30,000,000 Occupation Tweets

farmpaintlickInternet και Εφαρμογές Web

21 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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30,000,000 Occupation Tweets

A
hashtag

co
-
occurrence network analysis

of information flows

Jeff
Hemsley
,

Katherine Thornton, Josef
Eckert,
Shawn
Walker, Robert M. Mason &
Karine

Nahon

NSF Award #1243170

INSPIRE: Tools, Models, and Innovation Platforms

for Research on Social
Media

#Overview


Occupy & Question


Literature & Data


Model & Findings


Next Steps?


#Occupy

9/17 to 10/15


21K+ Occupiers


2300+ cities

Meetup.com

#Occupy

30,000,000 by end of 2011

Tweets: 300K to 1M a day

#Question

Are there
hashtag

co
-
occurrence patterns
indicative of organizing, informing and
community building in the Occupy Twitter
stream from October 19
th

to November 5
th
?


Community

Informing

Organizing

#Literature


Tagging as finding and filtering mechanism


Huang, J., Thornton, K.M., and
Efthimiadis
, E.N. Conversational tagging in twitter. Proceedings of the 21st ACM conference on Hypertext and
hypermedia, ACM (2010), 173

178.


Mechanism of organizing information


Chang, H.C. A new perspective on Twitter
hashtag

use: Diffusion of innovation theory. Proceedings of the American Society for
Information Science and Technology 47, 1 (2010), 1

4.



Information sharing


Java, A., Song, X.,
Finin
, T., and Tseng, B. Why we twitter: understanding
microblogging

usage and communities. Proceedings of the 9
th

WebKDD

and 1st SNA
-
KDD 2007 workshop on Web mining and social network analysis, ACM (2007), 56

65


Particularly about events


Letierce
, J., Passant, A.,
Breslin
, J., and Decker, S. Understanding how Twitter is used to spread scientific messages. (2010).


Injecting messages into an information topic stream


Huang, J., Thornton, K.M., and
Efthimiadis
, E.N. Conversational tagging in twitter. Proceedings of the 21st ACM
conference on Hypertext and hypermedia, ACM (2010), 173

178.


Letierce
, J., Passant, A.,
Breslin
, J., and Decker, S. Understanding how Twitter is used to spread scientific messages.
(2010).



Community building mechanism


Laniado
, D. and Mika, P. Making sense of twitter. The Semantic Web

ISWC 2010, (2010), 470

485.


Connect with like
-
minded individuals


Java, A., Song, X.,
Finin
, T., and Tseng, B. Why we twitter: understanding
microblogging

usage and communities. Proceedings of the
9th
WebKDD

and 1st SNA
-
KDD 2007 workshop on Web mining and social network analysis, ACM (2007), 56

65.


Discussion participation &
n
etwork enhancing


Letierce
, J., Passant, A.,
Breslin
, J., and Decker, S. Understanding how Twitter is used to spread scientific messages. (2010).

#Literature


140
-
character limit => expect limited or no
meta
-
data


Huang, J., Thornton, K.M., and
Efthimiadis
, E.N. Conversational
tagging in twitter. Proceedings of the 21st ACM conference on
Hypertext and hypermedia, ACM (2010), 173

178
.


Occupy tweets with multiple
hashtags
?


“Tweak the Tweet”:
hashtags

as metadata


Starbird
, K., and J.
Stamberger
. 2010. “Tweak the Tweet: Leveraging
Microblogging

Proliferation with a Prescriptive Syntax to Support
Citizen Reporting.”


Target interest sub
-
sets with multiple tags



#Occupy #Tweets

account1
:
support from
#
occupySydney

#solidarity
@
OccupyChicago
: The
twentysix

women in this
policewagon

say
hello!
#
occupychicago

#
occupyarrests


account2
:
RT@OccupyDenver

Snow expected for
#
OccupyDenver

tonight, 4
-
8 inches. Donations of warm clothing,
etc

would rock!
#
needsoftheoccupiers

#
ows


account3
:
#
GeneralStrike

to give everyone a chance to
#
MoveYourMoney

on
#Nov5


account4:
What
happened to
#
OccupyOakland

and the MSM
response to it is further proof we need to
#
OccupyTheMedia

with our own Internet media outlet
.




#Expectations


Hashtags

as meta information for
organizing information


Informing


Location
&
Events


Location
& Utility


Community


Location &

Location


Location & Slogan


Meta
meta


Meta & Location


Meta & Slogan




#Expectations

meta

location

utility

slogan

event

meta

+

o

+

o

location

+

+

+

+

+

utility

o

+

-

o

+

slogan

+

+

o

-

event

o

+

+

#Data


SoMeLab

data set: 30,000,000 Occupy Tweets


Tweets with 2 or more tags


Oct 20


Nov 5, 2011





X
1

X
n
: tag by tag dummy






Y: Co
-
occurrence Matrix



#Analysis


Network Linear Regression


Quadratic Assignment Procedure


Proportion random trials


Test for association


T
-
test



X
1

X
n
: tag by tag dummy






Y: Co
-
occurrence Matrix



#Findings

meta

location

utility

slogan

event

meta

+

o

+

+

o

+

location

+

+

+

+

+

utility

o

+

+

-

o

+

slogan

+

+

o

-

event

o

+

+

+


Meta: OWS is a hub and tied to everything


Volume of OWS: signaling community


Not so distributed?


OWS Power Law: other


news
-
like social attention?






Fire
-
bomb / noise / message injection

#Findings #Issues

#Future #Directions


3D Matrix
-
> meta & location & utility


Location: control for
distance


Block
Model


#
GetAJob




So

Me Lab

S

ocial

Media Lab @ UW

http://

so

melab
.net

jhemsley@uw.edu

Thank you