Renewable Energy in the East of England: A gap analysis for the RSA East of England network

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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1


Renewable Energy
in the
East of England:

A gap analysis for the RSA East of England network


1.1

An overview of the region’s social and economic characteristics:


The East of England (EoE) comprises the counties of
Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Cambridgeshire,
Bedfordshire, and

Hertfordshire, and has a total of
52 local authorities, inclusive of county councils
including 6 unitary authorities.

It is a predominantly
rural region,

with large expanses of arable land and

scattered urban and town areas
,
although 70%
of the
population live in urban areas
.
1

The 2012 Census
revealed that there are

over

5.8 million people living
in the region (8% of the population

of Englan
d

and
Wales
)

and

has the
second
fast
est growing
population in England
.
2

91% of the population
declared their ethnicity as White

and 59.7% as
Christian
, although there are pockets of greater
diversity
:

Luton
ranked fourth highest of all local authorities in England and Wales of people
declaring themselves as ‘Pakistani’ (14 % and ‘Bangladeshi’ (7 %)
.
3



The region is relatively affluent

as a whole
, with
the third highest proportion of homes owned
outright after the South West and Wales.
4

South Cambridgeshire and East Hertfordshire are in the
top least deprived areas in England.
5

Gross disposable
household income (GDHI) of residents in the
East of England, at £16,400 per head in 2010, was the third highest of the English regions and
countries of the UK.
6

However, d
espite having many affluent communities, the East of England also
has areas of sever
e deprivation in both inner cities and remote rural locations. Coastal deprivation is
a serious issue and the most deprived town in the UK, Jaywick

in Essex
, is situated within this region
;
the Fens are considered one of the worst areas afflicted by rural
deprivation in the UK
.
7

The
unemployment rate is one of the lowest in the country,

which points to issues of low wages rather
than worklessness necessarily,

however, this hides regional disparities, for example, Peterborough
suffers an unemployment rate of

5.6% compared to the regional average of 3.2%.
8

Great Yarmouth
and Norfolk also have higher unemployment rates.








1

http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/regional
-
trends/region
-
and
-
country
-
profiles/k
ey
-
statistics
-
and
-
profiles
---
august
-
2012/key
-
statistics
---
east
-
of
-
england
--
august
-
2012.html


2

http://www
.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/mro/news
-
release/census
-
shows
-
increase
-
in
-
population
-
in
-
the
-
east
-
of
-
england/censuseastenglandnr0712.html

3

ibid

4

ibid

5

http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/datablog/2011/mar/29/indices
-
multiple
-
deprivation
-
poverty
-
england#

6

http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/regional
-
trends/region
-
and
-
country
-
profiles/key
-
statistics
-
and
-
profiles
---
august
-
2012/key
-
statistics
---
east
-
of
-
england
--
august
-
2012.html

7

http://www.eerf.org.uk/Documents/strategic
-
documents/picture
-
ree/Picture%20v.2.pdf

8

http://www.peterboroughtoday.co.uk/news/local/latest
-
local
-
news/unemployment
-
in
-
peterborough
-
reaches
-
record
-
high
-
1
-
4916580

2


1.2

Snapshot of the
region’s
energy sector:


The East of England is the most diverse

energy region in the UK
. Around 6,200 businesses are
currently active in the region from all energy sectors including oil and gas, civil nuclear, wind and
biomass, and between them
they
are responsible for a total annual turnover of £12.9 billion and the
employment of approximat
ely 103,400 people.
The
regional

renewable target is

1
6

%
by 2015 and
20% by 2020
, not including offshore wind
.
A 2011 Sustainability

East report, the ‘
East of England
Renewable Energy Capacity Study’
, found that the region is currently a long way off achieving this
target.
It concluded that the capacity within the region could meet around half of its projected
energy demand by 2020 under optimist
ic scenarios, but that this is likely to be much lower.
C
urrently the highest installe
d capacity is from wind turbine
s

(offshore)

closely followed by biomass,

landfill gas and energy from waste applications. Around half of the total wind capacity is
awaiting
construction and so the current installed capacity is likely to double in the next few years to around
330 MWe.

(NB:
Hydro is not an effective technology in this region due to its relative flatness
.)

The
study conc
l
udes that overall the main oppor
tunities for future generation

in the region

are in energy
from waste (including anaerobic digestion) and on
-
shore wind, with consideration given to the role
of community
-
scale wind.


Table 1: Energy generation by capacity and status per year (2011)
:
9


Table 2: Energy generation by county
showing distribution across the region
(2011)
:
10




A map depicting renewable energy installations in the region from the Department for Energy and
Climate Change re
-
stats website is below
11
:







9

http://www.s
ustainabilityeast.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=113&Itemid=92

10

ibid

11

http://restats.decc.gov.uk/app/pub/map/map/

3





1.3 What
does
environmental social action look like in the region
?


The region has the third highest number of
third sector
environmental organisations per 100,000
people according to a May 2013
report by the Third Sector Research Centre

at the Universities of
Birmingham and Southampton. However, these organisations have a lower level of income (the third
lowest by region) than might be expected,

suggesting that they are small

in c
apacity. The report also
finds that
across the country
there tend to be more environmental neighbourhood organisations in
less deprived areas than in more deprived areas, which parallel the patterns for neighbou
rhood
organisations in general
, highlighting
the lower levels of reach in these areas

w
here voluntary
activity is less
.
The report also stresses that the number of environmental third sector organisations
is relatively very small (1% of third sector representing 2.6% of income)


potentially weakening

the
widely held policy perspective that the third sector ‘holds the key to mobilising public concern,
behaviour and political mobilisation, and to success in the struggle against climate change’ (Hale
2010: 264).” Despite the changing nature of environmen
tal concerns, the research team also find
that traditional matters, such as rural and resource conservation, remain dominant in the sector,
“raising questions as to its capacity to respond to newer challenges such as climate change and
urban sustainability
”. The analysis does not include ‘below radar’, neighbourhood
-
level or non
-
registered activities.


These findings are interesting for the RSA to bear in mind as it seeks to invest its resources into
supporting activity in the region on renewables. From th
ese conclusions we can think about ways in
which the RSA can help to boost activity in the more deprived areas, cascading knowledge and
capacity, as well as seek out these ‘below the radar’ groups at the community level who can act as
the vanguards for sup
porting and shaping action on
renewable
s

through new models of action,
rather than traditional ‘organisational’ forms
. The RSA should also

seek to work in partnership,

bringing together third sector

groups and building across sectors in collaborative worki
ng.


In May 2013, Sustainability East published a report entitled “
Exploring sub
-
national support for
sustainability and climate change”

which

stressed that provision of support to
help advance action
on sustainability should be aimed at the sub
-
national space. Regional activity is thus a promising
4


approach, particularly capitalising on the opportunities of the new emphasis on localism. The main

activities the report recommended included “networks, shared evidence, collaborative facilitation,
communication and outreach, strategic coordination and capacity building initiatives. Gathering
intelligence on the efforts to address climate

change amongs
t local areas would be helpful in scaling
up innovation or supporting and inspiring areas to participate.” It just so happens that these are the
types of areas of activity also emphasised by this gap analysis, particularly focused at the
community, local l
evel.


Methodology:


This review was cond
ucted using desk research and through

interviewing key individuals working
within the renewable energy field within the region. Those spoken to include:


Colin Allard, Finance Director, Renewables East

Celia
Anderson, Executive Director, East of England Energy Group (EEEGR)

Claire Astbury, Lead Manager, National Housing Federation, East of England

Mike Brettle, Project Director, Gamlingay Community Wind Turbine

Iain Dunnett, Operations Manager, New Anglia Loca
l Enterprise Partnership

James Edge, Regional Development Manager, Groundwork East

Sheryl French, Project Director, Mobilising Local Energy Investment, Cambridgeshire County
Council

Rachel Huxley, Chief Executive, Peterborough City Environment Trust


Carly

Leonard, Executive Director, Sustainability East

Carole Randall, Programme Manager, Low Carbon KEEP, Anglia Ruskin University and former
Deployment Manager at Renewables East.

Johnathan Reynolds, Business Development Director, OrbisEnergy


Summary of
findings regarding renewable energy activity in the region:


As noted above, the region is characterised by notable expansion of renewable energy, largely
offshore wind
, with significant

private sector investment

into some of the world’s largest offshore
w
ind farms
. The region also boasts some of the leading and pioneering projects in the UK, such as
the
largest chicken
-
litter fuelled biomass plant in the UK in Thetford, the world’s larges
t

straw
-
burning power plant in Eye, Suffolk, and plans to build the U
K’s biggest solar park by Peterborough
City Council. Peterborough appears to be the most ambitious city in the region, aiming to be the
UK’s first energy self
-
sustaining city and home to the largest cluster of green businesses in the
country.

Suffolk Count
y is
also
aiming to be the ‘Greenest County’, with award
-
winning work
developing sustainable woodfuel supply chain
s
.
The New Anglia Local Enterprise Partnership,
through its Green Economy Pathfinder, has made energy one of its strategic priorities

and is s
eeking
to pioneer action on building a green economy for other LEPs to learn from.



In 2011


2012 Local Authorities worked together to identify the technical potential across the
region to deliver on renewable
s
. The policy position on implementation is
mixed between LAs, often
related to availability of funds. The report found the three main pathways of delivery to lie with 1)
Public sector


LAs, public services, large landowners and building stock; 2) Private sector; 3)
Communities


including communit
y land assets and buildings at the village level. The main
investment was to come from the commercial sector (
c.
£1.2billion), followed by public (
c.
£320m),
followed by community (
c.
£700,000)
. Sustainability East, the consultants who delivered the report,
a
re
now
working up financial models and a business plan

for delivery.


5


Despite these positive over
-
arching efforts, a

number of individuals consulted raised concerns

that
activity on
renewables on the ground
has stagnated in recent years,
particularly due t
o policy change

on planning and energy market reform which has created a lack of investor confidence. This has
resulted in

stakeholders blaming one another in an impasse.
There are some
further
questions
regarding the resilience of the supply chain to
deliver and implement projects, but there is a lot of
work being done to explore this potential, including diversification opportunities for conventional
industries into r
enewable e.g. oil, gas, and even

food manufacturers. Connecting up the supply chain
i
n terms of training and skills is also a challenge, with a need for a shared vision. It is hoped n
ew
public
-
private partnerships
, such as the LEPs,

will be able

to

overcome
the
stagnation

and blockages
.


S
tated ambition within the region, and potential, i
s
thus
high, but
more
can
be done to maintain the
focus and
motivation

across stakeholders

and unify energies. There is a fundamental n
eed for
popular
support from the public

to underpin this
.
There
does

not seem to be huge amount of activity
coming from t
he third sector on renewables,

particularly with the down
-
scaling of Renewables East
and others. There is much more focus

on energy efficiency and fuel poverty
, perhaps relating to the
current economic climate
.
Some larger environmental NGOs, such as CPRE
and
some
Friends of the
Earth local groups, seem to take an oppositional view to a number of projects, such as
incinerators
and wind turbines, relating back to the findings of the TSRC report, that traditional concerns of rural
conservation often dominate.

Social
business

action was not
very
visible
, although there is large SME
activity. Social Enterprise UK in a
2011 report

found that it is social enterprise, rather than SMEs,
that tend to reach the poorest parts of the country. 39%
of all social enterprises are based and
working in the most deprived communities in the UK, compared to 13% of all SMEs
, and compared
with the l
ower level penetration of environmental community groups

we saw earlier

in these areas
.
This is interestin
g to
note

if
attempting to work in these areas

in this region
.


Working between traditional

organisations, linking and networking,

bridging and facil
itating, as well
as proposing and testing new models of engagement

at the local level
, is an area open for greater
activity
, particularly with the move towards localism
; strengths that the RSA can contribute
.
Nurturing and supporting t
he newly growing comm
unity renewa
ble energy generation niche in
particular

offers exciting ways to inspire, engage, cascade and
perform social change.


Recommendations for RSA activity in the region based on gap analysis
:


Communication

and facilitation
:



The onshore potential

for renewable is large but not well communicated.
12

Convincing
the public is key


winning hearts and minds is absolutely central to growing renewable
energy uptake and increasing political will.
There are many ‘myths’ out there regarding
particularly onsh
ore
renewable energy technologies


their

impacts and their potential.
C
ombating these through open dialogue and
provision of
go
-
to resources by an ‘honest
broker’ would be useful.
There is the sense that an ‘impartial voice’ is missing

and that
stakeholde
r engagement activity has reduced in recent years
. It seems that t
he
Renewable Energy Association, the East of England Local Government Association, and
Local Authorities used to do a lot on community engagement, but due to structur
al

changes this has disa
ppeared and not been replaced. Renewables East, the former



12

EEEGR were the only organisation I spoke to that countere
d the idea that onshore renewable had potential, but seemed
to place this within a business
-
as
-
usual framework
,

coloured by subjective views as to what was positive for the rural
landscape (“put them in Scotland, yes, but I don’t see how covering our landscape with them down here will help. I don’t
see the point”
)

-

this was a mix of personal opinion and company pe
rspective, but reflected wider media dominant
narratives of negative portrayals of renewable projects. This perhaps emphasises the importance of gaining greater
understanding of how people relate to and interpret technology aesthetically and culturally
.


6


leading regional renewable energy agency, used to do
some
outreach work on fuel
poverty, for example, and was perceived as the ‘honest broker’, but due to funding cuts,
has now downsized considerab
ly and is focusing more on environmental management
consultancy
-
type activities

with business
. Sustainability East has also had to downsize,
and they are seen as the main players working with the public
.



Disseminating evidence that will be trusted on benef
its and opportunities of renewables
in the region, and how they stack up, could be useful, as government has tried but is
seen as biased, as are NGOs. The RSA should not take a view as such, as this would be
risky, but attempt to separate out facts from op
inion and tackle myths head
-
on.



Demonstrating and c
ommunicating the combined social, econo
mic and environmental
benefits
of renewables could be very valuable.
Tackling fuel poverty is a priority area for
a number of charities, such as the National Energy
Foundation, and Peterborough City
Environment Trust. Some felt it could be beneficial to try to look at how the two agendas
fit together in communicating the economic benefits of renewables at the household
level. PECT felt that it was a more step
-
by
-
step
approach, with tackling fuel poverty and
efficiency issues the first priority, since this was the greater need, particularly in that
locality.
This is also reflects a number of people’s view that renewable and energy
efficiency could and should not be tack
led separately

and
that

it is often presented as an
either/or: ‘generation
or

efficiency?’
.
However,

as noted above, there is a fair amount of
activity on fuel poverty already, while renewable
s

seem to be further down the agenda

at present
.

Communities need to also understand the benefits of
local

schemes


why
local

energy? Without blackouts and without understanding economic flows, this is not
obvious.



There is a lack of joined
-
up thinking around promoting and marketing between all
players

regarding the ‘renewables message’. This lack of a clear offer reduces market
confidence. There is a need to bring key actors togeth
er

around a crystallised and
harmonious communications approach. The RSA could play an instrumental role in
bringing partie
s (government agencies, LEPs, developers, social organisations,
businesses,
land owners, NGOs,
communities) together on an impartial basis to share
perspectives on barriers and to develop a shared vision/message.

The RSA could usefully
use its convening po
wer and gravitas to get the ‘right people round the table’

in a
programme of dialogue
.



In June 2012, the RSA produced a report for British Gas on curiosity and energy usage,

The Power of Curiosity: How linking inquisitiveness to innovation could help to address
our energy challenges
”. It argues that since our use of energy is so invisible and
automatic, encouraging people to ‘get curious’ ab
out energy might be the spark to ignite
change. On an anecdotal level
,

Gamlingay Community Wind Turbine found that many
people got involved for ethical and economic reasons, but also for the ‘tinker factor’


“why build a model railway in your attic when y
ou can build a wind turbine?” The RSA
ask whether cultivating curiosity about our shared energy needs,

and about where and
how energy is produced,

both within industry and in the population at large, could “spur
the kinds of social and technical innovation

that are now political, economic a
nd
ecological imperatives”? They suggest that this

curiosity should be cultivated at the l
evel
of technical feedback and
behaviour, messaging and habits. How could the RSA East of
England network build on this work to lev
erage curiosity as a tool for propelling action
on renewable
s
? Innovative education roadshows/programmes, experiments with
information and messaging methods, or demonstration projects/installations that
engage people in dialogue

and ‘learning by doing’

cou
ld be explored.


Research and building the evidence:

7




Renewables projects in the region appear to be often faced with campaigns that focus
on aesthetic factors, concern over use of farming land, impact on housing prices, effects
on biodiversity, and noise

worries. The anti
-
lobby can often be disproportionately
represented by the media, although their concerns are often legitimate and should be
addressed. Aw
areness about benefits is a
lower than awareness of potential negative
impacts, while information on
the internet which can often be anecdotal and skewed
towards the dramatic confuses matters. Conducting follow
-
up research with
communities where opposition to schemes was vocal but still went ahead to find out
how opinions and views have changed would be v
aluable. Often things ‘go quiet’ after
schemes are approved and the story is incomplete with tensions left hanging. How do
people adapt to this new installation? How do opinions change? Sharing these stories
through an impartial platform like the RSA could

help to build understanding of how
the
se projects impact communities in reality
. Narrative is often the best way to engage


how could the RSA capture and share such stories in the region?



G
enerating an evidence
-
base for the social benefits of community
schemes once th
ey
are up and running would be valuable

as this is not yet widely explored. What impact do
they have on social cohesion, for example
, if any
? DECC have
recently made registering
of community engagement and benefits mandatory

for onshore wind developers, so are
starting to capture case studies, but a full social impact study is yet to be done.



There are many

projects in the

region where renewable
s

are being invested in at a local
level or small
-
scale, e.g. community projects. Capturing and spreading the learning is a
key activity that is not being done on a wide or visible scale at the regional level. At
present, a lot of th
is is done informally. DECC’s
Low Carbon Community Challenge Fund
July 2012 evaluation report

attemp
ted to capture some of this learning across the
country, but stressed this was largely self
-
reported from groups they funded.

The
June
2013

prize
-
winning

UEA
report on grassroots sustainable energy initiatives

finds that
consolidating and aggregating the learning and experiences of local projects,
repackaging them for implementation elsewhere, and lobbying effectively for industry
and policy support is needed f
rom intermediary organisations.



There are certain cultural norms around energy usage that might need to be challenged
and explored. For example, our national mentality to treat our homes as ‘our castles’
(which links to high home ownership aspirations in
comparison with, say, Scandinavian
countries) means that the unit of energy usage tends to be treated at the individual
household level. If community, decentralised schemes are to become more prevalent,
collectivising our sense of energy supply/demand, and

engaging in more collective
action on this matter, may require a switch in perspective. Equally, aspects of demand
balancing and reshifting to off
-
peak times or periods of excess renewable generation,
e.g. when it is very windy, so
-
called ‘dynamic demand’
, will need to become more
normalised if renewable generation capacity is to increase. NESTA currently have a
Challenge Prize

related to this. The RSA could commis
sion a study that explores what our
energy future looks like in terms of energy behaviours that are adapted to this way of
powering our lives. Scheduling high
-
energy
-
usage activities, community bulk
-
washing,
energy
-
intense windy days, how would this change

our relationship to energy? To how
we understand the weather? Our lifestyles?

Our relationships with each other?


Capacity
-
building and networking:



Increasing individuals’ and communities’ capacity to know how to engage with the
local
political system and

influence, and making it easy,

is a key aspect of building public
support
.
The new emphasis on localism and the Neighbourhood Planning framework
provides an opportunity to engage communities in factoring in renewables, though the
key challenge is engaging so
-
called ‘hard
-
to
-
reach’ groups in this process.
Planning
8


would give inves
tor confidence and encourage further schemes.
Energy audits and
planning for energy infrastructure at the local level is needed, but the challenge is that if
every neighbourhood came forward with a Neighbourhood Plan, LAs would not be able
to cope.

However
, demonstrating the value and demand for involvement in these
, and
demand for renewable,
would be a
first step.

Peer mentoring of neighbourhood
planning groups as they emerge
around renewable
could
be helpful
.



C
onnecting up and networking
community
proje
cts that have succeeded with those that
are getting off the ground would be beneficial in, for example,

facilitating

a peer
mentoring scheme, or through online platform
s

akin to
Project Dirt

or the
Permaculture
Global

website.

Finding champions at the local level who are already part of the
community to carry these projects forward and supporting them would be valuable in
mobilising the grassroots.
Gamlingay Commu
nity Wind Turbine reported that there is
growing interest in their scheme, with an increasing number of people contacting them
to ask questions and arrange visits. They are currently planning around ho
w to deal with
this as they do
not have the spare time
and resources to do this pro bono on an on
-
going
basis as it takes a lot of time.
Groups already want to share learning, so creating a
platform for them to do so on their own terms is useful.
The

June 2013 report
on
grassroots sustainable energy

by the UEA finds that these energies should not be
‘harnessed’ so much as nurtured and supported.
Hosting a co
-
production session with
interested communities and those that have already been successful on the best ways to
support and also how to build capacity particularly in the most deprived areas could be
very productive.



Connecting up individuals and business
es who would like to offer their skills and
expertise and community groups needing to bring in skills could also be beneficial, akin
to
Carbon Leapfrog

project but at a more local level.



Access to finance is alway
s a challenge. Back in October 2009, Matthew Taylor, Chief
Executive of the RSA, posted a
blog

in response to his attendance at an Eden Forum in

which barriers to finance for micro
-
generation were discussed. At the time, a regional
community energy bond was proposed for the South
-
West. Matthew Taylor proposed a
challenge for RSA fellows to take this forward. Could this be something to develop in t
he
East of England?


Mapping the renewables landscape:

A directory of e
xamples

of key activity in
the East
of England region:


This section highlights some of the key activities on renewables in the region. It should not be taken
as a complete listing, but a directory drawing attention to some of the main projects and project
types occurring across sectors.


Notable Renewable Ene
rgy projects/installations:



Biomass:

Adnams BioEnergy Park
:

Adnams retailer uses Bio Energy
Group to run its anaerobic digester, turning it brewery
waste into energy, on site. Adnams Bio Energy plant
consists of three digesters which are sealed vessels in which
naturally
-
occurring bacteria act without oxygen to break down up to 12,000 tonnes of organic waste
each year. The result is the production of biomethane and liquid fertiliser. It produce 9.6 mil
lion
Kilowatt
-
hours per year


that is enough to run an average family car for nearly 9 million miles

9



Ely Power Station


Biomass

Ely Power Station at 38MW, is the largest straw burning power station
in the world generating over 270GWh each year. It has been in operation since 2000.


Rivenhall Airfield Incinerator (Essex):
Plans to build a 23.65 MW incinerator on the old Rivenhall
A
irfield are attracting a lot of criticism over concerns about health impacts for the local community.
Planning permission is still awaited.



Thetford Biomass:

At 38.5MW, is the largest chicken l
itter fuelled plant in the UK and is Europes
largest biomass fuelled electricity generator. A similar 12.7MW power station in

Eye, Suffolk

was the
world's first poultry litter
fuelled generating plant. The litter is sourced from a large number of farms
in the region, and the combustion ashes produced by the power stations are marketed as high
quality agricultural fertiliser.


Tilbury Biomass Power Station (Essex):

The station began
full operation in 1969 and, until 2011, operated as a coal
-
fired power station with the capacity to generate
1,131MW of electricity for th
e National Grid. In early 2011,
RWE were granted permission to convert all three of the
power station’s operational units to generate power from 100% sustainable biomass. The converted
plant will provide enough power for around 1.5 million households over
the remainder of its
lifetime.

The converted power station is now fully operational and will run on biomass until its
closure under the

Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD)

by around mid
-
2013.
RWE are

now
looking into the option of extending the life of Tilbury Power Station, to allow it to operate as a
dedicated biomass power station for an additional 10
-
12 years.


Tilbury Biomass Po
wer Station
would consume around 2.7 million tonnes of sustainably
-
sourced, renewable wood pellets each
year, which would be sourced primarily from the South East USA, Canada and Europe (including the
Baltic States, Portugal, and Russia).
This conversion w
ill make the station the biggest biomass
generating site in the world.


Wingland Biomass & Sutton Bridge Energy Park:

Peterborough Renewable Energy Limited, (PREL),
(now known as Eco Innovations) want to build a £300m gasification plant for burning wood
chippings on a 64
-
acre site at Wingland. EnergyPark Sutton Bridge has applied to South Holland
Council to put up a 48mw
renewable power station on Wingland Enterprise Park. The project has
been very controversial but planning permission was granted in May 2013.


Solar:


Glebe
Farm (Bedfordshire)
:
Dulas and vento ludens have been awarded planning permission as of
June 2013 for a 15.5 MW solar park which would become one of the largest solar parks in the UK.
Located at Glebe Farm near Bedford, the proposed 65,800
-
paneled solar pa
rk would cover an area
of 27 hectares and is designed to generate enough electricity to power the equivalent of
approximately 3,705 homes, almost 6 % of the homes in Bedford Borough Council. The proposed
scheme would increase the capacity of renewables in
Bedfordshire by nearly 25 % and would result
in a 6,797 kg/year offset reduction in carbon dioxide emissions.


North Creak Ai
rfield, Norfolk Solar Park
:
The former RAF North Creake Airfield in Norfolk will soon
be home to 80,000 solar panels after British Solar Renewables successfully secured planning
permission for a 20MW solar farm in March 2013. The proposed development will
sit on
approximately 42 hectares of the old airfield. British Solar Renewables has also developed a long
-
term landscape and environment strategy which includes hedgerow and woodland planting to
10


minimize the visual impact of the 20MW site. The developers ha
ve also taken into account the
heritage of the site which served as a decoy airfield during WWII. The solar plans include markers
that map out the former runway with an interpretation board explaining the site’s heritage
.


Peterborough Renewable Energy Project

(PREP):
Plans for 900 acres of solar panels on farm land
outside Peterborough would make the city the

first self
-
sustaining city in the country and be the
UK’s largest solar park (83MW across three sites) (the original proposal was for 3000 acres)
.
A solar
-
only park is estimated by the council to provide it with an income of £30m over 25 years, while it
e
stimates a joint wind and solar park would generate £100m over 25 years. The proposal has
attracted opposition from city council tenant farmers, nine of whom would be displaced if the park
goes ahead, and criticism from the National Farmers’ Union, as it s
its on grade one or two
agricultural land.
The land represents less than a quarter of one percent of the agricultural land in
Peterborough and the solar panels will be largely screened from view by hedgerows.

The energy
parks would also tie in with the cou
ncil’s scheme for an £80 million waste
-
to
-
energy centre in
Fengate and its £200 million project to put solar panels on numerous schools and buildings across
the city.


In June 2013, the 900
-
acre park was delayed while archaeological work takes place.

Engli
sh Heritage
said the fen could be a "nationally important" site and recommended a detailed study. The
organisation had not originally objected to the proposed scheme, however, a spokesman said
further evidence had been submitted by archaeologist Professor
Charles French of Cambridge
University.It suggested the "presence of nationally important buried Bronze and Iron Age landscapes
in the vicinity".
If planning approval is granted it will only allow the scheme to run for 25 years after
which the developments

will have to be decommissioned and removed.


Spriggs Farm Solar Park (Essex):

China's AVIC International Holding Group has invested in a new
photovoltaic power plant despite recent
anti
-
dumping tariffs imposed by the European Union
against China's solar industry, reports the website of the People's Daily. In June 2013, the UK
subsidiary of Beijing
-
based AVIC held an unveiling ceremony for a new 12 MW PV power plant at
Spriggs Farm,

i
nvolving investment of £12 million (US$18.7 million). The plant, scheduled to be
completed by the end of October, will become the largest solar park in the UK built by a Chinese
enterprise. The materials and components to be used in the construction of the

solar plant will all be
provided by Chinese manufacturers. All the parts have already arrived in the country, so they will not
be affected by the new anti
-
dumping tariffs declared by the EU on 6
th

June 2013.


Waterbeach solar
-
powered waste treatment plant:

Waterbeach in
Cambridgeshire is
home to the UK’s first solar
-
powered waste treatment plant
after Lightsource Renewable Energy L
td partnered with Solarcentury to install a
5MW solar park. The 20,000 solar modules will generate around 4,500MWh of
electricity a year. The solar park will provide enough energy to cover around 70
% of the plant’s electricity demand.




Wilburton Solar Farm
:
The 5MW solar farm was one of the first to
be completed in the UK and was one of the largest at the time,
with 20,000 panels. The site covers approximately 15

hectares, but
is comparatively well hidden from any public views. The land can
still be used for grazing underneath the panels, and even if the land
needs to be used for other purposes in the future, the panels can
be removed without damage to the
environ
ment.
Wilburton Solar Farm was one of the first large
-
scale ground
-
mounted arrays to be connected to the National Grid under the Government’s Feed
-
in
11


Tariff scheme. Angled to maximise solar capture, the panels are low
-
profile: just 2.2 meters high and
with

natural screening.




Wind:


Greater Gabbard wind farm (offshore):

Greater Gabbard

is a
504

MW

wind farm

on sandbanks 14

miles off the coast of

Suffolk
at a

cost of between £650

million

to £1.5 billion.

It is the world’s
current second largest offshore wind farm.

Onshore construction
activities commenced in early July 2008 at Sizewell. It was
completed on 7
th

September 2012.




Red Tile Wind Farm (onshore)
:
This is the l
argest onshore wind farm in East of England region at
24MW. Power generation equivalent to the annual demand of around 13,500 homes. Nine of the
turbines are on Cambridgeshire County Council land, whilst the other three are on land owned by
neighbouring fa
rmers.
Additional benefits to the local residents include the establishment of a
community fund, into which monies will be placed each year, for the funding of local projects. Local
people will also have the opportunity to invest in wind energy through a l
ocal cooperative
established to purchase 2 wind turbines at another of the developer’s (Wind Prospect) wind farms.


Sheringham Shoal Wind
Farm (offshore):

This is the w
orld’s current fourth largest operational
offsho
re windfarm. The 317MW Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm, located off the coast of
North Norfolk, comprises 88 wind turbines and will generate around 1.1TWh of green energy per
annum. This is enough clean energy to power almost 220,000 British homes.


Public Sector:


Local

Councils:


Central Bedfordshire Council:


Bedfordshire Energy and Recycling Project (BEAR):

The Council is looking into alternative treatment
and use of waste.
The

detailed solutions stage has been completed and

two companies have been
selected to submit their

final plans for dealing with Central Bedfordshire's waste. The preferred
bidder is lik
ely to be announced in

late Summer / Autumn 2013.


Bedford Borough Council
:



School Renewable Energy Kits:

The kits are designed to incre
ase the understanding of pupils to
climate change and renewable energy. There are three kits


Photovoltaic, Solar Water Heater, and
Wind kits.
The Powerhouse kits allow you to conduct experiments and carry out building projects.


The Mayor’s Clim
ate Change Fund

a grant funded scheme which provides match funding of between
£5k and £20k for community group projects that will contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions
within Bedford Borough. The minimum grant level is

£5k

and the maximum level y
ou can apply for
is

£20k
.


For 2013/14 there is £50,000 available in the fund. All approved projects have to spend the
12


awarded funding by

31st March 2014
.


Applicants will need to provide match funding of at least 50%
of the total project cost from other s
ources. Groups must have a legal status, terms of reference and
bank account and projects must be located within Bedford Borough.


Boatslide Hydropo
wer facility
: A micro hydro power facility has

been completed on the site of the
former Bedford Boat Slide close to the Bedford Schools Boathouse. It was opened in June 2012.
As of
the end of April 2013 the hydro facility has produced 100,000 kWh of renewa
ble electricity.


Collaborative Low Carbon Schools Service (Carbon Trust):

a programme developed by the Carbon
Trust to support local authorities and schools to work
together to reduce carbon emissions and
energy costs.


The service is a 10 month programme and support is offered by the Carbon Trust in
the form of both technical and behavioural change advice. A number of free resources

is also made
available to schools
throughout the programme. Bedford Borough Council

participated in this
programme from

June 2011 to January 2012.

The Energy Team

worked with a group of schools to
pilot approaches to energy management, with the aim then being to roll out support to the wid
er
schools estate.
43 local authorities were engaged in the Carbon Trust's Low Carbon Schools Service,
aimed at helping these authorities identify £40 million of annual energy savings in their regions'
schools, resulting in a further £3 million savings fro
m reduced CRC allowance purchases.


Priory Country Park Visitor Centre: Eco
-
Technology Demonstration Project
:
The main aim of the
project, in ad
dition to reducing the carbon emissions of the Visitor Centre, is to raise awareness and
understanding of the eco
-
technologies installed. The project has brought together a range of energy
and water saving measures in one building, which can be easily acce
ssed by visitors, who are able to
see the technology in action. Interpretation boards are displayed in the Visitor Centre, to explain to
the Borough’s residents, communities and businesses how the systems that have been installed
work and to help them to c
onsider the technology for their own homes and buildings.




Cambridgeshire County Council
:






Mobilising Local Energy
Investment project:

Mobilising Local Energy
Investment (MLEI) is an ambitious project with the aim of attracting more
energy investment and infrastructure delivery into Cambridgeshire and
Peterborough. The MLEI project builds on research completed in 2012
that estimated 28% of
Cambridgeshire’s energy needs could be delivered from renewable sources by 2013, but that it
would require in the region of £2 to 6 billion in up
-
front investment. The Council want to turn this
theory into reality by setting up an inv
estment fund that will make possible the delivery of a
programme of energy projects. This will include low carbon energy generation and energy efficiency
infrastructure, with an initial focus on public sector and community projects but also being open to
c
ommercial projects that may be brought forward. Cambridgeshire County Council is leading the
MLEI Project with partners including:




Cambridge City Council



South Cambridgeshire District Council



Huntingdonshire District Council



Peterborough City Council


Fun
ding assistance has been agreed from the EU Intelligent Energy Europe programme, to support
this project. Over the next three years to 2015 the project will:


13




Set up a long
-
term financial mechanism (Low Carbon Investment Fund or L
-
CIF) that will align
private and public sector investment to support low carbon infrastructure investment and
delivery



Establish an investment programme of energy infrastructure projects; community scale low
carbon energy generation and retrofit schemes.



Set up appropriate del
ivery vehicles which may include an energy services company or
framework agreements to deliver low carbon infrastructure using the fund


The Investment Fund will make possible a programme of energy projects initially to the value of at
least £15million. Th
e MLEI also includes an ongoing programme of learning; ensuring that as the
project develops, stakeholders capitalise on new skills and experiences about energy project
financing and delivery, to maximise the potential for low carbon energy in Cambridgeshi
re and
Peterborough.



Cambridgeshire Renewables Infrastructure Framework (CRIF):

The CRIF
examined all the opportunities there are in Cambridgeshire to generate
renewable energy. It mapped where energy is used a
nd identified the places where more power
could be generated using renewables, including solar panels, wind turbines and biomass combined
heat and power plants. This framework will be used to help plan and deliver investment in
renewable energy in Cambridg
eshire


and help provide a pathway towards a low
-
carbon future.



Cambridgeshire Community Energy Fund (CEF):

The CEF was approved in 2012. Proposed under the
Zero Carbon Policy for new Homes as part of the draft Allowable Solutions Framework, it aims
to


help developers meet their carbon obligations on new sites and at the same time develop a
mechanism for Cambridgeshire to use this investment to support local
energy schemes.




Both the CRIF and CEF are bei
ng supported by Climate Change Skills Funding from Improvement East
managed by Sustainability East.


SmartLife Centre
:

Originally the SmartLIFE

project was an
innovative pilot
project led by Cambridgeshire County Council, with partners in the cities of
Hamburg, Germany and Malmö, Sweden. Each partner city faces similar
growth
-
related challenges to Cambridgeshire.

SmartLIFE has developed an
innovative range of tr
aining courses with a focus on sustainable construction and low carbon
technology, such as solar thermal, ground and air source heat pumps, photovoltaics and rainwater
harvesting.

SmartLife Retrofit for Business

:
Working with Fenland District Council, Luminus
Housing Association and Anglia Ruskin University to retrofit social housing in
Wisbech. The
learning will be used to work with tenants and to support businesses
to get more involved in green retrofit.


Hertfordshire County Council:


Hertfordshire Renewable
& Low Carbon Technical Study
:

This 2010 study
identifies opportunities to
bring forward renewable and low carbon technologies within Hertfordshire and supports the
reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from residential and non
-
residential development. The

study
was commissioned to support emerging planning policies across the County but will also guide the
future development of sustainable energy sources within Hertfordshire.

14



Hertfordshire Environmental
Forum
:
HEF is a county
-
wide group of
local authorities, not just the County and District/Borough
Councils, but Parish Councils as well through their umbrella
organisation, the Hertfordshire Association of Local Councils. Initiatives have included: ‘Warmer
Homes, Greener Herts’ reduced
-
cost insulation scheme
; DIY solar club in East Herts to enable people
to claim discounts on the installation of solar panels, which, with the support of HEF, is aimed to be
rolled out with other local authorities in Hertfordsh
ire; the Schools Energy Challenge, a partnership
between Hertfordshire local authorities, Hertfordshire County Council, the School Improvement and
Advisory Service and participating schools. The schools are given assistance to apply for CREATE
grants, thes
e grants provide up to £3,000 per school to implement energy saving measures such as
new lighting or heating controls.


Norfolk County Council:



Norfolk Energy Futures
: i
s a private limited company wholly owned by
Norfolk
County Council.


Set up by Norfolk County Council in 2011 to support
the low carbon economy, it completed its first renewable energy installation
schemes in December 2012.
The £475,000 project aims to red
uce energy costs for small rural
businesses and provides a 20 year funding stream which can be used to help support the County
Council's delivery of front line services. The schemes have involved the installation of 19 small
-
scale
wind turbines on 11 Norfo
lk County Farm sites. The turbines will generate free electricity for the
tenants and supply electricity to the national grid. In return, they have attracted green energy grants
which will be paid to NEF over the lifetime of the equipment, delivering an 11
% return on the
company's investment and a secure long term source of income.


Green Energy upgrades: March 2012
Norfolk County Council have installed a range of solar panels,
biomass boilers and better insulation at many of its council
-
owned sites across

the county. Efficiency
upgrades at around a third of Norfolk County Council sites have already been completed or had
funding allocated from the council's Carbon and Energy Reduction Fund (CERF), which is investing
£9.8m over three years to meet a 25% CO2
reduction target by April 2014. Nearly 1000 solar
photovoltaic (PV) cells (970) have been installed at a fifth of Norfolk's libraries, four of the county's
busiest fire stations and nine Norfolk schools.Three schools and Gressenhall Farm and Workhouse
muse
um are now using new biomass boilers which run off sustainably sourced timber instead of
fossil fuel.


Low
-
Carbon Norfolk
: Funded by the Climate Change Skills Fund managed by
by Sustainability East on
behalf of Improvement East, this website was set up by officers from LAs in Norfolk providing information
and advice about low
-
carbon initiatives and living in the area and beyond.


Student Energy Ambassadors scheme
:
The Energy Ambassadors scheme, run by the EU funded
ANSWER programme 'A North Sea Way to Energy Efficient Regions,' Norfolk County Council and
Suffolk County Council,

run in 2012, saw 36 young people and 12 teachers take part in a range of
visits and workshops aimed at giving young people the skills to lead the green agenda amongst their
peers. Visits included learning

about the development of the Sheringham Shoal Offs
hore Wind Farm
and how technology and engineering can help to tackle climate change as well as about careers in
the energy industry.


15



Peterborough City Council:


Peterborough has the largest cluster of businesses offering
environment
-
related goods and services in the UK (circa 380 businesses with 5000 employees). The
city markets itself as the UK’s ‘Environmental City’.


Peterborough Renewable Energy Project
: In July 2012, the Council put forward plans to develop 3
major renewable energy parks (see above


PREL Solar Park).



Blue Sky Peterborough ESCO
:

Blue Sky Peterborough (BSP), an Energy
ServicesCompany (ESCo), wholly owned by Peterborough City Council.
Peterborough City Council is one of the f
ew UK local authorities to set up an Energy Services
Company (ESCo). BSP aims to be the first public micro utility in the UK. BSP was set up to facilitate
the investment and development of renewable energy generation projects and energy efficiency
initiati
ves with the council’s advisory team comprising of Davis Langdon, an AECOM company
(technical), Deloitte (financial) and Pinsent Masons (legal).This is a unique commission that has
pioneered a new approach to resource constrained public sector bodies to cr
eate new revenue
streams, reduce carbon emissions and embrace the forthcoming growth agenda.



Suffolk
County Council:



Suffolk County Council was
one of the first councils in the country

to start to sell renewable energy
back to the grid.


Green Suf
folk: Creating the Greenest County partnership
:
The partnership has three key themes:
Climate Mitigation;
Climate Adaptatio;
Protect
ing

and enhancing the natural environment
.
The
partnership offers grants of up to £25,000 for green investments through the
Creating the Greenest
County Fund.
There are four delivery partnerships for Green Suffolk, all involving a broad cross
-
section of organisations across the county:


1.

Suffolk Biodiversity Partnership

2.

Suffolk Climate Change
Partnership

3.

Suffolk Flood Risk Management Partnership


/

The Suffolk Coast Forum

4.

Suffolk Waste Partnership


Suffol
k Climate Change Partnership
:
Sets out ambition to be the Greenest County in the country,
including the county with the greatest reduction in carbon emissions. Achieving this involves
increasing renewable energy generation to 15% of the county’s total by 2
020. The Action Plan
emphasises job creation opportunities and health benefits of renewable. The partnership w
orks
together locally with a number of other organisations including Groundwork East of England,
Sustainability East and University Campus Suffolk
.


Suffolk Chamber of Commerce EnergyWise
:
Energywise

is run by Suffolk Chamber, which

is designed
to run a series of events to

provide local businesses with the opportunity to come together to share
best practices and to hear from specialists on how they can reduce carbon emissions and fuel costs.

The Chamber also launched the
Low Carbon Development Unit in 2011

in realisation of the fact that
the low carbon sector had rapidly expanded. It also runs Green Business Awards.


16


Suffolk Green Buildings N
etwork
:
The Suffolk Green Buildings Network is a collaboration between
‘Creating the Greenest County’ partnership and University Campus Suffolk (UCS).
The Suffolk Green
Buildings Network is aims to

inspire

and help individuals find out what they can do to make their
building greener. The network has a mapping tool demonstrating Suffolk case studies, runs events,
and pro
vides information on sustainable builds, local suppliers and

green energy options

to cut
energy bills.


Community projects map:

Green Suffolk will shortly be launch
ing an interactive map of green
projects so people can quickly find out what is happening nearby.


Support and Advice to Business around Renewable Energy (SABRE
):
SABRE is
offering small
and medium
-
sized

businesses (SMEs)/social enterprises (SEs) in
Suffolk independent and impartial support and advice on investment
opportunities created by Feed
-
in Tariffs and the Renewable Heat Incentive.
SABRE is a three
-
year partnership project between G
roundwork Suffolk and
Suffolk County Council on behalf of the Suffolk Climate Change Partnership and is part
-
financed by
the European Regional Development Fund. The project will support 120 businesses or enterprises in
total over three years.



2010 Ashden Award for work in supporting the local wood
-
fuel supply chain and installing wood
-
fired boilers in schools.

Suffolk County Council has been replacin
g oil
-
fired boilers in schools with
wood
-
fired boilers, and working with the private sector to build capacity in wood
-
fuel supply. Since
the work started in 2006, 22 wood
-
fired boilers have been installed in schools, with

a total heat output of 3.2 MW. Du
ring that period over 1,200 tonnes of wood
-
fuel have been

delivered by the local supply chain, representing 4.9 GWh of energy. Schools that have had an old
oil
-
fired boiler replaced with a wood
-
fired one have seen their fuel bills fall by up to 25%.

In a
ll they
work with over 100 schools across the County encouraging them to go green by using biomass,
energy saving schemes and renewable energy technologies.
The council’s work to build up supply
and demand for wood
-
fuel has created and supported local jobs

in forestry, wood
-
fuel production
and boiler installation. D
ue to the scale of the project it has been able to support the growth of such
a supply chain, making wood fuel a feasible option for other organisations and individuals in the
county who may wish

to use it.


Anglia Woodfuels
: In 2006, the council contributed £10,000 in 2006 to help set
up a local wood
-
fuel producer co
-
operative, Anglian Woodfuels, with additional
funds coming from Norfolk County Council and DEFRA. Suffolk County Council
has continued to help the co
-
operative
by providing expert advice free of
charge, and has also provided advice to specific members of the co
-
operative, such as
Eastern Woodfuel, its wood chip supplier. By offering three year supply contracts with the
option to extend for a further two years, th
e council has generated sufficient business
confidence to allow the start up of wood
-
fuel supply businesses.
The Council has been pro
-
active in sharing the knowledge gained from the biomass installations and has shared this
through organised events and inf
ormal talks.


Local Enterprise Partnerships:

Greater Cambridge/Greater Peterborough LEP
:




17


Grants4Growth

Local Enterprise Growth and Efficiency Programme
:
Grants4Growth is a two year
package of free, confidential and impartial support for SMEs, providing practical help and financial
assistance to help reduce costs and increase competitiveness and resilience.

Capital grants are
available for business wanting to: Invest in technology or processes that facilitate growth, improve
resilience or create/ safeguard jobs; Put in place efficiency initiatives in the form of waste, water or
energy efficiency, recovery or

reduction; or, Invest in technology and processes to reduce the
environmental impact of operations.
Revenue grants

are available to businesses who are seeking
specialist consultancy advice or support and studies that relate to the promotion, marketing or
mainstreaming of low carbon and environmental goods and services sector products and services,
such as CleanTech or GreenTech. Capital grants are available upto a maximum of 28% of the eligible
capital spend (upto £6,300), and revenue grants are available
upto a maximum of 30% of eligible
revenue spend (upto £1,666).The

pro
ramme is being delivered by the LEP with Breckland Council,
and is funded by the European Regional Development Fund as

a part of the Solutions for Business
campaign.



Alconbury Enterprise Campus and Enterprise Zone
:
The LEP are working closely
with Urban&Civic, Huntingdonshire District Council, Cambridgeshire County Council
and other
s to create an exemplar place for sustainable businesses growth


environmentally, economically and socially.

The Campus is one of the 21
Government
-
backed Enterprise Zones offering a range of benefits
.



Hertfordshire LEP:


Hertfordshire LEP is yet to
develop its infrastructure plan for the county. In its
bid document

for LEP
status, there is no mention of renewables.


New Anglia Local Enterprise Partnership
:



Energy is one of the four main priorities for the New Anglia LEP.




Great Yarmouth & Lowestoft Enterprise Zone
: To capitalise on the

more
than £50 billion capital expenditure invested in the

East

of

England

Energytheone

over the next 20 years the partnership

created an Enterprise
Zone in Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft (see above). The zone will have 24+ offshore wind farms, 15
onshore farms generating 123MW, three biomass fired power plants, with four in develo
pment, and
be a Euroean hub for Carbon Capture and Storage.

The bid was developed by public
-
private
partnership the Norfolk and Suffolk Energy Alliance (NSEA)


Green Economy Pa
thfinder
:

On 11th June 2012 New Anglia presented the 'Green Economy'
Manifesto to Government at a launch event held in Westminster.


The Manifesto showcases local
businesses which are demonstrating a cutting edge approach to the green economy, sets out the

barriers and opportunities around sustainable economic growth and highlights New Anglia's
aspirations for the future. The results of this work will be shared with other Local Enterprise
Partnerships, across the country, to help them develop the green econ
omy locally.

Regional level government associations and forums:

18



East of England Local Government Association
:
a voluntary association set up



52
local authorities in the East of England.


East
of England Renewable Energy Capacity Study:

This

study
,
conducted by
Sustainability East,

provides a regional assessment for the East of England at a local authority level of
the potential for the generation of renewable and low carbon energy. It is intended to assist regional
stakeholders and local authorities

to prepare their own strategies, policies and targets to meet the
requirements of the Climate Change Act 2008 and to assist in addressing the UK energy crisis that is
causing communities and businesses to be affected by rising energy prices. The renewable

and low
carbon energy technologies that have been considered are:



• District Heating and Combined Heat and Power;

• Large scale onshore wind energy;

• Hydro energy;

• Biomass

• Energy from waste

• Microgeneration



The total energy demand for the East
of England is projected to rise by 2% between 2011 and 2020.
The total predicted energy consumption for 2020 is 99,437 GWh of which 69% is heat and 31% is
electricity. The renewable energy resource potential in the East of England could meet 260% of the
pr
ojected 2020 energy demands. The majority of this resource will be from wind generation
(assuming no limits on turbine installations). If only 10% of the wind resource areas can be
developed the total resource potential would be 58%. When realistic uptakes

for 2020 are
considered (based on existing policies and circumstances), the potential for renewable energy in the
East of England is around 9.7% of the projected energy demands.



These results show that the region is currently a long way off the regional

targets of 16% for 2015
and 20% for 2020, even with the inclusion of all capacity which is currently in construction or with
planning consent. The study concludes, therefore, that Local Planning Authorities have an
opportunity to adopt appropriate plannin
g policies and local targets, in order to increase renewable
and low carbon capacity in the region for the benefit of everyone.


East of England Rural Forum
:
The East of England Rural Affairs Forum (EERAF
)
was originally set up in 2002 to carry out the role of 'rural sounding board' as set
out in the 2000 Rural White Paper. The

Rural Strategy
, published in
2004
,

included a description of a range of new functions for Regional Rural
Forums. In response, Government Office for the East of England facilitated a review of the EERAF, in
partnership with other regional organisations and members of the EERAF itself. The E
ast of England
Rural Forum (EERF) is the result of that review. The

Forum

consists of representatives from a range
of constituencies in the region that are intended to reflec
t regional thematic and geographic
balances across the three pillars

of sustainable development
-

environment, economy and
community. Specific responsibilities include:




Rural proofing of key national and regional strategies.



Contribution to the developmen
t and review of regional delivery priorities.



Monitoring, scrutinising and review rural delivery.



The Rural Forum will act as the rural voice of the region.

19




The Forum provides a link between rural stakeholders and the East of England Regional
Assembly, Gov
ernment Office for the East of England and the East of England Development
Agency.



Linking in with County Rural Forums.


In 2010 published a
Rural White Paper for the East of England “Vibrant Rural Communities”

outlining
a strategy for rural development. The report highlighted renewable energy as a key priority


particularly promoting local renewable energy gener
ation. However, this was ranked 7
th

out of 30
priorities, with digital inclusion, job creation, affordable housing, engaging young people, and
improving linkages between the Councils, local democracy structures and community action ranking
above.


Farming Food and Rural Networks East/ Essex Rural Partnership
:

Rural and Farming Networks were
created in Jan 2012, meeting for the fi
rst time in April 2012.
Fourteen networks representing
different areas of England have been set up to identify and feedback local issues and concerns
straight to the heart of Government, in order to make policies more rural
-
friendly. The Networks
bring tog
ether people from rural communities, rural businesses and the food and farming industries.
They will make a direct link between rural areas and the Government, creating new opportunities to
develop better and more targeted policy. The new networks sit alon
gside a £165 million package of
measures to support rural communities announced in the Rural Economy Growth Review which aims
to maximise the economic potential of rural communities and businesses. The Rural Economy
Growth Review included loans totalling £
20 million for community
-
owned renewable energy

schemes.


Forestry Commission
:


The

Woodfuel Strategy for England

was published

by the Forestry Commission in March 2007. It
contains a national target of bringing to market an additional 2 million tonnes of wood, annually, by
2020. This represents approximately 50% of the currently unharvested sustainable yield in English
woodlands
and would save 400,000 tonnes of carbon emissions annually. Wood for heat has been a
priority for the East of England since the publication of the

Regional Woodland Strategy

in 2003. In
August 2007
the Forestry Commission, in partnership with Renewables East, commissioned a report
entitled "
Scoping of a Woodfuel Project for the East of England
". The

report recommended that in
order to oversee investment in the woodfuel sector, and to draw together the awareness raising and
promotional activities required, a woodfuel specific and time bounded project is created. This led to
the creation of ‘Woodfuel E
ast:



Woodfuel East
:

Woodfuel East is a partnership of
25

leading
players in the region’s
woodfuel sector

and is funded through
the Rural Development Programme for England via

a £4.3m
grant originally from the East of England Development Agency (EEDA) and now
administered by the RDPE team at Defra.

They

offer grants, advice and training and
have links with every aspect of the woodfuel industry. Woodfuel East aims to
facilit
ate an increase in heat energy production of 250 giga watt hours per annum
(45 mega watt capacity) through efficient woodfuel boiler installations and to build
capacity in the East of England's woodfuel supply chain.

Woodfuel East will close by
the end of
December 2013 and it is unlikely that any new applications will be invited
for grant support to develop the wood
fuel supply chain, as most

funding has now
been committed.


Public fund
ing scheme
s:

20



Local Energy Assessment Fund (DECC/Energy Saving Trust):

This fund was a response by Department
of Energy and Climate Change to the efforts of community groups across the UK in raising awareness
of climate change and energy issues. It aimed to he
lp empower communities to play an active role in
the development of the low carbon economy within England and Wales.

It funded 10 projects in East
Anglia. Those in the region focused on
renewables included:


East Bergholt Society:

Money was match
-
funded by Suffolk County Council. The project
asked what people from the village thought about renewable energy. It was also used to
contract independent consultants
to

investigate

the feasibility of building an Anaerobic
Digestion Plant in the village.

Holt Hall, Norwich
:

This project was aimed at boosting Norfolk students’ skills much needed
in the renewable en
ergy industry. The £27,000 funding aided development of energy
education programmes for A
-
level and college students across the county.



Private Sector
:


Anglia Farmers Ltd
(Renewables):

AF is the largest agricultural purchasing group in
the UK with a buying power in excess of £250 million, purchasing almost 1/10th of
the UK's key farm inputs.

Their 3,500 shareholders collectively farm over 1 million
hectares of land in the U
K. The company has a renewable arm
-

AF Renewables


which supports members on a wide range of projects, including biomass, solar, wind
and anaerobic digestion technologies. It also owns a
subsidiary company


AF Biomass


which
sources and markets straw f
or biomass.


Cambridge CleanTech
:
Cambridge CleanTech is a
members organisation
supporting the growth of environmental goods and services or “cleantech”
companies in the Greater Cambridge area. Their

ambition is to further
develop Cambridge as a leading cleantech centre in Europe by co
-
ordinating, supporting and
promoting commercial opportunities for members.

Their
vision is to establish Cambridge as a
leading cleantech community in Europe.
Members re
ceive:
Access to Finance
-

Grant alerts, pitching
for investment events, finance brokerage;
Supply Chain Opportunities
-
Contract/tender/competition
alerts, meet buyer events;
Government Regulation Simplified
-

Summarised government cleantech
legislation.


Founders include Reddie & Grose, Anglia Ruskin University, Anglian Water, Aveva, Cambridge
University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Deloitte, Deyton Bell, FutureBusiness, Hewitsons,
Johnson Matthey, Alconbury Weald, ARM, Autodesk, Climate Energy, David B
all Group plc, Price
Bailey, Ricardo, Ridgeons, Sagentia, Taylor Wessing, ttp Group, Unilever, University of Cambridge.


Climate Energy
:
Climate Energy is the UK leading independent provider of ca
rbon
reduction and energy efficiency services.
It

provides

local

authorities,

housing

providers

and

homeowners

with

energy

efficiency

funding

solutions

and

advice,

as

well

as

installing energy efficiency measures such as insulation, heating and
renewables.

In 2011 it
was

recognised

as

the

UK’s

Fastest

Growing

Large

Cleantech

company

at

the

GP

Bullhound

Cleantech

Connect

Awards.



East Anglia Offshore Wind Farm Zone /
East

Anglia

ONE

Offshore

Windfarm
:

ScottishPower Renewables (UK) Limited, the UK's largest onshore renewables
developer, and Vattenfall Wind Power Lt
d, the Swedish energy utility, have
been awarded rights to develop up to 7,200 MW of wind capacity (enough for
21


4 million homes) off the coast of East Anglia as part of The Crown Estate's Round Three offshore
wind programme. This is known as the East Anglia

ONE Offshore Wind (EAOW) joint venture.
EAOW’s application for development consent for the first project was accepted in December
2012.


This project, known as the

East

Anglia

ONE

Offshore

Windfarm
, is located in the south of the
East Anglia Offshore Wind Farm zone and covers an area of approximately 300km
2
. The closest
distance to land is located 43.4km off the coast of Suffolk. EAOW has been
provided with a grid
connection for 1,200MW at Bramford, Suffolk, for East Anglia ONE.


East of England Energy Group

(EEEGR)
:

The EEEGR is the industry association
for energy in the East of England, represent
ing over 400 members across the
supply chain. They are a non
-
profit, business

led group committed to the sustained development of
the energy sector in the East of England. Members operate throughout the energy sectors from oil,
gas, wind, wave & tidal, bi
o
-
energy, and nuclear through to decommissioning, carbon capture &
storage, distribution and transmission and conventional generation.



Activities:
The EEEGR offers its members the benefits of access to a senior network, B2B business
support and informati
on, a platform for company publicity and events, representation at local and
national Government level and throughout the energy supply chain, industry expertise, contacts,
member discounts, enhanced profiles, promotion of the region as a world leading ene
rgy hub to
improve inward investment and international trade, building a skills and sustainable local workforce
through its
Skills for Energy programme
, and a democratic governance structure to help shape the
association.
EEEGR hosts
networking meetings, w
orkshops and events, two flagship conferences and
the annual Energy innovation Awards, corporate social funct
ions, quarterly EEEGR magazine
, special
interest groups on decommissioning, gas and nuclear driven by and for members hosting workshops
and
interactive discussion forums online
. They provide

1
-
1 support through casework
,

and working
with MPs through its ‘
East of England MPs for Energy’

group to promote the growth of the region’s
energy sector


one that is “secure, affordable, sustainable and
low
-
carbon”. The EEEGR also works
closely with County Councils (particularly Essex, Norfolk and Suffolk) and Local Authorities in
promoting the region, ensuring that there is a compelling voice for the energy sector. In addition,
the New Anglia LEP is focu
sing on the energy sector as one of i
t
s four key areas for action. EEEGR are
working

closely with them to define their

business plan for the sector and to delive
r.


S
kills for Energy Programme

-

focuses on delivering skilled people to the industry when they need
them for long term careers and ensuring the existing workforce continues to meet the industry’s
needs into the future
.

Skills for Energy
, as part of
the East Coast Energy Skills Partner
ship
, are
developing a network for education and training providers that are supporting the energy industry
within the East of England.


A list of colleges and training providers working in this programme can

be found

here
.
EE
E
GR also run the

Energy Skills Foundation Programme

in partnership with
Lowestoft College and Great Yarmouth College, now in its fou
rth year


a 12 month hands
-
on
structured training programme for

young

students.


Insider view:

In speaking with Celia Anderson, who heads the Skills for Energy Programme, her
perspective was very much that renewable are part of the picture, but not the answer to energy
challenges.
Her personal view is that she cannot see the benefits of onshore ren
ewable. Offshore,
particularly wind, yes, but unless they are able to be placed in large areas for example in Scotland,
there is no point. The business case is not there. The EEEGR would
be that there is a need for a “balanced energy mix” in which
renewabl
e have just one part to play.


East of England Energy Zone
/
Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft
Enterprise Zone

& Centre for Offshore Renewable Engineerin
g
:

22


The East of England Energy Zone

/Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft Enterprise Zone

is one of the
world’s largest and most diverse clusters of energy businesses.

Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft are
home to an impressive energy sector supply chain of some 500 bu
sinesses, employing more than
10,000 staf
f directly within the two port
areas and many times more in the wider supply chain
spread across East Anglia.
Leading businesses based there in the
Offshore Wind industry
include

Scottish Power Renewable, Vattenfall
, SSE, Seajacks, ODE, Gardline, 3Sun/Dawson, SLP Smulders,
CLS, Petrofac and AMEC.

It is one of 24 Enterprise Zones (EZs) around the country set up by the
current Government

to

support both new and expanding businesses by offering incentives, such as
100%
Business Rates relief over a 5
-
year period and simplified planning. Enterprise Zone status is
recognition of the potential of a site to drive forward growth and innovation in an area. Enterprise
Zones are being

driven by Local Enterprise Partnerships
, but this one is being supported by the
Norfolk Suffolk Energy Alliance, a unique public
-
private partnership (see Partnerships section below).
It is anticipated that
o
ver £50 b
illion of capital expenditure will

be invested in offshore wind; oil and
gas ex
ploration and extraction; nuclear (new build and decommissioning); gas storage; and platform
decommissioning over the next 20 years
.


In addition to being within the East of England Enterprise Zone,
Great Yarnouth and Lowestoft have
won ‘CORE’ status. The
Government has selected

six locations across England as Centres for
Offshore Renewable Engineering (COREs), which will be the focus of efforts to attract renewable
energy manufacturing companies. COREs are partnerships between central government, local
gov
ernment and local economic partnerships.


GreenEnergyOptions
: Geo is a Cambridge
-
based company that
designs and
produces in
-
home energy displays, online energy services and mobile
applications that

make energy engaging

by putting consumers in control of
their energy consumption, their home appliances and their energy budget in a visual, informative
and engaging way. Their products & services work together with pre
-
smart and smart meters and
micro
-
gen
eration
.
It is now one of the leading manufacturers of energy displays worldwide, with
over 1,400,000 displays supplied
.




Green Energy Parks: Peterborough Renewable En
ergy Ltd (PREL) EnergyPark
Peterborough
:

EnergyPark Peterborough

aims to

be the UK’s first sustainable
biomass from waste power station.


This groundbreaking

80MWe

project
gained consent from the UK Government’s Department of Energy and Climate
Change (DE
CC) in November 2009.

Construction was meant to begin in 2012, but is yet to
commence.


Living Fuels
:
Established in 2007 from a small company in East Anglia, Living
Fuels has expanded across the UK and now have
over 450 used cooking oil
tanks at household waste recycling centres, public sector establishments and
food manufacturers. Their head office is in Nottingham but their state
-
of
-
the
-
art recovery facility is still located in Hockwold, Norfolk. They also have

a combined heat and power
(
CHP
) unit and power stations in Suffolk, West Yorkshire, Norfolk and Kent. Clients include Norfolk
County Counil and Central Bedfordshire Council.


Smartestenergy
:

Fou
nded in 2001, SmartestEnergy has grown to become the
UK’s leading purchaser of energy generated by the independent sector (offices in
London, Glasgow and Ipswich).

The combined capacity of thei
r gene
ration sites
recently passed

2000

MW
, the largest non
-
uti
lity generated portfolio in the UK.

Thei
r portfolio covers more than 650 sites
-

31% of the UK's independent embedded renewable
capacity



encompassing commercial
-
scale projects in a wide range of renewable
,
including wind,
23


hydro, w
ave and tidal, solar and biomass,
and non
-
renewable forms of generation
.

39% of the total
supply from April 2011 to March 2012 came from renewable generation


more than four times the
UK average of 9.2% and significantly higher than all of the ‘Big Six’ e
nergy suppliers.
Thei
r generators
include businesses which have established onsite plants to reduce costs and ensure security of
supply, through to

landowners, farmers and communities benefitting from developing valuable
income streams from generation proj
ects.



Private Sector:
Housing Association
s
:


Housing Associations are at the front edge of larger
-
scale adoption of proven technologies, while
owner
-
occupiers tend to be more experimental, testing out less proven methods. Housing
Associations in the
region took advantage

of FITs
, however,
since the policy changes, they
are not
investing as much into this any longer and is talked about less, according to the National Housing
Federation Lead Manager. Housing Associations are under increasing pressure fr
om different
directions and are more careful now in prioritising, particularly as there were a few negative stories
regarding faulty technologies, e.g.
the
‘NIBE boiler’ exhaust air heat
-
pump

fiasco which left residents
with extremely high energy bills and Housing Associations to foot the bill (in terms of cost and
reputational damage) replacing and compensating
, and the withdrawal of FITs left many projects in
the lurch.



Foster Property Maintenance
:

Primarily providing maintenance, renewal and
refurbishment services for affordable ho
using schemes throughout the Eastern
Region, FPM diversified in recent years to capitalise on the opportunities that
renewable technologies present. Foster Renewable Energies (FRE) was created in
2011 They also hope to support the local community through a

proposed dedicated training and
skills centre focusing on construction and renewable technologies. Talks have been in motion
throughout the year with local education providers and councils to drive the initiative forward.
Should the plans go ahead, this w
ould provide training and development opportunities to school
leavers and the unemployed.


Foster Property Maintenance, working with Fenland District Council
and the College of West Anglia, submitted a bid

for £1m of Regional Growth Funding

to launch the
centre at Foster Business Park, Wisbech.

The Greater Cambridge Greater Peterborough Enterprise
Partnership (LEP) supported the funding submission. Looking ahead to the future,

and if successful,
the firm would look to open other centres around East Anglia,

including Norwich, but say that p
lans
for the energy
-
skills training centre will go ahead even if the government fails to back the scheme.





Luminus Group (Cambridgeshire
):

Luminus was formed in 2000 when it bought
Huntingdonshire District Council’s housing stock. When it came to replacing heating
and hot water systems in properties where gas was unavailable, Luminus Group
decided that air source heat pumps provided the mo
st cost eff ective alternative. The group also
trained up residents as operatives to install their own heat
-
pumps to avoid reliance on a single
provider/installer and boost skills. This follows negative experiences such as that with. Since when,
Housing As
sociations are reluctant to tie themselves in with one provider.


Saffron Housing Trust:

Saffron Housing Trust under the Government’s FIT
(Feed in
Tariff) scheme installed solar PV panels to over 800 Saffron
properties. The appropriate FIT scheme was only available for a short period
of time but Saffron

was the only housing association in East Anglia to install so many panels.


Wherry Housing Association (Circle Group):

Norwich is home to one of
the first zero carbon housing developments in the count
ry. The award
winning Trinity Close project in the village of Rackheath was constructed
24


by Dove Jeffery Homes on behalf of Wherry Housing Association and Broadland District Counc
il. It
comprises 12 properties that meet

level six of the Code for Sustainable

Homes.

The

development
has set the benchmark for future high efficiency affordable homes and was named Residential
Renewable Project of the Year at the Renewable Awards 2011.


Greening the Box:

Greening the Box is an initiative adopted by Wherry Housing Association
for the environmentally responsible adaptation of an existing
dwelling to low carbon
standards
.
As with many rural housing providers, Wherry has a number of homes that are
not covered by the gas network and therefore residents are more likely to rely on more
expensive electric or oil heating options which can exacerb
ate fuel poverty.

This pilot project
involved the retrofit of an existing social housing unit in rural Norfolk to reduce carbon
emissions and energy costs for occupants. The family that live next door
moved into the
home so that they were able to

compare t
he experience of living in GTB to their existing
home.

I
ncubation Centres:



Carbon Trust
-
TTP Incubator

(Cambridge): This incubator ran from 2006 to 2013.
and worked with 50 companies in the low
-
carbon sector. It was funded by the
Carbon Trust and run by the TPP Group.



Eastern Enterprise Hub (Ispwich, Suffolk):

The Eastern Enterprise Hub was set up
by the business community to create and grow new entrepreneurs. They support
individuals who will drive business growth and employment across the East of
England through the creation of new enterprises and social enter
prises. They provide business
incubation, hot desking and wider enterprise support across the East of England. The hub is home to
10 green entrepreneurs.



The Future Business Centre

(Cambridge)
-

Cambrid
ge’s first purpose built
incubation centre to help social and environmental businesses start up and
succeed.

Cambridge Cleantech have signed up as the first tenant to be based at
the new Centre, which opens in Autumn 2013. Over 100 social and environmental
start
-
ups are already being supported by Future Business and this support will intensify when the
Centre ope
ns this autumn.



Hethel Engineering Centre (Norwich):

Hethel Engineering Centre is an Innovation
hub that exists to serve the high performance engineering and manufacturing
sector in the region
, Tenants include Green Oil Technology Ltd., Eastern Wind
Energy Group, Beattie Passive.


The Incuba

(Bedfordshire)
The Incuba building
-

opening in October 2013
-

will house incubation
units and training facilities t
o assist the creation and growth of businesses involved in renewable
energies and related sectors. The Incuba is sponsored by Central Bedfordshire College and
supported by the European Regional Development Fund. The Incuba will also house the College's FE
and HE curriculum offer in the fields of Wind and Solar Technologies, Sustainability, Insulation and
Renewable Energy.
The Incuba is developed by Central Bedfordshire College in partnership with
Central Bedfordshire Council and the European Regional Develo
pment Fund. The Incuba will be
available for occupation from October 2013.


25



Norwich Research Park:

The Norwich Research Park is a business
community of research organisations with world
-
leading science credentials
and over thirty science and technology based businesses. It is a partnership
between the

University

of

East

Anglia
, the

Norfolk

and

Norwich

University

Hospital
, four independent world
-
renowned research institutes namely the

John

Innes

Centre
,

Institute

of

Food

Research

and

The

Genome

Analysis

Centre
(all strategically funded by the
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (
BBSRC
)) and

The

Sainsbury

Laboratory

linked to the

Gatsby

Charitable

Foundation
.
The Norwich Research Park is home to
around 30 science and IT based businesses. With over 11,000 people including 2,700 scientists

and
an annual research spend of over £100 million, the Norwich Research Park has one of Europe’s
largest single
-
site concentr
ations of research in Health, Food and Environmental Sciences.



Orbis Energy
:
Orbis, established in 2008, is a hub for offshore renewable
companies at Ness Point, Lowestoft, Britain’s most easterly point. It i
s an
incubator centre with 30 companies based on
-
site and 40


50 virtual tenants.
OrbisEnergy is driving local regeneration, offering tenants, visitors and investors directed access to
dedicated offshore renewable business network. It provides business
development support, access
to industry information and promoting opportunities for skills and training.



Peterborough Future Cities Demonstrator



Opportunity Peterborough
proposes

to
develop a clean tech incubation centre in the city as part of its Peterbrough Future
Cities Demonstrator programme.


Regional Windport skills and business centre, Harwich
:

In 2011,
Tendring District Counci
l put in a
£5million bid for Regional Growth Fund cash to create a regional windport skills and business centre
in Harwich to support existing wind
-
farm companies. If the bid is successful it will see about £3m
heading to the town for the project. The coun
cil's partners include Tendring Regeneration Ltd, The
Haven Gateway Partnership and Essex County Council.


Public
-
private partnerships:

Cambridge Retrofit
:

Launched June 2013, Cambridge
Retrofit

is a

network

of public
and private sector organisations working together to bring at
-
scale retrofits to the
building stock of the Cambridge community.

It has a time span of 40 years and

is
mobilising public and private actions to retrofit both dom
estic and non
-
domestic
buildings

throughout the city
,

helping to make it the first city to meet the UK Climate
Change Act carbon reduction target of 80% by 2050.

The scheme functions partly as a

social enterprise, and partly as a professional delivery service, and is being run by
representatives from organisations and businesses across
Cambridge
.

It aims to retrofit
approximately 20,000 private homes, and another 20,000 non
-
re
sidential properties,

before 2050
.
These will include Victorian terraces, modern shopping centres, and the medieval college buildings
of the University.



The NSEA (Norfolk and Suffolk Energy Alliance)
is
driving and funding a
programme of inward investment promotion. Members

of the alliance are:
Norfolk County Council, Suffolk County Council, Great Yarmouth Borough
Council, Waveney District Council, EEEGR and the Chambers of Commerce of Norfolk and Suffolk.
This is a highly innovative partnership (and is believed to be the fi
rst example in the UK) where the
public sector is working across local boundaries with the private sector to target a specific industrial
group (energy
, including renewables
) for the greater good of their localities and business.


26


North Norfolk Renewables

North Norfolk Renewables (NNR) is a consortium
of public and private sector parties which has come together in a co
-
ordinated way to use opportunities presented in terms of inward investment,
employme
nt and local contracts associated with the development of major offshore wind energy
proposals off

the North Norfolk coast. NNR brings together North Norfolk District Council, Wells
Harbour Commissioners, and the Holkham and Walsingham Estate companies in
order that there is a
shared understanding of the infrastructure and site and premise requirements of companies
involved in the development and operation of offshore wind energy

schemes off the North Norfolk
coast.



Key objectives for NNR are to:



Promote
the area to offshore wind energy companies and their suppliers/subcontractors.



Co
-
ordinate the provision of appropriate infrastructure, sites and premises to accommodate
businesses operating in this new economic sector.



Promote supply chain opportunities.



Promote skills development and training opportunities amongst local people so they can
seek to secure new jobs and opportunities within this growing sector of the economy.


Social
Business
:


The FSE Group: Community Generation Fund:

FSE Group is a merge of Finance East
and Finance South East

and operates as a Community Interest Company.
T
he group
delivers a range of debt and equity growth finance solutions and support to
innovative SMEs in the fastest
-
growing region of the UK, including the Cambridge
cluster and wider East Anglia. With around £40m funds under management, the team has inves
ted
over £6m in companies in the East of England over the last three
years.

The

Group has developed the

Community Generation Fund
a
s a national fund created to provide a
catalyst for the widespread development of community
-
owned renewable energy
infrastructure.
The Fund provides commercial but creative loan funding for communities at the pre
-
planning
(development) stage of their projects, as well as the construction (post
-
planning) stage:



Development

Loans
: contingently
-
repayable loans for design,


environmental and other
external costs involved in achieving the required planning and other consents/licences



Construction Loans
: long
-
term loans for equipment, construction

and commissioning costs
(post planning consent) either stand
-
alone or alongside

bank finance


The Fund aims to provide access to capital at project stages or scales where funding is needed most
but is not readily available.
It

is designed to supplement rather than replace traditional sources of
fund
ing and is

not a grant or “low/nil
cost” scheme.

The Fund will consider project sizes from 25kWp
capacity upwards, subject to assessment of technical viability, financial viability and social impact.
Typically, the

project

is likely to involve total feasibility/pre
-
planning costs of £20,000
-
£150,000
(depending on technology and scale) and construction costs of £250,000
-
£2,000,000.

Currently the Fund is focused on supporting communities falling within the top 50% of the latest
available Indices of Multiple Deprivation, with a particular desir
e to support those falling within the
top 20% most deprived locations.

The

National

Energy

Foundation

(NEF)


is the Lead Partner t
o the
Community Generation Fund
.

The Fund

was

launched
in 2012
with the support of the initial
investors, Big Society Investment Fund and Esmee Fairbairn Foundation.


27


Sustainability East:



Sustainability East have been involved in a

wide range of planning and renewables related work
since 2010.

This has included:





The East of England

Renewable & Low Carbon Ene
rgy Capacity Study

available online
, along
with guidance for Planners and Councillors on how to use it



A

series of 27 training sessions with the TCPA across the East of England last year on Planning
and Climate Change for Planners, Councillors and environmental professionals.




T
wo sucessful

events

in Suffolk on focussed on anaerobic digestion



C
o
-
fund
ing and

supporting

an investigation into a Cambridgeshire Renewables Infrastructure
Framework and a study of how a Community Energy Fund could work for Cambridgeshire.



Leading on from the above,
they

held two dissemination events in Suffolk and Hertfordshire
and

published

guidance on a producing a Renewables Infrastructure Framework



S
upport
ing

and fund
ing

the Planning and Climate Change Coalition's

Planning for Climate
Change guidance

and the TCPA/Wildlife Trust Green Infrastr
uct
ure guidance through

links with
Climate UK, the national network of climate change parternships



A
Nearer to Zero conference

in partnership with the Zero Carbon Hub an
d Peterborough City
Council, involving interviewing

delegates and speakers
and

an analysis

report.



Funding

a study into the effectiveness of the

Merton Rule

and recommendations for future
measures



Funding

an investigation into options for implementing

Cambs Green Deal



Partnering

with Suffolk County Council and Climate Consulting to offer ongoing

sustainable
energy planning

support to local authorities across the East. This work is now developing into a
more detailed look into Community Energy Funds.


Climate Change Skills Fund
:



The £1.04 million Climate Change Skills Fund for the East of England
i
s part of

a national programme
led by the Department for Communities & Local Government (DCLG). Funding in the East of England
was awarded to Improvement East, who appointed Climate East (now merged with Sustainability
East) to manage the programme.



The aim of th
e funding is to further develop climate change understanding, capacity and capability at
local authority level. The objectives of the fund are to:



1.

Increase the overall understanding and capacity of local authorities to respond to climate
change through t
he planning system, including the development of more sophisticated
community engagement mechanisms;

2.

Help local authorities contemplate their future service provision with climate change as a
strategic context for delivery, demonstrate how climate change p
olicy can lead to efficiencies
and additionality, examine how a consistent methodology could lead to simplification;

3.

Create a legacy: where continued, efficient support, advice and delivery capacity is available to
local authorities and their Local Enterpr
ise Partnerships.



There are 12 projects that make up the programme as a whole
, including one on ‘Renewable
Infrastructure’ and one on ‘Enabling Anaerobic Digestion’
. All projects are closely monitored, and
outcomes and case studies
made publicly availabl
e.





28


No

other

social enterprises focused on renewable energy were found in the East of England region. A
search was done on the
Social Enterprise East of England (SEEE)

members’ directory using a variety
of related terms, but nothing was found. A search was also done on the
Social Enterprise Search East
of England

website with no relevant results.


Insider i
nsight:

A number of people said that social enterprises were not yet very active in renewable
in this region, or were not aware of any activity. However, a project of note related to this category:


Lofty
Heights:

Aims to assist less advantaged and elderly people to have warmer,
healthier

homes and to create employment for young disadvantaged adults.
Lofty Heights will employ 4 disadvantaged youngsters, who, after extensive training, will provide a
loft emptying se
rvice

for elderly and disabled people

to allow them to take advantage of the free
insulation schemes on offer. The scheme has received backing from UnLtd and the Stepping Out
foundation.


Insider insight:
Carolle Randall highlighted this project as a si
ngularly inspiring, effective micro
-
community
-
level approach at the street
-
by
-
street level, yet achieving
real,
tangible results.


Universities


Anglia Ruskin University
:


Microgenius
:
Microgenius is
the
first
-
ever crowdfunding service dedicated to
community
-
based renewable energy projects. The not
-
for
-
profit company is the
brainchild of Cambridge eco
-
entrepreneur Emily Mackay, who has been
supported by Anglia Ruskin University through the Centre for Enter
prise Development and Research
(CEDAR) which awarded Mackay £10,000 in December as part of its Enterprise Fellowship Scheme,
and has also provided her with ongoing mentoring support. The business model for Microgenius is
based on crowdfunding, which involv
es groups of people pooling funds to achieve a particular
aim.

Mackay wants

www.microgenius.org.uk

to become the hub for people wanting to find out
about and invest in local green energy such as hy
dro and wind turbines or renewable heating
schemes, as well as the platform for co
-
operatives and communities needing to manage the
investment process. The online platform has now been bought out by the Community Shares Unit,
formed in 2012, supported by t
he Department for Communities and Local Government, and is being
expanded to help all share offers, not just renewable energy as a pilot.


Low Carbon KEEP Programme
:
Th
e Low Carbon Knowledge
-
East
-
of
-
England
-
Partners programme is a
fund that aims to support collaboration between SMEs and research providers in order to carry out
'low carbon' projects. It enables businesses to improve their competitiveness by working with a
n
academic and graduate. Funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the East of
England Development Agency, the Low Carbon KEEP grant will

cover 40% of eligible project costs
.
A

Low Carbon KEEP Capital Grant Scheme

further

allows SMEs to
recoup 40% of the cost of
purchasing capital items
, such as essential equipment or software, which are fundamental to the
project
’s success
.

Despite spending cuts throughout Europe and the UK,

funding for Low Carbon
KEEP projects is still available until t
he end of April 2015
.

NB: Renewable energy is not the main
focus.



Bedfordshire University
:

29


The University is ranked as number 20 of 143 universities in the country in the ‘Green League Table’
by People & Planet in June 2013


a move up of 16 places from

the previous year. This was for its
work of, amongst other things, i
nstalling solar panels on new buildings and buying renewable
energy. For example, t
he solar panels in the £20 million Continuing Professional Development (CPD)
and Postgraduate centre ha
ve generated more than 100,000 KW of electricity in the few months it
has been open, since March 2013.


Innovation awards
: In 2010, Bedforshire University’s Knowledge Hub gave Ecostyle
Ltd the Business
Innovation Award at the Small Business Awards
for its educational renewable energy kits.

The
demonstration models are used to promote awareness and understanding of renewable energy
emphasising the importance of the production of energy from sustainable sources.
EcoStyle is an
award
-
winning company specialising in the design and manufacture of

educational products
to

promote renewable energy and water conservation.


Cambridge University:



Energy@Cambridge

is a strategic research initiative that was established in

2010

and

brings
together the activities of over 250 academics working in energy related research across different
academic Schools, Departments and
disciplines.

With a funding portfolio of over £100
million, the initiative builds on the breadth of
research in Camb
ridge and core competence and
capabilities in science, technology,

economics and
social sciences.

The Energy@Cambridge initiative
aims to:



Leverage the University of Cambridge’s
expertise to tackle grand technical and intellectual challenges in energy whic
h require the
integration of

science, technology and policy research.



Work with industry, funding agencies, UK and foreign governments and other sponsors and
benefactors to secure funding for research in energy.



Develop strategic academic and industrial pa
rtnerships around the world.



Ensure that multidisciplinary, cross
-
university projects have support and backing from the
University leadership and research community to maximise their success and impact.


In terms of renewable, its main technology focus are
as are on bioenergy and photovoltaics

as well as
a strong interest in energy efficiency and reduced energy demand.


The Cambridge University Energy Network
:

The objectives of the Cambridge University Energy
Network
(CUEN) cover two key points;

to inform, and

to facilitate cross
-
disciplinary research

for
young researchers in the field of sustainable energy.
The

society aims to increase the opportunity of
cross
-
disciplinary research (between the areas of technology, po
licy and economics), both within
and outside of the University, along with collaboration with relevant industrie
s.



Cambridge Energy Forum
:
The Cambridge Energy Forum
(launched 2005)
aims to increase

communication between the technologies, economic analysts, researchers and businesses in the
Greater Cambridge area.

It is f
unded by Cambridge University, E.On and Reddie & Grose attorneys.
Its

mission is to focus, coordinate and support Cambridge academi
c, entrepreneurial and technology
capabilities as an international centre of energy expertise; an
d to
creat
e
processes, technologies and
companies that will make a real difference to the UK's and the world's energy futures.

NB: Appears to be fairly inactiv
e


no events since Dec 2010.

30



Cambridge University Hospital’s NHS Foundation Trust &
Green Investment Bank:

(
March 2013) The
UK Green Investment Bank (GIB) will provide £18m of funding towards a new energy innovation
centre for Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (Trust), in what will be its first
investment in the NHS. GIB
's participation mobilises a further £18m of private capital into the
project. The investment in the Trust will finance one of the largest projects of this type in the UK and
is designed to deliver substantial financial and carbon emissions savings for the

Trust. The total
investment required for the project is approximately £36m and is being made in partnership with
the Aviva Investors REaLM Infrastructure Fund, which is providing the balance of the investment.
The new energy innovation centre will house a

combined heat and power unit, biomass boiler,
efficient dual fuel boilers and heat recovery from medical incineration. It will provide heat and
power to the Trust including the Addenbrooke's and Rosie Hospitals. As an alternative to sourcing
power from th
e National Grid, the Trust will benefit from the energy centre's materially lower
energy costs and carbon emissions, with savings of over £20 million in energy costs over the 25 year
operational term of the project and expected CO2 savings of approximately

8,000 tonnes per
annum. The project is subject to final planning approval.


Cranfield University


Cranfield is a respected provider of energy related research and teaching, which
represents about 10% of the University’s income.


Offshore Renewable Energy Group:

The Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE)
group
within the Offshore, Process & Energy Engineering Department

in the School of Engineering
works with several leadi
ng industrial partners, delivering research, design and consultancy to
develop novel technologies particularly applied to offshore wind, wave, tidal and aquatic biomass for
biofuels and biochemical feedstocks.

The group has internationally renowned experti
se in the
hydrodynamic and aerodynamic design and testing of novel wind, wave and tidal energy conversion
devices, fixed and floating offshore structures, naval architecture and offshore structural integrity
including inspection and testing. The ORE group
is also internationally leading in research and
development activities related to carbon transportation systems for CCS.

The group runs CPD and
MSc courses and PhD training in Mechanical Engineering, Renewable Energy and Biofuels.

Cranfield University offe
rs the following qualifications:


MSc Renewable Energy Technology

MSc/PgDip/PgCert (School of Applied Sciences)

MSc in Renewable Energy Engineering

(
School of Engineering)


Renewa
ble Energy: An Executive Perspective

CPD short
-
course:

This two
-
day intensive
course is non
-
technical and aims to provide an executive level overview of the key aspects of
the industry.


Cranfield Defence and Security Renewable Energy Group
:
Within the Centre for Materials Science
and Engineering, this research group sits in the Cranfield Defence and Security School. Cranfield
University has had an active interest in materials for renewabl
e energy for many years, focusing on
thin film solar cells and fuel cells. The Fuel Cell Group was formed in 1994 to extend successful work
on membranes for advanced batteries started some 20 years earlier.
A
chievements include being
the first in the UK to

demonstrate that radiation graft copolymers could offer excellent fuel cell
performance, demonstration of market
-
leading performances for direct methanol fuel cells, and the
latest work demonstrating that membranes made by radiation graft copolymerisation

are capable of
being successfully tailored to a wide range of new fuel cell systems such as alkaline electrolyte and
borohydride fuel cells.

W
ork is funded by the EPSRC, MOD, DTI and industry, and is in collaboration
31


with other leading universities.

Cranf
ield
are part of the EPSRC funded Supergen
C
onsortium

Photovoltaic

Materials

for

the

21st

Century
.


The Centre for Renewable and Clean Energy
:
The

Centre for Renewable

and Clean Energy



(CRCE)
has been jointly established by Cranfield University, Peterborough City Council and Peterborough
Renewable Energy Ltd (PREL).The Centre aims to develop education and research in renewable
energy and biofuels to support future eco
nomic growth in the Peterborough region.

CRCE is working
to bring better access and exposure to novel research and technology established by the Offshore
Renewable Energy (ORE) group in the School of Engineering at Cranfield University. CRCE strives to
enh
ance collaborative links with industry through; knowledge transfer partnerships (KTP),
consultancy, seminars, workshops, short courses, and continued professional development (CPD)
training.


OASIS Network
:
The East of England is set to become a major area for growth in renewable energy in
the next ten to fifteen years.Marine microalgae are becoming recognised as a viable option for
producing biofuels. It is fast growing, has a high lipid (oil) yield, can be
grown in large quantities.The
Oasis Network from Cranfield University aims to disseminate information on the technological and
commercial opportunities in this area to the supplier community in the region.
Cranfield has been
commissioned by The European Re
gional Development Fund (ERDF) and the East of England
Development Agency (EEDA) and its successor government organisation, to disseminate information
on the technological and commercial opportunities associated with microalgae and biofuels into the
suppli
er community in the East of England. Cranfield University is offering free seminars across the
region to explain more about how existing businesses in different sectors can get involved in this
new industry opportunity in the East of England.


Transforming Hertfordshire into the UK’s first ‘Smart County’

(Feb 2013): Hertfordshire could
become the UK’s first ‘Smart’ county thanks to an innovative project led by Cranfield University.
Working with

Hertfordshire

Chamber

of

Commerce

and

Industry

(HCCI) and key industry
representatives from around the county, the Cranfield team will be looking at the county’s needs in
terms of waste, water, housing, education, transport, health and busines
s in order to develop
possible scenarios for more efficient use of current infrastructure and smart technologies


those
technologies that help us use available resources in a better way. Part of the project will be to define
an appropriate definition of t
he term ‘Smart County’.

The team will consider the potential use of
alternative sources of energy, smart grids, greener transport (such as electrical charging points and
cars) but also improving infrastructure and utilisation of centres of excellence.





University of East Anglia:


In 2010, the UEA won a Joint ‘Carbon Positive Award’ from Business in the
Community for its work on its own environmental management. It generates
60% of its energy on
-
site.

A combined heat and power plant installed in 1999
led to a 33% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. Its new revolutionary
biomass plant will result in a reduction in emissions of over 50%, powering a third of the campus’s
electrical and heat energy.


January 2013:
University of East Anglia scientists are taking inspiration from the way that plants
harness energy from the sun to develop more efficient renewable energy.

A £800,000 research
project will artificiall
y replicate photosynthesis
-

the process by which plants transform sunlight into
energy to help them grow.

The energy created will be used to produce hydrogen


a zero
-
emission
fuel which can power vehicles or be transformed into electricity.

It is thought

that this method of
harnessing the sun’s energy will be far more efficient than existing solar converters.

The research
32


will be undertaken with colleagues from the University of Leeds and the University of Cambridge. It
is funded by the Biotechnology & Bi
ological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC).


MSc in Energy Engineering with Environmental Management
:
Launched September 2011,

t
he
programme has been developed in partnership with industry and employers through close
collaboration with the

East of England Energy Gro
up

(EEEGR), aiming to address the national and
regional shortage of high
-
calibre qualified graduates in the field of

Energy Engineering.



Science, Society and Sustainability (3S) Group, School of Environmental Science:

Established in early
2011, and building on a tradition of leading environmental social science research at

UEA,

3S

are a
group of faculty, researchers and postgraduate students taking forward critical social science
approaches to researching the social and political dimensions of environment and sustainability
issues.


Community Innovation for Sustainable Energy
:
In June 2013, the 3S was awarded a prize for
their work on grassroots innovations and sustainability. G
ill

Seyfang

and
Tom

Hargreaves

(ENV) have been collaborating with colleagues at

Sussex University to
examine the scope and potential of community energy projects in the UK.

Their work won
the ‘best paper’ prize at the fourth International Conference on Sus
tainability Transitions,
held in Zurich, June 19
-
21 2013, and will be published in a special issue of the journal
Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions.

The paper examines the potential of
community
-
led projects for sustainable energy to contri
bute to a UK
-
wide sustainable
energy transition. These include energy
-
saving initiatives such as insulation and efficiency
measures, as well as

UEA’s

own Student Switch
-
Off, and renewable energy projects such as
community
-
owned

windfarms

or solar energy
generation.

The research is part of a 3
-
year
project Community Innovation for Sustainable Energy, led by Gill

Seyfangat

UEA

and Adrian
Smith at Sussex, and funded by the UK’s Research Councils and French energy utility

ED
F.


Grassroots Innovations
:

This website presents the latest news and updates from a series of research
projects on grassroots innovations, including sustainable energy and complementary currencies,
based at the
University of East Angl
ia and University of Sussex.

The

research aims to better
understand how these innovations develop and grow, and how they can be harnessed to meet
sustainability policy objectives.


Adapt Low Carbon Group:

Th
is Group

at the University of East Anglia is a gateway to access the
expertise and knowledge developed in the UEA's research base
on low
-
carbon futures
.

The Group
draws together existing expertise and identifie
s future growth opportunities for low carbon
knowledge transfer activity throughout the organisation.

Based on an amalgamation and expansion
of activities previously undertaken by the University of East Anglia and its partner organisations, it
provides pro
ducts and services to the public and private sectors and to communities.



Low Carbon Innovation Fund:

The Low Carbon Innovation Fund (LCIF) is a venture capital
fund supported by the

European

Regional

Development

Fund

(ERDF)
.
Turquoise

International

manages the fund on behalf of the

Adapt

Low

Carbon

Group

at the

University

of

East

Anglia

(UEA). It received £12.5m from the ERDF which will be matched with over
£17m private sector investm
ent


generating a total over £30m of investment in the East of
England. The Fund runs until December 2015

and is the largest ERDF funded project in the
region
.

It

makes early
-
stage equity investments into small and medium sized enterprises
("SMEs") within

the East of England that are developing new and innovative products or
processes in a low carbon, environmentally sensitive manner.

The fund has recently been
expanded to allow £3.5m of the ERDF funding to be targeted at the creative industries,
33


underlini
ng the UEA's commitment to supporting the creative industries, and its desire to
increase low carbon thinking in local businesses. This is the first time that LCIF venture
funding has been available in the region for companies such as film studios and game
s
companies to develop ways of changing to become low carbon organisations.



University of Essex
:


Essex Sustainability Institute
:
The ESI is an interdisciplinary research
centre that draws on the
research and teaching expertise of
internationally
-
renowned researchers across the University of Essex. These include the Dept of
Biological Sciences, Dept of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering, Dept of Economics, the
Essex Business School, Dept o
f Government, School of Health and Human Sciences, School of Law,
Dept of Literature Film and Theatre Studies, and Dept of Sociology.

However, and interestingly,
r
enewable
e
nergy
is
not a research theme.


The University of Essex u
sed to offer a BEng in Alternative Energy Systems in the School of Computer
Science and Electronic Engineering, but since 2010/2011 it is no longer
available
.



University of Hertfordshire
:

In 2011,
the University
ranked joint
-
8
th

in People &

Planet’s Green League
Table.
In 2010 it was
the
first U
niversity in Europe to meet industry best
practice in energy efficiency by complying with the new EU code of
conduct for data centres.


Centre for Engineering Research, Sustainable Energy Technology Research Group

This Centre
carries
out research and development projects in conventional an
d renewable energy technologies and
energy efficient processes.The research group aims to design, analyse and develop a range of energy
technologies to achieve better energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The current
research projects incl
ude the following thematic main areas:

Fuel Cell Design & Manufacturing and
Application
;
Wind Energy Technology and Energy Harvesting
;
Tribology of Na
nomaterials and
Nanofluids;
Applied Mechanics i
n thermo
-
fluids, CFD and FEM;
Design for Sustainability


Centre for Sustainable Communities

The Centre has partnered with Lafarge Tarmac Aggregates to
create debate about ‘sustainable living’

to inform and influence the agenda on three themes:
designing sustainable
places to live, moving away from fossil fuel dependence and supporting
sustainable transport choices. Activity has begun with a PhD comparative research project focused
on the UK, Australia and the US. The research findings will be shared and disseminated
through
publication and events.

The Centre also offers a range of short courses related to placemaking,
including a short course on Sustainable Energy.


University Campus Suffolk
:

The

two validating universities, the University of East Anglia and the University of
Essex, established UCS in 2007, working with Great Yarmouth College, Lowestoft
College, Otley College, Suffolk New College and West Suffolk College
. The
University’s
School o
f Business, Leadership and Enterprise has
an MSc in
Sustainable Business while t
he Division of Science and Technology is set to further
develop its existing offer, expanding into renewable energies and sustainability.


Community initiatives
:


Gamlingay Community Wind Turbine
:
Cambridgeshire’s first community
-
own wind generation
scheme launched June 2013.
An £800,
000 wind turbine put in and paid for by a Cambridgeshire
34


village is now up

and running. About 30 or 40 people and firms will receive a share of the profits
made by Cambridgeshire’s first community turbine, which are expected to be in the region of
£100,000 a year. 10% of the money raised will be spent on local charities and comm
unity projects
decided by a committee to include a representative of the project.
Funds were raised within
24hours. The community has also galvanised £1.2m worth of investment over 10 years from various
sources for the Gamlingay Eco
-
Hub


the most energy e
fficient community centre in the country,
winning the Environmental Excellence Award in 2012. Getting the project off the ground proved a
struggle, particularly in the face of changes in government policies on renewable, but community
determination paid of
f. Read about the process
here
.


Green Energy Nayland
:

Green Energy Nayland (GEN) is
one of the UK’s first
community owned solar PV arrays
with a

15kw capacity and 34 members.
The community placed solar panels onto the roof of the local school, which has
saved around £1,000
in energy bills. The scheme has also generated an income of over £
4,000 through the
government's

feed

in

tariff
.
The project was recognised with the award for Best Community Energy
Project from Suffolk County Council and under the Environmental Awareness category by Colchester
Business Awards.


GreenPrint Forum
:
The Greenprint Forum was established in 1996 to enable organisations to come
together, share information and work together to improve the environment of t
he district. It has
since become a community environmental forum for East Suffolk and provide an environmental link
between public and voluntary organisations and community groups; a hub for community groups to
share skills and experiences around energy, w
ater, waste, local food and nature; and an incubator
for local community action.


Reepham Low
-
Carbon Communities Challenge:

Reepham was the only community in the East of
England to be chosen as a winner of
DECC’s Low Carbon Communities Challenge fund.

The Low
Carbon Communities Challenge is a two
-
year research programme launched in December 2011
designed to test delivery options for achieving ambitious cuts in carbon emissions at community
level. This would
then help government understand the potential role of communities in the
transition to a low carbon future, and the systems, infrastructure and governance required to make
this future a reality. It will also help to establish positive models for community
action, and enable
the sharing of ideas, stories and information to inspire other communities to launch their own low
carbon initiatives.


In January 2012 Reepham won £110,000 LEAF (Local Energy Assessment Fund) funding to deliver five
projects by April 20
12 including the Wood Fuel Club / Norfolk Wood Warm CIC
-

a wood fuel club
and not
-
for
-
profit enterprise (Norfolk Wood Warm CIC) to process and supply wood logs and wood
chip of a known moisture content to local residents on a not
-
for
-
profit basis, a liqui
d biofuel heating
feasibility study and a renewable technology feasibility study.


Norfolk Wood Warm
:

A CIC in Reepham that supply wood fuel
-

split
logs, wood pellet and

wood chip to
local homes and businesses with a
value for money assurance. People

who get involved and help produce
the fuel

can

buy logs at reduced cost. People and business who want to buy ready made fuel
pay

a

higher rate.


Transition East
:

The network bringing together 29 Transition

networks listed in the region promoting
low
-
carbon lifestyles.

35



Non
-
profit organisations:



Renewables East
:
Renewables East was originally created in 2004 to
serve as the regional renewable energy agency for the East of England.
As a not
-
for
-
profit company it was tasked with increasing knowledge
and understanding and encouraging the uptake of renewable energy
in

the region
, primarily for businesses
. As well as managing a number of funded projects and
programmes, running regional and national events, this work included supporting and encouraging
the networking of its 200+ company members.


Past activity includes a

“GoWarm” programme for
East Anglia


a fuel poverty alleviation
which saw a £1m DECC investment lever a further £2.25m of
housing provider funds into the low carbon agenda.
This project installed 500 air
-
to
-
water heat
-
pumps in 500 fuel poor off
-
gas grid
properties.


After government funding changes two years ago, its moved towards continuing as

a self
-
sustaining,
not
-
for
-
profit organisation specialising in the management of innovative programmes that focus on
renewable energy and resource efficiency.
The
organisation has downsized from 16 to 3 staff
members and relocated to smaller premises.
This year, for example, it has won an EA contract, it is
working with Suffolk County Council on resource efficiency services and with Norwich City Council on
housing.


Insider insight:
Colin Allard from Renewables East described that the organisation was always seen
as the ‘honest broker’ as its services were free and non
-
profit. Now, it is more grant funded from the
Environment Agency and the EU, and moving more toward
s a social enterprise model, this ‘honest
broker’ credential has been slightly compromised. The organisation are in discussion with LEPs, but
fear that competition from big consultancy firms will likely squeeze them out, despite their focus on
keeping thin
gs local. Colin has noticed that he received a lot fewer phone calls from businesses
enquiring about renewable since the FITs were withdrawn and feels there is less confidence in the
sector, with companies not willing to invest.


Bedfordshire
Climate Change

Forum:

provides the opportunity for individuals and
organisations to meet, debate and work through the issues surrounding climate
change and sustainability. BCCF was develo
ped from an organisation called BREF
originally set up to encourage the development of all aspects of renewable energy generation. All
four local authorities in Bedfordshire and Luton are represented on the Forum Steering Group,
which has been clerked by o
fficers from Bedford. Bedford College has a permanent representative
as does Bedfordshire Rural Communities Council. NB: They do not seem to be very active of late.
The last event was scheduled in 2011.

Groundwork East of England

Activities include supporting business
to deliver
resilience through low
-
carbon technology. Groundwork Herts is providing a
business support programme on low
-
carbon including energy auditing, resource
efficiency reviews, action plans, and information on technologies. They work on
behalf of LAs
and through EC
-
funded programmes.


Insider insight:

James Edge, Regional Manager, felt that renewable
s

were lower on the agenda now
than they used to be due to market conditions. There is a need to incentivise uptake and engage
individuals on opportunitie
s and benefits.
He f
eels that making consumers aware of the importance
of low
-
carbon in business will become more important as they increasingly underst
and they can
influence business practice, as reputational factors become more important in a competitive market.


36



Friends of the Earth Local Groups
:

There are around 11 local Friends of t
he Earth
groups in the region mainly centred in urban conurbations and along the coast.
Colchester and North East Essex FoE

appear to be very active on renewable. In
2011, they won the n
ational Friends of the E
arth EarthMovers Award at the national FoE conference
for their campaigns to support and prove public support for the three windfarms now approved in
their group's area, including ten turbines at Hockley Farm, Bradwell, and nine turbines at
Middlewick, sou
theast of Southminster. They have also been active in lobbying local MPs on the
Energy Bill recently. Other groups are either less active in general, or seem to focus on other issues.


Greenpeace Local Groups:

There are three local

groups in the East
of England: Norwich, Waveney and Cambridge, with some lobbying
around energy decarbonisation activity.



Peterborough Environment City Trust



Insider insight:
The PECT do not do a huge amount on renewable, but focus more on energy
efficiency. They have supported businesses to do feasibility studies and promoted PVs. They

have
not focused on renewable so much as they feel there is more need in Peterborough for efficiency
and fuel poverty advice, the first steps towards sustainability. Rachel Huxley, Chief Executive, had
looked into setting up a co
-
operative buying scheme
f
or solar PV

however
,

a lack of resources and
funding together with not being able to make the figures stack up has stalled this idea.
The idea then
evolved into a community buying scheme, but the PECT have not pushed this as, firstly, this would
require up
-
front resources, and secondly, they feel more is needed on fuel poverty and efficiency.
There is not high demand for renewable in Peterborough.


RSPB
:


The RSPB is headquartered in Sandy, Bedfordshire. They suppor
t the use of renewable
energy

as an essential part of the fight to tackle climate change, since it is considered
the biggest threat to global biodiversity.

They do also lobby against some renewable development,
particularly wind turbines,
where environment
al assessment reveals potential problems for
important bird populations or designated wildlife sites, if they cannot be reasonably sure the
development will not threaten bird interest, or if the environmental assessment is inadequate.


Renewables on RSPB s
ites
: The RSPB is investing into building a wind turbine at The Lodge (the
headquarters. The turbine is predicted to produce 2.36 million kWh per annum.

They are
also
embarking upon a number of renewable energy projects

across their UK sites

involving technologies
including photovoltaic arrays, solar thermal collectors, ground source heat pumps, air source heat
pumps and biofuels.


Partnership with Ecotricity
: In March 2013, the RSPB partnered with Ecotricity t
o help the company
protect wildlife when developing renewable energy projects.

The partnership will also see the RSPB
become a more integral part of Ecotricity's
site selection process for renewable energy projects,
consulted for their wildlife expertise at a much earlier stage in the process.

In return,
Ecotricity will
use their expertise to help the RSPB with their ambitious plans for green energy, improved energ
y
efficiency and electric vehicle charging points at wildlife reserve visitor centres.



Land
-
owners:


37


The C
rown Estate
: (Energy & Infrastructure)



The Crown Estate

property portfolio covers urban and rural areas

(145,000 ha of rural estates)
,
around half of the foreshore and almost all of the seabed around the UK
. It is therefore
a key player
in supporting the delivery of a diverse and secure energy supply for the
UK.

The map below shows a
snapshot of estates owned by the Crown Estate in the East of England
:










In May 2013 permission was granted to
Galloper Wind Farm Ltd to construct a 504 MW wind farm
off the coast of Suffolk and onshore infrastructure at
Sizewell to connect the wind farm to the
electricity grid.

The electricity generated is estimated to power the equivalent of up to 500,000
homes a year.


The Nati
onal Trust:

The Trust has

initiated three projects in
properties within the East of England region, including ground
-
source
heat pump installation and bringing back an old water mill as a micro
-
hydro project.
In this East of
England area, the Trust is responsible for a number of different properties and areas of

land including:


• Wicken Fen
-

a fragment of the original fen landscape of Cambridgeshire.

• Hatfield Forest
-

an ancient medieval hunting forest, mixing pasture and woodland.

• Dunstable Downs: over 200 hectares of grass and farmland at the edge of the Chiltern Hills.

• North Norfolk Coast
-

trust property in the North Norfolk AONB

• Horsey
Mere
-

an area of the Norfolk Broads

• Dunwich Heath
-

a coastal lowland heath

• Dedham Vale AONB
-

a picturesque river valley