ITEM D-701 PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

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11/25/13


PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

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2419B2780187.DOCX

D
-
701
-
1


ITEM D
-
701
PIPE FOR STORM DRAIN
S AND CULVERTS

PORT NOTE:


This is a modified
version

of FAA
Item

P
-
701
.

At the end of this section are
Construction Modifications

denoting Port
-
specific

changes.

FAA and Port editing notes follow the text to which they refer.


For review:
Use track changes
when editing

text
. Turn off track changes when deleting FAA and Port editor’s notes.

Cut and
paste Construction Modifications
to Engineer
’s

Design Report
. T
urn track changes back on and submit r
eview documents
in
electronic and in hard copy
to the Port with
design edits

showing.



For

advertisement:

Accept all changes.

Submit to the Port in electronic and in hard copy.



DESCRIPTION


701
-
1.1


This

item shall consist of the construction of pipe culverts and storm drains in accordance with these
specifications and in reasonably close conformity with the lines and grades shown on the plans.



MATERIALS


701
-
2.1


Materials shall meet the requirements s
hown on the plans and specified below.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The Engineer should indicate the required class, schedule, SDR, gage, and/or strength of
pipe
desired.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

701
-
2.2 PIPE.
The pipe shall be of the type called for on the plans or in the proposal and shall be in accordance
with the

following appropriate requirements.


Metallic Coated Corrugated Steel Pipe (Type I, IR or II)

ASTM A 760

PORT NOTE:


The Port most often uses concrete or corrugated polyethylene pipe.


Galvanized Steel Corrugated Structural Plates

and Fasteners for Pipe,
Pipe
-
Arches, and Arches

ASTM A 761


Polymer Precoated Corrugated Steel Pipe for Sewers and Drains

ASTM A 762


Post
-
Coated and Lined (Bituminous or Concrete)

Corrugated Steel Sewer and Drainage Pipe

ASTM A 849


Steel Sheet, Zinc and Aramid Fiber Composite C
oated for

Corrugated Steel Sewer, Culvert, and Underdrain Pipe

A885/A885M
-
96


Corrugated Aluminum Alloy Culvert Pipe

ASTM B 745


Non
-
Reinforced
Concrete Pipe

ASTM C 14

PORT NOTE:


Reinforced concrete pipe shall be used whenever there is less than 3 feet of

cover.


Reinforced Concrete Pipe

ASTM C 76


Reinforced Concrete D
-
Load Pipe

ASTM C 655


PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

11/25/13

D
-
701
-
2

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2419B2780187.DOCX



Reinforced Concrete Arch Pipe

ASTM C 506


Reinforced Concrete Elliptical Pipe

ASTM C 507


Precast Reinforced Concrete Box Sections

ASTM C 789 and C 850


Large Diameter

Corrugated Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings

ASTM F 667


Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SDR
-
PR) Based on Outside Diameter

ASTM F714


Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Ribbed Drain Pipe & Fittings

ASTM F 794

Based on Controlled Inside Diameter


Based on Controlled
Inside Diameter Polyethylene (PE) Large

ASTM F 894

Diameter Profile Wall Sewer and Drain Pipe


Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Corrugated Sewer Pipe

ASTM F 949

With a Smooth Interior and Fittings


Steel Reinforced Polyethylene (PE) Corrugated Pipe

ASTM F 2435


Steel Reinforced Thermoplastic (HDPE) Ribbed Pipe and

Fittings

ASTM F 2562

for Non
-
Pressure Drainage and Sewerage


Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Pipe

ASTM D 3034


Corrugated Polyethylene Drainage
Tubing (all types)

AASHTO M 252


Corrugated Polyethylene Pipe 300 to 1200 mm Diameter (all types)

AASHTO M 294M


Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Profile Wall Drain Pipe and Fittings Based

AASHTO M 304

on Controlled Inside Diameter


Steel Reinforced Polyethylen
e (PE) Ribbed Pipe


AASHTO MP
-
20


* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The Engineer shall select the pipe used for the project and may delete inappropriate
requirements from

paragraph 701
-
2.2 and from the list of material requirements.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


701
-
2.3 CONCRETE.


Concrete
shall have a minimum compressive strength of
3500

psi (13.8

MPa) at 28 days
and conform to the requirements of ASTM C 94.


701
-
2.4 RUBBER GASKETS.


Rubber gaskets for rigid pipe shall conform to the requirements of ASTM C 443.


Rubber gaskets for PVC
pipe and polyethylene pipe shall conform to the requirements of ASTM F 477.


Rubber
gaskets for zinc
-
coated steel pipe and precoated galvanized pipe shall conform to the requirements of ASTM D
1056, for the "RE'' closed cell grades.



11/25/13


PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

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DOCCONVERTERPRO
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TEMP
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818C
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D3125024390C
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EARTHWHISTLE_B7849C3A
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F814
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4D41
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AF9A
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2419B2780187.DOCX

D
-
701
-
3


701
-
2.5 JOINT MORTAR.


Pipe joint mortar shall consist of one part
P
ortland cement and two parts sand.


The
P
ortland cement shall conform to the requirements of ASTM C 150, Type I.


The sand shall conform to the
requirements of ASTM C 144.


701
-
2.6 JOINT FILLERS.


Poured fill
er for joints shall conform to the requirements of ASTM D 1190.


701
-
2.7 PLASTIC GASKETS.


Not used
.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

ASTM C 789 and C 850 are primarily manufacturing specifications.


The box section
dimensions, compressive strength of the concrete, and reinforcement details shown in the
specifications have been designed for a c
ombined earth dead load and AASHTO HS20 live
load condition.


A modified design will be necessary when aircraft loadings are greater than
HS20 live loads.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * *


701
-
2.8. CONTROLLED LOW STRENGTH MATERIAL (CLSM). Controlled low strength material shall
conform to the requirements of Item P
-
153. When CLSM is used all joints shall have gaskets.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Specification Item P
-
153 Controlled Low Strength Material (CLSM)contains guidance for
use of CLSM. The locations where CLSM is permitted shall be shown on the plans. This
paragr
aph and the option to allow Item P
-
153 in paragraph 701
-
3.5 must agree.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


701
-
2.
9

COUPLINGS AND FITTINGS.

HDPE pipe couplings and fi
ttings shall conform to AASHTO M 252,
AASHTO M 294, or AASHTO MP 7, as appropriate for pipe size. Couplings and fittings shall be watertight
according to the
requirements

of ASTM D 3212. Joints shall remain watertight when subjected to a 1.5
-
degree axial
misalignment
.


701
-
2.10
GROUT.

Grout
shall

be non
-
shrink, non
-
ferrous, non
-
epoxy with a minimum design strength of 5,000
psi in 28 calendar days.


701
-
2.11
WARNING

TAPE.

Tape shall be low
-
density, non
-
metallic, polyethylene plastic, nominally 6

inches
(150 mm) wide and 3.5 mils thick. Plastic color shall be green for sewer lines. A warning shall be imprinted
continuously along the length, with message reading sim
ilar to: “CAUTION
-

STOP DIGGING
-

BURIED SEWER
LINE BELOW.” Tape shall be Brady “Identoline,” Services and Materials “Buried Underground Tape,” Somerset
(Thomas & Betts) “Protect
-
A
-
Line,” or equal.


701
-
2.12
UTILITY DETECTOR WIRE.

Detector wire shall
be vinyl
-
coated (green colored), AWG size No. 10,
copper type XHHW stranded, UL
-
approved for direct underground burial. Detector wire splicing shall be
completed utilizing a
waterproof

PVC socket, plug, and sealer for PVC insulated copper wire that is des
igned for
underground burial; Rainbird ST
-
03UL w/PT
-
S5 sealer, 3M DBY splice kit, or equal.


Install a 1 1/2
-
inch (38 mm), minimum, non
-
corrosive metal or plastic utility locate tag with a permanent stamped
label reading “Locate” at each end of the locate
wire.



PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

11/25/13

D
-
701
-
4

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\
TEMP
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818C
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D3125024390C
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F814
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4D41
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AF9A
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2419B2780187.DOCX


701
-
2.
13

TRENCH STABILIZATION
. Trench stabilization shall be 6
"
-
3/4
"

(150
-
19 mm) or 4
"

x 2
"

(100 x 50
mm). The aggregate material may be pit run or crushed. Not more th
an 2 percent shall pass the No.

200 (0.075
mm) sieve.


701
-
2.14
PIPE

BEDDING.

Pipe bedding shall be 1"
-
0" or 3/4"
-
0" crushed aggregate that
meets the requirements
of ODOT Section

02630.


CONSTRUCTION METHODS


701
-
3.1


EXCAVATION.


The width of the pipe trench shall be sufficient to permit satisfactory jointing of the pi
pe
and thorough tamping of the bedding material under and around the pipe, but it shall not be less than the external
diameter of the pipe plus 6 inches (150 mm) on each side.


The trench walls shall be approximately vertical.


Where rock, hardpan, or othe
r unyielding material is encountered, the Contractor shall remove it from below the
foundation grade for a depth of at least 12 inches (300 mm) or one
-
half inch (12 mm) for each foot of fill over the
top of the pipe (whichever is greater) but for no more t
han three
-
quarters of the nominal diameter of the pipe.


The
width of the excavation shall be at least 1 foot (30 cm) greater than the horizontal outside diameter of the pipe.


The
excavation below grade shall be backfilled with selected fine compressible
material, such as silty clay or loam, and
lightly compacted in layers not over 6 inches (150 mm) in uncompacted depth to form a uniform but yielding
foundation.

Bring backfill material to the moisture content required for compaction; compact to 92 percent

of
maximum density as determined by ASTM D 1557.


Where a firm foundation is not encountered at the grade established, due to soft, spongy, or other unstable soil, the
unstable soil shall be removed and replaced with approved granular material for the ful
l trench width.


The
Port

will

determine the depth of removal necessary.


The granular material shall be compacted to provide adequate support
for the pipe.


The excavation for pipes that are placed in embankment fill shall not be made until the embankment

has been
completed to a height above the top of the pipe as shown on the plans.


701
-
3.2 BEDDING.


The pipe bedding shall conform to the class specified on the plans.


When no bedding class is
specified or detailed on the plans, the requirements for Clas
s
B

bedding shall apply.



a. Rigid Pipe.


Not used
.


Class B bedding shall consist of a bed of granular material having a thickness of at least 6 inches (150 mm)

below
the bottom of the pipe and extending up around the pipe for a depth of not less than 30 percent of the pipe's vertical
outside diameter.


The layer of bedding material shall be shaped to fit the pipe for at least 10 percent of the pipe's
vertical di
ameter and shall have recesses shaped to receive the

bell of bell and spigot pipe.



b. Flexible Pipe.


Not used.



c.
High Density

Polyethylene Pipe

(HDPE)
.


For
HDPE

pipe, the bedding material shall consist of coarse
sand
s and gravels with a maximum particle size of 3/4
-
inch (13 mm).


For pipes installed under paved areas, no
more than 12 percent of the material shall pass the No. 200 (0.075 mm) sieve.


For all other areas, no more than 50
percent of the material shall pas
s the No. 200 (0.075 mm) sieve.


The bedding shall have a thickness of at least 6
inches (150 mm) below the bottom of the pipe and extend up around the pipe for a depth of not less than 50 percent
of the pipe's vertical outside diameter.


701
-
3.3 LAYING P
IPE.


The pipe laying shall begin at the lowest point of the trench and proceed upgrade.


The
lower segment of the pipe shall be in contact with the bedding throughout its full length.


Bell or groove ends of
rigid pipes and outside circumferential laps of

flexible pipes shall be placed facing upgrade.



11/25/13


PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

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D
-
701
-
5


Paved or partially lined pipe shall be placed so that the longitudinal center line of the paved segment coincides with
the flow line.


Elliptical and elliptically reinforced pipes shall be placed with the ma
nufacturer's top of pipe mark within five
degrees of a vertical plane through the longitudinal axis of the pipe.


701
-
3.4 JOINING PIPE.


Joints shall be made with
rubber gaskets

or
coupling bands.




a. Concrete Pipe.


Concrete pipe may be either bell and spigot or tongue and groove.


The method of
joining pipe sections shall be such that the ends are fu
lly entered and the inner surfaces are reasonably flush and
even.


Joints shall be

made with rubber gaskets. The rubber gasket shall be installed to form a flexible watertight
seal
.



b.
Metal Pipe.


Metal pipe shall be firmly joined by form fitting bands conforming to the requirements of
ASTM

A 760 for steel pipe and AASHTO M 196 for aluminum pipe
.



c.
High Density

Polyethylene Pipe.


Joints
for
HDPE

pipe shal
l conform to the requirements of ASTM D
3212 when water tight joints are required. Joints
HDPE

pipe shall conform to the requirements of AASHTO M 304
when soil tight joints are required. Fittings for polyethylene pipe shall confor
m to the requirements of AASHTO M
252 or M 294M.


701
-
3.5 BACKFILLING.


Pipes shall be inspected before any backfill is placed; any pipes found to be out of
alignment, unduly settled, or damaged shall be removed and relaid or replaced at the Contractor's
expense.


Material for backfill shall be fine, readily compatible soil, granular material selected from the excavation or a source
of the Contractor's choosing

[or shall meet the requireme
nts of

Item P
-
153

as required
]
.


It shall not contain
frozen lumps,
stones that would be retained on a 2
-
inch (50.0 mm) sieve, chunks of highly plastic clay, or other
objectionable material.


No less than 95 percent of a granular backfill material shall pass through a 1/2 inch (12 mm)
sieve, and no less than 95 percent of
it shall be retained on a No.

4

(4.75

mm) sieve.


When the top of the pipe is even with or below the top of the trench, the backfill shall be compacted in layers not
exceeding 6 inches (150 mm) on both sides of the pipe and shall be brought up one foot (30

cm) above the top of the
pipe or to natural ground level, whichever is greater.


Care shall be exercised to thoroughly compact the backfill
material under the haunches of the pipe.


Material shall be brought up evenly on both sides of the pipe.


When the
top of the pipe is above the top of the trench, the backfill shall be compacted in layers not exceeding 6
inches (150 mm) and shall be brought up evenly on both sides of the pipe to 1 foot (30 cm) above the top of the
pipe.


The width of backfill on each s
ide of the pipe for the portion above the top of the trench shall be equal to
twice the pipe's diameter o
r

12 feet (3.5 m), whichever is less.


For
HDPE

pipe, the backfill shall be placed in two stages; first to the top of the pipe and
then at least 12 inches (300
mm) over the top of the pipe.


The backfill material shall meet the requirements of paragraph 701
-
3.2c.


All backfill shall be compacted to the density required under Item P
-
152.


701
-
3.6
TRENCH STABILIZATION.

Where a firm foundation is not encountered at the grade established, due
to soft, spongy, or other unstable soil, the foundation soil shall be removed for the full trench width, if the
foundation soils, in the opinion of the Port, remain unstable
after d
ewatering

efforts as specified in
Section 312319,
Dewatering,

have been applied by the Contractor. The Port will determine the depth of removal necessary.


Any free water shall be removed from the trench excavation prior to placing trench stabilization.



PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

11/25/13

D
-
701
-
6

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TEMP
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D3125024390C
\
EARTHWHISTLE_B7849C3
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F814
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4D41
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AF9A
-
2419B2780187.DOCX


Place trench stabilization material and ram/tamp material to a level surface upon which to place the pipe zone
material. Do not use vibratory equipment for compaction of
trench

stabilization.


701
-
3.7

TRENCH PROTECTION.

The Contractor shall provide all
the necessary materials, labor, and
equipment required to do all bracing, sheathing, or shoring to implement and protect the trench excavation. Furnish
and install sheeting and bracing as required to prevent caving or sloughing of the trench walls. This
may involve
solid
-
sheeting of the trench to preserve a suitable grade for the pipe. Drive sheeting far enough below grade to
prevent inflow of material from outside of trench lines. Remove sheeting and bracing from trench during backfilling
operations un
less otherwise directed by the Port.


701
-
3.8
LINE AND GRADE.

Do not deviate from the line and grade shown on the drawings by more than
1/2

inch (13 mm) for line and 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) for grade, provided that such a variation does not result in a level o
r
reverse sloping invert. Measure for grade at the pipe invert, not the top of pipe.


Establish line and grade for pipe by use of approved lasers by transferring the cut from offset stakes at maximum
intervals of 50 feet (15 m). If other methods are used

to establish line and grade, transfer the cut from offset stakes
at maximum intervals of 25 feet (7.5 m). All methods used to establish line and grade are subject to approval by the
Port.


701
-
3.9
UTILITY WARNING TAPE AND UTILITY LOCATE WIRE.

Utility
w
arning

tape shall be installed
along the full length of new pipe as shown on the drawings.


Utility locate wire shall be installed along the full length of new pipe in a zig
-
zag pattern to avoid damaging the wire
during backfill and compaction of the trenc
h. Splice the new locate wires into
existing

utility locate wires at tees or
other locations where the utilities connect. Bring the locate wire up inside each manhole or inlet. Terminate the
wire as shown on the drawings and permanently attach utility l
ocate wire tags between 2 and 6 inches (50 and 150
mm) from the end of the wire.


Test the utility wire network for continuity using standard utility locating equipment. Repair or replace deficient
sections. Verify that all connections for test equipment

are accessible and installed in accordance with the drawings.
Submit notes showing that all locate wires have been successfully traced and that test equipment connection points
have been installed properly.


701
-
3.10
REMOVAL

AND PLUGGING OF ABANDONED PIPES AND STRUCTURES.

Completely
remove all pipe and inlets indicated on the drawings. If the Port allows pipe to be abandoned in
-
place it shall be
completely filled with an approved controlled density fill material utilizing l
ow pressure (5 psi, maximum) grouting
equipment.


Remove all manholes to an elevation at least 2 feet (600 mm) below subgrade. Salvage manhole frames and covers
and deliver to PDX Maintenance. Remove cone or top section of manhole and dispose of off Port

property. Plug
the first 12 inches (300 mm) of all pipe left entering the manhole with a non
-
shrink grout. Backfill the remainder of
the manhole with an approved controlled density fill material. Confined Space identification signs remain the
property
of the Port and must be salvaged in a manner that leaves the space ID number legible. These
shall

be
provided to the
Port

immediately after removal.

PORT NOTE:


Edit salvage location
in second sentence as applicable to the project
.


METHOD OF MEASUREMEN
T


701
-
4.1

8
-
INCH CONCRETE
OR HDPE
SEWER PIPE
.

701
-
4
.
2

12
-
INCH CONCRETE
OR HDPE
SEWER PIPE
.

701
-
4.3

18
-
INCH CONCRETE OR HDPE SEWER PIPE.

701
-
4
.
4

24
-
INCH C
ONCRETE OR HDPE SEWER PIPE.


11/25/13


PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

C:
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PROGRAM
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TEMP
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1913BE92
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818C
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D3125024390C
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F814
-
4D41
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AF9A
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2419B2780187.DOCX

D
-
701
-
7


701
-
4
.
5

36
-
INCH C
ONCRETE
OR
HDPE SEWER PIPE.


The length of
each size and type of
pipe will be measured in linear feet
of pipe in
-
place, completed, and approved.


It will be measured along the centerline of
a continuous section of
pipe from
center

of structure to the
center

of
structure
.

The
different

classes, types
,

and sizes will be measured separately.


All fittings will be included in the
footage as typical pipe sections
.


701
-
4.6

REMOVAL OF EXISTING STORM PIPE, SANITARY PIPE, MANHOLES, AND INLETS.
There
will be no measurement for the removal of designated storm pipe, sanitary
pipe
, manhol
es, and inlets.


701
-
4.7
REMOVAL OF UNSTABLE TRENCH MATERIAL.
Unstable trench material removal will be the
number of cubic yards excavated. Quantity will be measured in its original position and based on an average depth
of cut at each location. Measur
ement will not include materials
excavated

without authorization.


701
-
4.8
TRENCH STABILIZATION.

The quantity of trench stabilization to be paid for will be the number of
cubic yards of approved material placed. Quantity will be
measured

in its final po
sition and based on an average
depth of fill at each location. Measurement will not include material used for other purposes.


BASIS OF PAYMENT


701
-
5.1

8
-
INCH CONCRETE
OR HDPE
SEWER PIPE

701
-
5
.
2

12
-
INCH CONCRETE
OR HDPE
SEWER PIPE
.

701
-
5.3

18
-
INCH CONCRETE OR HDPE

SEWER PIPE.

701
-
5
.
4

24
-
INCH C
ONCRETE OR HDPE SEWER PIPE.

701
-
5
.
5

36
-
INCH C
ONCRETE OR HDPE SEWER PIPE.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

The Engineer shall specify
the size and type of pipe for each pipe size specified in the plans.

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


Payment will be made at the contract unit price per linear foot

for each kind of pipe of the type and size designated
.
This price includes excavation, bedding, installation, and backfill of pipe materials.


701
-
5.6

REMOVAL OF EXISTING STORM PIPE, SANITARY PIPE, MANHOLES, AND INLETS.
Payment will be made at

the contract lump sum price to completely remove all storm pipe, sanitary pipe, manholes,
and inlets shown on the drawings and plug all remaining pipe. This price includes excavation, backfill, and haul of
removed materials off Port property.


701
-
5.7
R
EMOVAL OF UNSTABLE TRENCH MATERIAL.
Payment will
be

made at the contract unit price
per cubic yard
. This price includes haul to an approved disposal site on the airport.


701
-
5.8
TRENCH STABILIZATION.
Payment will be made at the
contract

unit price per cubic yard
. This price
includes haul and placement of materials as directed.


These prices shall fully compensate the Contractor for furnishing all materials and for all

preparation, excavation,
and installation of these materials; and for all labor, equipment, tools, and incidentals necessary to complete the
item.


MATERIAL REQUIREMENT
S



PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

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D
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701
-
8

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ASTM A 760

Corrugated Steel Pipe, Metallic
-
Coated for Sewers and Drains


ASTM A 761

Corrugated Steel Structural Plate, Zinc Coated, for Field
-
Bolted Pipe,
Pipe
-
Arches, and Arches


ASTM A 762

Corrugated Steel
-
Pipe, Polymer Precoated for Sewers and Drains


ASTM A 849

Post
-
Applied Coatings, Pavings, and Linings for Corrugated Steel Sewer and


Drainage Pipe


ASTM A 885/A 885M
-
96

Steel Sheet, Zinc and Aramid Fiber Composite Coated for Corrugated Steel
Sewer, Culvert, and Underdrain Pipe


ASTM B 745

Corrugated Aluminum Alloy Culvert Pipe


ASTM C 14

Concrete Sewer, Storm Drain, and Culvert Pipe


ASTM C 76

Reinforced Concrete Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe


ASTM C 94

Ready Mixed Concrete


ASTM C 144

Aggregate for Masonry Mortar


ASTM C 150

Portland Cement


ASTM C 443

Joints for Circular Concrete Sewer and Culvert Pipe, Using Rubber Gaskets


A
STM C 506

Reinforced Concrete Arch Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe


ASTM C 507

Reinforced Concrete Elliptical Culvert, Storm Drain and Sewer Pipe


ASTM C 655

Reinforced Concrete D
-
Load Culvert, Storm Drain and Sewer Pipe


ASTM C 1433

Precast
Reinforced Concrete Box Sections for Culverts, Storm Drains, and
Sewers


ASTM D 1056

Flexible Cellular Materials

Sponge or Expanded Rubber


ASTM D 3034

Type PSM Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Sewer Pipe and Fittings


ASTM D 3212

Joints for Drain and Sewer Pla
stic Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals


ASTM D 6690

Joint and Crack Sealants, Hot
-
Applied, for Concrete and Asphalt Pavements


ASTM F 477

Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe


ASTM F 667

Large Diameter Corrugated Polyethylene Pipe and
Fittings


ASTM F 714

Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SDR
-
PR) Based on Outside Diameter


ASTM F 794

Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Ribbed Drain Pipe & Fittings Based on Controlled Inside
Diameter



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F814
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4D41
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2419B2780187.DOCX

D
-
701
-
9


ASTM F 894

Based on Controlled Inside Diameter Polyethylene (PE) Larg
e Diameter Profile
Wall Sewer and Drain Pipe


ASTM F 949

Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Corrugated Sewer Pipe With a Smooth Interior
and Fittings


ASTM F 2435

Steel Reinforced Polyethylene (PE) Corrugated Pipe


ASTM F 2562

Steel Reinforced Thermoplastic (HDPE
) Ribbed Pipe and Fittings for Non
-
Pressure Drainage and Sewerage

AASHTO M 196

Corrugated Aluminum Alloy Culverts and Underdrains


AASHTO M 198

Joints for Circular Concrete Sewe
r and Culvert Pipe Using Flexible Watertight
Gaskets

AASHTO M 252

Corrugated Polyethylene Drainage Tubing


AASHTO M 294M

Corrugated Polyethylene Pipe, 300 to 1200 mm Diameter


AASHTO M 304

Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Profile Wall Drain Pipe and Fittings Based on
Controlled Inside Diameter



AASHTO MP
-
20

Steel Reinforced
Polyethylene (PE) Ribbed Pipe


END ITEM D
-
701

PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

11/25/13

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-
701
-
10

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1913BE92
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9D36
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49F7
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D3125024390C
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EARTHWHISTLE_B7849C3
A
-
F814
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4D41
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AF9A
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2419B2780187.DOCX


CONSTRUCTION
MODIFICATIONS


701
-
2.9

Couplings and Fittings


Modification:

Added this section


Justification:

Added this section to describe requirements for HDPE fittings.


701
-
2.10

Grout


Modification:

Added
this section.


Justification:

The existing FAA specifications do not address this item.


701
-
2.11

Warning Tape


Modification:

Added this section.


Justification:

Warning tape over utilities provides a level of protection and assists in locating utility in
the
future.


701
-
2.12

Utility Detector Wire


Modification:

Added this section.


Justification:

The Port established a process of installing a continuous wire, ending at each structure, to assist in
locating utility in the future. The small cost to install

the detection wire is easily returned when
maintenance or a future construction project must return to the utility.


701
-
2.13

Trench Stabilization


Modification:

Added this section.


Justification:

The Port’s properties often

contain clays and/or fine sil
ts that, when combined with a high ground
water table, do not provide adequate support for pipe.


701
-
3.6

Trench Stabilization


Modification:

Added this section.


Justification:

PDX was constructed on a flood plain and consequently there are many areas tha
t contain clays
and/or fine silts that, when combined with a high ground water table, do not provide adequate
support for new pipe. This section describes the process when these materials are encountered.


701
-
3.7

Trench Protection


Modification:

Added th
is section


Justification:

The existing FAA specifications do not address this item.


701
-
3.8

Line and Grade


Modification:

Add this section:


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D
-
701
-
11



Justification:

The existing FAA specifications do not address line and grade tolerances. Large deviations can
in
fluence system capacity and/or function.


701
-
3.9

Utility Warning Tape and Utility Locate Wire


Modification:

Added this section.


Justification:

No paragraphs describing this work currently exist in FAA specifications.


701
-
3.10

Removal and Plugging of
Abandoned Pipes and Structures


Modification:

Added this section.


Justification:

No paragraphs describing this work currently exist in FAA specifications.



PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

11/25/13

D
-
701
-
12

C:
\
PROGRAM
FILES
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NEEVIA.COM
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DOCCONVERTERPRO
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TEMP
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NVDC
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1913BE92
-
9D36
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49F7
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818C
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D3125024390C
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EARTHWHISTLE_B7849C3
A
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F814
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4D41
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2419B2780187.DOCX


ITEM
D
-
701

PIPE FOR STORM DRAINS AND CULVERTS

REVISION SUMMARY

7/1/10

JT

Port FAA master develop
ed by Julie Thiessen, Century West. Current with
Advisory Circular 150/5370
-
10E, September 2009 and Northwest Mountain
Region (ANM) D
-
1, September 2009.

9/9/10

ELG

&CPD.
Final format
per CMS.

11/7/11

CPD

Minor edits made per E. Hein.

1/18/12

ELG

Added ASTM and AASHTO references to 701
-
2.2, Pipe and
also to
Material
Requirements
due to

AC 150/5370
-
10F, September 2011
. Edits per

JKA, DPG,
and CMS. Item not affected by ANM F
-
1, December 2011 updates.