Table of contents

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

324 εμφανίσεις

ISSUE: EI 01:13



JANUARY 2013

1




British
Council

online bulletin


JANUARY

201
3


News on EU Research Policy and Programmes

Table
of contents


EU Policy

................................
................................
................................
................................
...........

2

Agreemen
t reached on 2012 and 2013 EU budget

................................
................................
........

2

Horizon 2020: ITRE committee adopts reports

................................
................................
..............

3

Yes to Erasmus for All for Europe

................................
................................
................................
..

3

Call on European Research Area Chairs launched

................................
................................
........

3

Agreement reached on European unitary patent
................................
................................
............

4

New members of ERC Scientific Council appointed
................................
................................
.......

4

ERC Synergy Grants: 2012 call results published
................................
................................
..........

4

EIP

on Active and Healthy Ageing: Action Plan presentations

................................
.......................

5

EIP on Raw Materials: first conference

................................
................................
..........................

5

EIP on Agricultural Producti
vity and Sustainability: first conference

................................
..............

5

Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change JPI: Strategic Research Agenda published

.......

6

2012 EU Industrial R & D Investment Scoreboard published

................................
.........................

6

EC launches consultation on enforcement of IPR

................................
................................
..........

7

EC to take acti
on on modernising copyright in the digital economy

................................
...............

7

Major conference on space held in London

................................
................................
....................

7

European funding for cyber secur
ity

................................
................................
...............................

8

ERA
-
Net in plant sciences: first call for proposals

................................
................................
..........

8

Grants in the field of the Trans
-
European Transport Network (TEN
-
T)
................................
..........

9

Conference on new skills for an EU bioeconomy: presentations available

................................
....

9

Health Programme: 2013 Annual Work Plan published

................................
................................
.

9

European Council conclusions on renewable energy

................................
................................
..

10

Geoghegan
-
Quinn outlines EU’s new international co
-
operation strategy

................................
...

10

Research News

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...............................

10

New insights into pig genome

................................
................................
................................
.......

10

New bio
-
oil technol
ogy wins innovation prize

................................
................................
...............

11

Looking at climate adaptation research

................................
................................
........................

11

When do warnings help to prevent violent conflicts?
................................
................................
....

12

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Making European high
-
knowledge manual work more competitive

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.............

12

Good medical practice can bias comparative studies

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................................
..

12

Education, Training and Culture

................................
................................
................................
...

13

EC communication on rethinking education

................................
................................
.................

13

MEDIA Programme: call for proposals on digitisation of cinemas

................................
................

13

Tempus IV Programme: call for proposals on reform of higher education through international
university co
-
operation

................................
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................................
..................

14

Events

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................................
..............

14

European Maritime Day 2013

................................
................................
................................
.......

14

First international conferenc
e on internet science

................................
................................
........

14

Net4Society conference on "Learning by doing
-

making interdisciplinarity work"

......................

15

New Publications an
d Online Resources

................................
................................
....................

15

Expert report on international co
-
operation in research published

................................
...............

15

Blueprint to safeguard Europe’s water

resources

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................................
.........

15

CORDIS

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........

16

IGLO Project Search

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.....................

16

EUR
-
LEX (Official

Journal C and L)

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.............................

16

EUROPA

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16

RAPID

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16

EURAXESS

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..

16

cubed… from the British Council

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17

Talking Science
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17

GLOSSARY

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17


EU Policy

Agreement
reached
on 2012 and 2013 EU budget

The Council of the EU and the European Parliament have now agreed on the 2012
EU
amending
budget and the 2013 budget. The 2012 amending budget
was approved for €
6.1 billion which

should
allow the EC to honour all payments that had to be made for 2012, including for the Erasmus student
exchanges and research projects in the areas of ICT, space and security. The EC had originally
requested an amen
ding budget of €9 billion. This mean
s that €
2.9 billion will be carried over into the
2013 budget. These funds will be needed to cover bills to Member States mainly to payments relating
to structural funds, and these Member States have agreed to be paid later.


For the 2013 budget,
the Counc
il and Parliament

agreed to a budget of €151 billion for commitments
and €132.8 million for payments. The EC has criticised the current deal for the 2013 budget and has
warned Council and Parliament that
,

given that the final amount is

€5 billion below the

EC’s proposal,
it is likely that towards the end of 2013 another amending budget will have to be submitted.

Further information

EC press releases MEMO/12/980 and MEMO/12/975 of 12 December 2012 are available at:
http:
//europa.eu/rapid


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Horizon 2020: ITRE committee adopts reports

The Industry and Research Committee (ITRE) in the European Parliament has voted on the Horizon
2020 package of legislative reports.

All six reports that make up the Horizon 2020 legislative p
ackage
were voted on by ITRE and a plenary session vote is planned for early next year. MEPs warned
against budget cuts to Horizon 2020 during the committee session on 28 November

2012
.


Comparing the reports to the original EC proposal and the Partial Gen
eral Approaches agreed by the
Council of the EU so far, the main difference can be found in the report on the Rules for Participation
drafted by MEP Christian Ehler
. These
include: a single project type across Horizon 2020 called
‘Research and Development
and Experimental development’; 100 per cent reimbursement of direct
costs for universities, research institutions and small and medium
-
sized enterprises (SMEs) for all
projects (research and close to market) and 70 per cent for industry partners; a single
indirect cost
flat rate for all beneficiaries of 20 per cent (the Council proposes 25 per cent); the option of a
reimbursement based on full costs based on a certificate on the methodology (for this option the
overall reimbursement rate for universities, r
esearch institutions and SMEs would be 70 per cent);
and common rules for funding across Horizon 2020, including for Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs)
and Public Private Partnerships (PPPs).

Further information

The reports are available
on
the European
Parliament
’s

website:
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/itre/subject%20files.html?id=20120214CDT38091#m
enuzone


Yes to Erasmus for
All for Europe

European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth Androulla Vassiliou has
recently welcomed the support for the
EC
proposal for the next generation of EU education and youth
programmes


the
proposed

Erasmus for All pr
o
gramme
. According to the proposal, Erasmus for All
is going to replace the current education programmes, including the Lifelong Learning programme
and international education programmes and the current Youth programme. There now is a Partial
General Appro
ach
agreed
on the proposal
by
the Council
,

and the European Parliament’s Culture
Committee has also voted on Erasmus for All.


While the overall proposal and concept for Erasmus for All has been accepted by both institutions,
several changes have been pro
posed. These include keeping the current brand names for the sub
-
programmes such as Erasmus, Leonardo and Grundtvig, changes concerning the way the budget is
allocated and some criticism concerning the proposed new loan scheme for Masters’ students. The
Eu
ropean Parliament has even asked for the name of the programme to be changed as they believe
it does not cover the new broader remit of education and culture in an adequate way. They would
therefore like to change it from Erasmus for All to “Yes Europe”. A

vote in the EP’s plenary is
expected in early 2013 and then Council and EP will have to agree on the final text in spring 2013.

Further information

EC
press release
MEMO/12/904 of 26 November

2012

is available at:

ht
tp://europa.eu/rapid


Call on European Research Area Chairs launched

The

EC has launched a pilot call for

the European Research Area (ERA) Chairs initiative. ERA Chairs
will be awarded to universities and research organisations in less
-
developed regions i
n Europe in
order to attract outstanding academics to help close the research and innovation divide within
Europe. The first phase of the pilot call is for universities and research organisations to apply for an
ERA Chair. The call is open to a university
or research organisation located in one of the
convergence regions, as identified in the FP7 Research Potential Work Programme for 2012
-
2013.
The pilot call has no pre
-
defined priority areas.


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The second phase of the pilot call is for the successful univer
sities and research organisations to
recruit an ERA Chair holder through an open and transparent recruitment process. There is no
nationality rule and the holder must have a track record in scientific excellence. The individual will
need to be fully integr
ated into the institutional structure and be devoted to the ERA Chair activities
full
-
time. The call budget is

12 million, with each proposal being funded to a maximum of

2.4 million
over a five year period. The deadline is 30 May 2013.

Further informati
on

EC press releases IP/12/1374 and MEMO/12/988 of 17 December 2012 are available at:
http://europa.eu/rapid



Agreement reached on European unitary patent

Two draft regulations on a European unitary patent have been

agreed on by the Council of the EU
and the European Parliament, which puts to a preliminary end a series of lengthy discussions on the
topic over the last few years. The unitary patent is designed to provide legal protection for inventors in
25 EU member
states through one single administrative step. It will co
-
exist with national patents and
the previous European patent. The new unitary patent package will mean ‘enhanced co
-
operation’
between 25 EU Member States instead of all 27. Italy and Spain have opt
ed out of the agreement as
they want to see recognition of their national languages.


It is hoped that the adoption of the unitary patent will mean the cost of obtaining patent protection
throughout the EU comes down by as
much as 80 per cent
. This should
, in turn, make European
patents available at a competitive price and make them more accessible to small and medium
-
sized
enterprises. An agreement is expected to be concluded in February 2013 with the aim of setting up a
single, specialised patent court.
The main seat of the court will be in Paris, with two specialised
sections in London and Munich.

Further information

EC press release MEMO/12/970

of 11 December 2012

is available at:
http://europa.eu/rapid



New memb
ers of ERC Scientific Council appointed

The European Research Council (ERC) has announced the appointment of eight new members of its
Scientific Council (ScC). Their term of office will start in early 2013 and will run until the close of 2013,
when the EU’
s Seventh Framework Programme will come to an end.

The new members include
Professor Athene Donald of the University of Cambridge.


The ScC is the ERC's governing body and is responsible for defining its scientific funding strategy
and methodologies. It c
onsists of 22 distinguished researchers who represent the full scope of the EU
research community, although they do not represent their countries or their fields. The ScC was also
partially renewed in 2011. The newly
-
appointed members were appointed by the

EC
, based on the
recommendations of an independent ERC Identification Committee, which consisted of six high
-
level
researchers. The research community was consulted during this identification process. The ERC
press release profiles the career achievements

of each
individual
.

Further information

ERC press release of 13 December 2012

is available at
:
http://erc.europa.eu/sites/defau
lt/files/press_release/files/ERC_Press_release_New_ERC_ScC_m
embers_appointed.pdf



ERC Synergy Grants: 2012 call results published

The European Research Council (ERC) has published the results of the first
-
ever ERC Synergy
Grants call, which closed on 2
5 January 2012. Some 11 proposals were selected for funding from
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5

710 originally submitted, giving a success rate of 1.5 per cent for this first pilot call. The ERC’s press
release contains profiles of several of the funded projects, and a separate full lis
t which shows all the
Principal Investigators (PIs) and Host Institutions has also been published.


Within the 11 successful proposals there are a total of 15 UK
-
based PIs at seven Host Institutions. Of
the 11 proposals, six feature one or more PIs based
in the UK. The proposals selected for funding
have an average budget of €11.5 million. The funded proposals amount to €126 million, which means
that the call budget (€150 million) has not been fully allocated.

Further information

ERC press release of 17 D
ecember 2012

is available at
:
http://erc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/press_release/files/ERC_Press_Release_SyG_results_2012.
pdf



Full l
ist of funded projects:
http://erc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/document/file/Synergy_Grant_2012_list.pdf



EIP on Active a
nd Healthy Ageing: Action Plan p
resentations

The presentations of the Action Plans for the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy
Ageing (EIP AHA) are now available online. The Action Plans for the six different Action Groups are
in the fields of adherence to treatment; f
alls prevention; frailty; integrated care; independent living and
age
-
friendly environments. They were adopted at the first conference of partners of the EIP AHA,
which took place on 6 November 2012 in Brussels.

Further information

The presentations and f
urther information on the Action Groups can be seen at:
http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation
-
union/index_en.cfm?section=active
-
healthy
-
ageing&pg=commitment


EIP on Raw Materials: first c
onference

The first conference on the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Raw Materials took place in
November 2012 in Brussels. The major aim of the event was to feed in to the development of the
EI
P's upcoming Strategic Implementation Plan (SIA). The overriding aim of the
EIP

is to enable the
EU to secure a more sustainable supply of raw materials and reduce the current dependence on
imported raw materials. To do this, the EIP proposes to bring toge
ther important actors with a stake in
raw materials in order to "develop joint strategies, pull together capital and human resources and
ensure the implementation and dissemination of innovative solutions within Europe".


The proposal suggests a number of

targets to be achieved b
y 2020, among them ten

"innovative pilot
actions" on exploration, extraction and processing, collection and recycling. There is also a focus on
better applying research results for industrial use. The EIP will be formally launched
in January 2013,
when the first meeting of the Steering Group and Operational Groups will take place, and the SIA is
aimed to be published during the second half of 2013. The membership of these groups
can also be
viewed

via the link provided below.

Furth
er information

The EC’s webpages on the Raw Materials EIP can be seen at:

http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/raw
-
materials/innovation
-
partnership/
index_en.htm


EIP on Agricultural Pr
oductivity and Sustainability: f
irst

c
onference

A conference on ‘Priorities and Delivery Mechanisms’ for the European Innovation Partnership (EIP)
on Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability took place in Brussels i
n November 2012. The
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6

presentations and a summary of the main outcomes are available online. The conference was the
first major event on the EIP since it was launched in February 2012.


The main aim of the EIP is to "enable a new approach to agricultural i
nnovation if the European farm
sector is to meet the challenge of producing under new constraints of resource availability, and in line
with multiple environmental requirements". The conference programme also provides some details
on the likely different s
ources of funding for the EIP's Operational Groups, including from Horizon
2020 and from the new EU rural development programme to be in place from 2014.

Further information

The conference webpages can be accessed at:

http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/events/conference
-
eip
-
2012_en.htm



Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change
JPI: Strategic Research
Agenda p
ublished

The Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for the Agricultur
e, Food Security and Climate Change Joint
Programming Initiative (FACCE JPI) has been published. The document sets out five priority
research themes which reflect the key challenges to be tackled by the JPI. The FACCE JPI was
launched in 2010, and brings t
ogether 21 European countries in order to jointly tackle the challenge
of producing food, feed, fibre and biofuels for an increasing population in the context of climate
change. By aligning national programmes, it aims to reduce duplication of research eff
orts and cover
gaps in these areas and to increase the efficiency with which research funding is spent.


The SRA is conceived as a research and innovation roadmap for the JPI, and it details five key
priorities along with planned joint actions (for exampl
e joint calls) for each one. The implementation of
the JPI's joint research priorities has already begun, in the shape of a Knowledge Hub on "Modelling
of the Impacts of Climate Change". A second joint action, an international call on Greenhouse Gas
Mitig
ation in collaboration with non
-
EU countries, is planned to be launched in early 2013.

Further information

The
SRA is available

on the FACCE JPI website:

http://www.facc
ejpi.com/FACCE
-
JPI
-
Home/FACCE
-
JPI
-
News/SRA
-
press
-
release


2012 EU Industrial R & D Investment Scoreboard published

The EC has published its annual EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard of the top 1,500 global
investors in research and development. The s
coreboard demonstrates that, despite the continued
economic and financial crisis, major EU
-
based industries still invested in R&D during 2011. The 2012
Scoreboard is based on the top 1,500 global companies wh
o collectively invest almost 90 per cent

of
the
total R&D expenditure in the private sector. Of the 1,500 companies; 405 are based in the EU,
503 in the USA, 296 in Japan and 296 in the rest of the world.


The Scoreboard shows that major EU
-
based companies
increased R&D investment by 8.9 per cent

in 2
011

compared to an increase of 6.1 per cent

in 2010. This increase was high
er than the global
average (7.6 per cent
) and almost matched the increase in R&D investment b
y major US
-
based
companies (9

per cent
). Recently released data from Eurostat shows that

the combined EU public
and private sector research i
nvestment has increased to 2.03 per cent of GDP compared to 2.01 per
cent

in 2010. Companies that had the largest increase in R&D expenditure in 2011 were from the ICT
sector.

Further information

The EC’
s webpage on the Scoreboard can be seen at:
http://iri.jrc.ec.europa.eu/research/scoreboard_2012.htm




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7

EC launches consultation on enforcement of IPR

The EC is holding a "public cons
ultation on the efficiency of proceedings and accessibility of
measures property rights" relating to the civil enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). As a
part of its overall strategy on intellectual property, the EC is seeking to evaluate the
overall
functioning of the civil enforcement system for IPR (such as patents, trademarks, designs and
copyright) in the EU. The broad aim of the strategy is to improve the legal framework for intellectual
property rights and their enforcement, so as to dev
elop innovative services and products which will
create growth and jobs in Europe.


The purpose of this survey is to gather specific information about the enforcement of intellectual
property rights through contracts, litigation or other means. This inform
ation would allow for
comprehensive assessment of efficiency and costs of the civil enforcement systems that are put in
place for intellectual property rights in the Member States. In particular, the survey seeks
contributions from stakeholders who have pa
rticipated in civil proceedings concerning infringements
of intellectual property rights. The consultation will close on 30 March 2013.

Further information

The consultation can be accessed at:
http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/consultations/2012/intellectual
-
property
-
rights_en.htm



O
ngoing EC consultations in
other fields

can be seen at:
http://ec.europa.eu/yourvoice/consultations/index_en.htm




EC to take action on modernising copyright in the digital economy

In the framework of the existing Intellectual Property Rights strategy of 2011, the EC has been
discussing issues rela
ting to modernising copyright in the digital economy. The overall aim is to
ensure that copyright rules stays fit for purpose and take into account new ways of providing, creating
and distributing digital content online.


The EC intends to launch a stakeh
older dialogue process in early 2013 with the intention of
addressing six pressing issues, including cross
-
border portability of digital content; access to
audiovisual works; and cultural heritage. The EC will take stock of these discussions by December
20
13 and, if needed, will then recommend policy or legislative reform. Other longer
-
term issues to be
considered include agreeing appropriate levels of harmonisation, limitations and exceptions to
copyright in the digital age; and how best to reduce the frag
mentation of the EU copyright market
.

Further information

EC press release MEMO/12/950

of 5 December 2012

is avail
able at:
http://europa.eu/rapid



Major

conference

on space

held
in London


The
EC Commissioner

respons
ible for Industry and Entrepreneurship, Antonio Tajani, gave the
opening speech at the Space Conference held on 3 December 2012 in London.
In
outlining the EC
’s

strategy for a new industrial policy
,

h
e
stated that

over 100 million Europeans

now

use satelli
tes in
the form of satellite TV and receiving GPS on smart phones. He
then mentioned the

new target for 20
percent of
the
EU
’s

GDP to come fro
m industry by 2020, with space “
at the centre of

this new
industrial revolution”
. Tajani highlighted that a key ob
jective in the Galileo programme was achieved
within budget in October

2012 in the shape of a

successful launch of two Galileo satellites, giving a
total of four satellites in orbit and validating the system. He stated that the plan was to have 18
satellit
es in orbit by 2014 and

that devices need

to be technically ready to receive signals from
Galileo.


“We need to get ready to face the challenge on two levels” said Tajani, “Firstly, application
development needs to be encouraged. Horizon 2020 is the best
tool to support the development of
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8

Galileo applications. Secondly, we need to ensure the market uptake of Galileo”. Tajani
then
described

the
now fully operational ‘EGNOS’, delivering three services which include, the open
service, the ‘safety of life’ ser
vice (serving EU airports) and the EGNOS data access service. He
informed delegates that
,

whilst transport was a key area of application with about 60 percent of the
market using intelligent transport systems for roads, other application sectors included e
nergy,
finance and health.
He then referred

to GMES (Global Monitoring Earth System) whose applications
are already in use providing new reference maps to facilitate the work of emergency services
. The
GMES system has recently been renamed ‘Copernicus’.

F
urther information

EC press release

SPEECH/12/896

of 3 December 2012

is available at
:
http://europa.eu/rapid/


The announcement of the new name for GMES can be seen on the EC’s website:
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/newsroom/cf/itemdetail.cfm?item_id=6321&lang=en


European funding for cyber security

Cybercrime is increasing worldwide and costs an estimated €750 billion ann
ually in lost time,
business and expense of resolving resulting issues. The EC has taken action to tackle this by
providing resources to develop new cyber s
ecurity technologies. From 2007 to
2013
,

the EC
has
spent
around

€350 million on research in this ar
ea. For the next period of 2013 to
2020
,

an increased
budget of €400 million has been earmarked to support key enabling and industrial technologies
including cyber security, privacy and trust technologies with additional funding under Secure
Societies to b
e spent on other aspects of this.


The EC has funded projects addressing the biggest cyber security issues. Syssec, a European
network of excellence is being established to predict threats and vulnerabilities before they occur and
to educate people about c
yber security. Another project, NESSOS (Network of Excellence on
Engineering Secure Internet Software Services and Systems), aims to ensure that engineers and
developers address security concerns at the beginning of system analysis and design. The
SecureCh
ange project allows quicker software updates by enabling the testing of new parts only, to
maintain the security of an entire system whilst the TECOM project has helped to make embedded
computing systems more secure. Additional projects include ‘Tclouds’ t
o provide security for cloud
computing, and the Ecrypt and Ecrypt II projects addressing the challenge of creating increasingly
robust cryptic algorithms to protect data.

Further information

EC press release

MEMO/12/899 is available at:
http://europa.eu/rapid


ERA
-
Net in plant sciences: first call for proposals

The ERA
-
Net for Coordinating Action in Plant Sciences (ERA
-
CAPS) has launched its first joint call
for proposals. The call, entitled ‘Expanding the European R
esearch Area in Molecular Plant
Sciences’, was launched on 19 November 2012 and welcomes applications from collaborative
research consortia in any area of molecular plant science. The deadline for
applications is 15
February 2013
.


Four themes have been h
ighlighted as areas of particular interest for the joint call: food security; non
-
food crops; adaptation to a changing climate; and biotic/abiotic stress but applications in areas
outside these themes are also welcomed. The call has a one
-
stage application

process, and
consortia must comprise research groups from a minimum of three different countries (at least two
from the above list; however, partners from other countries must be able to fund themselves). The
total call budget is around

20 million.

Further information

A
ll the

information
on the call
is available
on
the ERA
-
CAPS call website:
http://www.eracaps.org/joint
-
calls/era
-
caps
-
calls



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9

Grants in the field of the T
ra
ns
-
European Transport N
etwork (TEN
-
T)

The EC’s

Directorate
-
General for Mobility and Transport is launching six calls for proposals, under
the multi
-
annual work programme for the Trans
-
European Transport Network (TEN
-
T) for the period
2007
-
2013.


The six f
ields concerned are the following: Priority Projects concerning rail, road and inland
waterways (PPs)


the indicative amount available for the selected proposals is

731 million;
European Rail Traffic Management Systems (ERTMS)


the indicative amount available for the
selected proposals is

100 million; River Information Services (RIS)


the indicative amount
available for the selected proposals is

10 million; Air T
raffic Management (ATM)


the indicative
amount available for the selected proposals is

50 million; Motorways of the Sea (MoS)


the
indicative amount available for the selected proposals is

80 million; and Intelligent Transport
Systems (ITS) including t
he European Electronic Toll Service (EETS)


the indicative amount
available for the selected proposals is

50 million.

Further information

Further information is available on the TEN
-
T Executive Agency website:
http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/apply_for_funding/follow_the_funding_process/calls_for_proposals_2
012.htm



Conference on new skills for an EU bioeconomy: presentations available

A
major conference on the theme of 'New Skills for a European Bioeconomy' took place in Brussels
on 21 and 22 November, and the presentations from this event are now available online.


The main aim was to discuss the role of skills development in driving th
e transition towards a more
sustainable and competitive bioeconomy, and the event was also envisaged to provide 'useful inputs
for the future activities under Horizon 2020, especially in relation to those fostering the European
Research Area'. The conferen
ce featured a range of speakers from industry, academia and
international organisations; and the presentations can now be accessed on the event website.

Further information

The present
ations are available on the EC’s

bioeconomy website:
http://eubioeconomy.teamwork.fr/newskills/documents


Health P
rogramme: 2013 Annual Work P
lan published

The Annual Work Plan for 2013 for the Heal
th Programme has been adopted.
The main priorities for
2013

will be: active and healthy ageing
-

focus on chronic diseases; effective ways to invest in health
-

also health workforce; patients' rights and safety; and advice and data, particularly on sustainable
health systems.

The Work Plan will also support the
implementation of legislation in the following areas: safety and
quality of tissues, cells and blood; cross
-
border healthcare; and pharma
ceuticals and medical
devices.
This is the last Work Plan under the current Health Programme, which is due to end in
2
013. A new programme called "Health for Growth" is currently being develo
ped and is due to run
from 2014 to
2020.

Further information

The
2013 Annual Work P
lan is available
on

EC
’s public health

website:
http://ec.europa.eu/health/programme/events/adoption_workplan_2013_en.htm


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JANUARY 2013

10

European Council conclusions on renewable energy

The Council of the EU has published some conclusions on renewable energy, following the recen
t
Transport, Telecommunications and Energy Council on 3 December

2012
. The document sets out
priorities in various areas, including on technology, innovation and sustainability.

The priorities include an EC
Communication on energy technology which is expec
ted to identify
future research and development approaches on renewable energy and will be based on the
architecture of the Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET
-
Plan).

Further information

The Council conclusions are available from the Council of the EU
’s

website:
http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_Data/docs/pressdata/en/trans/133950.pdf


Geoghegan
-
Quinn outlines EU’s new international co
-
operation strat
egy

Máire Geoghegan
-
Quinn, European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science,
recently
gave a speech on the
EC’s
new strategy for EU
-
International co
-
operation in research and
innovation. She started by highlighting the benefits of international c
ollaboration for scientists and for
Europe, with the number of scientific papers co
-
authored by researchers from different countries
increasing and with many global economies investing heavily in their own research and innovation
base. Geoghegan
-
Quinn stat
ed that Europe is an attractive location for international partners
as the
EU is responsible for 24 per cent

of the wor
ld expenditure on research , 32 per cent

of high impact
publications and 32 per cent

of patent a
pplications, even though only 7 per cent

of the world’s
population lives in the EU.


The new international co
-
operation strategy will be integrated with Horizon 2020 with all countries
invited to participate in Horizon 2020, but with no EU funding available for those countries that invest
strong
ly in their research and innovation base. Under Horizon 2020 there will also be targeted co
-
operation actions selected on common interest and mutual benefit with global partners and will be
identified in multi
-
annual roadmaps. Geoghegan
-
Quinn concluded by
mentioning that the
EC
will
produce a biennial report to measure progress and assess the impact of the international co
-
operation strategy.

Further information

EC Press Release
SPEECH/12/863 of 27 November 2012 is available at:
http://europa.eu/rapid



R
ese
arch News

New insights into pig genome

An international research team part
-
funded by the European Research Council, the FP6 SABRE
initiative and the FP7 Quantomics initiative, has sequenced and analysed the genomes
of several
domestic and wild pigs, shedding light on evolution and selection of the modern day pig. This
research was published in Nature and has important implications for future breeding practices in
agriculture and the use of the pig in studies of human

diseases.


Comparisons of Asian and European wild pigs revealed that they separated from one another
approximately one million years ago and have significant genetic differences. The pig genome was
also compared with those of the human, mouse, dog, horse
and cow. Pig genes associated with
immune response and olfaction are evolving most rapidly and the pig has more unique olfactory
genes than humans, mice or dogs, reflecting the importance of smell in this scavenging animal. The
pig also shares many of the

same gene variants implicated in obesity, diabetes, dyslexia, Parkinson’s
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11

disease and Alzheimer’s disease, supporting the pig as a valuable biomedical model, researchers
reported.

Further information

The
Nature paper

is available at
:
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v491/n7424/full/nature11622.html


An article on the study is available at
:
http://ec.europa.eu/research/index.cfm?pg=newsalert&lg=en&year=2012&na=na
-
141112


New bio
-
oil technology wins innovation prize

The European Association of Research and Technology Organisations (EARTO) recently held a
ceremony to award its

2012 Innovation Prize. The 2012 EARTO Innovation Prize went to the VTT
Technical Research Centre in Finland, which has made a breakthrough in biomass
-
based bio
-
oil
production. It uses a new innovative, intelligent process which combines two different tech
nologies,
pyrolysis (a process for breaking down wood) and combustion, in a way where each benefits from the
other within a power plant. This totally new process means that commercial production of bio
-
oil can
become financially viable for the first time.
The new process will be implemented on an industrial
scale soon and could ultimately help the Europe meet its energy targets for 2020.


VTT has collaborated with energy company Fortum, technology specialist Metso Power and forestry
firm UPM. A proof of con
cept pilot to demonstrate the technology has been operating successfully for
two year. The world’s first commercial implementation of the new technology will start in 2013 when
Fortum uses a new bio
-
oil plant on its Joensuu CHP (combined heat and power) pl
ant in Finland. The
plant will produce 50 thousand tonnes of bio
-
oil a year and will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by
59 thousand tonnes and sulphur dioxide emissions by 320 tonnes.

Further information

Further information
on the EARTO prize and prize w
inners is available at:
http://www.earto.eu/activities
-
and
-
services/earto
-
innovation
-
prize/earto
-
innovation
-
prize
-
2012.html



Look
ing at cli
mate adaptation research

The Executive Summary of the first synthesis report on “Climate Adaptation Research in a Larger
Europe: an analysis at local and national scales” has been published. It aims to provide policy makers
with relevant statistical inform
ation on climate change adaptation research at local and national
scales over the ‘larger Europe’ landscape that includes the 32 member countries of the European
Environment Agency, as well as Israel.


This relates to the EU
-
funded CIRCLE
-
2 project, which
has created a public database on climate
adaptation research. The database, known as the ‘infobase’, includes information on research
projects finalised after 2005 which have been funded either at national or local levels, as well as
some transnational pro
jects. The first synthesis report will be followed by a further two editions before
the CIRCLE
-
2 project finishes in 2014. The infobase and related synthesis report look at various
information such as the: project level (national or transnational); countri
es involved; categories;
sectors that have been addressed by the project; funding; timeframe; original language of the project;
and outcomes. The report makes a number of recommendations about how the data could be
improved or made more complete, as well a
s how the data could be a useful for those considering
Joint Programming in the future.

Further information

Circle
-
2 project website:
http://www.circle
-
era.eu/np4/home.html



Information on the Executi
ve Summary:
http://www.circle
-
era.eu/np4/492.html



The infobase is available at:
http://infobase.circle
-
era.eu



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JANUARY 2013

12

When do warnings help to prevent violent c
onflicts?

Professor Christoph Meyer, from King’s College London, was awarded a European Research Council

(ERC)

Starting Grant for his FORESIGHT project, which looked at whether forecasts matter and the
relationship between early warnings and the prevention

of armed conflicts. Dr Meyer presented his
research on the impact of warnings on policy
-
decision making at the recent United Nations
Disarmament Week.


His team of researchers studied the conditions when warnings from high
-
profile politicians and media
pl
ayed a key role in preventing violent conflict in different countries and regions over the last 20
years. The researchers looked both at how warnings affect international organisations (such as the
EU and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Eu
rope) and individual countries. They
found that important aspects of warnings included the content, source credibility and interpersonal
relations between forecasts and decision
-
makers. The research is likely to be used by both the
intelligence community a
nd governments in order to make their warnings more visible and relevant.
Professor Meyer has also been awarded an ERC 'Proof of Concept' grant to develop a forecast
-
based web application called “Impact Tracer”, which could be used to trace a large number
of texts
over time according to specific needs.

Further information

Information on the Impact Tracer project:
http://www.kcl.ac.uk/artshums/depts/europea
nstudies/newsrecords/2011
-
12/ercfunding.aspx


Information on Christoph Meyer:
http://www.kcl.ac.uk/sspp/departments/warstudies/people/researchers/meyer.aspx



Making European high
-
knowledge manual work more competitive

A modular, reconfigurable system that will improve productivity and working environments in Europe
for high
-
knowledge manual work has been
developed through an FP7
-
funded project called
MANUVAR, w
hich received over €7 million of fu
nding and has 18 partners from eight

Member States.
The usual solution to expensive manufacturing is to outsource the work to a less expensive country.
However this is not an option for high
-
knowledge manual work that req
uires the knowledge and
expertise of European workers. The MANUVAR system can help to resolve this problem through
enhancing communication in the product lifestyle, supporting workplace and work procedure design
and facilitating training and delivery of in
structions.


The project focused on five niche industries of economic and scientific importance to Europe:
spacecraft assembly; assembly lines and SMEs; remote maintenance; power plants; and heavy
machinery. Eurostat data of 2011 stated that 15.7 million p
eople in Europe were involved in high
-
knowledge manual work. Through the implementation of the MANUVAR system, it is possible that
these niche sectors could raise their global competitiveness, protect domestic employment and better
quality and market value

for the product. A demonstration on the potential of the system was held in
early 2012 and the feedback from the engineers was positive.

Further information

MANUVAR project website
http://www.manuvar.eu/


Good medica
l practice can bias comparative studies

Heart attack patients require specialist treatment to give them the greatest chance for survival. Drug
treatment alone is usually not effective, but an operation that re
-
opens blocked arteries, called
primary angiopl
asty, increases the chances of patient recovery. However previous studies comparing
primary angioplasty with drug treatment have indicated that patients fare the same with either
treatment. This anomalous result could be due to the fact that the most ill p
atients, and those most
likely not to recover, are usually the ones that receive primary angioplasty treatment, thus skewing
the data on patient survival. This could be due to ‘allocation bias’, where doctors give the best
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JANUARY 2013

13

treatment to the sickest patients
, which is good medical practice but makes any comparisons
between treatments difficult.


New research funded by FP7 and lead by researchers at Imperial College London took this bias into
consideration when analysing the data and calculated that primary an
gioplasty increases the survival
rate

of heart attack patients by 22 per cent

compared to drug treatment alone. This result was
confirmed

by the fact that in England 82 per cent

of heart attack patients have access to primary
angioplasty. The new study dev
eloped a method to identify when ‘allocation bias’ could bias the
evaluation of disease treatment.

Further information

An article on this study is available at:

http://ec.europa.eu/research/infocentre/article_en.cfm?id=/research/headlines/news/article_12_11_
29_en.html&item=Infocentre&artid=28413



E
ducation, Training and Culture

EC communication on rethinki
ng education

The EC has recently presented a Communication entitled ‘Rethinking Education’, which makes a
number of proposals on how education and training systems need to be changed to deliver the skills
needed by the labour market.

The Communication make
s a number of
different suggestions.


These include

a stronger focus on developing transversal skills; a new benchmark for foreign
language learning
-

by 2020 at least 50 per cent of 15 year
-
olds should know at least one foreign
language and at least 75 p
er cent should study a second one; investment into building world
-
class
vocational education and training systems; for Member States to improve the recognition of
qualifications and skills; and for education institutions to increase access to education via

open
educational resources. In order to achieve these targets, the Communication states that well
-
trained,
motivated and entrepreneurial teachers and targeted funding (including both public and private
funding) are crucial elements.

Further information

F
urther information is available from the EC’s website:

http://ec.europa.eu/education/news/rethinking_en.htm


MEDIA Pr
ogramme: call for proposals on digitisation of c
inemas

The EC has laun
ched a call for proposals under the MEDIA programme which is for the provision of
development, distribution, promotion and training and support for the digitisation of European
cinemas. The aim of this particular call is to encourage cinemas showing a sign
ificant percentage of
non
-
national European works to exploit the possibilities offered by the digital medium.

The call also aims to facilitate the digital transition of cinemas screening European films by supporting
the costs linked to the purchase of a di
gital projector. The support, in the form of a lump sum of up to
€20,000 per screen, will therefore co
-
finance the cost related to the digital transition of European
theatres, excluding the cost of the digital projector and server. The deadline for applica
tions is 31
January 2013.

Further information

All the information on the call can be seen at:
http://ec.europa.eu/culture/media/fundings/exhibition/d
igitisation
-
of
-
cinemas/calls_en.htm


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JANUARY 2013

14

Tempus IV

Programme: call for proposals on

reform of higher education
through international university co
-
operation

The EC’s

Education, Audiovisual and C
ulture Executive Agency (EACEA)

has launched a call for
proposal
s for the provision of the fourth phase of the Tempus programme, a reform of higher
education through international university co
-
operation.

The
call
deadline is 26 March 2013.


The overall objective of the programme is to support the modernisation of hig
her education in the
EU's surrounding area. The Tempus programme promotes institutional co
-
operation and focuses on
the reform and modernisation of higher education systems in the partner countries. It contributes to
an area of co
-
operation in higher educa
tion involving the European Union and partner countries in its
wider proximity. In particular, the programme will promote voluntary convergence with EU
developments in the field of highe
r education, deriving from the Europe 2020

strategy, the strategic
fra
mework for European co
-
operation in education and training (‘ET 2020’) and the Bologna process.

Further information

All the details of the call are available from the EACEA website:
http://eacea.ec.europa.eu
/tempus




Events

European Maritime D
ay 2013

The sixth edition of the European Maritime Day Conference and Stakeholders Workshops wi
ll take
place in Valletta
, Malta,

on 21 and
22 May 2013. The seas and oceans, and the opportunities they
offer, will be a
t the heart of discussions. There will be high
-
level political debates as well as more
practical exchanges between maritime stakeholders. Thoughts, ideas and new concepts will be
devised during the Conference.


The conference will include the following ses
sions: investing in sustainable maritime and coastal
tourism


on the path towards Blue Growth; connectivity for Blue Growth in Europe; the cruise sector


a safe and sustainable growth sector; marine and coastal management


fostering sustainable
developm
ent and climate change adaptation; and Mediterranean Sea Region


laying the conditions
for sustainable growth and jobs.

Further information

The programme and registrations details are available on the EC website:
http://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/maritimeday/index_en.htm


First international conference on internet science

The
first
international conference on Internet Science will
take place on 10 and 11 April 2013 in
Brussels.

The event is organised by

the EC in collaboration

with the
EINS project,

which is an

FP7
-
funded

Network of Excellence in

the field of

i
nterne
t s
cience
.


This

multidisciplinary conference
is foreseen to cover the areas of
Computer Science, Sociology, Art,

Mathematics, Physics, Complex systems analysis, Psychology, Economics, Law, Political Science,
Epistemology and other relevant disciplines

It will also provide the EINS Network of Excellence with
an opportunity to interact with external stakeholders, det
ail project objectives and methodological
approach, and showcase its first results.

Further information

Conference website:
http://www.internet
-
science.eu


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JANUARY 2013

15

N
et4Society c
onference

on
"Learning by doing
-

maki
ng interdisciplinarity
work"

A
conference

on

"Learning by doing
-

making interdisciplinarity work"
which covers

the role of
interdisciplinarity in European research and perspectives from the Socio
-
economic Sciences and
Humanities will take place on 15 Janu
ary 2013 in Brussels. The conference is organised by the
international network of National Contact Points for Socio
-
economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH)
N
et4Society

in partnership with the European Alliance for the

Social Sciences and Humanities.


The ev
ent will allow researchers from different disciplines and SSH stakeholders to interact in order
to share experiences and good practices and finally draw lessons from interdisciplinary research
projects in different FP7 themes. The conference will seek to o
vercome the challenges in properly
integrating
SSH
-
inspired contributions

into different research fields.

The main

overall

aim of the
conference is to identify successful paths for making multi
-

and interdisciplinarity effective.

Further information

More
information about the conference and the registration facility are available at:
http://www.net4society.eu/public/conference.php


N
ew Publications and Online Resources

Expert report on interna
tional co
-
operation in research published

A report commissioned by the EC’s DG Research and Innovation, entitled “International Cooperation
in Science, Technology and Innovation: Strategies for a Changing World”, has recently been
published. The report is
designed support the development of the new EU strategy for international
co
-
operation in research, which was launched in July 2012
.



The report contains nine recommendations which include promoting European attractiveness as an
international research and

innovation hub; a proper prioritisation of research themes and problems;
strengthening framework conditions and removing barriers to international co
-
operation and
encouraging targeted initiatives for strengthening co
-
operation in selected areas.

Further
information

The report can be accessed on the EC’s website:
http://ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/pdf/report
-
inco
-
web
-
4.pdf

Blueprint to safeguard Europe’s water resources

The EC has
recently published
a blueprint on safeguarding Europe’s water resources
.
The Blueprint
sets

out key actions that need to be taken by water managers and policy makers to address the
challenges faced by the aquatic environment.


The Blueprint contains an ove
rview of the actions to be taken (from page 22

onwards
) and how these
could be achieved. Whether these goals are achieved depends on political will and the commitment
of stakeholders over the coming years.

Further information

The Blueprint to Safeguard Eur
ope’s Water Resources is available on the EC’s website:
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/blueprint/pdf/COM
-
2012
-
673final_EN_ACT
-
cov.pdf


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16



C
O
R
DIS

CORD
IS is the official Community Research and Development Information Service for science,
research and innovation provided by the Office for Official Publications of the European
Communities. The interactive website offers daily news and detailed information
on the EU’s
research programmes.

URL:
http://cordis.europa.eu


IGLO Project Search

The IGLO Project Service offers a forum for publishing and disseminating details of proposed FP7
projects and/or research skills off
ered. The service enables researchers to find contacts and
partners within the international research community as well as contributing to the mobilisation of a
critical mass of researchers in a specific research area.

URL:
http://www.iglortd.org


EUR
-
LEX (Official Journal C and L)

This website provides information on EU Law. It includes electronic copies of EU treaties and
recent copies of the Official Journal of the European Communities (OJ). The OJ, published daily

in
23 languages, consists of two related series: the L series (Legislation) and the C series
(Information, notices and preparatory EU legislation), a supplement and an annex. EUR
-
LEX
provides free access to the C and L series of the Official Journal for a

period of 45 days following
publication. (The OJ issue with the Euro exchange rates (L 359, 31/12/1998) is permanently
available in PDF format on EUR
-
LEX).

URL: EUR
-
LEX
http://www.europa.eu/eur
-
lex

Official
Journals C and L
http://www.europa.eu/eur
-
lex/en/oj

Treaty of Amsterdam
http://www.europa.eu/eur
-
lex/en/treaties


EUROPA

EUROPA is the official EU

server. It contains links to the EP, the European Council, the EC and
other EU institutions and contains information on EU policies listed by subject area.

URL:
http://www.europa.eu


RAPID

RAPID is a database giving a daily view of the activities of the
EU as presented by the institutions
in their press releases.

EC Press Releases are available at:
http://europa.eu/rapid


EURAXESS

The EURAXESS
-
UK website provides information and advice for international researcher
s wishing to
come to the UK, or for those looking for research jobs in Europe. It has sections on the UK research
landscape, funding and jobs, as well as information on practical issues, like accommodation, tax and
childcare.

Visit


www.euraxess.org.uk


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17


cubed… from the British Council

cubed, the monthly webzine from the British Council discusses the science that’s shaping our
society and bringing a new dimension to everyday life. It brings the latest innovations
in fashion
and music, design and digital, film and life, and the products and ideas that will change our world.
Visit:
http://www.britishcouncil.org/science
-
cubed.htm


Talking Science

Created
by the British Council, the Talking Science website provides up
-
to
-
date information and
links to the latest ideas in science communication in the UK:

www.britishcouncil.org/talkingscience

GLOSSAR
Y


Capacities

Capacities is the fourth Specific Programme of FP7 and is worth over

4 billion from 2007 to 2013.
It aims to enhance research
capacities throughout Europe and ensure their optimal use. It is made
up of the following broad areas: Research Infrastructures; Research for the Benefit of SMEs;
Regions of Knowledge; Research Pote
ntial for the Benefit of Convergence Regions; Science in
Society; Support to Coherent Development of Research Policies; and International Co
-
operation.

http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/capacities


CIP

The
Competitiveness and Innovation Programme will run from 2007 to 2013. With a budget of

3.6
billion, it is made up of three Specific Programmes: the Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Programme; the ICT Policy Support Programme; and the Intelligent Energy
-
Europe Programme

http://ec.europa.eu/en
terprise/cip



Co
-
operation

Co
-
operation is the first Specific Programme of FP7. Worth over

30 billion between 2007 and
2013, it is made up of ten thematic areas: Health; Food, Agriculture, Fisheries and Biotechnology;
Information Communications Technolo
gy (ICT); Nanosciences, Nanomaterials, Materials and New
Production Technologies; Energy; Environment; Transport; Socio
-
economic Sciences and the
Humanities; Space; and Security.

http://cordis.europ
a.eu/fp7/co
-
operation



COST

European Co
-
operation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research is a framework for
scientific and technical co
-
operation, allowing the co
-
ordination of national research on a European
level.

http://www.cost.esf.org


'Council'

'Council' refers to the 'Council of Ministers', the principal decision
-
making body within the European
Union. It has both executive and legislative powers, the latter in some cases exercised jointly with
th
e EP (co
-
decision procedure). The Council is composed of one representative at ministerial level
from each member state. Which ministers attend each Council meeting varies according to the
subject discussed, e.g. the Minister of Science in the UK attends t
he Research Council.

http://consilium.europa.eu/cms3_fo/showPage.ASP?lang=en


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18

EC

The EC
stands for European Commission. It is the ‘civil service of the EU’ and is m
ade up of 27

depart
ments, known as Directorates General,

which are each headed by Commissioners
nominated by the Member States. The EC
both initiates proposals for EU legislation and executes
EU policies and actions.

http://ec.europa.eu


EP

The European Parliament is made up of elected representatives (MEPs) from all the member
states. It shares decision
-
making power with the European Council in a number of areas, including
research and education.

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/public/default_en.htm


ERA

European Research Area. On 18 January 2000 the EC issued a communication entitled ’Towards
a European Research Area’ that proposed ways in which research in Europ
e could be more
effectively organised and co
-
ordinated.

http://ec.europa.eu/research/era


ERC

The European Research Council, which is the Ideas Specific Programme of FP7, is worth over €7
billion from 2007

to 2013. The ERC funds investigator
-
led, frontier research. It consists of f
ive

grant
schemes: Starting Independent Researcher Grants;

Consolidator Grants;

Advanced Investigator
Grants; Proof of Concept Funding; and Synergy Grants.

http://erc.europa.eu


ESA

The European Space Agency
is responsible for designing and developing the European space
programme. The Agency’s projects are designed to find out more about the Earth, its immediate
space environment, the solar sys
tem and the universe, as well as to develop satellite
-
based
technologies and services, and to promote European industries.

http://www.esa.int


ESC

The European Economic and Social Committee is a consultative body made u
p of representatives
of Europe's employers' organisations, trade unions, farmers, consumer groups and professional
associations.

http://eesc.europa.eu


ESF

European Science Foundation

http://www.esf.org


ESF

The European Social Fund, part of the EU’s Structural Funds

http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/esf2000/index_en.html


ETP

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19

European Technology Platfor
ms are stakeholder groupings, led by industry, that help to define
research and development priorities, timeframes and action plans on a number of strategically
important issues.

http://ec.europa.eu/research/energy/nn/nn_rt/nn_rt_hlg/article_1262_en.htm


Euratom

The European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) was set up in 1957 and is legally separate
from the European Community. Euratom will have €2.7 billion from FP7 to fund nuclear research
and training activities between 2007 and 2011.

http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/euratom


Eureka

Eureka is a Europe
-
wide network for industrial research and development.

http://www.eureka.be


FP (FP5, FP6, FP7)

The EU’s Framework Programme fo
r Research and Technological Development. The Fifth
Framework Programme (FP5) was adopted in 1998 and ran until 2002, with FP6 then running from
2002 to 2006, and FP7 running from 2007 to 2013. The budget for FP7 is over

50 billion.

Further information on

the thematic and horizontal programme composition of FP6 is available at:

http://cordis.europa.eu/fp6

Further information on FP7 can be found at:
http://cordis.europa
.eu/fp7


Green Paper

Green Papers are communications published by the EC on a specific policy area. Primarily, they
are documents addressed to interested parties who are invited to participate in a process of
consultation and debate. In some cases they pr
ovide an impetus for subsequent legislation.


ICPC

An International Co
-
operation Partner Country is an economically less developed country, which is
not an EU member state or associated state. ICPC partners can participate in FP7 projects and
receive fundi
ng.


Ideas

The Ideas Specific Programme within FP7 is worth over €7 billion from 2007 to 2013. New to
Framework Programme Seven, the Ideas Programme funds investigator
-
led, frontier research. It is
implemented through the European Resea
rch Council and co
nsists of five

grant schemes: Starting
Independent Researcher Grants;
Consolidator Grants;
Advanced Investigator Grants; Proof of
Concept Funding; and Synergy Grants.

http://erc.europa.eu


ITRE

The European Parliament
Committee on Industry, External Trade, Research and Energy (FP7)

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/itre_home_en.htm


JRC

The EC’s Joint Research Centre acts as a scientific a
nd technological laboratory in support of EU
policies, with a range of institutes and research activities.

http://
www.jrc.ec.europa.eu

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LLP

The Lifelong Learning Programme is made up of four pillars:
the Comenius

programme for pupils,
teachers and schools; the Erasmus programme for students, scholars, professors and universities;
the Leonardo da Vinci programme for apprentices, workers and employees; and the Grundtvig
programme for adults and teachers and related
organisations.

There is also a transversal
programme (for
policy development, languages, information and communication technology)

and
the Jean Monet programme (
dealing with issues relating to European integration, European
institutions and associations in

the fields of education and training).

http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/static/en/llp/index_en.htm


MEDIA

The MEDIA Programme aims to strengthen the competitiveness of the European audiovisual

industry.

http://ec.europa.eu/comm/avpolicy/media/index_en.html


NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

http://www.nato.int


People

The third Spe
cific Programme of FP7 is worth over

4 billion during the period from 2007 to 2013.
Made up of the Marie Curie Actions, it aims to improve the quality of human resources in European
research through training and trans
-
national mobility of researchers.

http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/people/home_en.html


RTD

Research and Technological Development


SICA

Specific International Co
-
operation Actions are FP7 call topics where a partner from an ICPC
co
untry has to be involved.


SME

Small and medium sized enterprises

http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/enterprise_policy/sme_definition/index_en.htm


Specific Program
me

FP7 is made up of seven Specific Programmes: Co
-
operation; Ideas (implemented through the
European Research Council); People (the Marie Curie Actions); Capacities; the Joint Research
Centre (JRC); Euratom and the JRC implementing Euratom.


SSH

Socio
-
ec
onomic Sciences and the Humanities is the eighth theme of the FP7 Co
-
operation Specific
Programme.


Treaty of Amsterdam

The Treaty of Amsterdam was signed in October 1997 and entered into force on 1 May 1999.

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http://europa.eu.int/eur
-
lex/lex/en/treaties/index.htm


UUK

Universities UK (formerly the Committee of Vice Chancellors and Principals)

http://www.universitiesuk.ac.uk


White Paper

W
hite Papers are documents containing proposals for Community action in a specific area. They
often follow a Green Paper.


******************************************************************

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