Ultra Low Emission

fallenleafblackbeansΠετρελαϊκά και Εξόρυξη

8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μέρες)

241 εμφανίσεις

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

1

G030523
-
EarthBkgrd

Engine Oils for

Ultra Low Emission

Diesel Engines

Jim McGeehan, Manager of Global Heavy
-
Duty
Diesel Engine Oil Technology

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

2

Oil Quality Driven by Clean Exhaust

NO
x

(g/hp
-
Hr)

0

4

8

12

10.7

6

0.20

Year:

API:

‘88

‘90

‘95

‘99

‘02

‘07

CE

CF
-
4

CG
-
4

CH
-
4

CI
-
4

PC
-
10

2

10.7

6

5

0.20

4

EGR + DPF

NO
x

Adsorber

DeNO
x

Catalyst

Retarded

Timing

EGR

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

3

Increasing Oil Quality

2

5

5

8

12

15

0

4

8

12

16

CD

CE

CF
-
4

CG
-
4

CH
-
4

CI
-
4


API:

Number of Tests to Qualify Products

1972

1988

1991

1994

1998

2002

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

4

“Just
-
in
-
Time” Delivery

Maximize Engine Reliability and Durability
API CH
-
4/CI
-
4 Engine Oils

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

5

2007
-
2010 Emission “Phase
-
In”

*PC = Proposed Category

2007

2010

0.6

0.1

0

1

2

3

NO
x
,

g/BHP
-
Hr

2.5

1.1

.02

.01

2002

PC
-
10*

OEM’s Finalize
After
-
Treatment
Systems End
2003

PC
-
11*

2003

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

6

Reducing Diesel Fuel Sulfur

1993

2006

5,000 ppm

500 ppm

15 ppm


80%


2010

20%

500 ppm

15 ppm

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

7

Ash Plugging With Particulate Filters

Detergent
and
Inhibitor

Base Oil

VI
Improver

Engine Exhaust

Ash

Filter
Plugging

Particulate
Filter

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

8

After
-
Treatment Life?

NO
x

Adsorber

Lower

High

DeNO
x

Catalyst

Lower

High

SCR

No Change

Ash

Limit

Lower

High

Phosphorus

Sulfur

Particulate
Filter (DPF)

Heavy

EGR

Cat

ACERT

Heated

UREA

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

9

Chemical Limits for 2007 Lubricants

Sulfur %

NO
x

Adsorber

Ash %

Particulate Traps

Phosphorus

NO
x

Catalysts

Volatility


Oil Consumption

Ash Limit

Major Driver
for Particulate
Filters

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

10

Paradigm Shift in Engine Oil Technology

Ash

Volatility

Phosphorus

Sulfur

PC
-
10

API CI
-
4

Extended

Oil Drains

2007

Reduces Oil Drains

2002

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

11

Engine Durability Tests for PC
-
10

Caterpillar C
-
13

Oil Consumption
Blow
-
By and
Piston Deposits

Cummins ISB


Slider Valve Train
Wear and After
-
Treatment

Mack T
-
12

(Volvo D
-
12)


Power Cylinder
Wear and
Oxidation

15 ppm Fuel Sulfur

Cummins ISM


Power Cylinder, Valve
Train Wear, Filter Life
and Sludge Control

500 ppm Fuel Sulfur

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

12

PC
-
10 Challenge: Balancing Service Life

Engine

Durability

After
-
Treatment

Life

07/16/03 mrb McGeehan G030549
-
EPA

13

PC
-
10 Will Be Delivered On Time for 2007


Cleaner Diesel Engines

Jim McGeehan

Chairman of ASTM Heavy
-
Duty Engine Oil

Classification Panel, Implementing PC
-
10 for 2007