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14 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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SCHOOL: PENWOOD HIGH

PROGRAMME:
CXC
-

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE (CSEC)

SUBJECT: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

GROUP: FIFTH FORM


RATIONALE


Information

technology has evolved over the past five decades in response to the need for more
efficient techniques to manage the significantly increased volume and sophistication of knowledge
reservoir of mankind. It merges the study of Computer Science, Telecommuni
cations and Office
Automation; involves the collection, storage, accessing, processing and dissemination of information
and impacts on both work and leisure activities.


A structured
programme in

Information Technology develops computer
-

related skills and

encourages
the development of analytical and design skills which are applicable in all areas of the curriculum. This
unique feature warrants
the inclusion of Information Technology in the secondary school curriculum.


The focus is on getting students to d
evelop skills for life in an increasingly technological world, rather
than on students adsorbing a myriad of seemingly unrelated facts which may have only short term
relevance.


GOALS

Students will:

1)

Function effectively in a dynamic technological era;

2)

Deve
lop problem solving skills;

3)

Have a foundation for post
-
secondary education;

4)

Develop computer related skills for immediate application to other curricular areas
.










MODULE
1: DATABASE MANAGEMENT

Objectives

1.

Explain the concept of a database

2.

Use terminology commonly associated with a database

3.

Distinguish among terminology associated with files and databases

4.

Outline the advantages
and limitations of databases

5.

Create databases

6.

Modify a table structure

7.

Sort a database

8.

Establish relationships

9.

Qu
ery a database using multiple search conditions

10.

Determine the results of a search on a database given multiple conditions

11.

Generate reports to the screen, printer and files.

Content

a)

Definition of key terms such as Database, Database Management, table, rows,

columns, primary
key, secondary key
, query.

b)

Row (tuple, record), column (attributes, fields), key. Data type: alphanumeric; numeric; logical.

c)

Table structures with at least three data types and populate with at least twenty
-
five records.
Use
of wizards is

prohibited.

d)

Adding new fields, deleting fields, changing field definitions.

e)

Arranging data in numeric, alphabetic; or alphanumeric format. Report generating facilities of the
database package, including use of sorting, grouping statis
tical and summary fea
tures, for example,
count, sum and average.

f)

Use of joins, merge table/files.

g)

Using more than one criterion; use of select, calculated fields.

h)

Two or more fields involving the use of relational and logical operatives
.









MODULE 2: SPREADSHEETS

Objectives

1.

Explain the purpose of a spreadsheet

2.

Use appropriate terminology and notions commonly associated with spreadsheets

3.

Select basic pre
-
defined systems functions

4.

Create advanced arithmetic formulae

5.

Explain the use of common features of spreadsheet s
oftware

6.

Invoke row and column title locking

7.

Replicate formulae into other cells

8.

Manipulate data on a spreadsheet

9.

Format a spreadsheet

10.

Sort a spreadsheet

11.

Find a record matching a given criterion

12.

Perform charting operations

13.

Select

appropriate graphical rep
resentation of data

14.

Manipulate multiple worksheets
.

15.

Import files.

Content

a)

Definition of spreadsheet: a spreadsheet is a table consisting of cells (rows, column locations)
that hold accounting or financial data and simulates the traditional physical spreads
heets; it
captures displays and manipulates data.

b)

Row, column, cell, cell address, label, value, formula, function, worksheet, template, range, title,
window, record.

c)

Including sum, average, date, maximum, minimum, count, if.

d)

Formulae involving addition,
subtracting, multiplication, division, powers, square roots, the use
of brackets.

e)

Relative addressing versus absolute addressing.

f)

Effects of move, copy, delete operations on formulae.

g)

Insert and delete columns and rows.

h)

Numeric data formatting, text format
ting, alignment, borders.

i)

Primary field, secondary field, ascending vs. descending order.

j)

Simple criterion, complex criterion, record

find command

k)

Bar charts, line graphs, pie charts, graph titles, labels on axes.




MODULE 3: WORDPROCESSING

Objectives

1.

Select appropriate editing features in the
preparation of a document

2.

Describe commonly available features

3.

Select appropriate formatting features for the preparation of a document.

4.

Use headers, footers, footnotes and endnotes appropriately

5.

Combine document
s

6.

Perform block operations

7.

Use columns and tables appropriately

8.

Apply appropriate character formatting features

9.

Use search and replace functions appropriately

10.

Use mail merge facilities

11.

Use spell check

12.

Import documents

Content

a)

Deleting and inserting
characters, words, lines, sentences, paragraphs. Type
-
over mode.
Selecting blocks of text. Copying and moving sections of text.

b)

Page numbers, page breaks, text alignment, word wrap, margins, tabs, page length, default
setting, font size.

c)

Margins, tab stops
, line spacing, page breaks, page numbers, left and right justification, centre
line, underline, and highlight, uppercase, bold and italic.

d)

Underline, bold, italics, font types and sizes, superscript and subscript

e)

Creation of primary documents
and data fil
es in mail merge application

f)

Text files, graphics, tables.










MODULE 4: PRESENTATION

Objectives

1.

Explain the uses of presentation software

2.

Explain the concept of templates and slides

3.

Choose appropriate slide layout

4.

Apply design template to slides

5.

Use
formatting features effectively to enhance presentation

6.

Create slide headers and footers

7.

Apply various types of animation effects to slides

8.

Insert graphics and moving pictures into slides

9.

Manipulate multiple slides

10.

Present a slide show.

Content

a)

Presentation software is use to enhance public speaking , to deliver lectures, to present project
reports, to effectively present sales or marketing ideas.

b)

Slide layout must relate to the type of information being presented

c)

Choosing from a list of presenta
tion designs

d)

Changing background color, font size and other attributes, such as font color and bullets.

e)

Use of slide master to personalize the slides

f)

Flying, drive in, camera effects, flash
-
once, typewriter, laser, reverse text, drop
-
in effects.
Custom ani
mation, timing and sound effects.

g)

Insertion and deletion of slides, use of slide sorter

h)

Use of slide show tools such as slide navigator, pointer options,
and screen

attributes.











MODULE 5: WEB PAGE DESIGN

Objectives

1.

Plan a website.

2.

Create a simple

web page.

3.

Create hyperlinks

4.

Test the website

Content

a)

Reasons for

the website, the intended audience, number of web pages desired, content of each
page, layout of the web pages.

b)

Choosing an appropriate design for a page for a page, inserting and deleting
text and graphics,
wrap text with image, create thumbnail image, index page, home page, hyperlink.

c)

Linking to another web page, link to a location within the web page, link to an email address,
and link to a user created file.

d)

Use of web browser, verify th
at all the hyperlinks work correctly.
















MODULE 6: INFORMATION PROCESSING

Objectives

1.

Distinguish between data and information

2.

Explain the characteristics and functions of information processing.

3.

Identify the sources of data in specified
application areas.

4.

Describe methods of validation and verification of data.

5.

Identify appropriate verification and validation checks given to a particular scenario.

6.

Describe various methods of file organization and access.

7.

Select appropriate file organizati
on for particular application.


Content

a)

Data as raw unprocessed facts, information as processed data.

b)

Forms of information Processing: automation, process control, commercial, industrial, and
scientific data processing, information retrieval and management
.

c)

Source document, turnaround document, machine and human readable document.

d)

Difference between validation and verification. Methods: range check, reasonableness checks,
data type checks, inconsistency checks.

e)

Double entry to identify and correct typograph
ical/transposition errors.

f)

Sequential field ordering, random, index
-

sequential, direct
-
access, sequential

access.

g)

Associate an appropriate file structure and access method to a specific application. For example,
a payroll file would be organized sequenti
ally with sequential access.












MODULE 7: PROBLEM

SOLVING AND PROGRAM DESIGN

Objectives

1.

Outline the steps in problem
-
solving

2.

Decompose a simple problem into its significant parts.

3.

Distinguish between variables and constants

4.

Use appropriate data
types

5.

Explain the concept of algorithms

6.

Identify ways of representing algorithms

Content

a)

Definition of the problem, and evaluate solution, determination of the most efficient solution,
develop and represent algorithms, test and validate the solution.

b)

The c
omponents are: input, processing, storage and output.

c)

Variables as an area of storage whose value can change during processing, the value of a
constant never changes.

d)

Integers, floating point (real), character, literals.

e)

Definition of algorithms, character
istics:
Finite numbers of steps, precise, unambiguous, flow of
control from one process to another, terminate.

f)

Representation of algorithms as Pseudocode or flowcharts, use of flowcharts symbols: input/
output, process, decision, directional arrows. Pseudo
code
-

us of: read, Input,
Store, Write,
Output
, Display,
and If
-
then, If
-
then
-
else, For Loop, While loop (questions which require nested
conditionals or nested loops will not be asked).

g)

Truth Tables

Use of relational operators: <, >, =, <=, >=, <>

Logical
operators: AND, OR, NOT.

Arithmetic operators: +,
-
, *, /.

Simple problems including, average, maximum.

h)

Use of problem
-
solving techniques outlined in specific

Object 1 to the solution of simple
problems.







MODULE 8: PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION

Objectives

1.

Distinguish between low
-
level and high
-
level programming languages.

2.

Distinguish among the
different generations of programming languages.

3.

List the sequence of steps associated with implementing a program.

4.

Explain commonly used terms and concepts in program
ming.

5.

Declare elementary data types.

6.

Declare variables and constants.

7.

Manipulate data.

8.

Use control structures

9.

Manipulate data in a list.

10.

Perform checks and tests
on programs to verify correctness.

11.

Write documented programs.

Content

a)

Low
-
level language (Mach
ine or Assembly Language), High

level language (Pascal, C).

b)

Characterization of first through to fifth generation languages.

c)

Create source code, compile, linking, executing, maintain program.

d)

Testing, debugging, syntax errors, logic errors, run
-
time error
s, dry run, test data.

e)

Integers, real numbers, characters.

f)

Use of meaningful variable names and constants, assign initial values.

g)

Reading from and writing variables, arithmetic operations.

h)

Conditional branching: if
-
then, if
-
then
-
else, Loops: while, repeat,

for.

i)

Declare
1
-
dimentional arrays; writing from and writing to arrays; traversing arrays; linear search.

j)

Testing and debugging techniques.

k)

Importance of documentation; features of internal documentation (use of mnemonic names,
use of comments, indentation
, effective use of white spaces); external documentation (user
manuals).








MODULE 9: APPLICATION
S

AND IMPLICATION
S

OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
TECHNOLOGY

Objectives

1.

Use terms
associated with

data communication
s and networks.

2.

Distinguish among
internet, intranet and extranet.

3.

Explain concepts associated with the internet
.

4.

Describe measures to secure data and maintain data integrity.

5.

Outline ways by which information can be misused.

6.

Describe appropriate hardware and software to meet the particula
r needs of a given
application.

7.

Describe current and emerging technological trends.

8.

Assess

the impact of information technology on job skills and careers.

9.

Describe the roles of various personnel in computer
-
related professions.

Content

a)

Definitions of data
communication and network; types of networks: (local network’ wide
area network, metropolitan area network) , types of transmission media: cable/wired media

(coaxial , fibre
-
optic, twisted pair) , wireless media (satellite ,microwave
, infra
-
red),
wireless
network technology: (Bluetooth, WI,FI), hotspot, modem, bandwidth (broadband,
narrowband, voiceband), communications modes: (simplex, duplex, half duplex), point to
point, and broad cast.

b)

Including electronic mail (e
-
mail), news
groups, Internet

Relay Chat (IRC), Telnet, File Transfer
Protocol (FTP), upload, download, World Wide Web (WWW), web browser, HTTP, Hypertext
Markup Language (HTML/XHTML), web page, website, blogging, webserver , URL, e
-
ecommerce, e
-
learning, HT
TP, pod
-
casting, bulletin board, VoIP.

c)

Software Restrictions: passwords, encryption, virus protection, firewall; physical access,
restrictions:


biometric systems, guards, lock
; fire/water proof cabinets: archiving; backup and
recovery procedu
res; propriety data and software.

d)

Violation of privacy, propaganda, software piracy,


computer


fraud,

electronic


eavesdropping,

industrial espionage, surveillance, storage of inaccurate information, identity

theft, credit card
fraud.

e)

Projects to deter
mine the relevant

hardware and software (open source vs. proprietary) used
in areas including business, industry, science and technology, education, law

enforcement,
recreation, music, gaming.

f)

Experts systems, robots, CADD, CAE, CAM, telemarketing, tel
econferencing.

g)

Computer skills used by office employees, teachers engineers, medical personnel, musicians,
mass media personnel, law enforcement personnel, movie industry; lost of jobs; training,
telecommuting.

h)

The functions of individuals in computer
-
related fields: programmers, systems analysts and
designers, IT managers, systems programmers, database administrators, network
administrators, IT managers, file librarians, computer technicians, computer engineers,

software
engineers, software testers, webmaster, web
-
developer, software trainer, multi
-
media artists.


MODULE 10:
FUNDAMENTALS OF HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE

Objectives

1.

D
escribe a general
-
purpose computer system;

2.

E
xplain the function of the major hard ware com
ponents of a computer system;

3.

O
utline the functions and uses of primary storage devices;

4.

M
anipulate units of storage;

5.

C
ompare the types of secondary storage media with respect to portability, speed and capacity;

6.

U
se terms associated with storage device
s;

7.

E
xplain the uses of various input devices and media;

8.

S
tate the types and function of output devices;

9.

D
escribe how data are stored and manipulated within the computer;

10.

I
nterpret the hardware specifications of a computer system;

11.

D
istinguish between systems p
rograms and application programs;

12.

E
xplain the functions of an operating system;

13.

D
istinguish between multitasking, multiprocessing and multiprogramming;

14.

E
xplain the different types of processing modes;

15.

Distinguish

between types

of user interface.


CONTENT

a)

Major functions of systems: input, processing, output, storage.

b)

Central processing unit (CPU); control unit and ALU; main memory/immediate access
storage, secondary storage, input/output devices.

c)

Bitable devices
, PROM, EPROM, RAM, ROM.

d)

Bit
, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte, terabyte
, word, word size.

e)

M
agnetic tape, floppy disk, hard disk (fixed head, moving head, external) , optical disk (CD,
DVD), flash drive, flash memory cards.

f)

Read/ write head, sectors, tracks, buffers, cylinders, access time, sequential access, direct
access, device interfaces such as: SCSI, IDE,
and SATA
.

g)

Optical mark reader (OMR), character readers (OCR, MICRO), mouse, joystick, bar code reader,
document sc
anner, light pen, touch terminals, voice response

unit, pads and tablets, point of
sale (POS), keyboard, digital camera, biometric system, sensor, remote control, sound capture,
pointing devices, web cam.

h)

Visual display u
nit: resolution, types,
and sizes
,

P
rinters: impact and non impact, types
,
(
character, line, page. Laser,

inkjet, dot matrix). Characteristics: (speed, quality, storage
capacity), plotters, audio output devices (for example, speakers, head phones, earphones),
microfilm. Also terms such as
hard copy, soft copy,
and human

readable and machine readable.

i)

Binary, octal and hexadecimal number systems, binary addition and subtraction. Integers
(positive and negative): sign and magnitude, BCD, two’s complement; representation of
characters, ASCII.

j)

CPU type and speed, memory: capacity, type, word size, speed. Hard drive: capacity, speed; fire
wire, expansion slots, ports.

k)

System software: operating systems, translators, utilities: Application software: general
purpose, special purpose, custom written
. Customization, integrated software.

l)

File management, memory management, security, device management, input/output
management, user interface, process management.

m)

Basic treatment of these terms: multitasking, multiprocessing and multiprogramming.

n)

Batch pr
ocessing, real time, online, time
-
sharing.

o)

Software interface: Command driven, graphical user interface (GUI) (menu driven, pull
-
down
and pop
-
up menus, icons). Hardware interface: touch screens, non
-
visual interface, sensors, and
Braille keyboards.
















SCHOOL: PENWOOD HIGH

PROGRAMME:
CXC
-

CARIBBEAN SECONDARY EDUCATION CERTIFICATE (CSEC)

SUBJECT: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

GROUP: F
OURTH

FORM


RATIONALE


In formation

technology has evolved over the past five decades in response to the need for more
efficient techniques to manage the significantly increased volume and sophistication of knowledge
reservoir of mankind. It merges the study of Computer Science, Telecommuni
cations and Office
Automation; involves the collection, storage, accessing, processing and dissemination of information
and impacts on both work and leisure activities.


A structured programme in Information Technology develops computer
-

related skills and

encourages
the development of analytical and design skills which are applicable in all areas of the curriculum. This
unique feature warrants the inclusion of Information Technology in the secondary school curriculum.


The focus is on getting students to d
evelop skills for life in an increasingly technological world, rather
than on students adsorbing a myriad of seemingly unrelated facts which may have only short term
relevance.


GOALS

Students will:

1)

Function effectively in a dynamic technological era;

2)

Develop problem solving skills;

3)

Have a foundation for post
-
secondary education;

4)

Develop computer related skills for immediate application to other curricular areas.









MODULE 1: WORDPROCESSING

Objectives

13.

Select appropriate editing features in the preparation of a document

14.

Describe commonly available features

15.

Select appropriate formatting features for the preparation of a document.

16.

Use headers, footers, footnotes and endnotes appropriately

17.

Combine document
s

18.

Perform block operations

19.

Use columns and tables appropriately

20.

Apply appropriate character formatting features

21.

Use search and replace functions appropriately

22.

Use mail merge facilities

23.

Use spell check

24.

Import documents

Content

g)

Deleting and inserting charact
ers, words, lines, sentences, paragraphs. Type
-
over mode.
Selecting blocks of text. Copying and moving sections of text.

h)

Page numbers, page breaks, text alignment, word wrap, margins, tabs, page length, default
setting, font size.

i)

Margins, tab stops, line
spacing, page breaks, page numbers, left and right justification, centre
line, underline, and highlight, uppercase, bold and italic.

j)

Underline, bold, italics, font types and sizes, superscript and subscript

k)

Creation of primary documents and data files in m
ail merge application

l)

Text files, graphics, tables.










MODULE 2: FUNDAMENTALS OF HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE

Objectives

16.

Describe a general
-
purpose computer system;

17.

Explain the function of the major hard ware components of a computer system;

18.

Outline the
functions and uses of primary storage devices;

19.

Manipulate units of storage;

20.

Compare the types of secondary storage media with respect to portability, speed and capacity;

21.

Use terms associated with storage devices;

22.

Explain the uses of various input devices a
nd media;

23.

State the types and function of output devices;

24.

Describe how data are stored and manipulated within the computer;

25.

Interpret the hardware specifications of a computer system;

26.

Distinguish between systems programs and application programs;

27.

Explain

the functions of an operating system;

28.

Distinguish between multitasking, multiprocessing and multiprogramming;

29.

Explain the different types of processing modes;

30.

Distinguish between types of user interface.


CONTENT

p)

Major functions of systems: input, pro
cessing, output, storage.

q)

Central processing unit (CPU); control unit and ALU; main memory/immediate access
storage, secondary storage, input/output devices.

r)

Bitable devices, PROM, EPROM, RAM, ROM.

s)

Bit, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte,
terabyte, word, word size.

t)

Magnetic tape, floppy disk, hard disk (fixed head, moving head, external) , optical disk (CD,
DVD), flash drive, flash memory cards.

u)

Read/ write head, sectors, tracks, buffers, cylinders, access time, sequential access, direct

access, device interfaces such as: SCSI, IDE,
and SATA
.

v)

Optical mark reader (OMR), character readers (OCR, MICRO), mouse, joystick, bar code reader,
document scanner, light pen, touch terminals, voice response unit, pads and tablets, point of
sale (POS)
, keyboard, digital camera, biometric system, sensor, remote control, sound capture,
pointing devices, web cam.

w)

Visual display unit: resolution, types,
and sizes
, Printers: impact and non impact, types
,
(
character, line, page. Laser, inkjet, dot matrix).
Characteristics: (speed, quality, storage
capacity), plotters, audio output devices (for example, speakers, head phones, earphones),
microfilm. Also terms such as hard copy, soft copy, and human readable and machine readable.

x)

Binary, octal and hexadecimal
number systems, binary addition and subtraction. Integers
(positive and negative): sign and magnitude, BCD, two’s complement; representation of
characters, ASCII.

y)

CPU type and speed, memory: capacity, type, word size, speed. Hard drive: capacity, speed; fi
re
wire, expansion slots, ports.

z)

System software: operating systems, translators, utilities: Application software: general
purpose, special purpose, custom written. Customization, integrated software.

aa)

File management, memory management, security, device ma
nagement, input/output
management, user interface, process management.

bb)

Basic treatment of these terms: multitasking, multiprocessing and multiprogramming.

cc)

Batch processing, real time, online, time
-
sharing.

dd)

Software interface: Command driven, graphical user

interface (GUI) (menu driven, pull
-
down
and pop
-
up menus, icons). Hardware interface: touch screens, non
-
visual interface, sensors, and
Braille keyboards.



















MODULE 3
: SPREADSHEETS

Objectives

16.

Explain the purpose of a spreadsheet

17.

Use
appropriate terminology and notions commonly associated with spreadsheets

18.

Select basic pre
-
defined systems functions

19.

Create advanced arithmetic formulae

20.

Explain the use of common features of spreadsheet software

21.

Invoke row and column title locking

22.

Replicat
e formulae into other cells

23.

Manipulate data on a spreadsheet

24.

Format a spreadsheet

25.

Sort a spreadsheet

26.

Find a record matching a given criterion

27.

Perform charting operations

28.

Select appropriate graphical representation of data

29.

Manipulate multiple worksheets.

30.

Import files.

Content

l)

Definition of spreadsheet: a spreadsheet is a table consisting of cells (rows, column locations)
that hold accounting or financial data and simulates the traditional physical spreadsheets; it
captures displays and manipulates data.

m)

Ro
w, column, cell, cell address, label, value, formula, function, worksheet, template, range, title,
window, record.

n)

Including sum, average, date, maximum, minimum, count, if.

o)

Formulae involving addition, subtracting, multiplication, division, powers, square

roots, the use
of brackets.

p)

Relative addressing versus absolute addressing.

q)

Effects of move, copy, delete operations on formulae.

r)

Insert and delete columns and rows.

s)

Numeric data formatting, text formatting, alignment, borders.

t)

Primary field, secondary
field, ascending vs. descending order.

u)

Simple criterion, complex criterion, record

find command

v)

Bar charts, line graphs, pie charts, graph titles, labels on axes.





MODULE 4: PRESENTATION

Objectives

11.

Explain the uses of presentation software

12.

Explain the
concept of templates and slides

13.

Choose appropriate slide layout

14.

Apply design template to slides

15.

Use formatting features effectively to enhance presentation

16.

Create slide headers and footers

17.

Apply various types of animation effects to slides

18.

Insert graphics
and moving pictures into slides

19.

Manipulate multiple slides

20.

Present a slide show.

Content

i)

Presentation software is use to enhance public speaking , to deliver lectures, to present project
reports, to effectively present sales or marketing ideas.

j)

Slide layou
t must relate to the type of information being presented

k)

Choosing from a list of presentation designs

l)

Changing background color, font size and other attributes, such as font color and bullets.

m)

Use of slide master to personalize the slides

n)

Flying, drive in,

camera effects, flash
-
once, typewriter, laser, reverse text, drop
-
in effects.
Custom animation, timing and sound effects.

o)

Insertion and deletion of slides, use of slide sorter

p)

Use of slide show tools such as slide navigator, pointer options, and screen a
ttributes.











MODULE 5: PROBLEM

SOLVING AND PROGRAM DESIGN

Objectives

7.

Outline the steps in problem
-
solving

8.

Decompose a simple problem into its significant parts.

9.

Distinguish between variables and constants

10.

Use appropriate data types

11.

Explain the con
cept of algorithms

12.

Identify ways of representing algorithms

Content

i)

Definition of the problem, and evaluate solution, determination of the most efficient solution,
develop and represent algorithms, test and validate the solution.

j)

The components are: input,

processing, storage and output.

k)

Variables as an area of storage whose value can change during processing, the value of a
constant never changes.

l)

Integers, floating point (real), character, literals.

m)

Definition of algorithms, characteristics: Finite number
s of steps, precise, unambiguous, flow of
control from one process to another, terminate.

n)

Representation of algorithms as Pseudocode or flowcharts, use of flowcharts symbols: input/
output, process, decision, directional arrows. Pseudocode
-

us of: read, In
put, Store, Write,
Output, Display, and If
-
then, If
-
then
-
else, For Loop, While loop (questions which require nested
conditionals or nested loops will not be asked).

o)

Truth Tables

Use of relational operators: <, >, =, <=, >=, <>

Logical operators: AND, OR, N
OT.

Arithmetic operators: +,
-
, *, /.

Simple problems including, average, maximum.

p)

Use of problem
-
solving techniques outlined in specific Object 1 to the solution of simple
problems.