Green_Red_Yellow_Compact - Georgia Tech Air Resources ...

faithfulparsleyΛογισμικό & κατασκευή λογ/κού

2 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 5 μέρες)

84 εμφανίσεις

GREEN

Transit and Roads


Public Transportation




We need to g
et serious about mass transit and REAL transportation alternatives.
We n
eed to evaluate the current rail systems

and

figure out how to get more mass
transit in the south.

We should i
mprove public
transportation by building more
rails on existing unused railroads or areas that are already developed or even
above ground.



Expand commuter rail

to
give people choices not to drive or pollute

for both
commuter corridors and for intercity and interstate se
rvices
. Demand first class
public transportation system for all our citizens

and make it consumer friendly,
convenient and affordable travel options in all areas of the metro region and
beyond (Athens, Macon,
and Lovejoy
)
.

Improve incentives for using publ
ic
transportation
.



Use commercial development incentives to increase profitability of retail sales in
rail
-
served corridors with bus collector systems.



Expand MARTA
-
dedicated state operating funds and change state law to allow
more vehicle taxes to go to a
lternate transportations.



State legislators while in session should be required to make use of public
transportation.

(Kit Redmond
-

GA EPD)
.

Roads




A standpoint location near highway on off
-
ramps to acquire a carpool rider.



Allow hybrid vehicles
t
o use the

HOV lanes.



Build more lanes in the interstates
.



The beltline: directing development toward a transit loop
.



The 55mph speed limit should be enforced inside I
-
285.




Energy Related Issues


Policy and Conservation Encouragement




The primary focus of energy
policy should be on efficiency and renewables.

We
should develop alternate energy

sources and be committed to getting off of oil.

There should be a comprehensive state energy plan that requires conversion (on
some level) to alternative/renewable fuel sourc
es
.




The EPD should lead the charge for the state to join with the 10 states (supng) to
improve fuel economy.

The Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) should set aside
about 9 million dollars per year for clean energy funding
.




We should seek innovative market

mechanisms and incentives to promote
efficiency, conservation and reduced emissions.
The state as well as the federal
government should award substantial incentives to the public for upgrading
vehicles to alternatively fueled vehicles i.e.: ethanol, elect
ric, hybrid and fuel cell.
Likewise, incentives should be awarded for implementation of new and fuel
saving technologies in vehicle manufacturing. People should also be rewarded for
reducing their use of electricity and natural gas through conservation and

improved efficiencies.

State government should support alternative fuel by
leading by example: purchase hybrid or flex fuel vehicles for fleet.





Estimates of the health benefits resulting from Georgia low
-
sulfur and low
-
rvp
gasoline should be prepared to

counter potential calls to relax the regulations in
order to reduce gasoline prices. The public would need to be educated on the
potential costs of allowing dirtier gasoline in the region. Also, a gasoline tax
(10cents/gallon) should be implemented to fun
d public transportation and bio fuel
research. This may involve changing laws.


Enforcement




“Polluter pays” should not just be a concept that is applied to industry. The idea
needs to be expanded to consumer levels: gas, electricity, vehicle choices, and
appliance choices. Regulate the demand side, not just GA power.




We should adopt California vehicle emission standards and as in California we
should be buying gross polluter vehicles and crushing them. It’s cost effective in
California: we may already be

there.




Classic vehicles need to be held to their original emission standards. The current
program is widely abused (the mileage limit is unenforceable) and as time goes
on, the program is now exempting from I/M large numbers of vehicles that were
origina
lly subject to standards and can still easily meet those standards.



Alternatives to Oil




We must start adapting new approaches toward energy sources and transportation
that do not impact our air so severely.

For example, require all cars and trucks to
be

hybrid or get equivalent mileage.

Aggressive marketing and education of E85
and biodiesel fuels as well as other alternate energy sources (wind, solar) and ease
the commercial availability to average consumers. Consider coal gasification and
bio diesel as

alternatives. In addition, the development of more CNG vehicles and
re
-
fueling locations is suggested.




There should be comprehensive support for the bio fuel industry in Georgia to
promote renewable fuel and create jobs (this would support the farm indus
try).
We should e
ncourage energ
y efficient/reusable strategies such as geothermal heat
and cool and
bio diesel
.





Encourage the development of more nuclear power as the only large scale,
economically viable means of producing power without significant CO2
emissions.



Investigate the feasibility of wood as an alternate energy. (Daniel Chan, Georgia
Forestry Commission)
.




Climate




The United States should sign

the Kyoto protocol
. On a national level, Georgia
should participate 100% in the
US Mayors Climate
Protection Agreement
(
www.ci.seattle.wa.us/mayor/climate
)
. Georgia should also s
upport U.S. climate
stewardship and innovation act (
www.undoit.org
)
.



Promote t
rees for carbon sequestration to combat global warming due to
greenhouse gases.



Planning




Provide green offset pricing at a cheaper rate
.



Start accommodating Atlanta’s growth with a balanced land use plan that reduces
travel demand and motor vehicle emis
sions.

Concurrently, we should ensure
local
land use plans support regional growth policy (both for land use and
transportation).

Linking transit and land use decisions and building l
ivable
communities that facilitate walking and transit use

should be impl
emented
.
We
should reuse and revitalize all existing buildings before allowing new
development
.



O
ffices and commercial buildings

should be built near where people live.



We should keep the parks and green spaces that we have and work to create more.
In addi
tion, we should p
romote the benefits of trees in urban areas as a tool for air
pollution control and energy efficiency
.




Force people to pay for how much trash they throw away, therefore forcing
people to recycle and allow recyclables to be free or have mo
netary value for the
consumer.





Politics and Public Information




Elect representatives/senators/governors that will acknowledge Georgia’s
problems and legislate to provide real mandates for effective solutions to
environmental problems.

Republicans and
democrats should work together on
these issues.



There should be more public education. For example, not everyone knows what
non
-
attainment means. This is a
public problem

and will require
public effort.

The
news on air quality should be spread statewide an
d reach a wider diversity of
people (Georgia does not stop at the southern Fulton County line).

The public
should be educated about the real/tangible effects on public health from air
pollution.

The need to achieve clean air should be presented in the cont
ext of
protecting human health.
Better education programs to K
-
12 students on
conservation, recycling and alternative forms of transportation, fuels, and vehicles
should be introduced. In addition, there should be more education on indoor
health issues, pe
rhaps on advertisements on children’s TV channels.




There should be more
funding
for

air quality research

and access to the best
science should be provided.



Health




Seek estimates of human health changes from proposed air and climate changes
and add resu
ltant economic impacts from health impacts.



Force farmers to only grow organic
-

give them monetary incentive, therefore
forcing consumers only to buy organic.


Basic things to help the quality of air




Every drive through eating establishment with indoor se
rvice should
have
incentives for
those customers who park and come indoors
.



Promote prescribed burning: it’s an indirect benefit to air quality and a direct
benefit to our forest ecosystems.



Mandatory bussing for school children



Pass legislation to require

cars to pass annual mechanical inspection, in addition
to emissions.


Other




We need to work towards
slowing growth: we are on a finite planet



See “an unconventional truth” (
www.climatecrisis.org
)



State suppor
t for weather Mesonet
-

both to purchase stations and personnel to
maintain and use the data.



Require compact fluorescent bulbs wherever practical.



The I/M program for vehicles needs to be vastly expanded
-
to at least all the non
-
attainment counties, but pro
bably also to adjacent counties or even state wide.
Vehicles travel, emissions travel, and the non
-
attainment area may be larger with
the 2010 census results. We can get ahead on this, instead of where we are now,
with controls lagging behind the need for
them. Apply a trans
-
county pollution
analysis like CAIR did to the states. Let CAIR
-
type analysis decide how far I/M
needs to go so that everyone who is contributing to non
-
attainment has to
participate, even if they are in an area that does attain.

(Wes Y
ounger)


RED


Transit and Roads




We need to stop thinking that more highway lanes will improve congestion.
There should not be an expansion of I
-
75 to 23 lanes without a solid
environmental impact statement, strong public health research, strong public
in
put, and other alternatives researched. Future impacts to air quality should
be the highest consideration. Furthermore, there should not be road
expansions without transit plans

and there should not be separate, disjoint
transit/bus agencies for each count
y.

We

need to stop driving so much.



We should stop s
pending state and federal funds on roadway extensions and
expansions that accommodate long
-
distance commutes (just because a person
chooses to live 15 or more miles from work doesn’t entitle him/her to a
freeway speed commute
).



There should not be a w
idening
of
rural

highways
, especially
in
mountain
region
s.



Energy Related Issues




The attempt to
control gas prices

should stop
; the law of supply and demand
will control consumption and price.
Applying temp
orary removal of gas tax
environmental fuel blend requirements during times of limited fuel supply
(i.e., because of the price increase). This does nothing to encourage
conservations (i.e. less driving). In addition, s
tates should stop the
“subsidization”
of rising of fuel prices by forgoing the collection of sales tax
-

l
et the consumer pay full price; i
t’s the only way to change
community habits
and reduce dependence on foreign oil. Georgia should stop having the lowest
gas and energy taxes in the nation
.

Finally, using state gasoline tax revenues
for road projects should be reduced.

Stopping the manufacturing of huge gas
guzzling vehicles with low MPG efficiency would also help.




We need to stop ignoring alternate energy sources. In addition, we need to
st
op ignoring low
-
cost savings available through energy c
onservation and
always pursue
growth in energy capacity first.



Building new coal and nuclear plants (LS power
-

Early CO., expanding plant
Vogtle)

in Georgia should also stop.


Climate



We need to stop i
gnoring global warming and the necessary actions to reduce
greenhouse emissions to pre
-
1990 levels




Planning




We need to stop a
ssuming that Atlanta can grow infinitely without major
deterioration effects on air, water and quality of life and in the state

at large.



Coastal development

should stop.



We need to stop b
uilding non
-
pedestrian, non
-
mass transit friendly residential
developments
.

Cutting down trees and green spaces to build and develop
should also stop.

Municipalities should not be awarded buildin
g permits until
they can demonstrate that no detrimental effects will be imposed by the
addition of new construction.



Politics and Public Information




We have to stop r
elying solely on litigati
on to solve regulatory problems and
we should not allow the
politics of business and economy to trump
environmental and health concerns




We need to stop arguing about the impacts of mercury emissions and work for
a real solution for Georgia which is not the federal rule. We should stop
working solo

towards the same

goal just because we think or want to the first
or the best. If all the resources pooled their talent together we would reach out
clean air goals faster.



Health




We need to stop over simplifying air quality notifications (we should not use


code green,
yellow, orange, purple etc…
”). T
he actual concentration
should
be provides, as it’s done for temperature or pollen.

People will learn their
personal impacts
.



Using older school buses (immediately ban them) without appropriate retrofit
devices that decrease

diesel emissions. (W. Gerald Teague)



The use of
diesel vehicles that cannot be retrofit
, particularly school buses,
should be stopped. T
hey should be forced to use altern
ative bio
-
diesel or be
replaced.



Using pesticides on crops and hormonal/antibiotics i
n dairy

should also stop
.


Basic things to help the quality of air




We should stop l
aying blame on all our air quality problems at the feet of
Georgia P
ower and start addressing our own behaviors that worsen air quality.

In addition, we should not frame th
e
problem as a Metro Atlanta area problem
only; it is a statewide problem.



Banning prescribed burning

should not be encouraged; it’s an

indirect benefit
to air quality



T
rucks and SUVs
should not be treated
differently than passenger vehicles in
regard to e
mission standards


YELLOW


Transit and Roads


Questions



HOT (High occupancy truck lanes): I don’t understand the logic behind this. It
seems this just opens the door for someone of financial means to buy their way
into these lanes. How would it be policed
? I see so much abuse of the HOV lanes
now. I really think we should focus more on getting people to change their solo
commuting habits.



Should we impose a tax on single occupied vehicles entering the downtown traffic
area? This is one way to get the idea
through to the general public that we are
serious about solving Atlanta’s air quality and traffic problem.



What ever happened to the idea of an outer perimeter?



Do our models have any comprehension of the fact that the unimpeded traffic in
metro Atlanta r
uns at 85 mph?



Concerns



DOT has so much power they cannot be reigned in to do anything other than
expand roads. Air quality will never be good if road expansion continues to be the
predominant transportation choice.



We need updated and
better information

on the air quality value of a more
balanced transportation system.



There are too many agencies in charge of transportation in Atlanta. GRTA is the
one.



We need to understand public/private partnerships and the role in transportation
planning funding befor
e action is taken.



Rural legislators hate public transportation and won’t support it.




Energy Related Issues

and Climate


Questions



Bio
-
fuels: what are the
air impacts? Is this life cycle

analysis really sustainable?



Will ethanol or bio diesel help impro
ve GA’s air quality?


Concerns



We need updated/better information on the air quality benefits of bio fuel use

and
energy efficiency and conservation programs.



We need to investigate human emissions and climate relationship, especially in
the southeastern U
nited States.






Planning




So many people mention growth, but don’t hit on the issue of overpopulation and
consumption. There are too many people
u
sing too much energy and resources.
We need to stress the fact that we cannot have infinite growth on a fin
ite planet
(without be
ing portrayed as scare
-
mongerer
). We need to slow down growth.




I am u
ncertain about the wisdom of building out housing to commercial property
developments in “smart growth” and “transit dependent” areas ahead of transit
infrastructur
e
.



Politics and Public Information


Questions



What part of air pollution is doing the most harm
?



How
do we
take public concerns for quality of life, public health issues and sound
science and successfully integrate them into air quality policy
?



What reso
urces are available to educate the public on air quality issues?



When (not if) are we going to adopt the California emissions standards for
vehicles (as have NY, MA etc

)?




We are subject to CAIR because NE states sued about what was blowing their
way, so
shouldn’t we be suing Texas and Louisiana about their contribution to our
non
-
attainment? This would be
much
easier to sell to our citizens than any new
local control.



Concerns



Environmentalists may never sell their ideas to the public. Scientists may no
t
either
. I’d like to see what economists can do for air and environmental
protection. Dr. Tutterow was tremendously effective and I think there is tons of
room for

a

pragmatic approach.




We should learn more about the health impacts of the specific compon
ents of PM
2.5

before developing SIPs that

focus on reducing PM 2.5 components that may
not
even produce
health benefits (Doug Fulle)



We n
eed to better coordinate research efforts to better confront GA’s problems;
there is so much research that is not effe
ctively showed.








Health and General AQ




Air quality standards: How good are they? Dr. Ownby’s talk said that even under
the standard there are measurable increases in sickness with increased pollutants.



If diesel exhaust is a big health issue, are w
e doing the wrong thing focusing on
getting cars off the road? What to do about diesel trucks?



If EPA does not lower the PM 2.5 annual standard below the current level of
15ug/m3, as recommended by its scientific advisory group, would EPA consider a
strict
er state standards? E.g.: 14ug/m3




We need to k
now more about the effects of diesel soot on the runoff into the
watershed
.