Writing Mode # 3:
Narration and Description
to make a point
uses _____________ images to create a picture
are we studying two modes in a single unit?
In most cases, these modes of writing are used
provide a detailed account of a memorable _____________.
is the primary purpose of narrative/descriptive writing?
Quite simply, to
tell a story.
may simply be to _____
_____ your readers.
What are some secondary purposes
1. To make a complic
ated subject more ______
Example: You tell a story about a shooting incident as part of
your discussion on gun control.
To analyze a deeper _____
_________ or a theme.
You tell a story about your recent trip to the Olympics
as part of an essay detailing your newfound patriotism
To bring _____
______ to a societal problem.
Example: You tell a story about working with homeless people in
an urban area in order to make
people more aware of poverty in
the United States even though you aren’t posing a formal
argument about it.
What makes effective narrative/descriptive writing?
Consider your _____
In order to know what details
need to be included, you will need to consider your target
audience’s background. The less familiar your audience is with
your subject matter, the more basic detail you need to include.
______ should be clear.
narratives do not
include “thesis” statements or thorough explanations of what
your story means, you should still have a central focus.
_______ is key.
While not all plots are presented
in chronological order, all narratives include a coheren
sequence of events. Otherwise , it is not a narrative.
______. Don’t tell.
The most interesting stories
bring the story to life by vivid description rather than
explanation. One way to accomplish this is by including
Tell the story from
a consistent _____
Personal narratives will typically be told in
Consider the ___
_____ of your story. This should be varied
to focus on the more important and interesting aspects o
Dialogue, as you probably know, is what happens when two or more characters speak to one
experience dialogue all the time in our everyday lives.
In writing, dialogue should do one, if not all, of the
1. Reveal characters’ relationships to one another.
2. Move the story forward.
3. Increase the tension.
It should also include proper indents and punctuation (see the example
Dialogue that shows the relationship between chara
"What's the capital of Spain?" Jerry asked, pausing over his crossword puzzle.
Susan looked up from her book and rolled her eyes. "Madrid, duh."
"Why are you so sarcastic all the time?” Jerry slammed his pencil on table. He looked
like he was goin
g to cry.
“I don't thi
nk I can take much more of this,
What do we learn about Jerry and Susan’s relationship through this dialogue?
Dialogue that moves the story forward:
The phone rang, and Jerry picked it up.
was a moment of silence on the other end.
"Is this Jerry Simmons?" a male voice asked.
"Yeah. Who is this?" The man paused. Jerry could hear him take a deep breath.
"Jerry, my name is Dave. I’m your brother.”
"If this is a prank, it isn’t funny,” Jerry sa
id. “My family died a long time ago."
“Not your whole family,” Dave said.
Jerry hung up the phone.
How does this dialogue
move the story forward?
Example: Dialogue that increases the tension:
"Dave!" Jerry shouted. "We've got to get away from here! The
building's gonna blow!"
"We've got to go back!" Dave screamed.
"Why?" Dave pointed at the roof. "Susan's still up there!"
How does this dialogue increase tension in the reader?
Dialogue Tags Other Than “Said