The all-new Ford C-MAX RANGE Index Foreword by Stephen Odell ...

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N
EW
S
R
ELEASE

Internet: http://media.ford.com

THE ALL
-
NEW FORD C
-
MAX RANGE



INDEX


Foreword by
Stephen Odell


3


The
Stylish and Versatile All
-
New Ford C
-
MAX Range


4


The All
-
New Ford C
-
MAX


Highlights


5


The All
-
New Ford C
-
MAX in Detail


1. Design

10

1.1 New Two
-
Model C
-
MAX Range

10

1.2 Exter
ior Design

1
1

1.3 Interior Design

1
2

1.4 Colour
s

and Material
s

1
3


2. Interior Versatility

1
5

2.1 Grand C
-
MAX Seating Concept

1
5

2.2 C
-
MAX Seating Concept

1
7

2.3 Panoramic Roof

with Electric Blind

1
7

2.4
LED
Interior Lighting

1
7

2.5 Advanced Ventilation a
nd Air Conditioning

1
8

2.6 Stowage and Connectivity for Life

s Necessities

1
8

2.7 Interior Craftsmanship

1
9


3.
Smart
New Driver Assistance Technologies

2
1

3.1
Ford
Active

Park Assist

2
1

3.2 Blind Spot Information System

2
2

3.
3

Speed Limiter

2
3

3.
4

Power
Child Locks

2
3

3.
5

Next Generation Ford HMI System

2
4

3.
6

Audio and
Navigation
Systems

2
5

3.
7

Ford Easy
F
uel Capless Refuelling

25

3.
8

FordKeyFree
-
System

and FordPower
Start

Button

2
6

3.
9

Power
Operated Tailgate

2
7

3.1
0

Rear View Camera

2
7

3.1
1

Hill
Start

A
ssist

2
7


4.
C
-
MAX
Driving Quality

28

4
.1 New C
-
MAX Driving Quality

28

4
.2 Advanced Chassis Systems

28

4.3
Standard
Torque Vectoring Control

31

4
.
4

Class
-
Leading Vehicle Dynamics

31





2

4
.
5

Reduced Noise, Vibration and Harshness

32


5.
C
-
MAX
Powertrains

3
5

5.1 Perfect Choice for Performance and Efficiency

3
5

5.2 Petrol Powertrains in Detail

3
5

5.3 Diesel Powertrains in Detail

4
1

5.4
Advanced Transmission
s

4
3


6. Sustainability

4
5

6.1
Minimising

CO
2

w
i
th Ford ECOnetic Technologies

4
5

6.2 Lightweight Design

4
6

6.3
Design

for Sustainability

4
7

6.4
C
-
MAX
Hybrid Vehicle Strategy

4
9


7.
C
-
MAX
Safety Systems

50

7.1
Active
Safety Technologies

50

7.2
Passive Safety


Ford’s Enhanced IPS

5
2

7.3
Safety for
Rear

Seat Passengers

5
4

7.4 Active Driver Assistance

55


8.
F
ord's
Global C
-
Car
Strategy

5
6

8.1 New Global
Ford
C
-
Car Platform

5
6

8.2 Global Product Development System

5
6

8.
3

Ford Valencia Gears up to Deliver New C
-
MAX

5
7


9. Series Choice and
Preliminary
Technical
Specifications

5
9




# # #






3

Foreword



Welcome to

the all
-
new Ford C
-
MAX range
. T
his is significant for Ford of Europe in two
important ways.


Firstly, the new two
-
model
line
-
up

takes
Ford of Europe
into new areas of the
compact
Multi
-
Activity Vehicle (MAV) segment.
With around 50 per cent of compact MA
V buyers
now looking for

a vehicle with six
-

or seven
-
seat capability, t
he new seven
-
seat

Grand C
-
MAX allows us to meet the
needs

of a whole new group of customers
.


This is no ordinary seven
-
seat MAV, however. With twin sliding doors, and the innovative
walk
-
through seating concept, the new
Grand
C
-
MAX provides
customers

with a much a
more convenient

and practical vehicle


one that families will really appreciate.


The all
-
new C
-
MAX is also significant for Ford because it marks
a
major

milestone in the
C
ompany

s ONE Ford strategy. The vehicle is
the first
application of
our
new global C
-
car
platform, which will ultimately underpin
a whole new generation of C segment products
that will be sold to customers worldwide


including the
next
-
generation
Focus t
o be
launched
early in 2011
.


While this
approach
is critical to Ford

s future success, what does it mean
to a potential

C
-
MAX customer?


In short, it means that the

new

C
-
MAX buyer benefits from more
across the board


more
features and technology, more
comfort and convenience, more
performance

and fuel

efficiency
,

and more driving enjoyment
.


With an unprecedented global development effort, Ford has committed its full worldwide
resources to the C
-
car

programme, and
our

customer
s

will be

the ultimate winn
er
s
.


The all
-
new
Ford
C
-
MAX range
is
the first evidence of
that outcome.



Stephen Odell

Chairman and CEO, Ford of Europe





4


THE STYLISH AND VERSATILE ALL
-
NEW

FORD C
-
MAX
RANGE




Exciting, all
-
new two
-
model C
-
MAX range
strengthen
s

Ford

s position in the compa
ct
Multi
-
Activity Vehicle (MAV) segment



New C
-
MAX
showcases advanced features and technologies

from Ford

s new global

C
-
segment platform



Two distinctive new models with stylish exterior
s

and interior
s

reflecting Ford

s

kinetic
design


form language



7
-
sea
t Grand C
-
MAX introduces extra space and flexibility to C
-
MAX line
-
up, with twin
sliding doors and innovative

walk
-
through


seating concept



Dynamic
5
-
seat
C
-
MAX
combines

sleek, sport
y

design with traditional C
-
MAX virtues of
room and practicality



Fuel
-
eff
icien
t
, low
-
CO
2

p
owertrain
s

include new
1.6
-
litre
Ford EcoBoost petrol engine

and
completely
updated 1.6
-

and 2.0
-
litre Duratorq TDCi diesel engines



Two
-
model
range
offers

highly competitive fuel economy and
CO
2

emissions
:

o

C
-
MAX w
ith 1.6
-
litre TDCi achieve
s 119 g/km CO
2

o

Grand C
-
MAX with 1.6
-
litre TDCi achieves 129 g/km CO
2



C
-
MAX reinforces its position as the most enjoyable compact MAV to drive



C
lass
-
leading driving dynamics

enhanced by new technologies including electric power
steering and Torque Vectoring

Control



Responsive and agile handling combined with outstanding refinement, with comfort and
noise levels approaching those of larger
luxury vehicles



Packed with family
-
friendly features to improve practicality and convenience
, including
Active Park Assi
st,
flexible fold
-
flat seating, rear

s
afety
belt warning lights, power child
locks
, power operated
tailgate

and

rear view camera



New
driver assistance

technologies include
Blind Spot Information System, Speed Limiter
and Hill Start Assist



Ford C
-
MAX range
to be
launched

in major European markets by late 2010



New C
-
MAX will be the basis of Ford's first full
-

and plug
-
in hybrid models for Europe,
launching in 2013





5

The All
-
New Ford C
-
MAX


Highlights


The all
-
new Ford C
-
MAX family
was developed as part of the
company

s ambitious global
C
-
segment strategy, and
brings new levels of style and desirability to the compact Multi
-
Activity Vehicle (MAV) market
.


Ford

s C
-
segment MAV customers
now
have the choice of a
n all
-
new
five
-
seat C
-
MAX or
a distinctive
, all
-
new
s
even
-
seat Grand C
-
MAX, which features twin sliding doors and
an
innovative seat design to provide outstanding space and flexibility.


The all
-
new Ford C
-
MAX range
also
introduces a number of advanced new technologies to
the compact MAV class, focused on en
hanced comfort, safety and sustainability, including
Active Park Assist,
an advanced new system which automatically steers the vehicle into
parallel parking spaces
.


New C
-
MAX also heralds the arrival of the
powerful yet highly fuel
-
efficient

and
low
-
CO
2

F
ord EcoBoost petrol engine

family
in

Ford's C
-
class cars
.


New C
-
MAX introduces the 1.6
-
litre Ford EcoBoost unit which, like others in the global
Ford EcoBoost family, combines
high
-
pressure direct injection, low
-
inertia turbocharging
and twin independent
variable cam timing

to achieve fuel economy results up to 20

per cent

better than
conventional larger displacement petrol engines with a similar power output
.


Like the next
-
generation Ford Focus, the new C
-
MAX models are based on Ford

s new,
global C
-
segm
ent vehicle platform.

The C
-
MAX range will initially be sold in Europe, with
sales starting at the end of 2010
, while the seven
-
seat Grand C
-
MAX will also be offered to
customers in North America from late 2011.


The five
-
seat C
-
MAX will also provide the b
asis for two of Ford's five electrified vehicles
promised for sale in Europe by 2013. Both full hybrid and plug
-
in hybrid versions of the

C
-
MAX are under development for introduction in 2013.






6


Choice of Sporty 5
-
seater or Stylish 7
-
seater

The all
-
new Fo
rd C
-
MAX range offers
European
C
-
segment MAV customers a choice of
two alternative and distinctive models according to their needs


t
he sporty five
-
seat

C
-
M
AX or the spacious new seven
-
seat Grand C
-
MAX.



The C
-
MAX and the Grand C
-
MAX have
been carefully

developed around the needs of
two

very different
sets of
target customers,


explained Gunnar Herrmann, Ford

s Global

C
-
car Vehicle Line Director.

The Grand C
-
MAX is the ideal choice for young families,
while the sportier C
-
MAX appeals to a much broader
age range.



To deliver the extra space, the Grand C
-
MAX has a 140mm longer wheelbase, and is also
58mm
higher than the C
-
MAX. Within its 4.52m overall length, it packs plenty of room for
seven passengers, or for five occupants with a generous amount of lu
ggage.


The five
-
seat C
-
MAX has very similar exterior dimensions to the
outgoing
model, retaining
traditional C
-
MAX virtues of room and practicality within its attractive new silhouette. The
new model will reinforce its appeal to customers of all ages who
value
C
-
MAX for
its
comfortable accommodation, high seating position, flexibility and compact footprint.


Both C
-
MAX and Grand C
-
MAX have b
old exterior and interior designs created using the
latest evolution of Ford

s kinetic design form language,
and
buil
ding on themes established
in recent product introductions like the hugely successful
Ford
Fiesta,
Ford
Kuga and
Ford
Mondeo ranges.


Maximum Versatility and Convenience

The seating concept and door layout for the new seven
-
seat Grand C
-
MAX was finalised
a
fter detailed research with typical family
users

to

identif
y
the most popular configurations
.


The
vehicle features twin
sliding rear doors
, and an

ingenious new seat folding concept for
the second
-
row seats. This
has

a mechanism which allows the centre se
at to fold quickly
and easily under the right
-
hand seat, creating a handy

walk
-
through


space between the
two outboard seats

so that passengers can

easily
access the third row
.





7


T
he new five
-
seat C
-
MAX
uses

the
proven seating

concept from the previous mod
el, with
three individual 40/20/40 folding seats in the second row.

Ford

s ingenious Comfort
System

is an option
,
allowing

the centre seat to be folded away while the outer seats slide
diagonally backwards and inwards to create a more luxurious 2+2 layout
.


The cockpit


which is common to both C
-
MAX models


provides a raised

'c
ommand
b
ridge
'

driving position with high mounted gearshift and centre console.

The driver
controls and displays
incorporate
the next generation of Ford

s Human Machine Interface
(HMI) system,
based on

the much acclaimed layouts introduced in recent
vehicles

like the
Fiesta and Mondeo.


Performance with Economy

The
new Ford
C
-
MAX range
features the latest

powertrain technologies
to deliver an
impressive combination of responsive pe
rformance with reduced fuel consumption and CO
2

emissions
.


Leading the petrol engine line
-
up is

the first application of the all
-
new
4
-
cylinder
1.6
-
litre
Ford EcoBoost

engine
,
available in 150

PS and
182

PS versions
.


This
engine

is one of

a completely ne
w generation of downsized, high
-
efficiency, low
-
CO
2
petrol engines from Ford.

Developed for global application by
the company's powertrain
engineers in Europe, the
lightweight, all
-
aluminium
1.6
-
litre
Ford
EcoBoost engine
combine
s

high
-
pressure direct inje
ction, low
-
inertia turbocharging and twin independent
variable cam timing
to deliver
significant reductions in
fuel consumption and CO
2

emissions.


Installed in the C
-
MAX, the
182

PS engine delivers

outstanding driveability



illustrated by
acceleration ti
mes of 0
-
100

km/h in 8.5 seconds, and 50
-
100

km/h in 8.8 seconds (in fourth
gear)


combined with CO
2

emissions of just 154

g/km
.






8

The diesel engine range features u
pgraded versions of
the
highly acclaimed 1.6
-

and 2.0
-
litre
Ford
Duratorq TDCi

diesel engin
es,
which have been
comprehensively

updated to
improve performance and fuel
-
efficiency, and reduce emissions.


These engines deliver highly competitive fuel consumption and CO
2

emissions
: the 1.6
-
litre
TDCi achieves 119 g/km CO
2

in C
-
MAX, and 129 g/km CO
2

in the Grand C
-
MAX.


The high
-
efficiency, low
-
CO
2

petrol and diesel
engines are complemented by advanced
transmissions, including a new
Ford Durashift

6
-
speed manual gearbox, used for the first
time in the new C
-
MAX, and the
advanced
Ford PowerShift

6
-
spee
d dual
-
clutch
automatic transmission, which has proved an increasingly popular choice
in
the
outgoing

model.


The C
-
MAX range also incorporates
other features from the Ford ECOnetic Technologies
programme to help minimise fuel consumption and
CO
2

emissions
, such as the
new Ford
E
co

Mode
,

a Gear Shift Indicator Light

and Smart Regenerative Charging.


Class
-
Leading Dynamics and Refinement


The previous C
-
MAX established a reputation for providing a fine balance of
rewarding

driving dynamics and impressive com
fort
,


said

Gunnar Herrmann
.

This all
-
new model is
set to take that performance to a new level, giving drivers a class
-
leading combination of
responsive, sporty handling, and overall refinement which approaches the standard found in
larger luxury vehicles
.



Key chassis technologies on the C
-
MAX include a

completely new
E
lectric
P
ower
-
A
ssisted
S
teering (EPAS) system
,

optimised new designs for the

Control Blade


multilink rear
suspension and the semi
-
isolated front subframe
, and the standard fitment of
an
advanced
new
Torque Vectoring Control

(TVC) system to further improve cornering stability and
agility.






9

Smart
Technolog
y
for
Safety and Practicality

As the first vehicles to be launched from Ford

s new global C
-
car platform, the European
C
-
MAX and Grand C
-
MAX models benefit from the introduction of an impressive array of
advanced technologies generally only found in larger, more premium vehicles.


Among these new technologies are a host of features which will improve practicality and
safety for customers a
nd their families. Some of the key innovations include:




Active Park Assist



Blind Spot Information System




Speed Limiter



Rear Seat Beltminder
(
Grand C
-
MAX

only
)



Power Child Locks



Power Operated Tailgate



Rear View Camera


Part of Ford

s New Global C
-
car Lin
e
-
up

The introduction of the

all
-
new C
-
MAX family in Europe in late 2010 herald
s

the arrival of
the next
-
generation of Ford medium cars based on the
new global C
-
car platform, which
will also include the new Ford Focus in 2011
.


Moving forward, models buil
t on this platform will be sold in all regions worldwide and
total sales are expected to exceed two million units annually by 2012. The new platform is
expected to ultimately underpin at least ten different models or derivatives
.






10

The All
-
New Ford C
-
MAX i
n Detail


1. Design


Our 2009 iosis MAX concept car previewed how the new C
-
MAX would bring more
emotive, dynamic design to the MAV segment. We believe we have created two distinctive
vehicles which customers will choose for the way they look and drive, a
nd not just because
they are practical and versatile.


Martin Smith

Executive Design Director, Ford of Europe


1.1 New Two
-
Model C
-
MAX Range

The all
-
new Ford C
-
MAX range
now
offers C
-
segment MAV customers a choice of two
alternative models according to the
ir needs


the
sporty five
-
seat C
-
MAX or the spacious
new seven
-
seat Grand C
-
MAX.


With the proportion of compact MAV buyers wanting six or seven
-
seat capability rising
towards
50 per cent, it was decided to expand the
C
-
MAX
line
-
up to include a second
mod
el which combined
the versatility and driving quality
of the original model with the

additional capacity
required by growing families.


The new C
-
MAX and the Grand C
-
MAX were carefully developed around the needs of two
different sets of target customers. W
hile the C
-
MAX appeals to a broad
er

age range, the
larger Grand C
-
MAX is the ideal choice for young families.


To deliver the
required
extra space, the Grand C
-
MAX has a 140mm longer wheelbase, and
is also
58mm
higher than the C
-
MAX. Within its 4.52m overa
ll length, it
offers
plenty of
room for seven passengers, or for five occupants with a generous amount of luggage.


The five
-
seat C
-
MAX has very similar exterior dimensions to the current model, retaining
the traditional C
-
MAX virtues of room and practical
ity. The new model will reinforce its
appeal to customers who value its comfortable accommodation, high seating position,
flexibility and compact footprint.





11

1.2 Exterior Design

The new Ford C
-
MAX range demonstrates that compact MAVs can be stylish and desi
rable
while still delivering outstanding space and functionality.


Bold exterior and interior designs have been created using the latest evolution of Ford

s
kinetic design form language, building on themes established in recent
Ford models
like the
hugely
successful
Ford
Fiesta,
Ford
Kuga and
Ford
Mondeo ranges.


Striking

kinetic design


elements applied to the new models include the dynamic rising
belt
-
line, full sculptured surfaces, bold wheel lips, strong athletic shoulders supported by a
prominent unde
rcut line, and the distinctive kick
-
up of the window graphic at the C
-
pillar.


The front end design features Ford

s signature trapezoidal lower grille


chrome edged on
high series models


and

the eye
-
catching new headlamp treatment
that was
previewed by
the iosis MAX concept.


Distinct Characters

Although the two models are identical up to the B
-
pillar, t
he new Ford C
-
MAX and Grand
C
-
MAX have
very distinct

characters, reflecting the differing priorities of the typical
customers for each model.


The five
-
s
eat
C
-
MAX

departs from
traditional
MAV thinking by adopting a sportier feel
with a stylish passenger
-
car look. It features a coupé
-
like, sweeping roofline which falls off
to the rear, but without compromising the
interior
comfort and practicality of the ve
hicle.


Clearly a member of the contemporary Ford family, i
ts window graphic follows the bold
form
already familiar from
the Fiesta and Kuga, with a strong kick
-
up after the C
-
pillar. At
the rear, the tailgate design has echoes of
its
larger Ford S
-
MAX sib
ling with
a

sportier
treatment of the rear window.


Equally dynamic in character yet signalling its more functional approach, the seven
-
seat
Grand C
-
MAX

also uses bold graphics
,

yet its overall shape highlights the extra space and
versatility provided by t
he car.





12

With its longer wheelbase, the seven
-
seat model features a higher roofline and thin pillars
which emphasise the generous room and visibility on offer within the cabin.


Twin sliding
rear side
doors are seen for the first time on a Ford
passenger
v
ehicle in
Europe, and are neatly integrated with the rail cleverly concealed by the undercut line on
the shoulder of the vehicle. The large tailgate design ensures a low loading height, while
the stylish intersection between the tail lamps and rear glass g
ives
the car
a family
resemblance to the Galaxy, Ford

s largest people mover.


The stylish and dynamic appearance of both C
-
MAX models is combined with very
streamlined aerodynamic performance. During the design process, sophisticated computer
modelling an
d detailed wind tunnel testing were used to ensure that aerodynamic efficiency
was not compromised, resulting in very competitive Coefficient of Drag (Cd) values of
0.30 for C
-
MAX and 0.32 for Grand C
-
MAX to help maximise fuel economy.


1.3 Interior Design

Inside the new C
-
MAX, the same kinetic design philosophy is used to shape the
distinctive
features and surfaces, ensuring that the dynamic and modern character of the exterior is
reflected in the style of the cabin.


The main design themes are an evolutio
n of those developed for the
latest generation
Ford
Fiesta, with muscular, expressive shapes and very bold graphics which are inspired by the
stunning forms explore
d in the
2009
iosis MAX concept car.


Key design features include the taut, wing
-
like sectio
n of the upper instrument panel (IP),
which reaches out to the sides of the interior. A dramatic

bull horn


shape



which is
finished in a contrasting metallic colour


sweeps down from the lower IP, emphasising the
smooth flow from the IP into the centre

console.


The upper IP is a soft
-
touch, slush
-
moulded design which is beautifully integrated,
wrapping smoothly around the other features on the IP with no visible gaps.
Subtle,
contrasting colour schemes further enhance the premium, high quality feel.






13

T
he cockpit

approach



which is common to both C
-
MAX models


provides a raised
'c
ommand
b
ridge
'

driving position with high mounted gearshift and centre console.

The
instrument cluster has a stylish, sporty appearance with the main dials beings housed in
ro
und, chrome rimmed binnacles.


1.4 Colour
s

and Material
s

Interior colours and trim materials were carefully
designed
for the new C
-
MAX family to
reinforce

the premium

and

contemporary
feel established by the interior design. The
emphasis was on the use of
high quality, authentic materials and elegant, harmonious
colour combinations.


Customers
have
a

choice of three distinct series options, each with
its
own unique character
highlighted through differing colour contrasts and fabrics:




Ambiente



offers an a
uthentic, inviting cabin with
a subtle contrast of dark and
mid
tones
on the

two
-
colour
IP
, with
an elegant dark metallic finish on the

bull
horn


feature.



Trend


displays a more youthful and contemporary feel, with a silver metallic
finish on the

bull
horn


creating a stronger contrast to the dark and mid grey tones
of the IP; a bolder patterned seat fabric enhances the
contemporary

appearance
.



Titanium


the
premium Titanium series has a distinctly modern and technical
character, and is available in a
choice of two colour schemes. The Dark option
contrasts the grey tones of the IP with a bright Sterling Silver finish on the

bull
horn


and centre console, and the seat fabric has a sophisticated pin
-
stripe pattern.
The Light option features a warm grey/
brown tone on the upper IP, contrasting with
a light st
one colour on the lower
IP,
seat fabric

and carpets
; the

bull horn


and
centre console

have a
n elegant

mica stone metallic finish. Customers can also select
a luxurious full
-
leather seat
trim

in both
Dark and Light colour
options
.


Throughout the interior, carefully crafted details enhance the
high quality f
eel of the cabin,
and are beautiful to look at, and
pleasant
to touch.





14

All vehicles feature an authentic satin chrome finish on the door releases
, grab handles
,
instrument binnacles and on the gear lever surround, while the adjustment wheels for the air
vents have a
bright
high
-
gloss chrome finish.


Titanium models
include
a number of further special details, including satin chrome
highlights on th
e upper steering wheel spokes, Ford Power
engine start/stop
button, hand
brake lever and the outer air vent surrounds.


Both C
-
MAX and Grand C
-
MAX are available in a choice of
eleven
exterior paint finishes,
including two new metallic colours: Midnight Sky
, a sophisticated blue grey tone, and Mars
Red, a striking bronze red colour.


The C
-
MAX model is also available in
its own unique

metallic finish


the stunning
yellow
gold Limelight tone which was first seen on the 2009
iosis MAX

concept car.






15

2. Inte
rior Versatility


When developing the interior concepts for the new C
-
MAX family,
we focused on how
compact MAV customers actually use their vehicles every day. With its twin sliding doors
and

walk
-
through


seating, we believe that the new Grand C
-
MAX se
ts new standards in
its class for convenience and versatility
.


Giovanni de Pasca

Driving Environment Manager, Ford of Europe


2.1 Grand C
-
MAX Seating Concept

The seating concept and door layout for the new seven
-
seat Grand C
-
MAX was finalised
after detail
ed research with typical family groups which identified the most popular
configurations for a compact MAV vehicle.


Families with young children were invited to sample a choice of MAV vehicles, and to
perform a
number

of common tasks:
folding and remov
ing

seat
s; securing i
nfants in their
child seats
; loading
a range of belongings; and gaining

access
to
the second
-

and third
-
row
seats
. Children were even asked where they preferred to sit
, and
what the easiest route to
get there was
.


Based on this input, a f
inal design was conceived which allows spacious and versatile
accommodation for up to seven passengers within compact exterior dimensions, with

class
-
leading convenience and practicality for family users.


The design was refined using Ford

s advanced 3D C
omputer Aided Virtual Engineering
(CAVE) system. The CAVE creates a virtual, full
-
sized interior of a car, so that issues such
as visibility and perceived roominess in the second and third rows could be tested

and
optimised during the early design stages.


Twin Sliding Rear Doors

Customer research proved that
sliding rear
side
doors
were strongly preferred to
conventional hinged doors, both for the improved access they provide



such as when
helping young children into child seats


a
nd for the added conven
ience in narrow parking
bays.





16

The Grand C
-
MAX features
twin sliding rear doors
which have been designed to provide a
generous opening width with an optimised mechanism so that the

doors slide

smoothly with

low operating efforts
.

To improve safety, a
n activ
e door

stop ensures that the door cannot
close unexpectedly, for example when the vehicle is parked on a slope.


Inside the vehicle, a high
-
mounted 360° grab handle on each door incorporates the release
button, so that the doors are simple to open or shut
with one hand. The door incorporates a
comfortable arm rest, a small holder suitable for a
drinks
can,
power window
s

(standard on
all models)
, and an optional sun blind
.


Ingenious

Walk
-
Through


Seat
ing

Concept

Customer research proved that t
he most popul
ar
and versatile
seating arrange
ment for
seven
-
seat vehicles allowed passengers


typically younger children


to access the third
row directly, without the need to tilt or fold the second row seats.


Ford engineers
therefore modified the traditional 2+3+2

seating layout by
develop
ing

an
ingenious new seat folding concept for the second
-
row seats. This features a mechanism
which allows the centre seat to fold quickly and easily under the right
-
hand seat

cushion
,
creating a handy

walk
-
through


space between

the two outboard seats.


This allows p
assengers
to

access the third row without
needing

to
disturb the

two
outer
seats
,

which is particularly helpful when th
e
se positions are occupied by child seats or
booster cushions. Owners thus have the option of depl
oying a convenient 2+2+2 seating
layout, or switching quickly to a full seven
-
seater when required.


The

walk
-
through


concept has been implemented without any compromise to the
traditional seating flexibility expected in a MAV vehicle.


The two outer
sec
ond
-
row seats can
recline

and slide independently
, and w
hen passengers
wish to enter the third row via the conventional route, the
y

tilt and slide forward an
extended distance, to provide easier access.

The smaller centre seat is linked to the right
-
hand s
eat, and the pair recline and slide together.






17

The second
-

and third
-
row seats have also been cleverly engineered so that they can be
folded down to create a flat load floor, irrespective of how many seats remain in use. All of
the folding mechanisms are d
esigned so that they
operate quickly and easily, and
require
just one hand to operate.


For customers who do not require the additional seating capacity

but want the extra
space
,
the Grand C
-
MAX is also available as a five
-
seat vehicle, without the two thi
rd
-
row seats.


2.2 C
-
MAX Seating Concept

Although the new five
-
seat C
-
MAX has a
sportier e
xterior design, it offers the same
generous interior space as the previous model, and retains all of its comfort and flexibility.


The C
-
MAX seating arrangement is ba
sed on the popular concept from the previous model,
with three individual 40/20/40 f
olding seats in the second row.


Customers still have the option of specifying Ford

s ingenious Comfort System, which
allows the centre seat to be folded away while the out
er seats slide diagonally backwards
and inwards to create a more luxurious 2+2 layout.


2.3 Panoramic Roof

with Electric Blind

The feeling of space and comfort in both C
-
MAX and Grand C
-
MAX cabins can be further
enhanced with a
fixed
panoram
ic

glass roof w
hich cove
rs almost the entire roof area.


Dark tinted to avoid glare, the panoram
ic

roof has a standard

Solar Reflect


coating to
minimise heat intrusion, and an electrically
-
operated internal blind to provide shade and
privacy when required.


2.4
LED
Int
erior Lighting

Titanium models feature a
n advanced

ambient lighting system which uses LED technology
to
provide a
contemporary
, premium feel to the interior when travelling at night.






18

The ambient lighting uses a
sophisticated

red

colour,
with LEDs providin
g
precise pools of
illumination around the
overhead console,
the door release handles, the
door
pockets
,
and
along the

bull horn


trim

to
the
gl
ove box.


Both the standard interior lighting and the cockpit illumination use Ford’s new
Crystal

Blue
colour s
cheme. The d
ome lamps
situated in each row feature

bright
LED lights,
providing
superior illumination and
giving
a
harmonised, modern
appearance
.


2.5 Advanced Ventilation and Air Conditioning

The new C
-
MAX family has a powerful heating and ventilation sys
tem which has been
carefully developed to maintain a comfortable environment for all passengers, even when
the vehicles are fully laden.


The instrument panel has a generous number of air outlets, with the two large outer vents
and two vertical vents high
on the centre console being complemented by two additional
horizon
tal outlets underneath the audio controls.


Titanium models feature dual
-
zone automatic climate control, with an additional pair of
vents for rear
-
seat passengers in the centre console unit.

On the G
rand C
-
MAX,
there are
two further
vents
mounted
on
the B
-
pillars.


2.6 Stowage and Connectivity for Life

s Necessities

To maximise the

practical
ity of the cabin
,
there are

a large number of carefully designed
storage areas throughout the
interior
,

including generous front door pockets, a large glove
box, and additional stowage space and cupholders in the centre console and in the rear
passenger compartment.


High series models have a larger centre console unit which includes a stowage box with a
sl
iding armrest cover. The box has room for a phone or MP3 player, five CDs or a 1 litre
bottle.






19

Further storage for items such as sunglasses and maps can be found in the roof
-
mounted
overhead console featured in some models, together with a special rear o
bservation mirror
which allows the driver to keep an eye on rear
-
seat passengers without turning around.


The new C
-
MAX also has a comprehensive connectivity package which includes voice
control, hands
-
free phone operation via Bluetooth
®
, and connection po
ints for a wide
variety of external devices and media players.


An enhanced package is available which includes Bluetooth
®

audio streaming, so that
music stored on a mobile phone can be played wirelessly through the car

s audio system,
and a USB port, enab
ling music files on an iPod, MP3 player or a memory stick to be
played and controlled via the audio system.


2.7 Interior Craftsmanship

Ford has a dedicated Craftsmanship team which is entirely focused on delivering the
highest levels of product quality, i
ncluding
the
visual appeal, touch
,
feel

and operation of
all controls, features and surfaces
.


P
remium levels of interior quality w
ere

a primary goal for the new C
-
MAX range, and the
Craftsmanship group applied an almost obsessive attention to detail in en
suring that the
new vehicle achieved those standards.


Specific initiatives driven by the Craftsmanship team included:



S
electing

authentic chrome plating on interior trim parts, such as the door release
handles, rather than painted coatings
.



E
ngineering

th
e
interfaces and transitions

between
parts
for optimum quality and
appearance, and robustness in production
.



C
reating
carefully choreographed

Welcome and Farewell sequences for the in
terior
lights and displays, to apply when customers enter or leave the ve
hicle
.



O
ptimising the softness and feel of key customer contact points such as the steering
wheel, door armrests and centre console
.



E
nsuring the new LED
Crystal

Blue
interior
lighting
is delivered
with

consistent
levels of colour and
brightness
.





20


For the
first time, the development team implemented a new Digital Pre
-
Assembly (DPA)
process, which used sophisticated computer analysis tools to analyse the quality of parts
and assemblies during the early design phase.


The ability to carry out detailed virtual

assessments of fit and finish quality before physical
parts were available, and to continue that analysis throughout the
engineering

process,
resulted in a significant improvement in
crafted
quality.





21

3.
Smart
New Driver Assistance Technologies


In develo
ping t
he new C
-
MAX family
, we have been able to call upon the resources of
Ford

s new global C
-
car platform. This has given us access to an impressive array of
advanced
systems
that have generally only been found in larger, more premium vehicles.
D
river
assistance technologies like Active Park Assist or
the
Blind Spot

Information System
are
smart
features which will
help

our customers
cope with situations they experience
every
day
while
driving
.


Gereon Langen

C
-
MAX Chief Programme Engineer, Ford of Europ
e


3.1
Ford
Active

Park Assist

The new C
-
MAX is the first Ford of Europe
model

available with Active Park Assist,
an
advanced new system which automatically steers the vehicle into parallel parking spaces.


The system is ideal for parking in congested urba
n streets
, being capable of identifying
suitable
parking opportunities

on either side of the road, then steering the vehicle quickly
and accurately into surprisingly tight spaces


spaces that can be less than one metre longer
than the overall vehicle leng
th.


To identify a parking space, the system uses two ultrasonic sensors (one on each side of the
vehicle) to scan for large enough gaps between parked cars
; s
paces can be identified at
speeds up to 30 km/h
. Once the Active Park Assist system is activated


using a button on
the centre console


it alerts the driver
with an audible chime, and
via the display in the
instrument cluster
,

when a suitable space has been identified.


Since the sensors are always passively scanning for spaces, the driver can even
activate the
system when the vehicle has
just
driven past a suitable gap
, and the system will still be
capable of parking in that space.


During the parking process, the driver is given clear instructions
in the cluster display using
simple text and graphi
cs. The driver controls the accelerator and brake, and selects a
forward or reverse gear, while the system turns
the steering wheel

completely
automatically
.

The parking manoeuvres can be carried out at speeds of up to 10 km/h.





22


The standard front and rear

parking sensors
provide the usual audible warning to help the
driver judge when the car is getting close to the surrounding vehicles.
To
assist

accurate
parking in tight spots, the system
will ask the driver to

move backwards and forwards

until
the vehicl
e is parked perfectly
.


Once the vehicle is
in the ideal position, the system confirms this via the display and by
sounding a chime.


The Active Park Assist system has been carefully optimised to deal with a range of
scenarios which are common in busy urba
n streets. For example, while the system would
normally align the vehicle with the kerb
, it can sense when vehicles are parked in a
different manner


such as over the kerb


and will align with the other parked vehicles. In
a narrow one
-
way street with ve
hicles on both sides, the system can also detect when the
required parking trajectory would result in a collision and will reject potential parking
spaces accordingly.


3.2 Blind Spot Information System

Ford

s

Blind Spot Information System

improves driver
awareness

by alerting
the
m

to
situations when a

passing vehicle

is hidden in their
blind spot zones on both left and right
sides of the vehicle.


This feature uses two multiple
-
beam radar modules located on the outer corners of the rear
bumper. The radar i
dentifies when a vehicle enters the defined blind spot zone and
illuminates an LED indicator light on the corresponding side view mirror, providing the
driver with a warning that a vehicle is passing by. The defined blind spot ranges from the
side mirror t
o around three metres behind the vehicle

s rear

bumper
, with a side range of
about three metres.


The system will automatically operate from speeds
above

10 km/h


a much broader
operational range than other comparable systems currently available on the ma
rket



making it particularly effective in congested urban conditions and stop
-
start driving on busy
motorways where many collisions occur
.





23

3.
3

Speed Limiter

The Speed Limiter
system
allows drivers to set their own personal speed limit, so that
in
difficul
t conditions


such as in
unfamiliar

city streets, or passing through extended
roadworks on the motorway


they can concentrate on the road ahead without the worry of
unintentionally driving too fast.
This results in safer, less stressful driving, and redu
ces the
chance of receiving unwanted speeding tickets.


By using enhanced Cruise Control switches on the steering wheel,
the

driver can adjust
their

personal top speed within a range of 30 to 180 km/h. When the vehicle reaches
the

pre
-
set speed
,

the engine

management system intervenes to prevent further acceleration.


The system incorporates a

kickdown


function, so that the driver can override their chosen
limit


to overtake,
for
example


by pressing hard on the accelerator.

Once the vehicle
speed drops

back under the chosen speed limit, the
system
automatically re
-
activates again.


Since the

system works without brake intervention, it may be possible for the vehicle to
exceed the chosen speed limit
when travelling

downhill. In this instance
,

the driver

receives
an immediate flashing speed indicator warning light in the centre display, combined with an
audio warning.


Speed Limiter
is
included as standard on all
C
-
MAX
vehicles fitted with
C
ruise
C
ontrol.


3.4 Power Child Locks

The Power Child Lock featur
e a
llows the driver to electronically activate or release the
rear
-
door child locks via a simple control switch.
Compared to conventional mechanical
child locks which are inconvenient to use, the electronic system

will encourage drivers to
activate

the chi
ld lock
s

more often, thus improving safety for children travelling in the rear
seats.



The power child

locks are operated by a switch in the driver

s door panel, which also
controls the rear power
-
window deactivation function. The locks are automatically
disengaged in the event of an accident.






24

Power Child Locks are standard on all Grand C
-
MAX vehicles and on high series C
-
MAX
models.


3.
5

Next Generation Ford HMI System

The driver controls and displays
in the new C
-
MAX range

represent the next generation
of
Ford

s Human Machine Interface (HMI) system, which has evolved from the much
acclaimed layouts introduced in recent products like the Fiesta and Mondeo.


The key elements of the new
HMI system

are two five
-
way toggle switches on the steering
wheel, whic
h control
the
two main vehicle displays: one in the instrument cluster and the
second mounted in a high position in the centre
of the instrument panel
.


The cluster display, which presents information related to the vehicle, is controlled by the
left
-
hand
toggle switch, while the larger
display
in

the
centre of the
instrument panel

provides infotainment information, and is controlled by the right
-
hand toggle switch. The
presentation of information, and the logic of operation, is exactly the same for both
di
splays.

This simple, intuitive control system enables the driver to operate the key vehicle
features while keeping both hands on the wheel, and with a minimum of distractions.


The size and type of instrument panel display varies according to
the audio and

navigation
system
. Customers ordering C
-
MAX with the
n
avigation system will be equipped with the
largest 5
-
inch high resolution colour display.


On low series models, the main infotainment functions can also be controlled using an
integrated control pane
l on the
instrument panel



similar to the mobile
-
phone inspired
panel on the latest Fiesta


while vehicles
specified with the stylish new next
-
generation
Sony audio system have
a control panel integrated with the
audio unit
.


The specification of the two

main vehicle displays is dependent on the choice of audio and
navigation system:






25

3.
6

Audio and
Navigation
Systems

The new C
-
MAX features an enhanced range of audio and navigation systems, offering
improved performance, style and value.

The premium audio

option is a new generation of Sony system, with
a stylish piano black
control panel which has the appearance of a high
-
end music system. The Sony system
features superior digital processing capability, an optional DAB tuner, and improved radio
reception f
rom the standard twin
-
antenna system. With nine speakers, including a central
speaker on the instrument panel to improve audio staging, the system offers outstanding
sound quality.


Customers can also choose an updated Ford audio system, which features six

speakers. The
Ford system also has an impressive specification, including a Digital Sound Processor
(DSP) to optimise sound settings to suit the driver

s personal tastes, the option of a DAB
tuner, and the twin
-
antenna aerial system.

It is operated using

a mobile
-
phone style
integrated control panel.


Both Sony and Ford audio systems can be combined with
a new SD card
-
based navigation
system with a rich feature set including
turn
-
by
-
turn instructions,
real sign posts, 3
-
D views
and speed limit display.

Th
e system is supplied with
an SD card containing full
European
mapping
. Navigation information is presented on
the

large, 5
-
inch

high resolution colour
display in the
instrument panel
.


As an affordable alternative the new Ford Mobile Navigation System is a
lso available.

Ford Mobile Navigation integrates the in
-
car audio system with the latest generation of
mobile telephones to provide a practical satellite navigation facility for drivers that rivals
accessory units usually seen fitted to the windscreen ins
ide the passenger area.


3.
7

Ford Easy
F
uel Capless Refuelling

The
C
-
MAX range is fitted as standard with the
award
-
winning Ford EasyFuel capless
refuelling
system. S
imple and easy to use,
Ford EasyFuel
is designed to prevent mis
-
fuelling and the associated

damage, inconvenience and expense.






26

T
he system features fuel filler neck aperture
s

that
ha
ve

been specifically designed around
the different sizes of fuel nozzle,
so that a diesel nozzle cannot be used in a petrol car, and
vice versa
.


Although the system

does not use a separate filler cap,
mechanical devices around the
nozzle opening and a special flap at the top of the fuel filler neck operate together to seal
the opening and provide the same secur
ity

as
the
cap on conventional filling systems.


3.
8

Ford
KeyFree
-
System

and FordPower
Start

Button

The optional FordKeyFree
-
S
ystem provides keyless entry so a conventional key is no
longer required to lock or unlock the car. Instead, the driver uses a remote

fob


which fits
easily into the palm of the hand
,

and

the car is fitted with three external antennae to detect
the presence of the vehicle
-
specific fob within a small area around it. The key
-
holder
simply needs to pull on a door handle to gain entry to the car, or the handle on the tailgate
to access the rea
r load area.


No more than 200 milliseconds elapse between the handle being operated and access being
granted
, during which time a radio frequency dialogue takes place between the fob, external
antennae and on board electronic modules, allowing the handle
to operate and access to be
allowed.


On leaving the car it is only necessary to press a small button on either front door handle to
lock the car. There is an additional button on the rear
tailgate
of the car that also forms part
of the release.


The keyle
ss start feature completely removes any need for a conventional rotary ignition
barrel. The
conventional positions
-

off, accessory, ignition, on and engine crank

-

have all
been incorporated into a single FordPower
s
tart
/stop b
utton
which is e
rgonomically

positioned adjacent to the steering wheel
.
The FordPower
start/stop bu
tton

is standard on
C
-
MAX Titanium models.






27



3.
9

Power
Operated Tailgate

The optional p
ower
o
perated
t
ailgate
provides easier loading and unloading, particularly
when carrying shoppin
g or
small children
.


The tailgate can be opened and closed in three ways: using a switch on the centre console;
via a switch on the key fob; or by using a button on the tailgate handle to open the door,
and a switch located inside the tailgate to close it
.


3.
1
0

Rear View Camera

A tailgate
-
mounted camera can be ordered as on option for new
C
-
MAX

models equipped
with
a Navigation system
and
rear
Parking Distance Sensor
s
. Th
e camera

provides a clear,
wide view of the area to the rear of the car,
which

is aut
omatically displayed on the
5
-
inch
colour display screen when reverse gear is selected.


The view from the camera is sufficiently wide
-
angled and low enough to help the driver
avoid small obstacles and to significantly reduce the risk of reversing into lo
w obstacles or
even pedestrians.


An additional graphic overlay on the colour display shows a marked two
-
metre area to the
rear of the vehicle and assists the driver by showing where the car will go if the current
steering angle is maintained. The grid ill
ustration changes colour as the distance to any
nearby obstacles reduces.


3.1
1

Hill
Start

Assist

The Hill
Start

Assist feature is fitted as standard to new C
-
MAX vehicles with the Ford
PowerShift transmission, and to all Titanium models.


The system prev
ents the vehicle rolling backwards when the brake pedal is released on a
slope, and the driver has not applied the hand brake. Brake pressure is held for up to three
seconds, enabling the driver to release the brakes and operate the throttle and clutch ped
als
to move safely up the slope.





28

4.
C
-
MAX
Driving Quality

“The current C
-
MAX has a reputation of being the best compact MAV to drive. We
were

determined to maintain that position with the new
C
-
MAX
,
and set ourselves the challenge
of
developing a
car

tha
t

is more agile and fun
-
to
-
drive, but which has the comfort and
refinement of a larger luxury vehicle.

We believe that the finished product sets another new
benchmark for the segment.


Dr.
Norbert Kessing

Vehicle
Dynamics

Manager, Ford of Europe


4
.1 New C
-
MAX Driving Quality

The previous C
-
MAX
demonstrated that a multi
-
activity vehicle
(MAV)
could still offer
enjoyable driving dynamics, without compromising comfort and refinement
.

In developing
the new model, Ford engineers

set themselves

the target of not

only making the car even
more fun to drive, but also delivering a major improvement in refinement and noise levels.


Achieving these often conflicting objectives required a major investment in new
technologies for the body structure and chassis, along wit
h
close

attention to detail in
optimising the driving dynamics and the levels of noise, vibration, and harshness (NVH).


The resulting vehicle sets new standards for driving quality in the compact MAV segment,
giving
customers

a
unique

combination of respo
nsive, sporty handling, and overall
refinement which approaches the
levels

found in larger luxury vehicles.


4
.2 Advanced Chassis Systems

The new C
-
MAX features a stronger, stiffer structure and a comprehensive range of new
and updated chassis technologies

to ensure that it delivers class
-
leading driving dynamics
and refinement.


Many of the body and chassis features were an integral part of Ford’s new global C
-
car
platform, which has been developed with outstanding driving quality as a primary
objective.





29

Optimised Body Structure

The
optimised
body structure of the new C
-
MAX range is significantly stiffer than the
outgoing
model, with a particular focus on
the performance of the chassis attachment
points.
Special attention was given to increasing local stif
fnesses in the areas of main
importance for vehicle dynamics and NVH, rather than just increasing body stiffness as a
whole
.


At the front end of the vehicle,
the suspension top mounts have been linked together by a
sheet metal tower brace, which is integr
ated with the bulkhead. This bracing delivers a
significantly stiffer front
-
end structure, reducing NVH and contributing to improved
steering feel.


At the rear, the shock
absorber
towers have been stiffened with
local strengthening which
follows the line
of the D
-
pillar. This additional stiffness
reduces body flex,
enhanc
ing

rear
suspension performance

and helping to reduce noise in the rear seating area.


The body structures for the C
-
MAX and Grand C
-
MAX were optimised separately, to
account for the longe
r wheelbase and increased weight of the larger model.


Front and Rear Suspension

The chassis design of the new C
-
MAX is an evolution of the innovative concepts used in
the current

Focus and C
-
MAX. The
suspension systems have been comprehensively
updated,
with optimised new designs for the ‘Control Blade’ multilink rear suspension and
the semi
-
isolated front subframe.


The front suspension is based on the same MacPherson
strut arrangement, but with lighter
and re
-
optimised components, and a wider front trac
k (increased by 10

to 1
5mm depending
on wheel specification). The updated specification includes:




Lighter, weight
-
optimised front lower control arms



Re
-
designed, lightweight front sub
-
frame (saving 2

kg per vehicle)



New hollow anti
-
roll bar (saving 2

kg p
er vehicle)



Revised anti
-
roll bar mounting to improve roll control





30



Improved damper
valve technology for improved ride comfort and road noise while
maintaining body control



Re
-
optimised bushes to reduce transmission of road noise and vibration


The rear sus
pension also has a

wider
track

(increased by 24

to
29mm depending on wheel
specification), and features
an updated version of
the
much acclaimed independent ‘Control
Blade’ multilink suspension system. The key elements of the new system include:




Re
-
optim
ised ‘Control Blade’ design



Increased diameter dampers for improved ride
comfort and road noise while
maintaining body
control



Larger hub bearings for increased camber stiffness and handling precision



Revised anti
-
roll bar mounting to improve roll control



Individually tuned suspension settings for C
-
MAX and Grand C
-
MAX models



Re
-
optimised bushes to reduce transmission of road noise and vibration


Electric Power
-
Assisted Steering

The new C
-
MAX range uses a

completely new electric power
-
assisted steering (EPA
S)
system
, which

plays a key role in delivering
the

more dynamic driving experience

offered
by the new model.


The EPAS system is
the latest rack
-
mounted design
,
which is capable of delivering precise
steering with a natural and confident feel. The system

has been carefully tuned
with
sophisticated speed mapping
to deliver
accurate

responses at high speed while remaining
light and manageable in parking manoeuvres.


Compared to the outgoing model, the steering ratio on the new C
-
MAX has been
reduced
from 16:
1 to 14.7:1, creating a more responsive and direct feel.


In addition to
supporting the introduction of the Active Park Assist semi
-
automatic parking
feature, the EPAS system also features Pull
-
Drift Compensation, which minimises the
annoying holding effor
t

when driving along roads with a heavy camber, or with a constant
side wind.





31

Because the EPAS steering system only provides power assistance when required, it also
reduces fuel consumption by approximately 3 per cent compared to a convention
al

hydraulic p
ower steering system.


4.3 Standard Torque Vectoring Control

The all
-
new C
-
MAX is also unique in its class by standardising an advanced Torque
Vectoring Control system to further improve cornering stability and agility. The T
orque
V
ectoring
C
ontrol

system
,

which is more typically found on high
-
performance cars,
will
also be available on the next
-
generation Ford Focus.


T
orque
V
ectoring
C
ontrol

uses the car’s braking system to imitate the effect of a torque
vectoring differential, constantly balancing the di
stribution of engine torque between the
two front wheels to suit driving conditions and road surface.


In particular, when accelerating through
tight
corners, the system applies braking to the
front inside wheel so more of the engine torque goes to the out
side wheel, which provides
more grip and better handling. The system is designed not only to delight experienced and
enthusiastic drivers
,

but
also to
provide less experienced drivers with confidence and
control,
especially

in difficult driving conditions
.


4
.
4

Class
-
Leading Vehicle Dynamics

In developing the new C
-
MAX, Ford’s dynamics specialists wanted to give the vehicle a
more agile and sporty feel, while also achieving significantly improved levels of comfort
and refinement.


To provide the required in
crease in agility, the primary focus was on optimising the all
-
new
electric power
-
assisted steering (EPAS) system to deliver the kind of precise, natural feel
which is an important characteristic in all
of the latest
Ford

model
s.


“We tried EPAS systems on

our C cars before, but the technology was not mature enough
to provide the steering feel we wanted,” explains Norbert Kessing, Vehicle Dynamics
Manager. “When developing the new global C platform, however, we were able to identify
an EPAS system which
del
ivered the accuracy and responses we were looking for.”





32


Having selected a suitable EPAS system, Ford engineers conducted an exhaustive analysis
using a unique test rig to help identify the optimum way to configure the steering control
system to achieve th
e precision and feel they wanted.


This was followed by a massive tuning effort in prototype vehicles
, adjusting the EPAS
control system until the steering provided a natural, confident feel and delivered exactly the
required vehicle responses.


The
EPAS s
ystem helped the new C
-
MAX
achieve a level of agility and precision which is
unique

in
the
MAV
segment
.


“Just because
you choose to
drive a MAV, it doesn’t mean that
you
can’t enjoy an agile and
responsive vehicle,” says Kessing. “
The new

C
-
MAX steering
sets new standards for an
EPAS system.”


Ford's
Vehicle Dynamics team also
gave a high priority to the m
eticulous tuning of
springs,
dampers and suspension bushes to ensure that the responsive handling
was

matched by
a
high level of

comfort and refinement.


Particular attention was given to achieving a well controlled ride without any harsh vertical
movements, enabling the C
-
MAX to offer the kind of refined, smooth ride that is more
typical of larger saloon.


4
.
5

Reduced Noise, Vibration and Harshness

Achie
ving class
-
leading levels of noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) was a primary goal
for the new C
-
MAX range, with a major effort to
create a balanced and harmonious sound
character by reducing the individual contributions

of powertrain noise, wind noise a
nd road
noise

along with any unwanted vibrations
, squeaks

or rattles.


Particular attention has also been given to reducing all operational noises within the
vehicle, to help emphasise the perception of quality
for occupants.






33

The result is a vehicle which

approaches the standards of refinement and comfort more
typically found in larger luxury vehicles.


Powertrain NVH

Efforts to reduce powertrain NVH focused
on detailed optimisation of engines,
transmissions and exhaust systems, eliminating unwanted noises

at source and enhancing
the natural behaviour of the powertrains to create a more refined,
yet

powerful, sound
character. Additional sound insulation and absorption materials within the vehicle have also
been used in an effort to optimi
s
e and reduce the n
oise transfer into the cabin
.


Particularly significant improvements have been made with both the 2.0
-

and 1.6
-
litre
Duratorq
TDCi
diesel engines
. New fuel injection systems


capable of multiple injections
per cycle


and an optimi
s
ed calibration strategy

have significantly reduce
d

combustion
noise and impulsiveness.
Engine radiated noise has been reduced by a new acoustic top
cover, and by a

re
-
engineered engine structure with a two
-
piece bottom end
on the 2.0
-
litre
unit which improves

structural rigidity
.


Other unwanted noises have also been minimised through a series of measures in the
injection system, turbo assembly and base engine
, including

common rail inlet orifices, air
induction inlet guide vanes (2.0
-
litre

TDCi
only
)
and

intake system dampers as

well as with
an optimised primary drive system
.


With the ad
dition of these new features
, the diesel engines have been
engineered

to achieve
class
-
leading noise levels and refinement throughout the engine operating range
.


Wind Noise

To help reduce wind n
oise, the C
-
MAX adopts the same door structure and sealing
concept
a
s used on the
latest S
-
MAX and Galaxy, including a three
-
lip continuous glass run design
and an optimised exterior mirror
shape

and sealing
.


The C
-
MAX windscreen incorporates a special ac
oustic
layer
, which
significantly reduces
noise transmission in a frequency range critical for wind noise and other high frequency
noises
.





34

Compared to the previous model, increased glass thicknesses have been
used
in the
side
glass and

tailgate
area, combi
ned with an additional focus on achieving class
-
leading levels
of body sealing
.


All these changes result in a significant noise reduction, a more consistent sound level
distribution within the cabin and
overall wind noise performance which is comparable t
o
larger luxury
cars
.


Road NVH

The C
-
MAX’s improved body structure, with increased torsional rigidity, stiffened front
and rear subframes and selective application of dynamic absorbers, plays a major role in
reducing road
-
induced noise and vibration.


T
he

local body stiffnesses at the attachment points of the chassis components have
also
been significantly increased.
For example,

the rear top mount stiffness
has
been improved
by 60
per cent
using advanced methods of

structural optimisation.


The

effectiven
ess of these enhancements has been
maximised through rigorous attention to
detail in tuning the
stiffness and
compliance of suspension bushes,
application of sound
deadening material
on

certain body panels,
and in optimising tyre performance with the
suppl
iers.


Particular attention has also been given to providing additional noise insulation materials
for the rear cabin, so that noise levels are minimised whatever seating configuration is
being used.


A new type of foam
-
backed
heavy layer
carpet gives high
ly effective insulation across the
whole floor area
, while
the optimi
s
ed application of self expanding foams in
specific

body
cavities
,

an acoustically optimi
s
ed dash isolation concept and additional sealing efforts on
trim parts all contribut
e

to higher l
evels of isolation.


The result of
this comprehensive approach

is a reduction in overall road noise levels over
the outgoing model in the range of 2 db(A)
, representing

class
-
leading levels of refinement.





35

5.
C
-
MAX
Powertrains


The new C
-
MAX is not only t
he first vehicle to benefit from the
advanced
new 1.6
-
litre
Ford EcoBoost petrol engine, it also features a completely updated range of TDCi diesel
engines. This provides C
-
MAX customers with an exceptional choice of powertrain
s

to suit
their needs. Applyi
ng the latest technologies has enabled Ford
powertrain
engineers to
reduce fuel consumption and CO
2

emissions, while at the same time provid
ing

new levels of
responsive performance and refinement.


Graham Hoare

Executive Director Powertrain Development, Fo
rd of Europe


5.1 Perfect Choice for Performance and Efficiency

The European Ford C
-
MAX range introduces a number of advanced new powertrain
technologies to the compact MAV class to enhance
performance
, sustainability and cost of
ownership.


In addition to

upgraded versions of Ford

s highly acclaimed Duratorq TDCi diesel engines,
the new C
-
MAX line
-
up will also feature a choice of petrol engines, including the first
application of the all
-
new 1.6
-
litre 4
-
cylinder Ford EcoBoost engine, to be built at the
com
pany

s Bridgend plant in Wales.


These high
-
efficiency, low
-
CO
2

engines are complemented by advanced transmissions,
including a new Ford Durashift 6
-
speed manual gearbox, used for the first time in the new
C
-
MAX, and the Ford PowerShift 6
-
speed dual
-
clutch

automatic transmission, which has
proved an increasingly popular choice
i
n the
outgoing
model.


5.2 Petrol Powertrains in Detail

150 PS/
182

PS 1.6
-
LITRE FORD ECOBOOST

The new C
-
MAX vehicles are the first Ford models globally to be fitted with the brand n
ew
1.6
-
litre Ford EcoBoost engine.






36

This 4
-
cylinder
Ford
EcoBoost powertrain represents a completely new generation of
downsized, high
-
efficiency, low
-
CO
2
petrol engines.

Developed for global application by
Ford engineers based in Europe, the new 1.6
-
litre

engine


along with the
2.0
-
litre
unit
recently introduced in the
S
-
MAX, Galaxy and Mondeo



combine
s

the latest powertrain
technologies to deliver fuel consumption and CO
2

emissions reduced by up to 20 per cent
when compared to conventional larger displa
cement petrol engines with a similar power
output.


Combining Three Key Technologies

The

1.6
-
litre Ford EcoBoost engine is a
lightweight, all
-
aluminium
design featuring
three
key
technologies
:



C
entrally
-
mounted high
-
pressure direct injection



L
ow
-
inertia tu
rbocharging



T
win independent variable cam timing
.


While each of these features has potential technical advantages on its own, deploying all
three together brings significantly enhanced performance and results in a much more
efficient combustion process ac
ross the full engine operating range.


This

advanced combustion system brings new levels of performance and fuel efficiency to
petrol engines
of

this power
output
.

It

enables

the 1.6
-
litre Ford EcoBoost to deliver the
strong low
-
end torque and responsive p
erformance of a large capacity engine, but with the
size, weight and fuel economy of a much smaller unit.



Ford
EcoBoost technologies provide customers with many of the benefits offered by the
latest diesel engines
, including impressive

torque at low engi
ne speeds and
reduced CO
2

emissions,” said Graham Hoare,

Executive Director Powertrain Development, Ford of
Europe. “At the same time
,
EcoBoost engines

retain the
free
-
revving
driving character and
cost advantages of a petrol unit



effectively giving cust
omers the best of both worlds.”






37

Latest Generation High
-
Pressure Direct Injection

At the heart of the 1.6
-
litre
Ford
EcoBoost engine is a high
-
pressure direct injection system
capable of

inject
ing

fuel into each cylinder in small, precise amounts at a pre
ssure of up to
200 bar


the droplet size is typically smaller than 0.02mm, one
-
fifth the width of human
hair.


The 1.6
-
litre engine employs the latest generation direct injection design, with centrally
-
mounted injectors spraying fuel directly into the
hea
rt

of the combustion chamber
. The
advanced six
-
hole injectors use

a ‘spray
-
guided’ system which directs the individual fuel
plumes exactly where they are needed for efficient combustion.


Compared to conventional fuel injection, direct injection produces a

cooler, denser charge,
enabling the 1.6
-
litre
Ford
EcoBoost engine to operate with a higher compression ratio and
increased boost from the turbocharger, resulting in improved fuel efficiency and strong
low
-
end performance.


Low
-
Inertia Turbocharger Delive
rs Responsive Performance

To maximise driver enjoyment, the 1.6
-
litre

Ford

EcoBoost

engine delivers the same strong
low
-
end torque which has made the latest diesel engines so popular, combined with refined
and responsive performance across the full engine
speed range.


This is made possible by using advanced turbocharger technology, with a small, low inertia
rotor that spin at speeds in excess of 200,000rpm. The 1.6
-
litre engine features a
Borg
Warner KP39 turbocharger

with an optimised design to ensure tha
t maximum torque is
achieved at very low engine revs (1,
6
00rpm), with the absolute minimum of delay (or
‘turbo
-
lag’) when the driver wants quick acceleration.


While the 1.6
-
litre
Ford
EcoBoost unit has outstanding responsiveness at low engine
speeds, care
ful turbo matching ensures that this has not been achieved at the expense of a
wide, flexible power band and effortless top
-
end performance: for example, the
182

PS
engine delivers 9
5

per cent of peak torque between 1,
5
00 and 5,
5
00rpm. This broad spread
of

power also enables higher gearing to be used, further benefitting fuel economy and
refinement.





38

Twin
Independent Variable Cam Timing Enhances Efficiency

The
1.6
-
litre
Ford
EcoBoost

engine features independently variable timing on both intake
and exhaust ca
mshafts, optimising gas flow through the combustion chamber at all engine
speeds. The Ti
-
VCT system plays a significant role in improving engine efficiency and
performance, particularly at part load.


The use of Ti
-
VCT has also allowed Ford EcoBoost engine
ers to further enhance low
-
end
torque by exploiting a ‘scavenging’ effect. Scavenging takes advantage of pressure
differences between the intake and exhaust manifolds to increase the flow of cooler, fresh
air through the engine at low speeds, generating in
creased torque and helping the turbo to
spin up more quickly.