Trends in Library Automation


5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Trends in Library Automation

Marshall Breeding

Director for Innovative Technologies and Research

Vanderbilt University

February 24, 2006

Alaska Library Association

Annual Conference

Industry Trends

The business is becoming more brutal…

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Fragmentation vs Consolidation

Library industry fragmented

Industry entering phase of consolidation

Library industry still fragmented

Many companies competing for a limited market with overlapping
products with marginal differentiation

Sirsi + Dynix + DocuTek + DRA + NOTIS + MultiLIS + INLEX =
SirsiDynix + ?

Library clients captured through acquisition

Greater disparity between the smallest and the largest companies

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Who owns the Industry?

Some of the most important decisions that affect the options
available to libraries are made in the corporate board room.

Increased control by financial interests of venture capital

> Seaport Capital + Hicks Muse

Ex Libris
> Walden Israel + Tamar Technology

> Golden Gate

> Croydon Company

Privately owned by Founders

Innovative Interfaces

The Library Corporation

Keystone Systems

Division of Larger corporation


Open Text

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Growth Strategies

Assembly & Acquisition:



Some companies continue to prosper and grow organically
through steady sales of products to new libraries


The Library Corporation


Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Libraries demand choice.

Room for niche players

Domination by a large monopoly unlikely to be accepted by library

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

A New Role for OCLC?

owned cooperative on a buying binge of automation

Openly Informatics

Downing Informatics

Sisis Informationssysteme


Acquired a broad range of technology components

Open WorldCat will grow into a much broader set of services

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Key Issue

It’s essential for libraries to partner with a company that will be
one of the survivors of the industry.

Very disruptive to a library’s automation strategy if its vendor is

Given the relative parity of library automation systems, choosing
the right automation partner is more important than splitting hairs
over functionality.

Understanding of library issues

Vision and forward
looking development

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

The Future?

A fewer number of larger companies

Some weaker companies may allow themselves to become acquired

Consolidated companies will consolidate product offerings

ILS Sales will decline

Fewer opportunities for sales in US and Canada

Focus on Non
ILS offerings

Define a new ILS

More International marketing

More cross
industry ownership

Courseware + ILS?


Technology Trends

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

The ILS is not dead

Rumors of its demise are greatly exaggerated

A well
functioning automation system is essential to the operation
of the library

Libraries have never needed automation more than today

The ILS does need to be redefined

Give primacy to electronic content

Maintain solid support for print materials

Designed to integrate with external systems

Evolve into Service Oriented Business Application

Compartmentalize and contain resources invested in traditional
ILS functionality to catch up with deficits in supporting electronic

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Comprehensive Automation

The goal of the Integrated Library Systems involves the
automation of all aspects of the library’s internal operations and to
provide key services to library users.

As the scope of libraries evolve, so must the scope and
capabilities of the ILS

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Resource Sharing

Limited budgets demand sharing collections

Opportunities to make ILL more like circulation

Fast delivery of physical items from non
local collections: remote
storage, consortium partners, ILL

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

scale automation

Trend toward automation through consortia

The days of single
library ILS implementations are waning

An increasing portion of ILS sales involve independent libraries
joining a consortium to gain access to a shared automation

Small and mid
sized consortia are merging into larger ones

ASP / Vendor
hosted automation

Take advantage of industrial strength hosting facilities

Realization that small libraries do not have the resources to deal with
security, disaster planning, and other technical aspects of
maintaining and ILS.

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

The ILS Crisis

The ILS, which had been steadily evolving for over 2 decades
reached a crisis in about 2000. While libraries had evolved into
new roles involving increasing electronic content, the ILS
remained fixated on print and traditional materials.

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Response to the Crisis

A bevy of add

OpenURL Link Resolvers

Metasearch environments

Electronic Resource Management modules

New front ends and portals

Replacement OPAC interfaces

AquaBrowser Library

Endeca Guided Search

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Blindsided despite Obvious Trends

Libraries have been acquiring and creating electronic content
since the emergence of the Web

One of the most fundamental changes in the nature of libraries,
yet the automation systems fell behind in features needed to
manage and deliver electronic content.

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

A fundamental failure

The emergence of these non
integrated add
on applications
stand as an indictment that the ILS failed to evolve in step with
changes in the library environment.

Libraries failed to demand adequate tools in time of need.
Satisfied with ad
hoc solutions.

Vendors failed to incrementally evolve their core products to
accommodate electronic content.

The ILS would be much different today if it gained these functions
as native capabilities.

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Threats and challenges


Library users expect more than they currently receive.

Google and other modern Web destinations set high user

Library offerings seem clumsy, complex, and ineffectual.

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Threats and challenges


Libraries struggle to find their place in the
academic enterprise

Organizationally: Role in academic support and
student life

Virtually: Challenge to be both conspicuous and
transparent in the academic web presence


be a great destination among the Web
services the university offers its faculty and

To deliver library services through non
interfaces: campus portal, courseware, etc.

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Threats and challenges


Increased pressure to:

Reduce costs

Share resources

Increase service quality

Integrate with municipal or county IT
infrastructure and support structures

Integrate with e
government systems

Deliver access to more electronic content

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Threats and challenges


Automate at the district level rather than
individual school libraries

Decrease IT support burden

Support assessment and reporting

Integrate library automation with other
school administration systems

School Interoperability Framework

Feb 24, 2006

Trends in Library Automation

Path to Recovery?

More systematic approach toward hybrid print/electronic

Adoption of technologies that support e

based linking widely deployed

Metasearch stands as the current kludge for unifying the OPAC and
growing collections of electronic content

Develop new search and information discovery models

Redefine the library catalog

Not just the physical holdings

Library portal options still limited and immature

New library interfaces with more comprehensive scope

Library Web services that integrate into strategic higher
interfaces and portals

Questions and Discussion