Physics 1402 Required Topics Jan. 14, 2013 changes noted in red Required Bold Font CHAPTER 17 Electric Forces and Fields 545 17.1 Evidence for Electric Forces: The Observational Facts 546

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Physics 1402

Required Topics

Jan. 14, 2013 changes noted in red

Required Bold Font


Optional Normal Font


CHAPTER 17

Electric Forces and Fields 545

17.1
Evidence for Electric Forces: The Observational Facts
546

17.2
Electric Forces and Coulomb’s Law
547

17.3
The Electric Field
553

17.4
Conductors, Insulators, and the Motion of Electric Charge
558

17.5
Electric Flux and Gauss’s Law
563

17.6
Applications: DNA Fingerprinting
571

17.7
“Why Is Charge Quantized?” and Other Deep Questions
572



CHAPTER 18

Electric Potential 583

18.1
Electric Potential Energy
584

18.2
Electric Potential: Voltage
589

18.3
Equipotential Lines and Surfaces
598

1
8.4
Capacitors
600

18.5
Dielectrics
607

18.6
Electricity in the Atmosphere
610

18.7
Biological Examples and Applications
611

18.8
Electric Potential Energy Revisited: Where Is the Energy?
612



CHAPTER 19

Electric Currents and Circuits 623

19.1
Electric Current: The Flow of Charge
624

19.2
Batteries
625

19.3
Current and Voltage in a Resistor Circuit
628

19.4
DC Circuits: Batteries, Resistors, and Kirchhoff’s Rules
633

19.5
DC Circuits: Adding Capacitors
646

19.6
Making Electrical Measurements: Ammeters and Voltmeters
652

19.7
RC

Circuits as Filters
652

19.8
Electric Currents in the Human Body
654

19.9
Household Circuits
655

19.10
Temperature Dependence of Resistance and Superconductivity
657



CHAPTER 20

Magnetic Fields and Forces 668

20.1
Sources of Magnetic Fields
669

20.2
Magnetic Forces Involving Bar Magnets
673

20.3
Magnetic Force on a Moving Charge
674

20.4
Magnetic Force on an Electric Current
679

20.5
Torque on a Current Loop and Magnetic Moments
682

20.6
Motion of Charged Particles in the Presence of Electric and Magnetic Fields
683

20.7
Calculating the Magnetic Field: Ampère’s Law
686

20.8
Magnetic Materials: What Goes On Inside?
690

20.9
The Earth’s Magnetic Field
694

20.10
Applications of Magnetism
696

20.11
The Puzzle of a Velocity
-
Dependent Force
699



CHAPTER 21

Magnetic Induction 712

21.1
Why Is It Called
Electromagnetism
?
713

21.2
Magnetic Flux and Faraday’s Law
714

21.3
Lenz’
s Law and Work

Energy Principles
721

21.4
Inductance
726

21.5
RL

Circuits
729

21.6
Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field
732

21.7
Applications
735

21.8
The Puzzle of Induction from a Distance
739



CHAPTER 22

Alternating
-
Current Circuits and Machines 749

22.1
Generation of AC Voltages
750

22.2
Analysis of AC Resistor Circuits
752

22.3
AC Circuits with Capacitors
757

22.4
AC Circuits with Inductors
760

22.5
LC

Circuits
762

22.6
Resonance
764

22.7
AC Circuits and Impedance
767

22.8
Frequency
-
Dependent Behavior of AC Circuits: A Conceptual Recap
769

22.9
Transformers
772

22.10
Motors
774

22.11
What Can AC Circuits Do That DC Circuits Cannot?
776



CHAPTER 23

Electromagnetic Waves 788

23.1
The Discovery of Electromagnetic Waves
789

23.2
Properties of Electromagnetic Waves
790


23.3
Electromagnetic Waves Carry Energy and Momentum
792

23.4
Types of Electromagnetic Radiation: The Electromagnetic Spectrum
797

23.5
Generation and Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
802

23.6
Polarization
806

23.7
Doppler Effect
811

23.8
Deep Concepts and Puzzles Connected with Electromagnetic Waves
814



CHAPTER 24

Geometrical Optics 823

24.1
Ray (Geometrical) Optics
824

24.2
Reflection from a Plane Mirror: The Law of Reflection
825

24.3
Refraction
828

24.4
Reflections and Images Produced by Curved Mirrors
835

24.5
Lenses
844

24.6
How the Eye Works
850

24.7
Optics in the Atmosphere
855

24.8
Aberrations
856



CHAPTER 25

Wave Optics 868

25.1
Coherence and Conditions for Interference
869

25.2
The Michelson Interferometer
872

25.3
Thin
-
Film Interference
875

25.4
Light through a Single Slit: Qualitative Behavior
881

25.5
Double
-
Slit Interference: Young’s Experiment
882

25.6
Single
-
Slit Diffraction: Interference of Light from a Single Slit
885

25.7
Diffraction Gratings
889

25.8
Optical Resolution and the Rayleigh Criterion
892

25.9
Why Is the Sky Blue?
897

25.10
The Nature of Light: Wave or Particle?
898



CHAPTER 26

Applications of Optics 908

26.1
Applications of a Single Lens: Contact Lenses, Eyeglasses, and the Magnifying
Glass
908

26.2
Microscopes
916

26.3
Telescopes
920

26.4
Cameras
927

26.5
CDs and DVDs
934

26.6
Optical Fibers
936

26.7
Microscopy with Optical Fibers
939




CHAPTER 27

Relativity 946

27.1
Newton’s Mechanics and Relativity
947

27.2
The Postulates of Special Relativity
948

27.3
Time Dilation
949

27.4
Simultaneity Is Not Absolute
955

27.5
Length Contraction
956

27.6
Addition of Velocities
960

27.7
Relativistic Momentum
962

27.8
What Is “Mass”?
964

27.9
Mass and Energy
965

27.10
The Equivalence Principle and General Relativity
970

27.11
Relativity and Electromagnetism
973

27.12
Why Relativity Is Important
975



CHAPTER 28

Quantum Theory 982

28.1
Particles, Waves, and “Particle
-
Waves”
982

28.2
Photons
985

28.3
Wavelike Properties of Classical Particles
993

28.4
Electron Spin
996

28.5
The Meaning of the Wave Function
998

28.6
Tunneling Detect
1003

28.7
Detection of Photons by the Eye
1005

28.8
The Nature of Quanta: A Few Puzzles
1006



CHAPTER 29

Atomic Theory 1013


29.1
Structure of the Atom: What’s Inside?
1014

29.2
Atomic Spectra
1018

29.3
Bohr’s Model of the Atom
1021

29.4
Wave Mechanics and the Hydrogen Atom
1028

29.5
Multielectron Atoms
1031

29.6
Chemical Properties of the Elements and the Periodic Table

29.7
Applications
1037

29.8
Quantum Mechanics and Newton’s Mechanics: Some Philosophical Issues
1042





CHAPTER 30

Nuclear Physics 1048

30.1
Structure of the Nucleus: What’s Inside?
1049

30.2
Nuclear Reactions: Spontaneous Decay of a Nucleus
1053

30.3
Stability of the Nucleus: Fission and Fusion
1064

30.4
Biological Effects of Radioactivity
1071

30.5
Applications
of Nuclear Physics in Medicine and Other Fields
1075

30.6
Questions about the Nucleus
1078



CHAPTER 31

Physics in the 21st Century 1087

31.1
Cosmic Rays
1088

31.2
Matter and Antimatter
1089

31.3
Quantum Electrodynamics
1092

31.4
Elementary Particle Physics: The Standard Model
1093

31.5
The Fundamental Forces of Nature
1098

31.6
Elementary Particle Physics: Is This the Final Answer?
1102

31.7
Astrophysics and the Universe
1103

31.8
Physics and Interdisciplinary Science
1106



Appendix A: Reference Tables
A
-
1

Appendix B: Mathematical Review
A
-
8
Answers to Concept Checks and Odd
-
Numbered
Problems
A
-
13
Index
I
-
1