Very High Speed in France & International BB Plans

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All Rights Reserved © Alcatel
-
Lucent 2009

Alcatel
-
Lucent Special Customer Operations

Gabrielle
Gauthey



Executive
Vice
-
President

Global
Government

& Public
Affairs

Broadband Forum
Poland
,
Warsaw

November 24, 2010


Very High Speed in France &

International BB Pl
ans

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-
Lucent 2010


2

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Agenda



Very high speed broadband deployment: the French Case




The Role of the Law



The Role Regulation



The Role of Public Policy




Local Authorities




“Caisse des Depots”





Grand Emprunt





International Examples & Conclusion



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-
Lucent 2010


3

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very high speed deployment: the French Case

High Speed Deployment in France


International Comparison

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
Netherlands
Denmark
Switzerland
Norway
Korea
Iceland
Sweden
Luxembourg
France
Germany
Canada
United Kingdom
Belgium
Finland
United States
Japan
Australia
New Zealand
Austria
Spain
Italy
Ireland
Portugal
Hungary
Greece
Czech Republic
Poland
Slovak Republic
Chile
Mexico
Turkey
Source: OECD
DSL
Cable
Fibre/LAN
Other
OECD Fixed broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants, by technology,December
2009
OECD
average

OECD
Average

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Lucent 2010


4

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Regulation
:

Combination of LLU and Bitstream (1)




Competition through active infrastructures has been the main driver behind
the development of broadband:



Geographic extension of competition has encouraged France Telecom to equip all
of its MDF (Main Distribution Frames) for ADSL


France has joined European leaders in terms of penetration…


…and is in good place for "triple play"




Three major drivers have made this increase in investments possible:



Dynamic operators, both incumbent and new entrants


Regulation : LLU first, bitstream as a complement


Local authorities intervention has been crucial in the expansion of broadband
coverage


Where do we come from in Broadband deployments
?

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Lucent 2010


5

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Regulation: a
Combination
of LLU and Bitstream (2)

Growth of the broadband
access base

(March 2010)

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

24Mb/s

8Mb/s

1Mb/s

512kb/s

1st TV/DSL offer

1st telephony

/DSL offer

1st fixed
-
mobile

Convergent

offer

ADSL

ADSL2+

Evolution of broadband technologies and services

1st broadband/

DSL offer

1999



DSL coverage as of March 31 2010:

98% of the population


2007

2008/2009

FTTH

100 Mb/s

1st Very high speed


FTTH offer

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Lucent 2010


6

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

The new FTTH:
Three Public Policy Levers


Legislative Lever



„Loi de modernisation de l‘economie“


August 2009



Sharing of the fibre last drop through mandatory agreements between operators and landlords


„Right to Fiber“


Mandatory fiber pre
-
cabling for new buildings



Regulatory Lever



Market 4 analysis of July2009



Asymmetrical regulation (duct access)


Symmetrical regulation (last drop and in
-
house wiring)



Public Policy Lever



„Caisse des Dépôts“ mandate


„Grand Emprunt“


Intervention of local authorites

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Lucent 2010


7

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Legislative Measures Adopted to Facilitate the Roll
-
Out of FTTH in the buildings


The LME
(Loi de Modernisation de l‘Economie) adopted in August 2009 deals with the
deployment of fiber and sharing of the last part of the local loop among operators:



A „right to fiber“ has been instituted in order to facilitate the roll
-
out of fiber networks
inside the building


In return, any operator that rolls
-
out fiber within a building has to give access to this fiber
network to other operators: point of sharing is located outside the private property


A contractual agreement necessary for the relations between property owners and operators


ARCEP issued a draft agreement


In new buildings, pre
-
equipment standards have evolved to include fiber



The LME sets the rule of symmetrical regulation, in anticipation of article 12
Framework Directive



The LME grants ARCEP the power to define the technical and tariff related terms of
the shared access and guarantee operators respect them

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Lucent 2010


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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Regulation FTTH Roll
-
Out in
Very Dense Areas




ARCEP decision on FTTH deployments in very dense areas ( 5 Millions households)




After 2 years of consultations and field trials, ARCEP published its final decision on
January 17th 2010;



Duct Reference Offer available;



Fiber flexibility point («

point de mutualisation

», PM) is located in the public
domain and by exception in the private domain for buildings with more than 12
flats;



Arcep encourages co
-
investment in the last drop (i.e. in the building): prior to
installing fibers in a building, every operator must notify its plans to other operators
who are entitled to request a dedicated fiber (and bear associated costs);



Last drop will be multifibre in case of co
-
investment and mono
-
fibre otherwise;



All operators have published their commercial reference offers.



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-
Lucent 2009 All Rights Reserved

9

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Capri Between’s Conference Oct 2010

Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Regulation:
FTTH roll
-
out in medium/low density areas



Medium density urban areas represent around 10 Millions households and
low density 10 million households


Fibre Flexibility Points (FFPs)


Last drop is shared from the flexibilty point till the end user


First operator deploying in a given area builds the FFP


FFPs concentrate a minimum of 300 fibres (average 1 000)


Mono vs Multifibre


In very dense areas, multibre is required at operator’s request


In less dense areas, a single fibre is the general rule for the last drop


Active equipment installation in the FFP


Active equipment ( e.g. OLT, Ethernet switch) may be located at the FFP


In case of technical or economical impossibility, FFP owner is required to provide
dark fiber backhauling

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Lucent 2010


10

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Regulation: NGA
-

Active Infrastructure Competition Model







Very dense areas :


Fiber flexibility
point at building
basement by
exception (if MDU
has more than 12
DUs)


Multi
-
fibre in the
terminating segment
(in
-
house wiring) in
case of co
-
investment


Duct access

Less dense areas :


Fiber flexibility
point at cabinet
level ( min 300
fibers)


Shared mono
-
fibre
in terminating
segment and in
-
house wiring


Duct access

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Lucent 2010


11

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Locating the Fibre Flexibility Point (FFP) Accomodates both Technologies

“There are technology
-
agnostic architectures”

“Positioning of the Fiber Distribution Point”

Operator 1

Operator 2

Optical patch panel

(Passive)

Fiber

Distribution

Point

Optical Network Terminals from operator

Operator 1 stream

Operator 2 stream

Big Buildings


Suburbs


Rural areas

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Lucent 2010


12

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

NGA Roll
-
out in France


FTTH and FTTB deployments

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Lucent 2010


13

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

NGA Roll
-
out in France


ARCEP Figures as of June 31 2010



ARCEP estimates that, as of June 31, 2010 more than 4.5 million homes were
located in an area where fiber has been rolled out in the access network.



A total of 40 000 buildings


accounting for 980 000 homes)
-

are equipped
with optical fibers and connected to the network of at least one operator.


Of which 83 000 via fiber sharing agreement


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Lucent 2010


14

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Local Authorities Interventions in Telecom Infrastructures in the Past 10 years


Legal form


Mainly DSP («

concessions

»);


Choice by local authorities of one operator/delegator;


Wholesale offers negociated with local authorities;


Coverage imposed by local authorities;


Maximum 70% subsidy (=> operational risk left to the private delegator);


Network remains local authority’s property.



Operating mode


Graduation of intervention according to the density and the presence or absence of
operators


Passive infrastructures in denser areas (mainly open fiber backhauls) with the objective to
connect a maximum of NRF’s and wireless BTS


Equipement of business parks;


Activated whosesale offers in the less dense areas;


In some rural areas : retail operators

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Lucent 2010


15

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
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Other Selected Topics

Open Wireline Backhaul

key for both Mobile and Fixed Traffic Growth



Typical telecommunications network architecture

Role of backhaul networks:


Cost effective coverage of
medium and low density areas;


Stimulate competition and
innovation;


Anticipate bandwidth demand
increase for all access
technologies (fibre, LTE,
Wimax,…);


Future proof investment for
public initiatives particularly for
local authorities;


Enhanced connectivity for public
services (schools, hospitals,
universities,…) and business parks



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Lucent 2010


16

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case

Local Authorities have Played a Crucial Role in Broadband Coverage


In recent years, local authorities have
played a key role in the digital development
of their regions in partnership with operators



Arcep

first impact assessment:


86 projects


60 of which are running


2.7
billion


invested (approx.50% public funds)



Major consequences :


Less expensive coverage of rural areas


Expansion of LLU, and wireless coverage


Fostering of local operators development


Preparation of the future of FTTx

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Lucent 2010


17

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployment: The French Case


Role of Local Authorities
-

Private Companies Operating Public Networks

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Lucent 2010


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Broadband Forum| November 24,
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NGA roll
-
out : role of local authorities







Their role could be decisive :




Encourage the sharing of ducts when granting rights of way




Lay ducts and rent them to operators



Avoid inefficient duplication of basic infrastructure (ducts and even dark
fibre) on reduced geographical areas which can be shared among operators



Have a lever effect on private investments



Promote the choice of a common optical loop topography by operators



Ensure a fait opening of the new optical loop



29 registered local authorities engaged in FTTH roll
-
out

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Lucent 2010


19

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very High Speed Deployments: French case study


Policy lever : Precautions for local authorities intervention

Precautions taken to avoid concerns and risks mentioned in the recent US
GAO Governmement

accountability Office) report


Competition distortion : Maps, agreements with existing networks, …



long term investment sustainability : privately run networks



handle networks interoperability : few wholesale providers, common
standards implemented

Public broadband infrastructure projects

Typical project structure

Special

Purpose

Vehicle

Public Contract


Caisse des Dépôts

30%


Project sponsors

70%

Shareholders

Local authority

Other local authorities /
subsidies

Subsidies

Equity

Sponsor 1

Sponsor 2

Telco

Operation &
Maintenance

Design &
Build

Client

The
Role

of


Caisse

des
Dépôts


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Lucent 2010


21

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very high speed deployment: the French Case

Government Role




Investment mandate to the “
Caisse

des
Dépôts




French state loan:








2 B


for very high speed networks



Long terms loans in medium dense areas



Subsidies for rural areas




2,5 B


for content, application and services (Web2.0, e
-
health, e
-
government,
gaming software, …) applications development



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Lucent 2010


22

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Worldwide Trends and Conclusion

EMEA


AMERICAS



Active infrastructure based competition prevails, favoring
operator’s vertical integration


passive infrastructure sharing
encouraged
-

bit stream wholesale being considered as a second
best except in UK (VULA)


EU Digital Agenda : universal bb coverage, bandwidth increase,
national BB strategies required


State Aid scope has been broadened for fiber networks in suburban
and remote areas


may accelerate fibre PPPs



APAC


US : Stimulus funds allocated through RUS focus on unserved and
underserved areas


mainly for middle
-
mile projects ( interstate
backhaul networks)


CALA : Broadband plans are heating up, focus on mobile open access
and open backbones


Functional separation (i.e. “shared access”) combined with bitstream
wholesale and heavy regulation are leading network transformation
(Singapore, Australia, NZ) aka NBNs


Open backbones in India.


Testbed for next generation bitstream wholesale and virtual
unbundling

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Lucent 2010


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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Lucent 2010


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Broadband Forum| November 24,
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Public driven Initiatives

A global trend


French digital plan


2 B


for very high speed BB roll
-
out in grey and white areas


2,5 b


for services/applications


FTTH roll
-
out regulation (geographic segmentation)


Digital dividend release

Digital Britain


2 Mb/s universal broadband access service in 2012


200 M£ NGA fund

German Broadband Plan


100% bb coverage by end 2010


75% of hh access at 50 Mb/s by end 2014


Spectrum allocation for LTE

+ Draft bradband plans in Greece, Italy, Poland, Russia,...

China’s recovery plan


4 Trillion RMB 09
-
10


ICT included in pillar industries program

India National Backbone


4,5 B fiber backbone


90% of population bb coverage by 2013

Australian National Broadband Network


100 MB/s to 90% of subscribers


43 B A$ ( 23 B

)

New Zealand “Broadband Investment Initiative”


1.5 B NZ$ investment plan announced in March
09

Connecting America Broadband Plan


Foster competition, innovation and
investments


Ensure Spectrum availability


Universal broadband service


Develop broadbadn based services (e
-
health, e
-
education,...)


Brazilian “Plano Nacional de Banda
Larga”


Connectivity for 50% of urban hh and 15%
of rural hh


60 M mobile access


41 M $ capex (1/3 public, 2/3 private)


Europe’s Digital Agenda


EU countries to adopt national VHS broadband strategies


100% BB coverage in 2013


30 MBs connections for all in 2020 with 50% of EU citizens connected
at 100 MBs


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Lucent 2010


25

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Impact on unbundling











913

773

988

CO unbundling : alternative
carriers backhaul networks

CO unbundlig : alternative
carriers backhaul networks
+ France Telecom dark
fiber rental

CO unbunling : local
community bakchaul
network

14,4 M households

2,4 M households

4,3 M households

21,2 M households

Number of unbundled CO’s according to backhaul network ownership

40 % of French central offices are unbundled through
Local Communities backhaul networks by end 2009

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Lucent 2010


26

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Broadband Penetration by Technology

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Lucent 2010


27

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
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Very high speed deployment: the French Case

Rural Deployments in France


Despite the homogeneous need of telecommunication services in rural and dense
areas, there is a mismatch in BB deployment (PC penetration in rural zones is higher
as PC penetration in intermediary zones):








In rural zones Orange is clearly the dominant operator (market share of Orange
inversly proportional to the size of the agglomeration), namely:



64% of the communities with less than 5‘000 inhabitants


34% in bigger communities


32% in Paris and Paris region







Source: ARCEP 2010

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Lucent 2010


28

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Very high speed deployment: the French Case

Broadband Access Market Growth and Competition


Situation July 2010
:
20 M broadband connections

(residential and professional
services) of which more than 19 M in ADSL


10.3 M access lines commercialized by alternative operators
, 7.14 millions total unbundling


80% of the competitive offers take advantage of full unbundling

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Lucent 2010


29

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
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Selected Examples of Deployments in France (1)

Fiber Backhauling Availability in Moselle Department



Public Initiative backhauling
network connect most of
incumbent’s central offices to
enable copper unbundling



France Telecom’s dark fiber
offer (not regulated) is not
available everywhere ( red : not
available, black : available)



France Telecom dark fiber offer is commercially driven. It’s tariffs do not reflect a
territorial digital policy. It’s architecture serves FT’s internal needs (central offices
interconnexion)



Public Initiative backhauling networks may connect business parks, business districts,
company offices, public buildings, poles and masts where base stations require backhaul
facilities ( 3G, LTE,…)

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Lucent 2010


30

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Broadband Forum| November 24,
2010
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Selected Examples of Deployments in France (2)

Manche Numérique



Backbone network (1200 km) managed as
«

affermage

»/public concession by LD
Collectivités (private company)




Total cost: 79 M

, of which:



24 M


public sector (16 M


from the Department)



2008 : FTTh extension to Saint Lô and Cherbourg : 12 M


100%
private funding.



Results :



40 business districts connected to fibre backhaul



Unbundling of all incumbent’s central offices (
6 competing
operators cover 35% of the population; 2 competing opérators in all
rural central offices)


White zones wireless coverage: 4 M


(210 WiFi spots
)



26 000 FttH homes passed



National operators presence : Neuf Cégétel, Colt, Complétel; Free


Local operators : Nomotech, RMI Adista, Idylle Télécom