Robotics - Bssd.net

embarrassedlopsidedΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

145 εμφανίσεις

ROBOTICS


MRMS STRETCH

PAGE
1

Unit Overview


Unit Objectives

1.

Students will be able to articulate that advances in science and technology
correspond to changes in human needs.

2.

Students will be able to provide examples of robotic tasks that are:

a.

Impossible for humans,

b.

Too boring/repetit
ious for humans, and/or

c.

Too dangerous for humans

3.

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the base ten number
system and apply that understanding to other bases (2, 5, 7, 12, etc.)

4.

Students will demonstrate the ability to develop and apply strategies
based on ways others have solved them.

5.

Students will
collect and analyze data to solve a problem.


General Agenda

Day


Topic

1

Pretest; Hand out
old
sumos and let students inspect old ones

2



Fix pretest with
Robot
(Kids Discover magazine)

3



History of Robo
tics (Ppt); Sid Caesar video; “Robot, robot” (song)

4



Vocabulary and Parts

5



Binary code
--

Number systems and bases

6



Base 2, 5, 10 War;

Vases Quiz

7



Jobs discussion

8



Begin “Robot of My Dreams”

i.

Brainstorm

ii.

Create survey questions

iii.

Plan survey

9



Conduct su
rvey (during PACK); Organize data; HW: Graph info

10



Begin art part of “Robot of My Dreams”

11



Work Day

12



Share “Robots”; Do AI puzzle and Circuits puzzle

13



Sumo Competition (Practice Day)

14



Sumo Competition (Down to Elite 8)

15



Sumo Competition (Quarterfina
ls); Begin SportBot story

16



Sumo Competition (Semis and Finals); Work on SportBot story

17



Sumo Competition


pick
-
up matches; Work on SportBot story

18



Share SportBot stories; prep for test

19



Test

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


Robot: Pretest


Part 1



Fill in the blanks with the corr
ect word(s) from the following word bank:
actions, computer, machine, move, perform tasks, react, reprogrammed, sensors.


1. A robot is a __________________ that can be programmed to _______________


_____________________ and then be __________________
___ to do new tasks.

2. A robot’s “brain” is a _________________ that directs the robot’s _____________.

3. Robots differ from computers because they can ___________________.


Robots differ from other machines because their ___________________


ena
ble them to ________________________ to light, heat, sound, etc.


Part 2



Cross out the jobs that are
not

currently done by robots.

assist with surgery



milk cows


play ping pong (table tennis)


clean up nuclear accidents


mow lawns


play soccer

defuse
bombs



play chess


probe active volcanoes

explore deep space



play piano


search under Antarctica



Part 3



Most robots “work” in factories. The jobs done by these factory robots fall
into three basic categories. List the three categories and provide
an example for each.


1._____________________________________________________________________


2._____________________________________________________________________


3._____________________________________________________________________



Part 4



Over
the years, people have designed robot parts to function much like
human parts. List 4 parts common to most robots. Beside each, list their human
counterpart.


1._____________________________________________________________________


2.____________________
_________________________________________________


3._____________________________________________________________________


4._____________________________________________________________________

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


Part 5



Match the real robots on the left with their desc
ription on the right.


___1. Aerosondes

A. Space probe that explored Jupiter in the 1990’s

___2. ALVINN

B. Tour guide at the National Museum of American History

___3. Andros

C. Space shuttle arm that grabs satellites in orbit and more

___4. Anzen Ta
ro

D. Robots that search for and map the locations of land mines

___5. Cog

E. Driving robot

___6. Cypher

F. Robotic airplanes that can fly up to 26 hours without pilots

___7. Dante II

G. A guard robot

___8. Dexter

H. Artificial Intelligence robot t
hat thinks and learns like babies

___9. Galileo

I. Undersea robot that found the
Titanic

___10. Hazbot III

J. Explorer of active volcanoes

___11. HumDes

K. Traffic robot used to control traffic in construction zones

___12. Jason

L. Chemical spill analyz
er

___13. Minerva

M. Robotic helicopter used to assist military ground troops

___14. Pioneer(s)

N. Robot used at Chernobyl to clean up nuclear accidents

___15. RMS

O. Police robot that protects people in life
-
threatening situations

___16. Robot Pike

P. Per
sonal, solar
-
powered, flying, space
-
exploring robot

___17. Satbot

Q. Free
-
swimming robot fish

___18. Sojourner

R. Explorer of the waters 800 feet below Antarctica

___19. TROV

S. Robot that explored the surface of Mars


Part 6



Define these three robot “co
usins”.


1.

android = _________________________________________________________

2.

automatons = _____________________________________________________

3.

cyborg = __________________________________________________________


Part 7



List the three goals roboticists h
ave for this century.


1.

2.

3.

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


Calculators, Robot “Brains”, and Binary Code


A calculator has a place to input the numbers, a place to process the numbers, and
a display or place for the answer. It also has a memory bank or place to store the
numbers w
hich have been inputted, the directions for processing these numbers
and any calculations required to find the answer.


Most robots today are controlled by a computer that has these same basic units.
The difference between the calculators and computers is

the computer program,
which can change the computer’s memory bank by giving it different sets of
instructions. These instructions are given and processed in
binary code
.


In mathematical terms, binary code is known as “base two”. It is a two
-
digit
numbe
r system that uses the numbers 0 and 1 in the same way that our regular
numeration system


base ten


uses the numbers 0
-
9. Because it has only two
digits, binary code can easily be translated into electrical impulses. Zero (0) is no
pulse of electricit
y, or “off”, and one (1) is a pulse of electricity, or “on”.



PRACTICE SPACE














ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


BASES: Thinking Like a Computer










































































































ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


QUIZ: BI
NARY CODE & OTHER NUMERATIONS SYSTEMS




Part 1: From Binary to Base Ten

Directions: Write each binary number below in base ten.


1.

1011
two

= __________


2.

24
five

= _____________


3.

1100
two

= __________


4.

44

five
= _____________




Part 2: Going from Base
Ten to Bases Two and Five

Directions: Write each base ten number below in both base two and
base five. I’ve already labeled the end of each number with the base
number.


5. 17



__________
two


__________
five


6. 24



__________
two


__________
five



7.

6



__________
two


__________
five


8. 28



__________
two


__________
five




Part 3: Using Your Knowledge

Directions: Show your understanding of different number systems by
supplying the base ten number that is the equivalent of each of these.


1.


42
seve
n

= _____________


2.


212
three

= ____________

Thinking
Space

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


Practice Q
UIZ: NUMERATIONS SYSTEMS




Part 1: From Binary to Base Ten

Directions: Write each binary number below in base ten.


1.


10011
two

= __________


2.


43
five

= _____________


3.


11110
two

= __________


4.


31

five
= _____________




Part 2: Going from Base Ten to Bases Two and Five

Directions: Write each base ten number below in both base two and
base five. I’ve already labeled the end of each number with the base
number.


5. 23



__________
two


________
__
five


6. 41



__________
two


__________
five



7. 9



__________
two


__________
five


8. 35



__________
two


__________
five




Part 3: Using Your Knowledge

Directions: Show your understanding of different number systems by
supplying the base ten numbe
r that is the equivalent of each of these.


9.



53
seven

= _____________


10.

220
three

= ____________

Thinking
Space

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH

BASES: War


Preparing for the game:

1.

Take 2 sheets of recycled paper.

2.

Fold each 4 times, creating 16 “cards” on each page.

3.

Cut out cards.

4.

List the numbe
rs 1
-
10 (base ten) here: __, __, __, __, __, __,
__, __, __, __. Label the blank side of10 cards with these
numbers.

5.

List the numbers 1
-
10
in base two


here: ___, ___, ___, ___,
___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___. Label the blank side of the
next 10 cards with

these base two numbers.

6.

List the numbers 1
-
10
in base five


here: ___, ___, ___, ___,
___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___. Label the blank side of the
next 10 cards with these base five numbers.

7.

Label the two remaining cards “J” for joker.

8.

Save cards (in an env
elope or a Ziploc™ bag) for
tomorrow’s competition.


Playing the game:

1.

Choose a card to determine your opponent.

2.

Shuffle your cards, making sure they are all faced down.

3.

Turn over your top card as your opponent turns over
his/hers. Calculate then announce

the value of your
card (by turning it into a base ten number if it isn’t
already). The highest value wins both cards. [Note:
Jokers take all.]

4.

If the value of both cards is the same, have a “war” by
placing three additional cards off the top of your dec
k
face down
, then one card
face up
. Calculate the value of
the face up card. The highest value wins all ten cards in
the war.

5.

Play until one player completely captures all of their
opponent’s cards or until time expires.

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


Congratulations!



The
It
’s A
-
Bot Time Company
,

well
-
known makers of
fictitious

robotics products, is about to begin a new line of
products (robots) designed specifically to meet the needs of
7
th

graders, and they would like
you

to help them by conducting
some market research.








Your task:

Find out w
hat people your age want
in a
personal robot.

More specifically:

If money/cost was not a factor, what
type of robot would “sell” to 7
th
grade consumers?




To complete this assignment, you must (as a class) survey
100% of your team,

and
then organize the data you collect. Each
of you
will

then use the data to create
a visual presentation
which (neatly and accurately) represent
s your market research
results
.



1.

What question(s) will you ask your consumers?


2.

How will your class organize

the information
-
gathering phase?


3.

How will you complete the organizational phase in
one class period?

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH

PACK Survey: Personal Robot


1.

If you could have a robot to do any
one

thing for you, what type of robot
would you choose?
Please check only one!

_____

a robot that would clean my room


_____ a robot that would do my homework

_____ a robot that would do the dishes

_____ a robot that would do the laundry

_____ a robot that would transport me where I wanted to go

_____ a robot that would clean up after my
pet

__
___ a robot that would tutor me

_____ other

(please specify_____________________________)


2.

Robots could come with many features. Rank these in order of their
importance to you with #1 being the feature that is most important to you
down to #8 being
the feature you care the least about.

_____ ability to talk/respond to conversation


_____ voice activated

_____ portable
-
ness/small size




_____ color

_____
personality






_____ shape

_____ energy efficient (rechargeable or solar
-
powered)

_____ other
(please specify____________________________)


3.

Name one other feature you’d like us to consider: ______________________



PACK Survey: Personal Robot


4.

If you could have a robot to do any
one

thing for you, what type of robot
would you choose?
Please check

only one!

_____ a robot that would clean my room


_____ a robot that would do my homework

_____ a robot that would do the dishes

_____ a robot that would do the laundry

_____ a robot that would transport me where I wanted to go

_____ a robot that would cl
ean up after my pet

_____ a robot that would tutor me

_____ other (please specify_____________________________)


5.

Robots could come with many features. Rank these in order of their
importance to you with #1 being the feature that is most important to you
d
own to #8 being the feature you care the least about.

_____ ability to talk/respond to conversation


_____ voice activated

_____ portable
-
ness/small size




_____ color

_____ personality






_____ shape

_____ energy efficient (rechargeable or solar
-
power
ed)

_____ other (please specify____________________________)


6.

Name one other feature you’d like us to consider: ______________________

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH

Dreambot



Market Research



Raw Data

(t
allies
)

Percent

(%)

Degrees

(
o
)

PERFORMANCE TASKS

























TOTALS


100

360


FEATURES

































TOTALS


100

360




Finally, create

a circle graph that
illustrates

your

“Performance Task”

data.


Label each section with the
type of
task

(such as “Clean Room”)

and the
raw dat
a numbers.


Note: I added a radius to help you
place your first angle. See me if you
need help with this assignment!
List your
categories in the
first column and
the tallied data in
the next.



Then convert the
raw data to
percentages using
this f
ormula:



#

= ______


Total # 100



To convert
percentages to
degrees, use this:





%


=
degrees


100 360

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH

Robotics Exit Projects
--

Due ___________


Option A
: Design

-

Based on your previous work (the market research assignment),
t
he
It’s A
-
B
ot Time Company

has offered each of you an opportunity to join their
engineering

team, designing a robot that will “sell” to 7
th

graders. While it does not
need to be able to accomplish all of the tasks identified by your potential consumers,
it may (unli
ke most real robots) be designed to perform multiple tasks.


If you choose this option, you will need to:

1.

Review your data and generate a list of the features your market research
indicates consumers want most on a personal robot.

2.

Create a detailed sketch
or advertisement for your robot on paper no
smaller than 12” x 18”.


Your robot design will be graded on its creativity, neatness, completeness, and
relationship to the survey data. Your final product should include your robot’s name
and all the features
should be neatly labeled and explained on the “poster”.

All work
should be done in final form (ink/word processed/marker, etc.) as usual.



Option B
: Sportscasting

-

As robots change and become
more
mobile
, we may
someday hear some robot owner chantin
g, “My robot is better than your robot!” We
may even begin to have special events where robots compete in matches of
intelligence, dexterity, and/or strength

and agility
. These events could take the form
of chess matches, spelling bees, or even major spo
rts contests. Imagine a stadium
full of fans, all cheering for their favorite robot athlete or team!


If you choose this option, you will need to:

1.

Read and analyze 3+ sports articles that recap a sporting event. Submit a 50+
word “mini
-
essay” that addres
ses the
style

of sports articles. (Note: While
you can include information about the content, your job is not to analyze the
event that was described, but rather to analyze the way the writer wrote the
article. Please see me if this is confusing.)

2.

Make
a list of sporting events (besides the already invented
Battlebots
) that
might appeal to robot owners.

3.

Select one sport from your list (above) that would be “marketable” (likely to
draw paying spectators, hence making money for the organizers of this
event
). Brainstorm all the possible things that could happen at this event.

4.

Finally, pretend you are a sports reporter who has been assigned to cover this
match, and write the sports story utilizing the writing styles you observed in
the real sports articles y
ou analyzed at the beginning of this project. Include
the names of the participants, their teams, an overview of the most
memorable “plays” of the game, and the team’s hopes for the future (next
week’s game, play
-
off status, etc.).


This story must be 100
+ words and should be submitted in ink/word
-
processed.


Select ONE!

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH

Option 3: Sumo!



In keeping with the sportscasting theme, we have, right her in our
STRETCH classes, a competition you might find newsworthy


the sumo competition!


If you choose this option, you

will need to:

1.

Read and analyze 3+ sports articles that recap a sporting event, then submit a
50+ word “mini
-
essay” that addresses the
style

of sports articles. (Note: While
you can include information about the content, your job is not to analyze the
ev
ent that was described, but rather to analyze the way the writer wrote the
article. Please see me if this is confusing.)

2.

Write a first
-
hand account of your team’s Sumo competition as if you were a
sports reporter assigned to cover the story for a local pa
per. (Use the style you
discovered in Part 1, above.)

3.

Your article should include the names of the robots and their owners, an
overview of the most memorable “plays” of the competition, and quotes from
the participants about the competition (not the unit)
.

This story must be 100+ words and should be submitted in ink/word processed.



Option D
: Science Olympiad

-

Take your sumo out for a walk


literally. One of this
year’s Science Olympiad events is “Robo
-
Billiards”. It involves designing and building

a robot capable of placing standard 2.25” billiard balls into corner containers and the
starting square. There’s more


see attached Science Olympiad paperwork.


Note: The Science Olympiad competition is not until March, and we will be finished
with thi
s unit well before that time. To receive credit for this exit project, you must
build the table (described in part 2b) and score 20+ points (as described in the
“Scoring” section) during a demonstration to the class.



Option E
: Skit

-

Opportunity cos
ts are “the next best thing you had to give up to do
something else.” Time restraints (such as a “homework
-
free” Thanksgiving with your
families) and special events (the play, Harvesters trips, and the mixer) have “cost”
you the opportunity to learn about

the history of robotics during this unit. Simply
put, something had to go, and I chose to let you all cover the history
-
part through this
exit project option instead of using scarce class time to share the info..


If you choose this option, you will need

to:

1. Research the history of robotics. Make an annotated list of events that led


to the development of modern robotics. Include the key people whenever


possible. (This list must be submitted to receive full credit for the project.)

2. Prepare (w
rite and type) a script for your class to “perform” on Exit Project


Presentation Day. The characters in this skit should be the people that you

identified in your research as “key” to the development of robotics as we
know it today.


3. The setting of

your skit may be a talk show, a luncheon, a game show, a



class reunion, anything that works with your information, but it MUST



teach the history of robotics. (Questions? See me before you get too far!)

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


Exit Project


Scoring Guide



Requirements

20 points

Accuracy

10 points

Detail

10 points

Presentation

10 points

It’s A
-
Bot⁔業
副扯b⁄e獩杮

a.

Student
submitted a list of
features
requested by
consumers.

b.

P
oster includes
robot’s name.

c.

Features are
neatly labeled
and explained.

Features included in
t
he design match
the data obtained
from the 7
th

grade
market research.

Robot is well
-
drawn
with attention to
detail

All work is in final
form (ink/word
processed/etc.)
.


Written work is
neatly done.


Spelling is accurate.

Sports Event
Sportscast

a.

Student
su
bmitted an
analysis of sports
article style.

b.

Student made a
list of sporting
events.

c.

Assignment is
written in the
style of a sports
article.

Story is written to
“sound” authentic.

Story includes
details from the
events


such as
names of players,
teams, me
morable
plays, etc.

All work is done in
final form (ink/word
processed/etc.)


Written work is
neatly done.


Spelling is accurate.

Sumo Event

Sportscast

a.

Student
submitted an
analysis of sports
article style.

b.

Assignment is
written in the
style of a sports
a
rticle.

Story accurately
tells the story of this
year’s sumo
competition.

Story includes
details from the
sumo events


such
as names of players,
memorable plays,
quotes, etc.

All work is done in
final form (ink/word
processed/etc.)


Written work is
neatly

done.


Spelling is accurate.

Science
Olympiad

a.

Work meets
Science
Olympiad
criteria.


b.

Student scored
20+ points in
his/her
demonstration to
the class.

Work meets Science
Olympiad criteria.

(Double Points


see
left)

Model is well
-
built
and sturdy enough
to demonstrate
robot capabilities.

(Double Points


see
right)

Model is well
-
built
a
n
d sturdy enough
to demonstrate
robot capabilities.

History of
Robotics Skit

a.

Student
submitted an
annotated list of
events that led
to the
development of
modern robotics.

b.

Student
submitted a
script for the
class to
“perform.”

All information is
factually accurate.


(Students should
learn something
about the history of
robotics from this
script!)

Setting serves as the
vehicle for
transmitting the
information about
the histor
y of
robotics.


Student included all
key people in the
history of robotics.

All work is done in
final form (ink/word
processed/etc.)


Written work is
neatly done.


Spelling is accurate.


ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH

Name____________

Score____________


Robotics Test




1.

Define “robot”. Use details and information f
rom this unit in your definition.

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
___
______________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________



2.

In what ways are humans, robots, and computers alike? How are they
different?


In the space below, construct

a graphic organizer that shows the main

similarities and differences between these three things. Use details and

information from the unit in your answer. Your graphic organizer may be a

chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cluster, web, mindmap, or other

organizer

you feel is appropriate. Be sure to label your graphic organizer appropriately.




















Note: For full credit, you must have
at least

15 entries.

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


3.

In the future, thousands of workers may be displaced by robots. What’s the
most rea
sonable solution to this potential problem?


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________



4.

Robots are
clearly
here to stay. Write a paper detailing the many
uses of robots in today’s worl
d. Use details and information from the
unit in your explanation.


Use the space below for your prewriting activity (such as brainstorming,

listing, freewriting, clustering, mapping, drawing, or creating a Powergrid™).

You should use the prewriting activity that you usually use to plan your

writing. Your work on this page will also be scored.

Prompt

ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


5
. Now write the first draft of your paper
in

pencil

on this page. Look back at the
prompt (directions) and your prewriting activity for ideas.


______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________
_________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
_____________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_________
_____________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_________________________


ROBOTICS

MRMS 7
th

Grade STRETCH


5. Before you turn in your paper, reread your draft and think about the Writer’s
Checklist below. Check every box that makes a true statement about your draft.



W
W
r
r
i
i
t
t
e
e
r
r


s
s


C
C
h
h
e
e
c
c
k
k
l
l
i
i
s
s
t
t
:
:



_____

My paper has a clear beginning, midd
le, and end.


_____

My paper stays on the topic.


_____

My paper flows smoothly from one idea to another.


_____

My paper includes details and examples.


_____

My paper includes a variety of sentence structures.


_____

My paper includes correct grammar/usa
ge, punctuation,

capitalization, and spelling.



For every box you did not check, make the necessary revisions on your

draft
before

you turn in your test.



******************************************************************

SCORING GUIDE AND COMMENTS



Question #1: Definition






_____/10




Question #2: Graphic Organizer





_____/2
0



Question #3: Problem Solving





_____/10



Question
#4
: Prewriting






_____/20




Qu
estion #5
: Essay







_____/25



Question #6
: Editing






_____/
15