Task 1 China's space agency is getting ready for its third men space ...

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Task 1


China’s space agency is getting ready for its third men space mission scheduled to blast office as
soon as tomorrow. This mission will feature the country’s first space walk. NPR’s Nell
Greenfieldboyce reports.


The Shenzhou
-
7 spacecraft will rock
et off earth with three astronauts on board, Chinese television
broadcast a press conference with the three men. News agencies have also been reporting on the
final preparations at the country’s launch site. China has been making steady progress in space i
n
recent years, with its first manned mission in 2003, it joint the United States and Russia as the
only countries capable of launching humans into orbit. China’s latest mission will feature in
astronaut going on a space walk, a feet that could help the co
untry move towards its steadied goal
of building and orbiting space station. The astronauts are expected to spend several days in orbit
before heading back home. Nell Greenfieldboyce, NPR News.



A Chinese astronaut has undertaken the country's first
-
ever
spacewalk. The achievement puts
China alongside the United States and Russia as the only countries ever to conduct such a mission
independently. The astronaut Zhai Zhigang waved a red Chinese flag as he orbited high above the
Earth tethered to the outside
of his craft Shenzhou VII. After 15 minutes, he climbed back inside.
The Chinese President Hu Jingtao watched the mission from the control room on the ground.




Task 2


Three Chinese astronauts returned safely on Sunday after orbiting the Earth

on board
the
Shengzhou
-
VII space capsule.

The message to the world is clear: after a slow start in space, China
is

catching up fast.

The spacecraft touched down in the Mongolian desert to rapturous

applause
from mission control in Beijing. Millions tuned in to watc
h the

historic moment on television
around the world.

Mission leader Zhai Zhigang was the first to emerge from the capsule and he

was incredibly proud of their achievement.

It was a glorious mission, full of challenges with a
successful end,” he said.


The

mission follows China’s successful hosting of the Olympics and included

the country’s first
ever spacewalk.

Mr Zhai wore a Chinese
-
made spacesuit costing up to £20million (220million

Yuan), and stayed outside the capsule for 15 minutes while his team mate
s

stayed inside,
monitoring his progress.

This exercise puts China as only the third nation, after the United States
and

Russia, to stage a successful space walk. It is also seen as a critical

progression in the
country’s three
-
step space programme, with t
he ultimate

aim to build a large space station.

Is there
a new space race underway now? Roger Launius of the National Air

and Space Museum think
there is. “It is an Asian space race. It’s between

China, Japan, maybe Korea, certainly India,” said
Mr Launius
.


The Chinese, because of their full service capability


humans, robots and

military


are at this point in time the leaders in that race. But those other

countries have a lot of
capabilities too,” he added.

Meanwhile, the families of the astronauts have

to wait patiently as
their space

heroes undergo two weeks of preventative quarantine, just in case their

body defences
may have been weakened by the trip.


1. Shengzhou
-
V carried three astronauts into space. True / False

2. The spacecraft landed in the Mo
ngolian desert.

True / False

3. Japan is a contender in the Asian space race. True / False

4. Mr Zhai’s spacesuit cost more than £20million. True / False

5. The astronauts have to undergo two weeks of quarantine.

True / False


Task 3


In 2001, a new NASA p
robe was launched. Called Odyssey, it was sent to Mars to carry out the
most detailed analysis ever of the planet’s surface. What has it discovered may be about to answer
one of the great questions and solve one of astronomy’s biggest mysteries. Are we alo
ne in the
universe or is there life on Mars?


Ever since people first looked up into the night sky, there has been a question that has bothered us
all, from the smallest children to the world’s greatest astronomers. All have wondered “Are we
alone in the u
niverse?”


The question of life beyond comes to me strongest at night looking up at the stars and looking at
all those little points of light and wondering "This is a galaxy full of life or is this it?"


This is a question that society has often been askin
g over the ages. We really just want to know
“how did we get here?” “Why do we exist?” “Are we the only people in the universe?” “Are we
the only signs of life?”


This search for life elsewhere in the universe is perhaps the greatest scientific quest of al
l. But so
far most efforts have concentrated on just one planet.


Searching for life is a difficult job. And what we’d like to be able to do is travel towards these
distant worlds and scoop up samples. Unfortunately the worlds that we can travel to are th
e other
planets in our solar system and none of them are very good in terms of prospecting for biology.
The best one is probably Mars.


Mars, one of our nearest neighbors. Just 60 million kilometers away.


The reason Mars is important is because it’s clo
se by. It’s our nearest neighbor to earth. And we’d
like to see if life is there because if we can find life in two places in our solar system, we know
that life isn’t unique here just on earth. And it’s much more likely that life will exist elsewhere
perh
aps elsewhere in our solar system, perhaps in other solar systems, other parts of the universe.



Task 4


In 2001, a new NASA probe was launched. Called Odyssey, it was sent to Mars to carry out the
most detailed analysis ever of the planet’s surface. What

has it discovered may be about to answer
one of the great questions and solve one of astronomy’s biggest mysteries. Are we alone in the
universe or is there life on Mars?


Ever since people first looked up into the night sky, there has been a question tha
t has bothered us
all, from the smallest children to the world’s greatest astronomers. All have wondered “Are we
alone in the universe?”


The question of life beyond comes to me strongest at night looking up at the stars and looking at
all those little poi
nts of light and wondering "This is a galaxy full of life or is this it?"


This is a question that society has often been asking over the ages. We really just want to know
“how did we get here?” “Why do we exist?” “Are we the only people in the universe?”
“Are we
the only signs of life?”


This search for life elsewhere in the universe is perhaps the greatest scientific quest of all. But so
far most efforts have concentrated on just one planet.


Searching for life is a difficult job. And what we’d like to b
e able to do is travel towards these
distant worlds and scoop up samples. Unfortunately the worlds that we can travel to are the other
planets in our solar system and none of them are very good in terms of prospecting for biology.
The best one is probably
Mars.


Mars, one of our nearest neighbors. Just 60 million kilometers away.


The reason Mars is important is because it’s close by. It’s our nearest neighbor to earth. And we’d
like to see if life is there because if we can find life in two places in our

solar system, we know
that life isn’t unique here just on earth. And it’s much more likely that life will exist elsewhere
perhaps elsewhere in our solar system, perhaps in other solar systems, other parts of the universe.