E-mail :secretariat@ciheam.org www.ciheam.org

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

184 εμφανίσεις

E
-
mail

:secretariat@ciheam.org www.ciheam.org

Dr Ramzi Belkhodja
-

background


Agronomic Engineer, 1990 (INAT, Tunisia)


Master of Science in Plant Breeding, 1993 (CIHEAM
-
IAMZ, Spain)


PhD in Agronomy, 1997 (CSIC
-
UdL, Spain)


1997 to date, Coordinator of Plant Production (CIHEAM
-
IAMZ)


Organizing training courses (Master of Plant Breeding and
Advanced courses for professionals)


Lecturer of Plant Physiology (breeding for abiotic stress) in the
Master of Plant Breeding


Organization of other cooperation activities


19 International Publications


41 International Training courses in Plant Production and Plant
Breeding


H (Hirsch) Index, 8 (December 2010)



CIHEAM’s Mediterranean focus


Thirteen countries

The International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic
Studies, CIHEAM, was founded at the joint initiative of the
OECD and the Council of Europe on 21 May 1962 and now has
thirteen member countries
:



Albania, Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Malta,
Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey.

Talks are in progress with other Mediterranean countries wishing
to join.



CIHEAM’s establishment agreement

CIHEAM’s mission is to « provide supplementary education
(economic as well as technical) and develop a spirit of
international cooperation among private/public sector
executive, academics
-
researchers and officials.».


CIHEAM’s threefold ambition

-

To create a dedicated environment where agricultural
knowledge and expertise are shared, using the resources of
state
-
of
-
the art information and communication technology.

-
To support a continued meaningful dialogue on major issues
associated with agricultural development.

-
To promote new approaches to food security and safety and
nutrition, and to breed and upraise a common culture and a
shared awareness of prevailing issues in the Mediterranean
region.



CIHEAM member countries

The Mediterranean Area

-

523 million inhabitants in 2002.

-

8.4 % of the world population.

-

estimated population in 2025
: 700 million.

-

Two out of three inhabitants of the region now live in urban
areas.

-

Today, average per capita GDP of the North is 5 times that of
the South.

The Mediterranean environment is vulnerable to drought,
erosion and sudden flooding, and coastal areas are severely
burdened by the concentration of populations and a heavy influx
of tourists.


3 Missions



Post
-
graduate education advanced, research, and
cooperation.

4 Mediterranean Agronomic Institutes, MAIs



Bari (Italy), Chania (Greece), Montpellier (France), Zaragoza
(Spain)

1 network of national partner

institutions

In the fields of education and research, CIHEAM has fifty
partner institutions in the Mediterranean countries and fifty more
across the world.


Education


Education : CIHEAM’s foremost mission

«CIHEAM is educating new generations of managers,
engineers, scientists and policy makers in the agricultural sector.
They will be responsible for developing and implementing
agricultural and agri
-
food policies in the future.»



A high standard of education

A training approach that is unique in content and methods, thereby
complementing the training provided in member countries’ national
institutions.

CIHEAM is fully committed to the
Bologna process

which now
sets the standard for harmonising the European higher education
system. CIHEAM is a pathway to excellence for Mediterranean
students.


Three types of education




Post
-
graduate programme

-

First year: post
-
graduate diploma in specialised studies.

-
Second year: research project, Master of Science degree.




Specialised training courses

Short courses for private/public sector employees, academics
-
researchers or officials.




Partnerships

Degree
-
granting education and specialised courses are
delivered by the MAIs and designed in partnership with member
-
country institutions.


Partnership
-
based research

Research networks active in three major areas: production
methods and technologies; Economics, management and
development; Environment and resource management.


Seminars and scientific and technical publications

-

Participation of high
-
level experts each year.

-

Internships and exhanges for experienced researchers;

-

Two collections :
Options Méditerranéennes
and

NEWMEDIT
.

Research



-

The Ministers of Agriculture of the CIHEAM member
countries meet each year to examine developments in their
agricultural economies.

-

Acting in partnership with institutions in the member
countries, CIHEAM actively contributes to change and
improvement in higher education systems.

-

Several cooperation agreements with international or
regional bodies, in particular with the European Commission.



International cooperation


www.ciheam.org

www.medobs.org

The latest information on agricultural, food and rural
development policies in the Mediterranean region.


The
Annual Report

can be downloaded from these web
sites. This reference document is published by the Centre
since 1999, reflecting trends in agriculture in all the
Mediterranean countries.


A Mediterranean observatory


Key post
-
graduate education and research topics



Improvement of plant and animal production techniques to
ensure sustainability of Mediterranean agricultural systems.



Integrated approach to rural development and environmental
management.



Improving the effectiveness of agri
-
food product markets and
marketing.



Management of fisheries and aquaculture.





MAI of Zaragoza
www.iamz.ciheam.org

4 Mediterranean agronomic institutes

IAMZ

TRAINING PROGRAMME


Training is an effective instrument of
international cooperation based on
the creation of synergies with
national and international
institutions of excellence

IAMZ


FIELDS OF STUDY


Plant production


Animal production



Environment



Agro
-
food marketing


Fisheries and aquaculture

TYPES OF PROGRAMME

MASTER OF SCIENCE

120 ECTS, 2 academic years

8 different programmes

4 held at IAMZ, 4 held away from IAMZ, coorganised with
Spanish universities and other institutions

Each programme is held every 2 years


4

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y敡e


ADVANCED COURSES FOR PROFESSIONALS


Duration: 1 or 2 weeks


14 courses per year (average), a large number of which are
coorganised with other institutions


75% are held at IAMZ, 25% are held away from IAMZ

LECTURERS


Training is delivered by highly qualified
invited experts, selected for their
experience and renown in each field



Average number of lecturers per
academic year


400, from over 30 countries

Empresa;
10%
Adm.
Pública;
6%
Org.
Intern;
6%
Univ.;
40%
OPI;
38%
PARTICIPANTS


LAST 10 ACADEMIC YEARS



Applications received per
academic year

1800



Participants per academic year

480



Master programmes:
~
100



Advanced courses for
professionals: 380



CIHEAM (no
ESP); 57%
ESP; 30%
Otros Med;
3%
America
Latina; 8%
Otros; 2%
PARTICIPANTS


LAST 10 ACADEMIC YEARS


Provenance of CIHEAM
scholarship holders



CIHEAM Mediterranean
countries (except Spain)


95%


Other Mediterranean
countries


3%


Spain


2%

Type of financing



CIHEAM scholarship holders


40%



Non
-
scholarship holders or
with grants from other
institutions


60%


Training based on external lecturers
should be a solid strategy for scientific
advisory services for planning
programmes and assessing their quality

SCIENTIFIC ORIENTATION

PREPARATION AND FOLLOW
-
UP


AD HOC GROUP OF
EXPERTS




SCIENTIFIC
DIRECTOR





SCIENTIFIC
COMMITTEE




COURSE
COORDINATOR


Establishes objectives and
competences


Designs course programme


Proposes lecturers



Coordinates programme content


Supervises development of the activity


Participates in lecture sessions


Presides over debate


Evaluates the outcome of the course



Provides scientific support for different
aspects of the programme





IAMZ
-
CIHEAM staff member


Entrusted with organisation,
coordination and development of course

AFTER EACH EDITION OF A TRAINING COURSE IT IS EVALUATED THEN

A NEW EDITION
IS PREPARED



Contents, levels, times and lecturers are revised and updated



Evaluation is conducted by the scientific director and institution representatives
responsible for the course



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fundamental element of the assessment


AFTER FOUR OR FIVE EDITIONS OF A TRAINING PROGRAMME IT IS REORIENTED



An exhaustive revision is made of the context, objectives, structure, methodology
and lecturers


International experts not involoved in the training programme also participate



Another element of assessment is introduced, namely the results of the survey
conducted among alumni

SCIENTIFIC ADVICE

EVALUATION OF PROGRAMMES QUALITY

ADVANCED COURSES FOR
PROFESSIONALS

ADVANCED COURSES FOR PROFESSIONALS

BACKGROUND




They make up a very important part of IAMZ activity,
considerably more than in other CIHEAM institutes



Despite being traditional in IAMZ training, it was not until 1988
that they started to be programmed systematically, increasing in
number and in the 5 fields of study



They cover an essential need for training in the Mediterranean
region for professionals to update their knowledge



This training does not compete with education provided by
universities which have not yet embarked upon this type of
training


ADVANCED COURSES FOR PROFESSIONALS

FEATURES


Duration: 1 or 2 weeks

14 courses per year (average)



The offer of courses is renewed each year



Destined exclusively for professionals with experience related to
the course subject matter



They provide high
-
level updated information and skills, which is
complemented with the possibility of exchanging experiences in an
international framework, both with the guest lecturers and with the
other professionals attending the courses.



The contents have a fundamentally applied orientation and explore
specific technical aspects or methodologies in greater depth or
provide an integrated and multidisciplinary vision of the topic


ESSENTIAL CRITERIA FOR INTRODUCING OR
MAINTAINING A TRAINING PROGRAMME



CIHEAM Mission




The opinion of IAMZ
-
CIHEAM staff and that of the experts
participating in our activities



The opinion of international and national institutions with
whom we normally work



The number of applications received for each course


-

The average number of places available per course is 25
-
30



-

The average number of applications received is 100


-

Less than 50
-
60 applications would lead to the elimination or
considerable reorientation of a course

IDENTIFYING NEEDS


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ADVANCED COURSE ORGANIZED
IN EACH AREA

FROM
1988
TO
2008
-
09

AREA


of Courses


of different Courses

Plant Production

61

44

(72%)

Animal Production

64

27

(42%)

Rural Planning

72

45

(63%)

Marketing

45

17

(38%)

Fisheries and
Aquaculture

49

34

(69%)

TOTAL

291

167

(57%)


Progess of the number of advanced courses per
academic year
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
87-88
88-89
89-90
90-91
91-92
92-93
93-94
94-95
95-96
96-97
97-98
98-99
99-00
00-01
01-02
02-03
03-04
04-05
05-06
06-07
07-08
08-09
09-10
Academic year
Nº of courses
MASTER PROGRAMMES

MASTER PROGRAMMES

POSITIONING AND ADAPTATION TO THE NEW SCENARIO


Situation within the Spanish context



In Spain the Master degree is now official



Strong competition



Situation still undetermined




Situation within the European context



Little history of Master programmes in Mediterranean
European countries



Convergence between different countries



Situation within the Mediterranean context



Main mandate of CIHEAM



Situation still undetermined


IAMZ strategy


Equivalence of CIHEAM
-
IAMZ Master degree with
the official Spanish university Master degree



Increase collaboration with universities


Alliances rather than competition


Reinforcement of academic prestige


Problems


differences in academic regulations,
different strategies



Enhance differentiation characteristics


Quality of contents and organisation


International nature


lecturers, participants


Introduction to research as one of the main
objectives of the training

MASTER PROGRAMMES


POSITIONING AND ADAPTATION TO THE NEW SCENARIO

MASTER PROGRAMMES





PLANT BREEDING (since 1982, 18 editions)

Venue: Zaragoza IAMZ. Since 2006 jointly organised with: Univ. Lleida



INTEGRATED PLANNING FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND
MANAGEMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT (since 1976, 23 editions)

Venue: Zaragoza IAMZ. Since 2006 jointly organised with: Univ. Lleida




AGRO
-
FOOD MARKETING (since 1987, 11 editions)

Venue: Zaragoza IAMZ



ANIMAL NUTRITION (since 2007, 1 edition)*

Venue: Zaragoza IAMZ. Jointly organised with : Univ. Zaragoza & FEDNA (Spanish
Association for Animal Nutrition), with the collaboration of Univ. Politéc. Madrid



______________________________________

*
Originates from the previous Master in ANIMAL PRODUCTION

(Genetics, Nutrition and Reproduction) held at IAMZ since 1979 for 14 editions)


MASTER PROGRAMMES




OLIVE GROWING AND OIL TECHNOLOGY (since 1995, 7 editions)

Venue
: Cordoba and Seville. Jointly organised with: Univ. Córdoba, JA, CSIC, INIA
& IOOC



AQUACULTURE (since 1997, 6 editions)

Venue: Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Jointly organised with: Univ. LPGC and ICCM



ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT OF FISHERIES (since 2004,

3 editions)

Venue: Barcelona. Jointly organised with: Univ. Barcelona and MARM
-
SGM,

with the collaboration of FAO



ANIMAL BREEDING AND REPRODUCTION BIOTECHNOLOGY (since
2007, 1 edition)*


Venue: Valencia & Barcelona. Jointly organised with:


Univ. Politéc. Valencia, Univ. Autón. Barcelona, IVIA, IRTA, INIA


IVIFA

______________________________________

*
Originates from a previous Master in ANIMAL PRODUCTION

(Genetics, Nutrition and Reproduction) held at IAMZ

since 1979 for 14 editions)

MASTER PROGRAMMES

PARTICIPANTS OF THE FIRST AND THE SECOND PART OF THE MASTER

Academic years 1997
-
98 / 2005
-
2006

SPECIALITY

PARTICIPANTS

1
ST

PART

PARTICIPANTS

2
ND

PART

%

Plant Breeding

104 (21)

42 (8)

40%

Rural Planning

128 (26)

44 (9)

34%

Aquaculture


98 (20)

89 (18)

91%

Fisheries


31 (16)

20 (10)

65%

Olive Growing

116 (23)

44 (9)

38%

Marketing


99 (20)

42 (8)

42%

Animal Production

103 (21)

31 (6)

30%

TOTAL

679 (68)

312 (31)

46%

MASTER QUALIFICATIONS 60 ECTS AND 120 ECTS


Application of a maximum criterion given the present heterogeneity
and international audience


Considerable decrease in number of students that would complete
the second part of the programmes


Difficulties with the coorganisation with universities and recognition
of qualifications


Training continuity


PHD PROGRAMME


CIHEAM cannot award doctorate degrees and partnerships for
awarding the degrees is not possible


High cost of this training activity


Considerable success of IAMZ in present circumstances


Non
-
priority activity at institutional level but possible for IAM with
means of finance

CIHEAM

ISSUES CURRENTLY UNDER DEBATE



INTERNATIONAL MASTER IN



PLANT BREEDING

(18
th

Edition)




Increased

yields

Protection against

pests and pathogens

Reduced losses due to

disease and infestation

Manipulation of

plant architecture

Diversion of biomass

to edible organs

Increased

planting density

Manipulation of

plant development

Shorter generation intervals

Multiple production cycles

Enhanced

photosynthesis

and nutrient uptake

Increased

accumulation

of biomass

Higher

nutritional

value

Fortification with

vitamins and

minerals

Eliminate

anti
-
nutritional

factors

Increase in levels

of utilizable

carbohydrate,

protein or fat

Remove constraints

Increase potential

Modification of

carbohydrate,

protein
-
fat content

Tolerance towards

abiotic

stresses

Tolerance of

extreme weather

Hunger

malnutrition

OBJECTIVES


To understand the fundaments and principles of modern plant breeding,
including genomics.



To learn the different selection and improvement processes and assess
the advantages and drawbacks of each according to the characteristics of
the crop species, breeding objectives and environmental conditions.



To know how to integrate the conventional and most recent techniques in
a breeding programme to achieve greater efficacy in selection and in the
development of new varieties.



To design a breeding programme of a given species for the particular
conditions of a country or region according to specific objectives.



To start research work, critically applying acquired knowledge, skills and
competences to addressing real problems related to plant breeding.


The Master is delivered on a full
-
time basis over two academic
years (120 ECTS credits). It is divided into two parts.


The first part of the Master (60 credits) has a professional
orientation and includes lectures, practicals, supervised individual
work and technical visits, constituting a postgraduate specialisation
course.


The second part of the Master (60 credits) consists of a period of
initiation to research in two subject matters leading to a Thesis or
end of Master project.

ORGANIZATION

CIHEAM
Latinoamérica
Otros
Argelia
Ecuador
Siria
Túnez
Perú
España
Guatemala
Egipto
Argentina
Marruecos
México
Turquía
Cuba
Italia
Colombia
Portugal
Chile
Bolivia
ORIGIN OF PARTICIPANTS

CIHEAM
68%
Latinoamérica
28%
Otros
4%
ORIGIN OF LECTURERS

España, 74%
Resto EU, 21%
Otros, 5%
España
74
Resto EU
21
Otros
5
Francia
8
EEUU
3
Alemania
4
Israel
1
Reino Unido
4
Túnez
1
Holanda
3
Dinamarca
1
Italia
1
ORIGIN OF LECTURERS

Empresas, 9%
Organ.
Intern., 3%
OPI, 54%
Universidades,
34%
España
Resto
España
Resto
España
Resto
EU
Resto
8
15
6
8
2
3
1
2
Universidades
OPI
Empresas
Organiz. Internac.
PROGRAMME (60 ECTS)


Bases of Plant Breeding (19 credits)


Breeding methods (17 credits)


Applied plant breeding. Commercial seed and plant production

(17 credits)


Individual project: Design of a plant breeding project (7 credits)

Bases of Plant Breeding (19 ECTS)

Plant

breeding

and

variability

(
4

ETCS)


Historical

background

of

plant

breeding

Reproduction

systems



Plant

genetics
:

from

meiosis

to

gene

structure


Plant

genetic

resources

Statistical

methods

(
5

ECTS)



Statistics

and

experimental

design



Regression

analysis


Genotype

x

Environment

interaction

Bases of Plant Breeding (19 ECTS)

Quantitative

genetics

and

genetic

analysis

(
10

ETCS)



Population

genetics


Variation

components


Response

to

selection



Molecular

markers,

gene

mapping

and

QTL

Bases of Plant Breeding (19 ECTS)

Selection

strategies

and

synthesis

of

varieties


(
6

ECTS)


Pure

line

breeding


Population

breeding


Hybrid

breeding


Clone

breeding

Plant breeding methods


Specific

breeding

methods

(
5

ETCS)


In

vitro

techniques



Mutagenesis


Marker

Assisted

Selection


Interspecific and intergeneric crosses

Breeding methods (17 ECTS)


Application

of

genomics

to

plant

breeding
.

Plant

transformation

(
6

ETCS)


Plant

genomes



Gene

discovery



DNA

sequence

diversity



Genomic data bases and bioinformatics


Tools for dissecting complex traits


Plant transformation

Breeding methods (17 ECTS)

Breeding

for

specific

objectives

(
8

ECTS)


Abiotic

stress



Biotic

stress



Composite

traits

and

added

value


Applied plant breeding (17 ECTS)

Revision

of

applied

breeding

programmes

and

commercial

seed

and

plant

production

(
9

ETCS)


Maize

breeding



Wheat

and

barley

breeding



Pepper

breeding


Fruit

tree

breeding



Commercial

seed

and

plant

breeding

Applied plant breeding (17 ECTS)

Writing an individual plant breeding project

1.
To apply the principles and methodology presented in the
different sections;

2.
To acquire experience in finding technical and scientific
information and in the selective processing of such
information;

3.
To make a critical evaluation of different breeding alternatives;

4.
To learn how to define and integrate the different components
of a breeding programme;

5.
To acquire experience in the preparation and presentation of
oral communications and their public delivery.


Design of a breeding project (7 ECTS)

1.
Conducted

under

the

supervision

of

a

scientific

tutor,

following

admission

of

the

candidate

who

should

obtain

the

minimum

qualification

required

in

the

first

part

of

the

Master

and

upon

approval

of

a

work

protocol
.

2.
Carried

out

in

institutions

that

collaborate

with

IAMZ

and

the

University

of

Lleida

for

an

approximate

period

of

10

months
.

3.
Organised

in

two

complementary

sections
:


-

Introduction

to

research

(
30

ECTS)


-

Thesis

or

Final

Master

project

(
30

ECTS)


Second Year of the Master:


Initiation to research (60 ECTS)

E
-
mail

:secretariat@ciheam.org www.ciheam.org