Automation: Brief History

fanaticalpumaΜηχανική

5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 7 μέρες)

80 εμφανίσεις

International Task Force
on
Vehicle
-
Highway
Automation

16th
Annual Meeting

WELCOME

INTRODUCTION

What is ITFVHA?


A forum to discuss government
-
industry
roles in development and deployment of
advanced driver assistance systems


An informal group for exchange of
information and strengthening global
linkages

ITFVHA Approach


Invitation
-
only gathering



core community


of established programs


countries exploring strategy/benefits for


Advanced Driver Assistance
Ssytems

(ADAS)


Connected Vehicle
-
Highway Systems (CVHS)


Vehicle
-
Highway Automation (VHA)


Independent
of other ITS activities and
forums


Proceedings generated



History of ITFVHA


Organizational meeting: 1996, Orlando


First meeting: 1997, San Diego, sponsored by NAHSC


Second meeting: 1998, Delft, Netherlands, sponsored by Rijkswaterstaat


Third meeting: 1999, Toronto, sponsored by ITS America


Fourth meeting: 2000, Tsukuba City, sponsored by MOC/AHSRA


Fifth meeting: 2001, Sydney, sponsored by ITS Australia / AAA


Sixth meeting: 2002, Chicago, sponsored by TRB and ITS America


Seventh meeting: 2003, Paris, sponsored by LIVIC


Eighth meeting: 2004, Nagoya, sponsored by MLIT / AHSRA


Ninth meeting: 2005, San Francisco, sponsored by ITS America / USDOT


Tenth meeting: 2006, London, sponsored by UK Highways Agency


Eleventh meeting: 2007, Versailles, sponsored by INRIA


Twelfth meeting: 2008, New York City, sponsored by Parsons
-
Brinkerhoff


Thirteenth meeting: 2009, Stockholm, sponsored by H3B Media


Fourteenth meeting: 2010,
Busan
, sponsored by Korean Transport Institute


Fifteenth meeting: 2011, Orlando, sponsored by Bishop Consulting


16th
Annual Meeting


Vienna



Co
-
sponsors:


Austrian Institute of Technology


Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International



Review of Agenda



Restaurant:


Plachutta

Grünspan


Ottakringer

Straße

266,



1160 Wien 7
pm


Separate checks




Bishop Consulting

AUTOMATION:

BRIEF HISTORY

7

Pre
-
1990


1939 World’s Fair:


General Motors Futurama


1950’s


1980’s


GM experiments / prototypes


buried wire guidance


USA, Japan, Germany

1990’s


(1990
-
94) European Prometheus program


1000 km autonomous driving on public
highway near Paris


(1993
-
99) USDOD
Unmanned Ground
Vehicles


(1993
-
98) USDOT AHS Program / Demo

97


National Automated Highway System
Consortium (NAHSC)


21 vehicles (cars, trucks, buses)


8000
miles of demonstration rides with
no
malfunctions


Largest media event in history of
ITS





2000’s


EC
CHAUFFEUR truck platooning (1996


2002)


cooperative “electronic
towbar



Japan
Ministry of Construction (1996
-

2008)


platooning / Demo 2000


UC Berkeley platooning of trucks/ buses
(2001
-
11)


German INVENT program: traffic
jam assistant
(2001
-
05)


DARPA Grand/Urban Challenges
(2004
-
07)


2000’s


Phileas

dual
-
mode bus system (Netherlands) (2004)


Automatic mode: braking, steering, throttle fully automated


Guidance is based on magnetic markers every 4
-
5 m


Toyota Intelligent Multi
-
Modal Transit System (IMTS):
Expo 2005 in Nagoya (2005)


driverless transit system with automated platoon operation on
dedicated roads


served 27,000 persons daily at Expo 2005


German KONVOI truck platooning in traffic (2005
-
09)


U.S. Army Convoy Active Safety Technology (2008
-
2010
)


CyberCar

demo Antibes


11

2010’s


Google unveils autonomous vehicle work (2010)


Autonomous Intercontinental Challenge (2010)


CyberCar

demo La Rochelle (2011)


HAVE
-
IT Demo and Reports (2011)


highly automated driving


control transfer


minimum risk maneuver


SARTRE Demo (2012):


platooning


business case evaluations


Car
-
maker announcements for “mid
-
decade”


combined
lat
/
lon

control


traffic jam assist


full speed, full control prototypes unveiled


Evolution:

Vehicle


Highway Allocation of Intelligence



steady increase in vehicle intelligence


from buried wires


…..to magnetic nails


……………to “nothing” in road


infrastructure intelligence still required to gain
mobility / sustainability benefits (cooperative
systems)



Dedicated lanes? A point of debate….


Bishop Consulting

Looking Back:

What’s Different This Time?

1990’s


National Automated Highway
System Consortium


Public sector led & funded


Visionary


Only one car company deeply
involved


Technology foundation in early
stages


Dedicated lanes important


Embedded magnetic markers


Transport goals foremost


This Decade


Private sector investment
dominates


Automation competitively
relevant


goal: offer driver comfort


many OEMs active


OEM designs assume
mixed traffic, roads
-
as
-
is


Incremental, building on
active safety sensors / V2X


Opportunity is for transport
sector to be
smart followers