Myths and Facts

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μέρες)

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Monterey Shale & Hydraulic Fracturing

Myths and
Facts

Catherine Reheis
-
Boyd

Western States Petroleum Association

August
16, 2013

WE
STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

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Hydraulic Fracturing Safety: Myths and Facts

Myth:
Hydraulic fracturing is unsafe and has been linked to
groundwater contamination

Fact:
“In no case have we made a definitive
determination that the fracking process has caused
chemicals to enter groundwater.”

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Lisa Jackson,
April 30, 2012


My point of view, based on my own study of
hydraulic fracking, is that it can be done safely and
has been done safely hundreds of thousands of
times.”




Former
Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar,
February 15, 2012

“The Water Boards generally consider hydraulic
fracturing a low threat to groundwater . . .”

State Water Resources Control Board, Executive Director, Thomas Howard,

February
8, 2013.

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

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Hydraulic Fracturing Safety: Myths and Facts

Myth:
Hydraulic fracturing is or
has
been unregulated in California

Fact:
Hydraulic fracturing in CA
has been used for more than 60
years, has never been linked to any
environmental harm in CA

Oil and gas drilling and production
activities are closely regulated in
CA. The primary regulations that
protect groundwater are the state's
well construction and testing
standards, which are among the
strictest in the U.S.


Source: FracFocus, Courtesy of Texas Oil and Gas Association

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Myth:
There is a lack of science
-
based
information about hydraulic fracturing in
California

Fact:
In October, 2012, an exhaustive year
-
long study at Inglewood Oil Field in Los
Angeles looked at 14
environmental issues,
including public health, groundwater, air
quality, seismic, noise, vibration

All
fractures separated from fresh water by
at least 7,700 feet (1.5 miles) or
more

No
impacts to any of the 14 areas studies


October 10, 2012

Hydraulic Fracturing Safety: Myths and Facts

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

5

Hydraulic Fracturing Safety: Myths and Facts

Myth:
Hydraulic fracturing uses

millions of gallons of water

Fact:
In 2012, the average volume

of water used during hydraulic

fracturing operations of a production

well in CA was 116,000 gallons

The total volume of water used in the

528 wells hydraulically fractured in

2012 in CA was 202 acre feet

The average golf course uses 312,000 gallons
every day, corresponding
to 350 acre feet per year
. Farming in CA
in 2012
used approximately


34 million acre feet of water annually

Source: FracFocus; California Department of Water Resources

Myth:
We don’t know how much or where

hydraulic fracturing is occurring

Fact:
California closely regulates oil

and gas drilling and production activities,

and maintains a database with the

locations of all oil and gas wells.


2,705 well permits issued in 2012


48,970 wells currently producing

oil and/or gas in CA


A total of 568 wells were fractured in 2012 (FracFocus), and 97
percent of fracturing operations were in Kern County

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

Hydraulic Fracturing: How Much, Where

Source: WSPA survey of FracFocus website 2012 data

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Monterey

15.4 Billion
Barrels

63% of US
Shale Oil

Bakken

4 Billion Barrels

17% of US Shale
Oil

Eagle Ford

3 Billion Barrels

12% of US Shale Oil

Avalon/Bone
Springs

2 Billion Barrels

8% of US Shale
Oil

Shale Oil Resources in the United States

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

An Extraordinary Opportunity


“The fossil fuel deposits in California are incredible.”


“The potential is extraordinary,

but between now and their

development lies a lot of

questions that need to be

answered.”


“I support our Division of Oil

and Gas. They are excellent

people and I look for them to

navigate the issues as we go

forward.”

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

A San Joaquin Valley California Opportunity


According to the EIA, 15.4 billion
barrels of oil trapped in the pores
of shale rocks in the San Joaquin
Valley


Advanced
-
extraction oil
technology: potential in CA


1,750 square mile area
represents 2/3rds of U.S. shale
resources


Hydraulic fracturing used
extensively in other states and in
California for 60 years without
harm to the environment


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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

The Monterey Shale & California’s Economic Future


512,000 Jobs by 2015 and
2.8 million by 2020


2.6% to 14.3% State GDP
Increase


$40.6 billion to $222.3 billion
personal income increase


$4.5
-

$24.6 billion state and
local tax revenues increase

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

California Division of Oil, Gas & Geothermal Resources (DOGGR)
proposed regulations


Draft regulations require:


Advance notice to DOGGR before a well is fractured


Enhanced testing and

monitoring of fractured wells


Safe storage and handling

requirements of fracturing fluids


Disclosure of chemicals used on FracFocus website


Provides protection of trade secrets

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

Ongoing Developments


Regulations

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

Ongoing Developments
-

Legislation

SB 4 (Pavley) requires the state’s Natural
Resources Agency to conduct a study of
hydraulic fracturing and mandates regulation
of that practice. Sen. Pavley removed
moratorium language and indicated she
would work with the oil industry to develop
comprehensive bill to regulate hydraulic
fracturing activities.


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Sen. Fran Pavley

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

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Legislature needs to take a measured and responsible approach to
hydraulic fracturing


All parties have a responsibility to acknowledge that:


There are legitimate issues related to hydraulic fracturing that
must be addressed by regulators and the Legislature


Production of petroleum energy is a vital and necessary part of
the California economy


A comprehensive regulatory package will sufficiently ensure that our
state’s environmental health and natural resources are protected
while safely using hydraulic fracturing technologies for energy
production in California

WSPA Supports Comprehensive, Balanced Regulation

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STERN STATES PETROLEUM ASSOCIATION

Follow Us on Twitter

@WSPAPrez

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