1 - 中山大學物理系 - 國立中山大學

fiftysixpowersΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

18 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

154 εμφανίσεις

國立中山大學
101
學年度普通物理
(

)
期中考

㄰㈮㐮14

答題須知:

一、請由答題紙第六列開始作答,並標明題號。考試時間為


〰縲1






以後方可交卷。

二、請詳列相關公式及計算過程,記得寫上單位,並以
䴮K⹓
制表示。




0

= 4

×
10
-
7

C
2
/N

m
2

k
e

=
= 9
×
10
9

N

m
2
/
C
2


0

= 8.85
×
10
-
12

F/m

m
e

= 9.1
×
10
-
31

kg

m
p

= 1
.67
×
10
-
27

kg


1.

(a)
(6%)

In Fig. 1, a thin glass rod is bent into a semicircle of radius
R
.
A charge

Q

is uniformly distributed along the upper half and a
charge

Q

is uniformly distributed along the lower half. Find the
electric field

at
P
, the center of the semicircle.

(b)
(6%)

In Fig. 2, a thin nonconducting rod of finite length
L

carries a
total charge
Q
, spread uniformly along it. Find the electric field

at
point
P
, at distance
R

from the rod along its pe
rpendicular bisector.































Fig. 2

x



Q

y

Fig. 1

+
Q

(a)


Q


Q

y
軸方向電場互相抵消,∴


y

= 0





Q

x
軸方向產生之電場

E
x
+

=


x
+

=



=





同理:

Q

x
軸方向產生之電場
E
x









E
x

= E
x
+

+ E
x









⡢(

沿
x
軸方向之電場



x

= 0




沿
y
軸方向
之電場為

E
y

=
















x



Q

y

d
q

d
E
+

d
E
-



+
Q



d
x

x

r

d
E

(

/2)



2.

(12%)

A charge
Q

is distributed uniformly throughout a spherical volume of radius
R
. Find (a) the
electric field and (b) the potential at radial distance
r

from the center of the sphere if
r

<
R

with
V

=
0 at infinity.

































(a)



畳u


污l
,如右圖








䔨4

r
2
) =



䔠E






⡢(

V
R



V
r

=








V
r

= V
R

+





Q

O

r

R

3.

(10%)

Fig. 3 shows a thin plastic rod of length
L

and
uniform positive charge
Q

lying on an
x

axis. With
V

= 0
at infinity, find the electric potential at point
P
1

on the axis,
at distance
d

from one end
of the rod.











Fig. 3

The first case is to set P
1

as origin point.

1
分】



1
分】

睨w 牥

1
分】

a 湤


1
分】



6
分】



周T ⁳ c 潮搠c a 獥⁩猠 漠獥琠瑨攠汥晴⁥湤n ⁴桩渠灬慳瑩c ⁲潤⁡猠潲s g 楮⁰潩湴⸠

1
分】



1
分】

睨w 牥

1
分】

a 湤


1
分】



6
分】

4.

(12%)

Two concentric spherical conducting shells are separated by vacuum
(Fig. 4).
T
he inner shell has total charge
+Q

and outer radius
r
a

and the
outer shell has charge

Q

and inner radius
r
b
. (a) Use Gauss

s law to find
the elec
tric field between two shells. (b) Find the capacitance of this
spherical capacitor. (c) Find the electric potential energy stored in the
capacitor by using the capacitance found in (b) and (d) by integrating the
electric
-
field energy density
u
.



























Fig .4

(a)

Gauss

猠污眺

S

is selected Gaussian surface.




C
桯潳h⁳灨 物ra氠la畳獩a渠獵牦ace⁷楴栠 a摩畳⁩渠
r

and +Q was enclosed.


.




I
nc汵摩湧⁴桥⁤ 牥c瑩潮Ⱐ

楳⁴桥⁵湩 ⁶ c瑯爠t汯lg 牡摩慬⁤楲dc瑩潮⸠




⡢(









⡣)





⡤(










5.

(12%)

Figure 5 shows a parallel
-
plate capacitor of plate area
A

= 115
cm
2

and plate separation
d

= 1.24 cm
. A potential difference
V
0

= 85.5
V

is applied between the plates by connecting a battery between them.
The battery is then disconn
ected, and a dielectric slab of thickness
b

=
0.780 cm

and dielectric constant

κ

= 2.61

is placed between the plates
as shown in Fig. 5. (a) What is the electric field
E
0

in the gap between
the plates and the dielectric slab? (b) What is the electric field

E
1

in the
dielectric slab? (c) What is the capacitance with slab in place between the plates of the capacitor?



















Fig. 5

(a)


C
hoose y
-
direction is upward and Gaussian surface 1:






⡢(

for Gaussian surface 2:






⡣)












6.

(10%)

In Fig.
6
,


1

= 8.00 V
,

2

= 12.0
,
R
1

= 100

,
R
2

= 200

, and
R
3

= 300

. One point of the circuit is grounded

(
V

= 0)
. What are
the
magnitude

of the current

and the
current direction

through (a)

resistance 1

and (b)
resistance 2
?
(
c
)What is the electric potential at
point A?
















Fig.
6

(a)

令流經
R
2
之電流為
i
2
;流

R
3
之電流為
i
3
,
又上圖
可知

電流
i
2

i
3
會匯於
A
點後流經電

R
1
,
觀察迴圈
1
,利用
走完一圈的電壓為零,可表示成下式







† † † † †
( 1 )

觀察迴圈
2
,利用
走完一圈的電壓為零,可表示成下式








⠱ (
V
)


i
3

(300




(
i
2



i
3
)(100

⤠)‰

(2)

選取
(1)

(2)
式解聯立,得電流
i
2

i
3
分別


(3)


(3)
式可知,流經
R
1
之電流
i
1

=

i
2

+

i
3

=0.0436 (A)



,且電流方向向下





⡢(


(3)
式可知,流經
R
2
之電流
i
2

= 0.0182 (A)



,且電流方向向右







另解:
也可觀察迴圈
3
,利用
走完一圈的電壓為零,可表示成下式



1%




可隨意從
(1)

(2)

(3)
式選取兩式解聯立,求出
i
2

i
3
之值



⡣)


A
電位為










7.

(10%)

In Fig.
7
,

R
1

= 10.0 k

,
R
2

= 15.0 k

,
C = 0.400

F
, and the
ideal battery has emf


= 20.0 V
. First, the switch is
closed

a long time
so that the steady state is reached. Then the switch is opened at time
t
=
0. What is the current in resistor 2 at
t

= 4.00 ms
?













Fig. 7

尚未打開電路開關前,電容已完全充飽
電,
此時電容並無電流經過

觀察迴圈
1
,利用
走完一圈的電壓為零,可表示成下式



打開電路開關時,令

琽‰
時的電容端電壓起始值
V
0


,將
i
利用上式代換







打開了電路開關後,則可視為電容
C
與電阻
R
2
的封閉電路
(
迴圈
2)
,且電容開始對電阻
R
2

電。計算當
t

= 4.00 ms
時,電容的端電壓
(
即電阻
R
2
的端電壓
)
利用公式







再利用歐姆定律求出
t

= 4.00 ms


R
2
的電流







8.

(a)
(10%)

Bainbridge's mass spectromet
er, shown in Fig.
8
, separates ions
having the same velocity. The ions, after entering through silts, S
1

and S
2
,
pass through a velocity selector composed of an electric field produced by
the charged plates P and P', and a magnetic field
B

perpendicular to

the
electric field and the ion path. The ions that then pass undeviated through
the crossed
E

and
B

fields enter into a region where a second magnetic
field
B'

exists, where they are made to follow circular paths. Show that, for
the ions,
q
/
m

=
E
/
rBB'
, w
here
r

is the radius of the circular orbit.

(b)
(12%)

Figure
9

shows an arrangement known as Helmholtz coil. It
consists of two circular coaxial coils, each of
N

turns

and radius
R
,
separated by a distance
s

=
R
. The two coils carry equal currents
i

in the

same direction. Find the magnitude of the net magnetic field at P, midway
between the coils.

(Please apply Biot
-
Savart Law,
dB
=(

0
/4

)(
ids

sin

/
r
2
),
where is the angle between the direction of
ds

and
r
, to derive the result.)


Fig. 8

Fig. 9