GESTURE DYNAMICS WITH SKIN CONDUCTIVITY - A MULTIMODAL APPROACH TO BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION

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23 Φεβ 2014 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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University of Minho


School of Engineering


Algoritmi

Centre

Uma Escola a Reinventar o Futuro


Semana da Escola de Engenharia
-

20 a 26 de Outubro de 2011

Keywords

Security, authentication, biometry, gesture dynamics, cognitive
biometrics, skin conductivity, multimodal.

Motivation

There different ways to recognize an individual.








The latter methods are known as biometrics, which overcomes the
problem of transmissibility that the first two ways have.

Biometrics classification:








However, biometrics is not foolproof because it can be replicated.
Today there are several fraudulent ways to replicate a biometric
characteristic, and this raises new challenges.

A potential solution lies in cognitive biometrics, which uses biological
signals representative of the mental and emotional states for the
authentication of users.






VÍTOR JÚLIO DA SILVA E SÁ *


Supervisor:
Henrique Dinis
dos Santos

*
vitor.sa@braga.ucp.pt

GESTURE DYNAMICS WITH SKIN CONDUCTIVITY
-

A MULTIMODAL APPROACH
TO
BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION

Problem

In the current solution we have identified the following problems:
replicability

is possible even with the common biometric technology;
requirement of continuous authentication; constant need to improve
the accuracy of the systems (information systems with more users
imply a need to lower error rates); constant need (inherent in the
existence of a business) to lower the cost; need to keep the mobility of
the systems, with restrictions on the type of hardware needed
(dimension, energy, etc.) and on the use conditions (light, noise, etc.).

There is recent work in cognitive biometrics, particularly in the
conductivity of the skin that seems to indicate that this technology has
potential (with or without activation of the knowledge component). The
current size of the conductivity sensors enables its integration into
mobile devices. There is also work done and consolidated in gesture
dynamics.

Thus, we intend to prove the following:
it is possible to implement, with
comparative advantages, a multimodal biometric authentication
solution using gesture dynamics with skin conductivity.


Methodological

Approach

Given the nature of this work the research methodology is based on a
proof of concept with a study of acceptance. For that, it will be
developed a prototype for graphical data collection and a prototype for
dermoelectric

data collection, for further definition of algorithms that
determine authentication patterns.




The main challenges will be to find a good algorithm for each of the
biometrics and find the thresholds that combine successfully these
same algorithms. This does not correspond to the simple junction of
the two since it will take advantage of the synergistic multimodal
integration or even, in some situations, the alternate one.

Later we will proceed to the test of the defined algorithms, with half of
the data to test and half of them to attack.

Developed the solution, the aim is also to evaluate the user
acceptance of such a system. We plan to use the Technology
Acceptance Model (TAM) for its wide dissemination and acceptance in
this context.


Research Plan

For better exposure of the tasks involved, results, goals, resources
and timing, the research plan was developed in a project management
tool, with the corresponding set of deliverables, activities, effort,
duration, dependencies and milestones.













Publications

Borges, D.;
Sá, V. J.
; Magalhães, S. T.; Santos, H. D. 2011.
“Study of
the perception on the biometric technology by the Portuguese
citizens”.
Proceedings of the 7th ICGS3 / 4th e
-
Democracy Joint
Conferences
,
Salónica
,
Grécia
.

Cerqueira, I.;
Sá, V. J.
; Magalhães, S. T. 2011. “
Study of The
Perception on The Portuguese Citizen Card and Electronic Signature
”.
Proceedings of the 7th ICGS3 / 4th e
-
Democracy Joint Conferences
,
Salónica
,
Grécia
.

Faria, L.;
Sá, V. J.
; Magalhães, S. T. 2011. “Biometrias Multimodais
Cognitivas
-

Uma nova abordagem no reconhecimento de
utilizadores”. In
Actas

da 6ª Conferência Ibérica de Sistemas e
Tecnologias de Informação
, Chaves, Portugal.

Hildebrand, A. and
Sá, V. J.

2001. “EMBASSI: Electronic Multimedia
and Service Assistance”. In:
Heuer
, A.,
Kirste
, T. (eds.)
Intelligent
Interactive Assistance and Mobile Multimedia Computing
, ISBN 3
-
935319
-
75
-
4, pp. 50
-
59,
Neuer

Hochschulschriftenverlag
, Rostock.

Sá, V. J.
;
Malerczyk
, C.;
Schnaider
, M. (2002). Vision Based
Interaction Within a Multimodal Framework.
Selected Readings in
Computer Graphics 2001
, ISBN: 3
-
8167
-
6163
-
1,
Fraunhofer

IRB
Verlag
, Stuttgart.