ltd


Organizational category

Private company


Address
(include web address)


L
iuqing
R
oad N
o
.
1
D
elixi
M
ansion
, L
iushi
W
enzhou
, Zhejiang
Province, China

http://www.delixi.com/

Main activities

Manager project


Summary of the financials

(total assets, revenues, profit,
etc.)


DELIXI Group Co., Ltd., established in 1984 and headquartered in
Zhejiang

w
enzhou, is one of the two largest private enterprises in
China
.

Now DELIXI has about 10,000 employees, and Its revenue
in 2001 was about $ 790 million. Through years of development
Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

4
-

DELIXI has expanded its business into more than 40 countries
.


Type of p
roject

Greenhouse gases targeted

CO
2

/ CH
4



Type of activities

Abatement


Field of activities

(Select code(s) of project
category(ies) from the list)


d. Waste management/utilization of waste


Location of the project

Region

East Asia


Country

China


City, Country

PingHu c
ity
, Zhejiang province, China


Brief description of the plant or
facility site


The plan
t

is located in the west side of the BinHai No.2 road of
QuanTang town in PingHu Dushan
Harbor

District

Expected schedule

Earliest project s
tart date

(Year in which the project will be
operational)

10
/
01
/
200
6


Estimate of time required before
becoming operational after
approval of the PIN

Time required for financial commitments:

6

months

Time required for legal matters:

2

months

Ti
me required for negotiations:

2

mo n t h s

T i me r e q u i r e d f o r e s t a b l i s h me n t:

20

months

Expected first year of CER / ERU
/ RMU / VER delivery

200
8


Project lifetime
(Number of years)

20 years

Current status or phase of the
project

feasibilit
y study finished

Current status of the acceptance
of the Host Country

Letter of Endorsement is under discussion


The position of the Host Country
with regard to the Kyoto Protocol

(mention what is applicable)

d.

signed and has demonstrated a clear inte
rest in becoming a party
in due time (e.g., countries which have already started or are on the
verge of starting the national ratification, acceptance or approval
process);


Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


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5
-

B.

Expected environmental and social benefits


Estimate of carbon sequestered
o
r conserved (in metric tonnes of
CO
2
equivalent or tCO
2
e)

The below methodology for the calculation of baseline emissions and
project emissions is based on the

IPCC guidelines for
waste

treatment,
and on the approved baseline

methodology AM00
10

"Landfill g
as
capture and electricity generation projects where landfill gas capture
is not mandated by law"
, and
on Executive board

methodology ID
"Indicative simplified baseline and monitoring methodologies for
selected small
-
scale

CDM project activity categories"
for the use of
electricity bought from the grid.

The calculation of emissions is divided into direct emissions (
for
converting fossil
-
origin carbon from CH4
emission

to CO2
emission)
and indirect

emissions (for energy production).


Overall proposed inciner
ation technique description

T
he project proposed here is to replace simple landfill plant by
incineration techniques.
T
he advantages of incineration very
obviously:



S
aving land resource, comparing with landfill, a lot of land
resource would be saved which
is very importing for developed
region.



Right now treatment method, the waste will be treated about 2 or
3 days after rejecting, this character is very usefully for large
cities or
metropolitans
.



Avoid leakage, the waste water leakage of landfill is unavoi
dable
for simple constructed landfill in China which cause severe
underwater and soil contamination.



Avoid methane emission and odour gas dispersal, the methane
contributes great to world climate worming, and odour gas will
great effect
neighborhoods
.



Ener
gy recovery, through incineration, the heat energy could be
recovered

to generate electrical power which would substitute
fossil fuel consumption of the local grid.


Emissions from landfill

I
f the
incineration

CDM project would not be approved and
without

any extra
financially

support, a BAU landfill plant will be constructed
based on current technique level to deal with the MSW generate daily
by
municipal

government
.
As there are no
practical gas capture and
recovery

facilities of the landfills constructed

in the past decades
around China, the GHG would emit to
atmosphere

totally during the
anaerobic and aerobic bio
degrading

procedure of the carbon origin
material including methane (CH4), carbon dioxide (CO2), and
hydrogen sulphide (H2S) and nitrogen compon
ents (N
2
, NH
4
, N
2
O)
while the emissions of methane and carbon dioxide are
absolutely

dominant compared to other gases. As the CO2 emissions are biomass
original could be set to zero.

S
o for landfill constructed normally in China, only CH4 emissions are
con
cerned.


Emissions from incineration

I
f the CDM project would be approved, a MSW incineration plant
would be constructed. The combustion of the waste would release
Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

6
-

carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen dioxide, and a small quantity of
other gases which will

not be concerned in this methodology. In
emissions, methane is likely to be
insignificant

because of the
combustion conditions in incinerators such as high temperatures and
long resident times.
A
nd the
emissions

of CO2 are much greater than
N
2
O.


Accordi
ng to

the
IPCC Guidelines
, only CO
2

emissions resulting from
the incineration of carbon in waste of

fossil origin (e.g. plastics,
certain textiles, rubber, liquid solvents, and waste oil) should be
included in emissions

estimates. The carbon fraction that
is derived
from biomass materials (e.g. paper, food waste, and wooden

material)
is not included.

So for incineration plants, emissions of CO2 and N2O are concerned.


CO2

emissions from electricity production

F
or landfill plant the electricity consumption i
s relatively
insignificant. While the w
aste

incineration plants use electricity for
several purposes, especially for the

waste pre
-
treat machines,
air

fan
s
,
dust
-
filters, and etc.

When this

electricity consumption is bought from
the grid it can have course
d CO2 emissions from grid
-
connected

power plants which burning fossil fuel.

I
n this project, through incineration, the energy in the waste
can be
used for energy purposes, e.g. electricity and heat production by use

of a gas engine. This energy production
can by part of the project, and
in such case the CO2 savings due

to the amount of electricity that is
produced shall be claimed.

The electricity consumption at the

plant is
assumed to be proportional to the amount

of
generate
.

And the
redundant
electricity

can be sent into the grid.
Therefore the electricity
consumption in the baseline will be dynamic and based on

annual
waste treatment
amount and
electricity

generated
.


Total GHG emission reducing

The total GHG emissions between the baseline and the propos
ed
project could be expressed as followings:

Baseline Emissions =

CH4 emissions

Project
Emissions =

CO2 emissions due to combustion

+ N2O emissions due to combustion

+ CO2 emissions due to electrical change

In
which:

CO2 emissions due to electrical consump
tion=

(Electrical
consum
ed
-

Electrical produced)
×
CO2 emission rate.



What is important is the GHG emissions reduction due to CDM
project”
.


The Emissions saved

= Baseline Emissions


Project Emissions;


The
following
description

gives
detail calculatio
n
for the emissions
saving

Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

7
-

The following estimating figures indicate the total GHG reduced on a
scenario. The actual emissions reductions will probably be much
higher because leakage always happens for landfill, but this fact
should be ratified with field

tests carried out at site
.
T
he crediting
period of the project runs from 200
8

to
2028
.




Per year (average until 202
8
):
161873.85

ton CO2
eq
/year




Accumulated in lifespan(
2
0 years):
3237477
.00

ton CO2
eq




Accumulated in 10 years:
1618738.5
0

ton CO2
eq




Accumu
lated until year 202
8
:
3237477
.00

ton CO2
eq




Baseline scenario

(What would the future look like
without the proposed project?

What would the estimated total
carbon sequestration /
conservation be without the
proposed project?)


The baseline
of this proj
ect is
a
supposed 600t/d
landfill

plant and
local
chemical

factory’s

requirement

for heat and electric.
T
he
supposed landfill plant is normal constructed with gas chimney
installed burning the CH4 for safe reason
.



Which emissions is the proposed CDM proj
ect displacing?



In the
MSW direct incineration p
roject
proposed
at

Pinghu
city
,
all the
waste will be burned directly by CFB facilities which generate
requirement for local factories at the same time. So all the carbon
original
in the waste will be
conve
rted

into CO2 which come from
biomass, the project also avoid the fossil fuel
consumption

for electric
and overheated stream generating.
T
he estimated reduced GHG is
about
253,434.9 ton CO2
eq

each year
.

Clearly the emissions are
greatly
reduced, if the CDM

project

would
be
implemented
, because
CO2 emissions from the
waste combustion
result from biomass and can therefore be set zero.


What would the future look like without the proposed project?


If the CDM project is not implemented,

The local government wo
uld
build

a 600t/d landfill
plant which will
consume

200000
m
2

land
resource and release
117096.672
ton
equivalent
CO2

per year.
A
nd as
the simple treatment facilities, the under water will unavoidable be
polluted due to leakage.
A
nd also there will be odou
r smell all around
the disposal site.


Describe the project barriers (finance, market, institutional, legal,
and technological).What are the solutions to these problems?


Investment


the
MSW direct incineration project incineration
project
inherent capita
l costs with a proven technology and know
-
how are
substantial. The selling of CERs could guarantee and provide the

necessary financial support needed for GHG

emissions released by

the
supposed

landfill

and fossil fuel combustion.

Technological


there are
no suppliers of equipment/technology and
know
-
how of

these features in
Pinghu
. LFG recovery and utilization
technology has not been applied

to dumpsites/landfills in medium size
Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

8
-

cities in
Pinghu.

Not common practice


common practice in
China for solid was
te
treatment is land filling which emitting a lot of
CH4
, the methane
recovery techniques in China is
very inefficient
.


Which politics, strategies, laws etc. affects the project activities?


There is no
legislation

in China for landfill gas emission contr
ol. Most
l
andfill

plant in China
burn

the
gas

only

for safety

purposes.
Nevertheless, this is not a common practice;
The e
fficient

flaring of
landfill gas, active collection/extraction and generation of electricity

or
thermal

energy are not common practice
.
A
nd
It is unlikely that
legislation can be expected in the coming

decade to enforce efficient
LFG flaring.


Gl o b a l b e n e f i t s


L
a n d f i l l g a s

h a s t wo p r i ma r y c o n s t i t u e n t s ’ me t h a n e ( CH4 ) a n d c a r b o n
d i o x i d e ( CO2 ) wh i c h a r e

GHG; h o we v e r, me t h a n e i s a g a s wi t
h a
Gl o b a l Wa r mi n g P o t e n t i a l ( GWP ) o f
2
3

t i me s

h i g h e r t h a n c a r b o n
d i o x i d e. T h e p r o p o s e d p r o j e c t a c t i v i t y

wi l l t o t a l
r e d u c e
t h e
GHG

emissions by transforming CH4 into CO2, thus lowering the GWP of
the landfill business

as usual operations.



L o c a l b e n e f i
ts


Local Benefits:



Technical



Recovery
of solid waste



Self
-
Generation of Energy


Long
-
Term Supply



Environmental



Improvement of air quality on site and surroundings



Control of Emissions GHG and
leakage



Energy Source



Renewable and sustainable source of ener
gy



Low
-
cost source and long term supply



Self
-
sufficiency



Community



Responsible planning and utilization of resources



Generation of short, medium and long term employment

especially

for
female

employees



Long
-
term sustainability of final disposition of munic
ipal
solid waste



Safe site for final disposition


Control of emissions, odors and local pollutants:
The project avoids
the emissions

that contribute to local air pollution that may reasonably
be anticipated to endanger

public health or welfare. It is known

that
some Non
-
methane Organic Compounds

(NMOC)


from Landfill
Gas


is or suspected carcinogens, or cause other no cancer

health
effects.


Socio
-
economic aspects

(What social and economic
effects can be attributed to the
project and which would not have

occurred in a comparable
situation without that project?)

T
he waste directly incineration project for GHG reduction purpose
will greatly

enhanc
e local economy:



First, the

selling of CERs could provide the

necessary
financial support

for waste treatment.



Second, land resource
cost for
waste
landfill

could be
avoided.

Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

9
-




Third, the output electric and heat stream could greatly
reduce the local chemical plant production cost.


What are the direct effects?

(e.g., employment creation,
poverty alleviation, foreig
n
exchange savings)


I
f the project is approved, about 150 long
-
term works and 50
short
-
term works will be created, including 100 job
opportunities

for
female.


What are other effects?

(e.g., training/education
associated with the introduction
of new proc
esses, technologies
and products and/or the effects of
a project on other industries)

T
his project will benefit the environmental and community and
therefore no meaningful

impacts are expected.

During construction phase, minor environmental impacts are goi
ng
to be shaped;



Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


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10
-

C.

Finance


Project costs

Preparation costs


US$
1
million

Establishment costs


US$
28.9
million

Other costs
(explain)


US$

0
million

Total project costs


US$
29.9
million

Sources of finance to be sought or already identified

E
quity
(Name of the
organizations and US$ million)



US$

6.9
million
(the project sponsor)

Debt


Long
-
term
(Name of the
organizations and US$ million)



US$

17.0
million

Debt


Short term

(Name of the organizations and
US$ million)




US$

1.0
million

Not
identified
(US$ million)


US$

5.0
million

Contribution sought from the
BioCarbon Fund

(US$ million)



0



BioCarbon Fund contribution
sought in upfront payment
(The
quantum of advance payment will
depend on the assessed risk of
the project by the World B
ank,
and will not exceed 25% of the
total ER value purchased by the
World Bank for the project. Any
upfront payment will be
discounted by a factor considered
appropriate by the World Bank for
the project.)


(US$ million and a brief clarification of the rea
sons)

Sources of carbon finance

(Has this project been submitted
to other carbon buyers? If so, say
which ones)



Indicative CER / ERU / RMU /
VER price
(subject to negotiation
and financial due diligence)



$

8

/ ton CO2


Emission Reductions Value

(=
price per
tCO
2
e

* number of
tCO
2
e)



US$
:
8
x
161873.85

ton CO2eq/year

=
1294990.8
/year

Project idea note Pinghu M
unicipal

solid w
aste incineration

project. China


-

11
-

Until 20
2
8


US$
:

25899816

For
7

years


US$
:
9064935.6

For
10

years


US$
:
12949908


Financial analysis

(If available for the proposed
CDM / JI activity, provide the

forecast financial internal rate of
return (FIRR) for the project with
and without the CER / ERU /
RMU / VER revenues. Provide
the financial rate of return at the
expected CER / ERU / RMU /
VER price above and
US$3/tCO
2
e.)


FIRR without carbon:


FIRR with

carbon: